Thiruvidaimarudur (also spelt as Thiruvidaimaradur or Tiruvidaimarudur) is a panchayat town in Thanjavur district, in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The town is notable for its Mahalingeshwarar Temple, a Hindu shrine for Lord Shiva.[1]

Thiruvidaimarudur
Nickname: 
Idavai
Thiruvidaimarudur is located in Tamil Nadu
Thiruvidaimarudur
Thiruvidaimarudur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°59′N 79°28′E / 10.98°N 79.47°E / 10.98; 79.47
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictThanjavur
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total13,758
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
612104
Telephone code0435
Vehicle registrationTN.68

Geography

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Tiruvidaimarudur is located at 10°59′N 79°28′E / 10.98°N 79.47°E / 10.98; 79.47.[2] It has an average elevation of 20 m (66 ft).

Demographics

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The 2001 Indian census[3] recorded Thiruvidaimarudur as having a population of 13,758. Males and females each constituted 50% of the population. Thiruvidaimarudur has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 68%. 11% of the town's population is under 6 years of age.

Politics

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Thiruvidaimarudur assembly constituency is part of Mayiladuturai (Lok Sabha constituency).[4] Govi. Chezhiyan is the current MLA of Thiruvidaimaruthur assembly constituency and the current MP of Mayiladuthurai Lok Sabha constituency S. Ramalingam is from Thiruvidaimaruthur.

The temple

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About 9 km (5.6 mi) north-east of the Temple City Kumbakonam, this is one of the Taluk H.Q. in the Tanjore District. Tiruvidaimarudur has a rich heritage of fertility and people have habit of harvesting thrice in a year. Sometimes the River Cauvery makes a fourth harvest possible..

Tiruvidaimarudur has a Siva Temple namely Mahalingha Swamy with the Goddess Brahath Sundara Gujambal(In Tamil, it is Perunala Mamulai Ammai). Shiva is worshiped as Mahalingeswaraswamy, and is represented by the lingam. This lingam, known as Jothimayalingam is “believed to be the focal point for the seven consorts of Shiva.” [5] The Nandhi in the Temple is one of the largest in the district, of course it is not made of a single stone, that is why it is not weighted more than the Brahdeshwara Temple at Tanjore though it is bigger in size than that. There is a separate Sannathi for "Moogambigai" with Maha Meru.[6] There are 149 inscriptions found in the temple which indicate the “contributions from Pandyas, Cholas, Thanjavur Nayaks and Thanjavur Maratha kingdom.” The present masonry structure of the temple was built during the Chola dynasty in the 9th century. Later the Thanjavur Nayaks expanded the temple during the 16th century.[7]

Two temple festivals are being celebrated for 10 days - "Thai Poosam" In January- February and another one, Thirukkalyana Uthsavam (Vasantha utsavam) in Vaigasi (May). 63 Nayanmar Ula and Aruthra Darshan( like in Chidambaram) are the other two important temple festivals. There are 27 star lingas, the prince "Ammani Ammal" Vigragam and Chitra prakaram(enclosed precincts of a temple) which is full of painting. There are several charitable trusts, one of them being "Pachhiyappa Mudhaliyar ArakattaLai".

Notable People

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Tiruvidaimarudur is the birthplace of the Hindu Saint Pattinathar - in the medieval period - whose lyrics are renowned for realizing self in the Tamil Saiva tradition of Hinduism.

It is also the birthplace of the Carnatic music flautist T. R. Mahalingam.

The family of Amar Singh, who was deposed from the throne of Thanjavur in 1798, resides here.[8]

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Sowmya, S (29 June 2003). "The Linga - An attraction at Thiruvidaimarudur". ChennaiOnline. Chennai Interactive Business Services. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2007.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tiruvidaimarudur
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  4. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
  5. ^ Thirumurugan, Varatharajan. "Mahalingeswarar Temple, Thiruvidaimarudur". Tamil Nadu Temples. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  6. ^ Michell, George (1995). Architecture and art of southern India: Vijayanagara and the successor states, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-44110-2.
  7. ^ Thirumurugan, Varatharajan. "Mahalingeswarar Temple, Thiruvidaimarudur". Tamil Nadu Temples. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  8. ^ Hunter, William Wilson. The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908-1931. Clarendon Press, Oxford. p. 398.