Theodorus Bailey (politician)
|United States Senator|
from New York
March 4, 1803 – January 16, 1804
|Preceded by||Gouverneur Morris|
|Succeeded by||John Armstrong, Jr.|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New York's 5th district
December 7, 1801 – March 3, 1803
|Preceded by||Thomas Tillotson|
|Succeeded by||Andrew McCord|
March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801
|Preceded by||David Brooks|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Tillotson|
March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1797
|Preceded by||Peter Silvester|
|Succeeded by||David Brooks|
|Born||October 12, 1758|
Fishkill, Province of New York, British America
|Died||September 6, 1828 (aged 69)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Children||Catherine Rebecca Bailey|
Ann Eliza Bailey
|Branch/service||New York Militia|
Bailey was born near Fishkill in the Province of New York on October 12, 1758 where he attended the rural schools and studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1778 and commenced practice in Poughkeepsie, New York.
Bailey ran for Congress in March 1789, but was defeated by Federalist Egbert Benson. Bailey was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 3rd and the 4th United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1793, to March 3, 1797. He was elected again to the 6th United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1801. In April 1801, he was elected to the New York State Assembly, but vacated his seat before the State Legislature convened, because he was elected to the 7th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas Tillotson, and served from December 7, 1801, to March 3, 1803.
In 1803, Bailey was elected a U.S. Senator from New York, and served from March 4, 1803, to January 16, 1804, when he resigned to accept the position of Postmaster of New York City, which he held until his death.
Bailey was married to Rebecca Tallmadge (1779-1807). She was the daughter of Col. James Tallmadge (1744-1821) and the sister of Matthias B. Tallmadge (1774-1819), a federal judge from New York, and James Tallmadge Jr. (1778–1853), who was a U.S. Representative and who served as Lieutenant Governor of New York under De Witt Clinton. Together, they were the parents of:
- Catherine Rebecca Bailey (1804-1844), who married William Cecil Woolsey (1796-1840) in 1829.
- Ann Eliza Bailey (d. 1878), who married Arthur Bronson (1801–1844), a son of Isaac Bronson.
Bailey died in New York, New York County, New York, on September 6, 1828 (age 69 years, 330 days). He was interred at Dutch Burying Ground, Manhattan, New York; and was re-interred on January 8, 1864, at Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery, Poughkeepsie, New York.
- "Theodorus Bailey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
- "Theodorus Bailey". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
- "Guide to the Matthias B. Tallmadge Papers (1715-1868) MS 612". dlib.nyu.edu. New York University. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- "Bronson family papers 1790-1875". archives.nypl.org. New York Public Library. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- "Theodorus Bailey". The political Graveyard. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
- United States Congress. "Theodorus Bailey (id: B000049)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Theodorus Bailey at Find a Grave