Thomas & Friends merchandise
Thomas & Friends merchandise has been produced to capitalize on the success of the television series Thomas & Friends (formerly Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends). Whilst merchandise was produced alongside due to the popularity of the first of The Railway Series books by the Rev. W. Awdry since 1945, and the original broadcast of the television series in 1984 in the United Kingdom, large numbers of manufacturers have sought to produce Thomas-branded items after the television series was broadcast in America and Japan.
The most popular and wide-ranging items of merchandise are the models of the characters, which have been produced in many different ranges, some including accompanying railway systems. The Rev. W. Awdry created the original toy model of Thomas the Tank Engine, which inspired the character, soon after the first book of stories was complete. In 1927, while still at school, he built Annie, and in 1948, he built Clarabel. Other popular products include videos, books and magazines, and computer games. 'Thomas' merchandise has also included such diverse items as: audiobooks, annuals, colouring and activity books, jigsaws, board games, stationery, clothing, cutlery, household items such as curtains, duvet covers and lampshades, and soft drinks and spaghetti shapes.
Thomas & Friends ranked number one in the preschool toys category in the U.S. and made the top 10 for the entire U.S. toy industry in 2010. In January 2011, Thomas & Friends ranked as the number-one preschool toy property in the U.K. for the 11th year in a row. Thomas is also a top-selling toy property in Australia, Germany, Japan and Korea. While the total traditional toy industry in the United States increased 1.9 per cent in 2010, overall Thomas & Friends toy sales increased over 47.1 per cent. 
In 2016 a version of the Nabi SE Android tablet themed after the series received FCC certification and was to be released alongside the American Girl, Barbie and Hot Wheels tablets, but as of December 2018 no mention of such a device was made on Nabi or the series' official website. In 2015 Mattel made Thomas and Friends Minis to celebrate the 70th anniversary of Thomas. In 2016, the brand was so popular it was around for longer.
Pre-Cut Model Engine BookEdit
The first commercial models released alongside The Railway Series, in 1957, were 'Pre-cut Model Engine Books'. These were full-colour printed cardboard kits whose pieces could be pressed out, folded and glued together to make fairly realistic models. They were produced through the 1960s. Four titles were published:
- "Thomas, with Annie the Coach"
- "Percy, with Clarabel the Coach"
- "Gordon the Big Engine and his Tender"
- "James the Red Engine and his Tender"
The advertisements  on the back of the Railway Series books promised, "Other models are being prepared", although, even if ever prepared, they were never published.
In 1994, a new range of press-out models was released, this time drawn by Ken Stott instead of C. Reginald Dalby. Each book came with accessories, track and a station. The range comprised the following characters: Thomas, Percy, James, Toby, Annie, Clarabel, Bertie the Bus, Harold the Helicopter.
In 1967, Meccano Ltd released a train set featuring a clockwork model of Percy the Small Engine with some trucks — a yellow open wagon and a red closed van — and a circle of blue track. The model of Percy was a fair likeness of the pictures in the books and was about the size of an O gauge engine. The box featured special artwork by Peter Edwards and included the title, "Percy the Small Engine, brought to life by Meccano".
The plastic track was advertised as: "Gauge O track that clicks together and includes Brake Rail for automatic braking. Rails specially designed to make it easy to put train on the track." In practice, although it was advertised as 'Gauge O', this only indicated the size of the model, since the track design was not compatible with anything else (the models were effectively 'flangeless').
Adverts for the set, which showed the model train 'emerging' from the book Percy the Small Engine, appeared in Meccano Magazine and on the back of the dust-covers for several of The Railway Series books in print at the time.
The train set was only produced in 1967, and is now extremely rare. It is notable as the last O Gauge train to be made at Meccano's famous Binns Road factory in Liverpool, where the Hornby tinplate trains were made.
Ertl was the first company to manufacture Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends characters and sets from 1985 in the UK and from 1989 in the US. Production ceased for the US market in 2001, and for the UK market in 2004 after RC2 Corporation acquired Ertl and discontinued the ranges to avoid conflict with the then existing Thomas license held by Learning Curve Brands, which produced the similar Take Along Thomas and Friends system.
The most notable of the Ertl Company's Thomas ranges was a line of die-cast models and playsets. The range was very popular in the UK, and the nature of the subject matter encouraged collecting.
Thomas, Henry, and James were the first models to be released. The original Thomas featured a decal sticker sheet which allowed him to have different expressions. Percy, Toby, Annie and Clarabel, and Bertie followed in late 1985, with updated versions of Thomas, Henry, and James with red buffer beams to replace the older white ones. Edward and Gordon came out in 1988. In 1990, characters were updated with fixed plastic faces as the "sticker-face" models were prone to losing their faces. New vehicles were produced on a near-yearly basis, such as recently introduced characters to tie-in with their TV series appearance, as well as characters who had only appeared in The Railway Series books. In later years, special vehicles were created, such as metallic variants of engines, a Gold Thomas to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of The Railway Series, and a Millennium Silver Thomas in 2000.
The vehicles first used pin hook couplings to couple up and create trains. Locomotives had a moulded coupling 'eye' at each end, while rolling stock had one 'hook' coupling and one 'eye' coupling on the other end. In 2002, the vehicles were updated to use U-hook couplings, with less 'give', but they were more prone to breakage. The majority of locomotive models and some road vehicles had a diecast metal body with a moulded plastic chassis and plastic wheels. The bodies were fully painted and lined. They were free-wheeling although the chassis was rigid (locomotives were not fitted with separate bogies), and a steam locomotive's tender was part of the same moulding as its body. Models of coaches and trucks were assembled from self-coloured plastic mouldings, with some surface detail (such as coach sides) being applied using self-adhesive labels.
Sets and destinations were produced for the vehicles. The original playsets composed of playmats with illustrations of scenery and rails and moulded destinations. Later sets consisted of a grey connectable track system, with additional add-on destinations and pieces of track included with engines. The track system was updated in 2002 with detailed rail stickers and a green border.
Thomas Mini WorldEdit
Miniatures was a Thomas line released in 1991. It featured main characters with sticker faces which were previously used in the die-cast range. Included with the character was a connectable block base in the form of a destination, such as a turntable, windmill, level crossing, or viaduct, made from plastic components to insert into the base, and an indented track section which requires adhesive stickers to be placed. The destinations can be connected to form a playset. Characters were also sold individually, and in multi-packs of three. The range was discontinued in 1992. The engines were later re-released as Keyrings.
In 2004, the line was re-released as Thomas Mini World. The characters were updated with moulded faces, and the bases were updated to a style similar to LEGO where the track pieces and buildings can be placed in different positions.
Gold Rail SeriesEdit
Gold Rail Series was a Thomas line released in 1993. The products were from the Thomas Engine Collection Series made in Japan by Bandai. The vehicles have magnetic couplings which can connect to other vehicles using a connected switch. The playsets have a moulded section for track with self-adhesive labels for detail, have ramps on the edges for the engines to exit the destination, and feature detailed trackside accessories.
Large Motorized versions of Thomas and Percy were released in 1985. These used the same designs as the die-cast versions, and can move when pulled back. A Remote Control Thomas and a Personalized Money Box was also released in 1985, similar in design to the Motorized version.
Wind up versionsEdit
A range called Pull Back and Go! featuring pullback versions of Thomas, Percy, Toby, and Bertie were released under Shining Time Station. A large wind-up Sir Topham Hatt was also produced, and later a Wind Up series with Thomas, Percy, James, Henry, Bill, Ben, and Bertie.
Sets containing eight collector cards of vehicles were made from 1996 to 1999, similar to the existing cards on the packaging design from those corresponding years which could be cut out.
Merit produced several push-along toys to tie-in with the TV series. These included a sit-on Thomas built for toddlers which had a black handle on the rear which enabled it to be pushed along by the parent, large push along versions using hook couplings of Thomas, Annie, and Clarabel and Percy with Troublesome Trucks, a small push along version of Thomas, Annie, and Clarabel using stronger pivot couplings, a Thomas toy with shaped holes and a set of blocks which could be inserted into the correct holes on the Thomas, and some larger scale battery-operated toys.
In 1985, Hornby Railways produced a series of 00 gauge model engines, track, accessories, and sets, based on Thomas and Friends, designed to be compatible with other Hornby trains, thus allowing an easy migration to more prototypical modelling. The range mainly utilised modified versions of existing Hornby engines, rolling stock and lineside accessories. Over the following years, the range expanded to include some of the main characters and rolling stock as well as train sets. During the 1990s, very few new products were made, and some vehicles discontinued. Some characters were gradually reintroduced towards the end of the decade, and more new items including major and minor characters were released from 2000. New sets were also made using a themed radio control operating system and a Trak-Mat system that sets in Hornby's existing lines used, were customers are encouraged to buy additional track packs, scenery packs, and other scenic materials to create the full printed layout. In 2005, the range revamped due to the 60th Anniversary of The Railway Series and two characters only seen in the book series were introduced, Flying Scotsman and Bear. Several pieces of rolling stock, most seen in Season 8 were also introduced, including a circus series with a total of twelve wagons, as well as three tents and stalls. The sets were redesigned using the regular analogue controllers, and a range of resin buildings seen in the television series designed for adult collectors were introduced. New items were introduced during the next three years to tie in with recent seasons of the television series and the special, The Great Discovery. In 2008 and 2009, new sets were made with the updated Midi-Mat system, replacing the Trak-Mat. From 2010, more items were again discontinuing due to their poor sales. The range was discontinued in 2014, but was relaunched in December 2015, albeit with only Thomas, Edward, Henry, Gordon, James, and Percy as locos, and limited rolling stock consisting of Troublesome Trucks, Annie and Clarabel, freight wagons, and James and Gordon's coaches. The other parts of the range were not reintroduced due to declining sales.
The models are designed for somewhat older children than most Thomas toys, as placing them correctly on the rails requires a certain degree of dexterity, and the plastic-bodied rolling stock may break if dropped. However, the level of detail is more basic than the 'real' models produced by the company, with the result that the trains can be handled safely by inexperienced hands without fear of damaging delicate parts.
Other products made by Hornby apart from the OO scale range was a range of clockwork 'Playtrains'. The range first featured Thomas and Percy in sets using 00 track. A new range was then released featuring Thomas, Percy, Toby, Bill and Ben, Annie and Clarabel, and Troublesome Trucks, which ran on red track. The track system also used a playmat similar to a Trak-Mat where additional track and buildings could be placed on the mat illustrations. A battery-powered set featuring Thomas, Annie, Clarabel and Bertie the Bus was also released, which allowed a story recreation of Thomas and Bertie's race. Thomas was unpowered, being pushed along by a motor in Annie.
Thomas & Friends Wooden RailwayEdit
See Thomas & Friends Wooden Railway for a detailed article on this topic.
Take-n-Play Thomas & FriendsEdit
Take-n-Play Thomas & Friends (formerly Take Along Thomas & Friends) is a series of die-cast 'Thomas' models made by Learning Curve and designed for preschool children. The models have superseded the Ertl die-cast models range, which has now been discontinued. The two ranges are incompatible as the new models use special 'two-way' magnets instead of the hook-and-loop couplers provided on the Ertl models.
First released at the start of 2002, the models are generally much chunkier, and considerably less accurate, than the Ertl range. Many items in the Ertl range were passable as 'scale' models of the TV Series characters, but the Take Along products are much more obviously toys.
The range includes all the major and minor characters from the TV series and Movies, plus Mike, Culdee, and D199 from The Railway Series. The rolling stock models include many of the 'special' (non-speaking) trucks that have featured in single episodes, and the vehicles include the members of The Pack. As well as the individual characters, a number of play-sets have been produced, either containing two or more characters, or a single engine with play scene and DVD. Some specials have been produced with a metallic finish, and a few models are fitted with sound chips and lights.
In 2006, two playsets called Train Yard Set and Working Hard Set were introduced. These were`much bigger than other playsets, being more than 1×1 metres. Original sets were less than 30×30 centimetres.
In 2010, Take-Along was bought by Mattel and became a Fisher-Price line and renamed Take-n-Play. New characters were released and the old models were re-released with upgraded paints and faces.
In 2013, the production of the Take-n-Play models was relocated to Thailand (whereas all prior models were manufactured in China, as were the Ertl range models). Coinciding with the move, further changes were made to the models, including redesigned wheels, updated faces that more closely resemble those of the CGI series rather than the model series, and other additional changes.
In 2017, Mattel retooled the line into Thomas Adventures. There are characters from Journey Beyond Sodor and other recent Thomas movies in this line as well as the models recycled from Take-n-Play. Some of these are just the Collectible Railway models repackaged. All of these models have hook couplers similar to Mattel's own trains that they made for Hot Wheels and Matchbox.
In 2007, HIT Entertainment's subsidiary HIT Toy Company picked up the license to produce the Thomas Motor Road and Rail range. The TrackMaster engines were compatible with Tomy's Motor Road and Rail merchandise. TrackMaster's light brown coloured track was easily connected to the previous blue track from TOMY by track adapters, which were included in every set until new releases after 2008. An innovation in this range was special editions of certain engines, including remote-controlled and face changing variations. In 2010, the rights were put under the ownership of Fisher Price.
In 2014, Mattel decided to take TrackMaster and completely reinvent it. The trains from this range would now be faster and be able to go up tall hills. This range also saw the track made more realistic. The coaches and rolling stock didn't receive that treatment - they were made smaller so that the engines could go up hills without struggling because of big rolling stock.
Tomy have made several ranges of 'Thomas' models. This line was later reworked into Plarail, a Japanese version of Tomy. Tomy did many models, the most odd choice was Oliver only being released in UK-JPN but not in the US. Thomas had many variations, including a talking variant. You can tell the engines apart from Trackmaster because early Trackmaster has grey Traction Tyres, While Tomy has Peach-coloured. Tomy Got cancelled when Hit toy company took over.
Thomas Motor Road and RailEdit
See Thomas Motor Road & Rail below.
In 1997 Tomy made a range of wind-up models that 'have an action when you wind them up'. The range was small and included only a few of the 'major' characters.
In 2006 another range was introduced. More characters were modelled than previously, and some had moving side rods. Additional models from the range were released in Japan.
From 1998 onwards, a significant range from Tomix has been introduced providing an electric N gauge Thomas system which was still unique in 2007 and which then included 4 locomotives: Thomas, Percy, James and Henry. Some of the rolling stock looked similar to Graham Farish items.
Traction Tyres (Tomy and Trackmaster)Edit
My First Thomas & FriendsEdit
My First Thomas & Friends is a range of chunky plastic toys, produced by British toy company: Golden Bear Toys.
The range started in 1994, and was advertised for young infants who enjoyed the series. The models were safe for younger fans to play with.
The range started with only a dozen or so models, and has now grown to around 40–45, the range was (for a short-lived amount of time) available in America, under the company Tomy. The toys are still available in many good retail toy shops all around the UK, and despite speculation that perhaps the range has discontinued, after the absence of three years without new products; brand new models have started to appear on Amazon.
The range included most of the major and minor characters from the TV Series.
This brand name was used in the Oscar-winning short film Logorama.
- Talking My First Thomas & Friends
The talking versions of the My First models were first released in the year 2000. The models are more complex than the basic ones, their eyes move, and they speak familiar phrases from the original stock narrations of Ringo Starr and Michael Angelis.
Thomas Engine Collection SeriesEdit
A large number of die-cast vehicles released resembled the "Gold Rail" models made by Ertl. However, this series had more characters, although none from The Railway Series. Most characters from Seasons 1–5 were made. The last new model, to date, is Jack the Frontloader. There have been 4 sets made for this range. Other than this Bandai had made small plastic toys (as big as an index finger) labelled "Pocket Thomas." There is another series where plastic models (as big as the die-casts) are sold mostly at convenience stores along with candy such as mints and feature more minor characters such as the Mailvan.
In 2002, Bachmann USA made their own H0-scale electric Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends range for the US and Canada markets. The models are made with new body tools, to resemble the characters in the TV series. So far over two dozen models have been produced, along with character-themed train sets. Unlike Hornby's products, Bachmann's models have moving eyes.
In January 2009, Bachmann announced that, in an agreement with HiT Entertainment, a line of large scale Thomas electric trains will be produced, under the title "Large Scale Thomas & Friends".
In 2015, Bachmann announced a line of Narrow Gauge HOn30 Scale trains.
Märklin, a German model train maker, released a limited range of Thomas & Friends merchandise in HO scale. Because of copyright reasons (using Hornby's toolings), they were only available in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, but they did leak out to other countries. They are designed for young children as they have metal frames and plastic shells. They are compatible with the rest of the Märklin range, but are extremely basic and have no extra features. They were only released in 2006.
In 2005, LEGO introduced the first sets in their Duplo 'Thomas' series. Four sets were made, featuring: James the Red Engine, Thomas the Tank Engine, a Troublesome Truck, Toby the Tram Engine, and Percy the Small Engine. Subsequently, in line with usual Lego practice, new sets had been released each year, featuring different scenes and characters, until Mega Bloks picked up the license in 2010 and have produced Thomas sets of their own.
Duplo is designed for very young children, so the sets have relatively few pieces (between 7 and 62) to assemble.
In 2006 MV Sports made their own self-assembly Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends engines and buildings. The range consists of the following models:
- Thomas, Toby and Mavis Three Pack Set
- Percy Track Set
- James and Station Set
- Edward and Engine Shed Set
In 2009 Mega Bloks made buildable Thomas & Friends models such as Percy, Thomas and Diesel and sets too. This line was ended in 2017.
In 2017, Mega Bloks made larger versions of Diesel, Thomas Percy, James and a few others in their attempt of "preschoolizing" the toys. They made new sets to go along with these. 
A number of different educational software packages and video games, all based on a 'Thomas' theme, have been released for a variety of different computer platforms.
- Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends is a video game based on Shining Time Station and the Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends television series released on August 2, 1993 in North America On Genesis and September 30, 1993 in North America, and December 31, 1993 in Europe On Super NES. The game was developed by Software Creations and Malibu Interactive and published by THQ and was released for the Super NES and Genesis platforms. A version was planned for the original Nintendo Entertainment System but was canceled. A ROM image of the NES version has since been uploaded online. Players control Thomas the Tank Engine as he takes special trips he has to organize: Take children to the seaside, medicine to the hospital or deliver the mail. Hazards such as dead ends, level crossings, other trains and vehicles impede the player's route.
- Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends Pinball is a pinball-based video game developed by Spidersoft and published by Alternative Software for the Amiga, Amiga CD32 and DOS operating systems. It was released in 1995 and it is based on the Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends television series. The game has different boards based on the characters from the series which are Thomas, James, Percy and Toby. The complexity of the tables vary between the 3 skill levels of difficulty with ramps and bumpers. The game also includes a high score table to keep track of player records. Up to 8 players can take turns to play.
- Thomas & Friends: The Great Festival Adventure is a 1999 educational action computer game developed by Mind's Eye Productions and published by Hasbro Interactive for Microsoft Windows. It was released in 1999 and is based on the Thomas & Friends television series. The game features new voices provided by show narrator Michael Angelis in the UK releases and Robin Smith in the US version. It also features music tracks from the first and second series of the show. The game consists of seven mini-games around the island of Sodor that players can play in any order. Some of these minigames are "preparing the rides, sorting the goods coming in for the event and much more."  Allgame gave the game 3.5 out of 5 stars praising the visuals and the activities calling them well done. In the end they called it an excellent game and one of the better games for young children available to date.
- Thomas & Friends: Trouble on the Tracks is a 2000 educational adventure game developed by Mind's Eye Productions and published by Hasbro Interactive for Windows based on the Thomas & Friends television series. The game features new voices provided by show narrator Michael Angelis in the UK only and Robin Smith in the US dub. It also features music tracks from the first and second series of the show and some original tracks which Mike O'Donnell and Junior Campbell weren't involved in composing. The game is similar to the previous one, Thomas & Friends: The Great Festival Adventure. The game consists of eight mini-games around the island of Sodor that the player can play in any order. Allgame gave the game 3 out of 5 stars praising the sounds, background music and voice overs however stating the gameplay is short although that it would appeal more to younger players and fans.
- Kikansha Thomas – Sodor-tou no Nakama-tachi is a 2001 action-adventure video game published by Tamsoft and released for the Game Boy Color. It was released in 2001 exclusively in Japan and based on the Thomas & Friends television series. The player controls Thomas as they explore the different parts of Sodor. Along riding the track, the player comes across empty spaces where they have to pick the right track piece which fits. As they further explore, the player will meet different characters who will talk with Thomas or might give him a task. The tasks range from a number of mini-games which once completed allow the player to further continue. If the player fails, they must restart the level. There are four levels to start off which are the farm, fields, docks and mountains which the player must complete each one in order. A final level which is the town is unlocked in the end. Other characters encountered are hidden which Thomas must use his whistle to reveal them. The player can unlock small biographies of each character that they encounter.
- Thomas & Friends: Building the New Line is an adventure computer game developed by Stunt Puppy Entertainment, Inc. and published by Infogrames for Windows and Mac OS. It was released in 2002 and is based on the Thomas & Friends television series. The game features new narration and voices by Michael Angelis in the UK & Robin Smith in the US as well features music tracks from the first and second series of the show. The player is the new engine driver who has been invited by The Fat Controller to help build the new lines for the railway to run smoothly on Sodor. The player has to create a new track route from one of three settings: farm, quarry or docks. There they can pick to have what sort of layout either a simple loop or figure eight. To start, the player can pick one of four characters available from the series which are Thomas, Edward, James and Percy. Items used to create and customize the track include trees, rocks and other assorted bits depending on the setting you've picked. Once created, the player can control their engine to where they can go. They can also interact with objects including factories and water towers where small tasks are asked to perform. Later, the player has to clean and repair their selected engine followed by decorating them for a photo to be taken which later can be printed off. Allgame reviewed the game.
- Thomas & Friends: Thomas Saves the Day is an adventure computer game developed by Stunt Puppy Entertainment, Inc. and published by Atari for the PC. It was released in 2003 and based on the Thomas & Friends television series.
- Thomas & Friends: A Day at the Races is a Playstation 2 game that was released in the European Union and Australia. This game was developed by Blast! Entertainment.  This game has a rare version of the theme song from the show.
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- Track Time: Rapid Transit Trains by Hot Wheels (YouTube video). RaceGrooves. Feb 27, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
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- "Bachmann expands 'Thomas' rights". Playthings. 2009-01-27. Archived from the original on 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
- "Thomas and Friends". megabloks.com. Jan 1, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- "Thomas & Friends: The Great Festival Adventure". ign.com. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- "Thomas & Friends: The Great Festival Adventure". giantbomb.com. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- Crooks, Clayton. "Thomas & Friends: The Great Festival Adventure review". Allgame. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Mike O' Donnell". sodor-island.net. July 20, 2007. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
We never scored themes specifically for the pc games.
- "Thomas and Friends: Trouble on the Tracks". giantbomb.com. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
James has derailed and Thomas the tank engine and his friends are trying to help him by performing different activities.
- Williams, Hilary. "Thomas & Friends: Trouble on the Tracks review". Allgame. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- "Thomas & Friends: Building the New Line". Allgame. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- "Thomas & Friends: A Day at the Races". gamefaqs.com. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- TSW Category:Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends merchandise
- 'Awdryania' - Description of the merchandise spawned from The Railway Series before the advent of the TV series