Thetford Mines

Thetford Mines (Canada 2021 Census population 26,072) is a city in south-central Quebec, Canada. It is the seat of Les Appalaches Regional County Municipality. The city is located in the Appalachian Mountains, 141 miles northeast of Montreal and 107 km south of Quebec City.[5] It is known mostly as the asbestos capital of Canada.[6]

Thetford Mines
City centre Thetford Mines
City centre Thetford Mines
Coat of arms of Thetford Mines
Motto(s): 
Fervet Opus  (Latin)
"Hard Work Prevails"
Location within Les Appalaches RCM
Location within Les Appalaches RCM
Thetford Mines is located in Southern Quebec
Thetford Mines
Thetford Mines
Location in province of Quebec
Coordinates: 46°06′N 71°18′W / 46.1°N 71.3°W / 46.1; -71.3Coordinates: 46°06′N 71°18′W / 46.1°N 71.3°W / 46.1; -71.3[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionChaudière-Appalaches
RCMLes Appalaches
Founded1876
ConstitutedOctober 17, 2001
Government
 • MayorMarc-Alexandre Brousseau
 • Federal ridingMégantic—L'Érable
 • Prov. ridingLotbinière-Frontenac
Area
 • City227.70 km2 (87.92 sq mi)
 • Land226.82 km2 (87.58 sq mi)
 • Metro406.98 km2 (157.14 sq mi)
Population
 • City26,072
 • Density115.4/km2 (299/sq mi)
 • Metro27,968
 • Metro density68.7/km2 (178/sq mi)
 • Pop 2016-2021
Steady 2.6%
 • Dwellings
13,059
Demonym(s)Thetfordois, Thetfordoises (Fr); Thetforder (EN)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
G6G & G6H
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 112
Route 267
Route 269
Route 271
Geocode24 31084
Websitewww.ville.thetfordmines.qc.ca Edit this at Wikidata

HistoryEdit

 
First railway station in the township of Thetford was constructed in 1878. Housing today the local Mine Museum, it is the oldest surviving building of Thetford Mines.
 
King's Mill, Amalgamated Asbestos Corp. Ltd, Thetford Mines, QC, in 1909.

Before European colonization, the Abenaki inhabited the Thetford Mines region.[5] A village was founded in 1876 after the discovery of large asbestos deposits in the area. The village incorporated as Kingsville (named after William King, an important mine owner) in 1892.[5] A few years later, in 1905, Kingsville was renamed after the Township of Thetford in which it was founded, which was named after the town of Thetford in Norfolk, England.

During the 20th century, Thetford Mines became a hub for one of the world's largest asbestos-producing regions. back then being called "Asbestos Capital of the World" and the "City of White Gold". In the boom times, there were seven mines operating in the area, employing 4,000 workers.[7] In 1949, asbestos miners in Asbestos and Thetford Mines began a strike lasting for almost five months which was one of the most violent labor conflicts in the history of Quebec.[5]

In 2001 the city expanded to its current boundaries, incorporating the nearby towns of Black Lake, Robertsonville, Pontbriand and Thetford-Sud.

When Canada banned the use of asbestos in schools and homes, after using it for years as insulation, the mines of Thetford Mines largely exported their asbestos to areas such as southeast Asia, the Middle East, and South and Central America.[8] However, in 2012, the city’s last mine closed and Thetford Mines has developed other sectors, namely manufacturing.[7]

The city of Thetford Mines is the seat of the judicial district of Frontenac.[9]

ClimateEdit

The Köppen–Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as humid continental (Dfb).[10] Winters are very cold and snowy, while summers are warm and rainy when it receives more precipitation.

Climate data for Thetford Mines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −6.8
(19.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
0.4
(32.7)
7.9
(46.2)
16.3
(61.3)
21.1
(70.0)
24
(75)
22.3
(72.1)
17.6
(63.7)
10.9
(51.6)
3.2
(37.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
8.9
(48.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12
(10)
−10.6
(12.9)
−4.8
(23.4)
3
(37)
10.3
(50.5)
15.3
(59.5)
18.3
(64.9)
16.8
(62.2)
12.2
(54.0)
6.1
(43.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
−8.9
(16.0)
3.8
(38.7)
Average low °C (°F) −17.1
(1.2)
−16
(3)
−9.9
(14.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.3
(39.7)
9.6
(49.3)
12.6
(54.7)
11.3
(52.3)
6.8
(44.2)
1.4
(34.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
−13.3
(8.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75
(3.0)
62
(2.4)
70
(2.8)
67
(2.6)
85
(3.3)
105
(4.1)
110
(4.3)
118
(4.6)
99
(3.9)
82
(3.2)
91
(3.6)
91
(3.6)
1,055
(41.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org[10]

DemographicsEdit

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Thetford Mines had a population of 26,072 living in 12,216 of its 13,059 total private dwellings, a change of 2.6% from its 2016 population of 25,403. With a land area of 225.97 km2 (87.25 sq mi), it had a population density of 115.4/km2 (298.8/sq mi) in 2021.[11]

ActivitiesEdit

WinterEdit

Given the abundance of snow for several months in winter, it is a popular area for snowmobiling and four-wheel drive vehicles as well as for downhill and cross-country skiing.

The city is home to the minor-pro ice hockey team the Thetford Mines Assurancia, who are members of the Ligue Nord-Américaine de Hockey (LNAH). They play home games at Centre Mario Gosselin. Thetford Mines is the only city to have hosted an LNAH team in every season since the league's 1996 inception. The city has ringette and hockey organisations for the youth, and there are yearly tournaments for ringette and minor Hockey players, as well as old-timers hockey tournaments.

Thetford Mines was chosen as a top-five finalist for Kraft Hockeyville for 2009 on the February 21, 2009 Hockey Night In Canada "Hockey Day In Canada" special.

SpringEdit

Spring is maple syrup producing time in the area. The numerous stands of maple trees in the region makes it one of the top maple syrup producing regions in the world. In March and early April, local citizens often make a ritual outing to one of the area's sugar camps (or cabanes à sucre) for sugaring off parties where maple syrup, reduced and thickened by slow boiling, is poured over fresh snow to create a delightful taffy.

SummerEdit

Summer brings a host of other outdoor activities. An abundance of lakes and rivers provide plenty of opportunities for outdoor gatherings and cool refreshment. A series of summer festivals add to the enjoyment of the season, with sporting events, concerts and fireworks.

AutumnEdit

The same maples that produce syrup in spring, provide brilliant displays of colour in autumn.

MediaEdit

Two radio stations, CFJO ("O97,3") and CKLD ("Passion-Rock 105,5") serve Thetford Mines. Both stations air programming produced partially in Thetford Mines and partially in Victoriaville.

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Reference number 293447 in Banque de noms de lieux du Québec". toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic code 31084 in the official Répertoire des municipalités". www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation.
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2431084) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  4. ^ a b Thetford Mines (Census agglomeration), Quebec 2011 Census Profile. The census agglomeration consists of Thetford Mines, Saint-Adrien-d'Irlande, Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had not included Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine.
  5. ^ a b c d Thetford Mines, thecanadianencyclopedia.ca
  6. ^ A Stadium Reborn in Thetford Mines, stadiumjourney.com
  7. ^ a b Canada's Chrysotile Business Is Dying Out, thecanadianencyclopedia.ca
  8. ^ [https://canadianmortgagesinc.ca/2013/01/10-worst-places-to-live-in-canada-part-11-thetford-mines-quebec.10 Worst Places to Live in Canada: Part 11, Thetford Mines, Quebecl], canadianmortgagesinc.ca
  9. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  10. ^ a b "Climate: Thetford Mines - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  11. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Quebec". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2022.

External linksEdit