Theodor Krancke

Theodor Krancke (30 March 1893 – 18 June 1973) was a naval commander (admiral) of Nazi Germany during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

Theodor Krancke
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-300-1863-35, Riva-Bella, Waffenvorführung Panzerwerfer, Rommel.jpg
Krancke (left) with General Walther Buhle and Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
Born(1893-03-30)30 March 1893
Died18 June 1973(1973-06-18) (aged 80)
Wentorf bei Hamburg
Allegiance German Empire (to 1919)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Imperial German Navy
Years of service1912–45
Commands heldCruiser Admiral Scheer
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Under the command of Krancke, during the five-month-long raiding cruise, the pocket battleship Admiral Scheer sank 13 merchant ships, one armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, and captured three merchant ships representing 115,195 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied and neutral shipping.

During the Allied Invasion of Normandy Krancke, as Commander-in-Chief of Navy Group Command West headquartered in Paris, controlled all German naval vessels in France, as well as the various land-based naval units and the naval coastal artillery and anti-aircraft batteries along the French Atlantic coast.




  1. ^ a b c d Dörr 1995, p. 358.
  2. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 470.


  • Dörr, Manfred (1995). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Überwasserstreitkräfte der Kriegsmarine—Band 1: A–K [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Surface Forces of the Navy—Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2453-2.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
Military offices
Preceded by
Generaladmiral Wilhelm Marschall
Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine Group Command West
20 April 1943 – 20 October 1944
Succeeded by
Kriegsmarine High Command West
Preceded by
Kriegsmarine Group Command West
Commander-in-Chief of Kriegsmarine High Command West
20 October 1944 – 18 April 1945
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Admiral Otto Ciliax
Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine High Command Norway
26 April 1945 – 26 August 1945
Succeeded by