The lamb and lion
"The lamb with the lion" – often a paraphrase from Isaiah, and more closely quoted as "the lion and lamb", "a child will lead them", and the like – are an artistic and symbolic device, most generally related to peace.
The symbol is used in both Christianity and Judaism to represent the Messianic Age. In addition, in Christianity, according to a sermon by Augustine, the lion stands for Christ resurrected, the lamb for Christ's sacrifice ("He endured death as a lamb; he devoured it as a lion."—Augustine, Sermon 375A).
Isaiah 35:9 casts a lion as metaphorically forbidden in the future paradise ("No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be found there; but the redeemed shall walk there"); yet, Isaiah 65:25 and 11:6–7, respectively reference such formerly ravenous beasts as becoming peaceable: "The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, the lion shall eat straw like the ox; but the serpent—its food shall be dust!"; "The wolf shall live with the lamb, the leopard shall lie down with the kid, the calf and the lion and the fatling together, and a little child shall lead them."
The kingdom-of-peace motif has been popular among various so-called Christian "Restorationist" groups. The lamb and lion have been used informally in Community of Christ since the Latter Day Saints' "Kirtland" period.[nb 1] Its original formal iteration, prominently featuring the lion, the lamb, and child, along with the motto Peace, was designed by Joseph Smith III, Jason W. Briggs, and Elijah Banta, and approved in the denomination's General Conference in 1874. The Worldwide Church of God (now Grace Communion International) had used a seal depicting the lamb, the lion and a child.
A number of "peace" gardens or fountains at Jewish, Catholic, and Protestant places of worship contain statuary containing the lamb and lion. In 1987, the Lion & Lamb Peace Arts Center was established at Mennonite Bluffton University.
Humorist Josh Billings (1818–1885): "The lion and the lamb may possibly sometimes lie down together; but if you'll notice carefully, when the lion gets up, the lamb is generally missing." Attributed to Woody Allen: "I've always liked, someday the lamb will lay by the lion ... but it won't get much sleep."
Part of the Knesset Menorah includes relief of a lamb, lion, various other animals, and a little child under a representation of Isaiah.
"Peace," etching by the Australian artist William Strutt, 1896
Edward Hicks, "Peaceable Kingdom," c. 1834
- The Latter Day Saint movement's founder, Joseph Smith, Jr. (Joseph Smith III's father), related during the Zion's Camp expedition: "In pitching my tent we found three massasaugas or prairie rattlesnakes, which the brethren were about to kill, but I said, Let them alone – don't hurt them! How will the serpent ever lose his venom, while the servants of God possess the same disposition, and continue to make war upon it? Men must become harmless, before the brute creation; and when men lose their vicious dispositions and cease to destroy the animal race, the lion and the lamb can dwell together, and the sucking child can play with the serpent in safety." —Joseph Smith, Jr., 1834
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- Marc Lee Raphael (2012). Judaism in America. Columbia University Press. p. 25. ISBN 9780231512442.
- Gerald O'Collins (2017). Saint Augustine on the Resurrection of Christ: Teaching, Rhetoric, and Reception. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192520173.
- Isaiah 35:9
- Isaiah 65:25
- Isaiah 11:6–9
- "Where Does "In Like a Lion, Out Like a Lamb" Originate?". Theparisreview.org. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
- Duane S. Crowther (2008). Prophecies of Joseph Smith. Cedar Fort. p. 293. ISBN 9780882908427.
- Lawrence W. Tyree (2011). "Impressions with a Purpose: Omissions, Myths, and the Real Origins of the Church Seal". Restoration Studies. 12.
- "Why Not the Lion and the Lamb?". Asecondlook.info. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
- "Planting seeds of peace for 30 years". The Bluffton Icon. 2017-04-25. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
- Josh Billings (1913). Wit and Wisdom of Josh Billings. Shore Printing Company. p. 19.
- "Quotes About The Lion And The Lamb: top 42 The Lion And The Lamb quotes from famous authors". Morefamousquotes.com. Retrieved 2017-09-12.