Thomas Cartwright (bishop)

Thomas Cartwright (1634–1689) was an English bishop and diarist, known as a supporter of James II.[1]

Bishop Cartwright


He was born and went to school in Northampton, and studied at the University of Oxford. He was first at Magdalen Hall, and then at Queen's College where he was tutored by Thomas Tully. He was ordained by Robert Skinner.[2][3]

He was vicar of Walthamstow from 1658 to 1662.[4] In 1660 he was made vicar of Barking by the Crown.[5] He became an ardent supporter of the Restoration monarchy, and was made dean of Durham in 1672.[6]

He was appointed bishop of Chester in 1686, by James II, and became a member of the King's Ecclesiastical Commission.[3] In October 1687 he was one of three Royal Commissioners, with Robert Wright and Sir Thomas Jenner, sent to Magdalen College, Oxford.[7] They removed all but three of the Fellows.

After the Glorious Revolution he followed James II into exile.[3] He died in Dublin, of dysentery, and is buried in Christ Church, Dublin.[8]


Cartwright married a woman named Wight, by whom he had a numerous family. His eldest son, John, was in holy orders, and obtained preferment by the influence of his father. Five other sons, Richard, Gervas, Charles, Thomas, Henry, and two daughters, Alicia and Sarah, are mentioned in Cartwright's Diary.[9]


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  3. ^ a b c Concise Dictionary of National Biography
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  9. ^ Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1887). "Cartwright, Thomas (1634-1689)" . Dictionary of National Biography. 9. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Further readingEdit

  • The Diary of Dr. Thomas Cartwright, Bishop of Chester (1843) Camden Society

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainStephen, Leslie, ed. (1887). "Cartwright, Thomas (1634-1689)". Dictionary of National Biography. 9. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

External linksEdit

Church of England titles
Preceded by
John Pearson
Bishop of Chester
Succeeded by
Nicholas Stratford