Thomas Charlton (bishop)

Thomas Charlton (died 11 January 1344)[1] was Bishop of Hereford, Lord High Treasurer of England, Lord Privy Seal, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He is buried in Hereford Cathedral in Hereford, Herefordshire, England.

Thomas Charlton
Bishop of Hereford
Appointed25 September 1327
Term ended11 January 1344
PredecessorAdam Orleton
SuccessorJohn Trilleck
Consecration18 October 1327
Personal details
Died11 January 1344


Charlton was born near Wellington, Shropshire, younger son of Robert de Charleton of Apley, a small landowner. Thomas' eldest brother was John Charleton, 1st Baron Cherleton, who became a statesman of some importance. Both brothers were in the household of Edward II, and Thomas received numerous ecclesiastical preferments.

The executors of his will were: Alan Cherleton, knight, John Cherleton, junior, knight; William de Sheynton, Richard de Sydenhale, Henry Shipton, Adam Esger & Alan Venyse. [2]


Charlton was Lord Privy Seal from 1316 to 1320.[3]

Charlton was nominated to be Bishop of Hereford on 25 September 1327 and consecrated on 18 October 1327.[1]

In IrelandEdit

In 1337 his brother John was appointed Justiciar of Ireland, and Thomas accompanied him to Ireland as Lord Chancellor. He was charged by the English Crown to inquire into the perceived inadequacy and corruption of the Irish courts of common law and was authorised to remove the Irish judges and appoint English replacements. His mission does not seem to have been a success, as the existing judges fought off all attempts to replace them. John resigned as justiciar in 1338, following a dispute, and Thomas moved from the Chancellorship to the position of custos rotulorum for Ireland.

Charlton was also Lord High Treasurer from 2 July 1328 until 16 September 1329.[4]


  1. ^ a b Fryde Handbook of British Chronology p. 250
  2. ^ 1349; Plea rolls of the court of Common Pleas; CP40/358;
  3. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 93
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 105


  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
Political offices
Preceded by
Roger Northburgh
Lord Privy Seal
Succeeded by
Robert Baldock
Preceded by
Henry Burghersh
Lord High Treasurer
Succeeded by
Robert Wodehouse
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Adam Orleton
Bishop of Hereford
Succeeded by
John Trilleck