Theodorus Bailey (politician)

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Theodorus Bailey (October 12, 1758 – September 6, 1828) was an American lawyer and politician from Poughkeepsie, New York, who represented New York in both the U.S. House and Senate.

Theodorus Bailey
United States Senator
from New York
In office
March 4, 1803 – January 16, 1804
Preceded byGouverneur Morris
Succeeded byJohn Armstrong, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th district
In office
December 7, 1801 – March 3, 1803
Preceded byThomas Tillotson
Succeeded byAndrew McCord
In office
March 4, 1799 – March 3, 1801
Preceded byDavid Brooks
Succeeded byThomas Tillotson
In office
March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1797
Preceded byPeter Silvester
Succeeded byDavid Brooks
Personal details
Born(1758-10-12)October 12, 1758
Fishkill, Province of New York, British America
DiedSeptember 6, 1828(1828-09-06) (aged 69)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyAnti-Administration,
Spouse(s)Rebecca Tallmadge
ChildrenCatherine Rebecca Bailey
Ann Eliza Bailey
Professionlawyer, politician
Military service
Branch/serviceNew York Militia
Battles/warsAmerican Revolution

Early lifeEdit

Bailey was born near Fishkill in the Province of New York on October 12, 1758 where he attended the rural schools and studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1778 and commenced practice in Poughkeepsie, New York.


He served with the New York Militia during the Revolutionary War. He also served in the State militia from 1786 until 1805 and attained the rank of brigadier general.[1]

Bailey ran for Congress in March 1789, but was defeated by Federalist Egbert Benson. Bailey was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 3rd and the 4th United States Congresses, serving from March 4, 1793, to March 3, 1797. He was elected again to the 6th United States Congress, serving from March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1801. In April 1801, he was elected to the New York State Assembly, but vacated his seat before the State Legislature convened, because he was elected to the 7th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas Tillotson, and served from December 7, 1801, to March 3, 1803.

In 1803, Bailey was elected a U.S. Senator from New York, and served from March 4, 1803, to January 16, 1804,[2] when he resigned to accept the position of Postmaster of New York City, which he held until his death.

Personal lifeEdit

Bailey was married to Rebecca Tallmadge (1779-1807). She was the daughter of Col. James Tallmadge (1744-1821) and the sister of Matthias B. Tallmadge (1774-1819), a federal judge from New York, and James Tallmadge Jr. (1778–1853), who was a U.S. Representative and who served as Lieutenant Governor of New York under De Witt Clinton. Together, they were the parents of:[3]

  • Catherine Rebecca Bailey (1804-1844), who married William Cecil Woolsey (1796-1840) in 1829.[3]
  • Ann Eliza Bailey (d. 1878), who married Arthur Bronson (1801–1844), a son of Isaac Bronson.[4]

Bailey died in New York, New York County, New York, on September 6, 1828 (age 69 years, 330 days). He was interred at Dutch Burying Ground, Manhattan, New York; and was re-interred on January 8, 1864, at Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery, Poughkeepsie, New York.[5]


  1. ^ "Theodorus Bailey". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  2. ^ "Theodorus Bailey". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Guide to the Matthias B. Tallmadge Papers (1715-1868) MS 612". New York University. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  4. ^ "Bronson family papers 1790-1875". New York Public Library. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
  5. ^ "Theodorus Bailey". The political Graveyard. Retrieved August 10, 2013.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Peter Silvester
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
David Brooks
Preceded by
David Brooks
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
Thomas Tillotson
Preceded by
Thomas Tillotson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
Andrew McCord
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Gouverneur Morris
U.S. senator (Class 1) from New York
Served alongside: DeWitt Clinton, John Armstrong, Jr.
Succeeded by
John Armstrong, Jr.