Theta Apodis

Theta Apodis (θ Aps, θ Apodis) is the Bayer designation for a star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Apus. It is a variable star with an apparent visual magnitude range of 4.65 to 6.20,[3] which, according to the Bortle Dark-Sky Scale, means it is a faint star but visible to the naked eye from dark suburban skies. The distance to Theta Apodis is approximately 350 light-years (110 parsecs), based upon parallax measurements made from the Gaia telescope.[6] It is unusual in that it is a red star with a high proper motion (greater than 50 milliarcseconds a year).[9]

θ Apodis
Apus constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of θ Apodis (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Apus
Right ascension 14h 05m 19.87784s[1]
Declination –76° 47′ 48.3204″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.65 - 6.20[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type M7 III[3]
U−B color index +1.07[4]
B−V color index +1.48[4]
Variable type SRb[3] pulsating
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+9.0[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –83.823 ± 1.302[6] mas/yr
Dec.: –34.694 ± 1.400[6] mas/yr
Parallax (π)9.2261 ± 0.6873[6] mas
Distance350 ± 30 ly
(108 ± 8 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)0.7[3]
Details
Luminosity3,879[7] L
Temperature3,151[7] K
Other designations
CD–76 615, FK5 1363, HD 122250, HIP 68815, HR 5261, SAO 257112[8]
Database references
SIMBADdata

This is an evolved red giant that is currently on the asymptotic giant branch,[10] with a stellar classification of M7 III.[3] It shines with a luminosity approximately 3879 times that of the Sun and has a surface temperature of 3151 K.[11] It is a semiregular pulsating variable and its brightness changes over a range of 0.56 magnitudes with a period of 119[3] days. A longer period of around 1,000 days has also been detected.[12] It is losing mass at the rate of 1.1 × 10−7 times the mass of the Sun per year through its stellar wind. Dusty material ejected from this star is interacting with the surrounding interstellar medium, forming a bow shock as the star moves through the galaxy. The stand-off distance for this front is located at about 0.134 ly (0.041 pc) from Theta Apodis.[10]

Theta Apodis has been identified as an astrometric binary, indicating that it has an orbiting companion that causes gravitational perturbation of the primary star.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357, S2CID 18759600.
  2. ^ "VSX". Retrieved 2018-10-29.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Yeşilyaprak, C.; Aslan, Z. (December 2004), "Period-luminosity relation for M-type semiregular variables from Hipparcos parallaxes", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 355 (2): 601–607, Bibcode:2004MNRAS.355..601Y, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.08344.x.
  4. ^ a b Wisse, P. N. J. (May 1981), "Three colour observations of southern red variable giant stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 44: 273–303, Bibcode:1981A&AS...44..273W.
  5. ^ Feast, M. W.; Woolley, R.; Yilmaz, N. (1972), "The kinematics of semi-regular red variables in the solar neighbourhood", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 158: 23–46, Bibcode:1972MNRAS.158...23F, doi:10.1093/mnras/158.1.23.
  6. ^ a b c d Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  7. ^ a b McDonald, I.; Zijlstra, A. A.; Boyer, M. L. (2012). "Fundamental parameters and infrared excesses of Hipparcos stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427 (1): 343. arXiv:1208.2037. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. S2CID 118665352.
  8. ^ "tet Aps -- Semi-regular pulsating Star", SIMBAD, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2012-07-08.
  9. ^ Jiménez-Esteban, F. M.; Caballero, J. A.; Dorda, R.; Miles-Páez, P. A.; Solano, E. (2012). "Identification of red high proper-motion objects in Tycho-2 and 2MASS catalogues using Virtual Observatory tools". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 539: 12. arXiv:1201.5315. Bibcode:2012A&A...539A..86J. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118375. S2CID 53404166.
  10. ^ a b Cox, N. L. J.; et al. (January 2012), "A far-infrared survey of bow shocks and detached shells around AGB stars and red supergiants", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 537: A35, arXiv:1110.5486, Bibcode:2012A&A...537A..35C, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117910, S2CID 56041336. See table 1, IRAS 14003-7633.
  11. ^ McDonald, I.; Zijlstra, A. A.; Boyer, M. L. (2012). "Fundamental Parameters and Infrared Excesses of Hipparcos Stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427 (1): 343–57. arXiv:1208.2037. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. S2CID 118665352.
  12. ^ Moon, T. T. (2008). "Combining Visual and Photoelectric Observations of Semiregular Red Variables". Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers. 36 (1): 77. arXiv:0711.4873. Bibcode:2008JAVSO..36...77M.
  13. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008). "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 389 (2): 869–879. arXiv:0806.2878. Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. S2CID 14878976.