Themistocles Zammit

Sir Themistocles "Temi" Zammit CMG (or Żammit; 30 September 1864 – 2 November 1935) was a Maltese archaeologist and historian, professor of chemistry, medical doctor, researcher and writer. He served as Rector (1920–26) of the Royal University of Malta and first Director of the National Museum of Archaeology in his native city, Valletta.[1]

Sir Themistocles Zammit
Zammit.JPG
Born(1864-09-30)30 September 1864
Died2 November 1935(1935-11-02) (aged 71)
OccupationArchaeologist, historian, medical doctor, academic, writer
Spouse(s)Aloisia Barbaro di San Giorgio
ChildrenCharles and Sophia Zammit

CareerEdit

After graduating in medicine from the University of Malta, Zammit specialised in bacteriology in London and Paris. His 1905 discovery of contaminated milk as the vector for transmission to humans of Brucellosis melitensis present in the blood of the goat greatly contributed to the elimination from the islands of undulant fever, earning him the knighthood.[2][3]

Author of several literary works in the Maltese language, Zammit was conferred the DLitt Honoris Causa by Oxford University. He was knighted in 1930, having previously been admitted as a Companion to the Order of St Michael and St George. He also published a history of the Maltese islands and excavated important archaeological sites, such as the Hypogeum and the megalithic Tarxien Temples, Ħaġar Qim and Mnajdra, which have since been declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

LegacyEdit

Zammit's scientific approach to archaeology further enhanced his international reputation. A permanent display of some of his findings may be viewed at the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta.

The main hall of the University of Malta bears Zammit's name. The Sir Temi Zammit Hall is a multipurpose auditorium which is used as a lecture hall, theatre, and student graduations venue.[4][5]

Zammit is depicted on two commemorative Maltese coins: a Maltese 1 Pound (Lm1) coin dated 1973[6] and a Maltese 5 Pounds (Lm5) coin dated 2006.[7] Both coins are silver and depict his likeness alongside his dates of birth and death.[6][7]

Zammit signed most of his works with his initials T. Z.[8]

Further readingEdit

  • Sir Themistocles (Temi) Zammit
  • Haas, L F (2001). "Sir David Bruce (1855-1931) and Thermistocles Zammit (1864-1935)". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 70 (4): 520. doi:10.1136/jnnp.70.4.520. PMC 1737312. PMID 11254779.
  • Roger Ellul-Micallef, Zammit of Malta. His Times, Life and Achievements, 2 volumes, Valletta: Allied Publications, 2013.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rudolf, Uwe Jens; Berg, Warren G. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Malta. Scarecrow Press. p. 242. ISBN 9780810873902.
  2. ^ Haas, LF (April 2001). "Sir David Bruce (1855-1931) and Thermistocles Zammit (1864-1935)". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry. 70 (4): 520. doi:10.1136/jnnp.70.4.520. PMC 1737312. PMID 11254779.
  3. ^ Wyatt, H. V. (October 2005). "How Themistocles Zammit found Malta Fever (brucellosis) to be transmitted by the milk of goats". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 98: 451–454. PMID 16199812 – via SAGE Journals.
  4. ^ "Sir Temi Zammit Hall". Visit Malta. n.d. Retrieved 30 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Venues @ Msida campus". L-Università ta' Malta. n.d. Retrieved 30 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ a b "2nd series - Temi Zammit". Central Bank of Malta. n.d. Retrieved 30 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ a b "Distinguished Maltese personalities series -Temi Zammit (1864-1935)". Central Bank of Malta. n.d. Retrieved 30 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ p. 110.