The Vampire Lovers

The Vampire Lovers is a 1970 British Gothic horror film directed by Roy Ward Baker and starring Ingrid Pitt, Peter Cushing, George Cole, Kate O'Mara, Madeline Smith, Dawn Addams and Jon Finch. It was produced by Hammer Film Productions. It is based on the 1872 Sheridan Le Fanu novella Carmilla and is the first film in the Karnstein Trilogy, the other two films being Lust for a Vampire (1971) and Twins of Evil (1971). The three films were somewhat daring for the time in explicitly depicting lesbian themes.

The Vampire Lovers
Vampire lovers231.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRoy Ward Baker
Screenplay byTudor Gates
Based onCarmilla by Sheridan Le Fanu
Adaptation byHarry Fine
Tudor Gates
Michael Style
Produced byMichael Style
Harry Fine
StarringIngrid Pitt
George Cole
Kate O'Mara
Peter Cushing
Dawn Addams
CinematographyMoray Grant
Edited byJames Needs
Music byHarry Robertson
Distributed byMGM-EMI Distributors (U.K.)
American International Pictures (U.S.)
Release date
4 October 1970
Running time
91 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom


In mid-18th century Styria, a beautiful blonde (Kirsten Lindholm) in a diaphanous gown materializes from a misty graveyard. Encountering Baron Hartog (Douglas Wilmer), a vampire hunter out to avenge the death of his sister, the girl is identified as a vampire and decapitated. Decades later in 1790, a dark-haired woman leaves her daughter Marcilla (Ingrid Pitt) in the care of General Spielsdorf (Peter Cushing) and his family in Styria. Marcilla quickly befriends the General's niece, Laura (Pippa Steel). Laura subsequently suffers nightmares that she is being attacked, and dies of a gradual sickness; whereupon Marcilla departs.

Faking a carriage breakdown, Marcilla's mother leaves her (now using the alias 'Carmilla') at the residence of a Mr. Morton, where Carmilla befriends and seduces Morton's daughter Emma (Madeline Smith). Thereafter, Emma suffers nightmares of penetration on her heart, and her breasts shows tiny wounds. Emma's governess, Mademoiselle Perrodot (Kate O'Mara), becomes Carmilla's accomplice. The butler and a doctor suspect them; but Carmilla kills each one. A mysterious man in black watches events from a distance, smiling (his presence is never explained). Having killed the butler, Carmilla takes Emma prisoner and departs. When Mademoiselle Perrodot begs Carmilla to take her too, Carmilla kills her. Emma is rescued by a young man named Carl (Jon Finch), and Carmilla flees to her ancestral castle, now a ruin. All this coincides with the arrival of the General, who brings a now-aged Baron Hartog. They find Carmilla's grave, which reveals that her true name is Mircalla Karnstein, where the General forces a stake into Carmilla's heart and cuts off her head. Thereupon, Carmilla's portrait on the wall shows a fanged skeleton instead of a beautiful young woman.



The film was a co-production between Hammer and American International, who were interested in a vampire movie with more explicit sexual content to take advantage of a more relaxed censorship environment. It was decided to adapt Carmilla.[2] Harry Fine and Michael Style were the two producers.[3]

Before production, the script of The Vampire Lovers was sent to the chief censor John Trevelyan, who warned the studio about depictions of lesbianism, pointing out that a previous lesbian film, The Killing of Sister George, had had five minutes excised by his office. In response, Hammer replied that the lesbianism was not of their doing, but was present in the original story by Le Fanu. Trevelyan backed down as a result.[4]

Production of The Vampire Lovers began at Elstree Studios on 19 January 1970 and used locations in the grounds of Moor Park Mansion, Hertfordshire (standing in for Styria, Central Europe). Produced on a relatively low budget of £165,227,[5] it was the final Hammer film to be financed with American money—most of the later films were backed by Rank or EMI.

While filming the scene in which Carmilla attacks Madame Perrodot, Ingrid Pitt's fangs kept falling out of her mouth and dropping into Kate O'Mara's cleavage, prompting gales of uncontrollable laughter from both actresses. Finally, Pitt grabbed some chewing gum from the mouth of one of the crew members and used it to secure her fangs.[6][self-published source]

Critical receptionEdit

The Vampire Lovers has received mixed reception from critics. Variety's review of the film was mixed, claiming the story was not great and it had "fairly flat dialog," but the script had "all the needed ingredients."[7] A. H. Weiler of The New York Times called it "a departure from the hackneyed bloody norm... professionally directed, opulently staged and sexy to boot."[8] The Monthly Film Bulletin declared, "Rather below par, even by recent Hammer standards, this involves the customary heavy breathing, lusty fangs and tolerably luxurious sets, with the innovation of an exposed nipple or two to support the lesbian angle."[9]

Dave Kehr wrote a favourable retrospective review for Chicago Reader, writing that the film "resulted from the last significant surge of creative energy at Britain's Hammer Films, which thereafter descended into abject self-parody."[10] Film critic Leonard Maltin gave the film a passing grade of two-and-a-half stars, calling it a "rather erotic Hammer chiller".[11]

Allmovie wrote, "This Hammer Films production isn't their finest moment but its easy to understand why it has become an enduring cult favorite with horror fans: The Vampire Lovers pushes the "bloodshed & bosoms" formula of the Hammer hits to its limit".[12] On review-aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 56%, based on nine reviews, and is certified "rotten".[13]

Home videoEdit

The Vampire Lovers was released on 26 August 2003 on DVD by MGM Home Video (Fox Video) as a double-sided Midnite Movies Double Feature DVD consisting of both The Vampire Lovers and Countess Dracula (1971).[14] Scream Factory released the film on Blu-ray on 30 April 2013.[15]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Hearn, Marcus; Barnes, Alan (25 September 2007). The Hammer Story: The Authorised History of Hammer Films [The Hammer Story] (Limited ed.). Titan Books. p. 137. ISBN 978-1845761851. OCLC 493684031.
  2. ^ The Flesh and the Fury: X-posing Twins of Evil (2012) documentary
  3. ^ Swires, Steve (1992). "Fall of the House of Hammer". Fangoria. p. 55.
  4. ^ McKay, Sinclair (25 May 2007). A Thing of Unspeakable Horror: The History of Hammer Films [The History of Hammer Films]. Aurum Press Ltd. p. 118. ISBN 978-1845132491. OCLC 718433615.
  5. ^ Mayer, Geoff (2004). Roy Ward Baker. Manchester University Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-7190-6354-X.
  6. ^ Gullo, Christopher (2004). In All Sincerity, Peter Cushing. Bloomington IN: XLIBRIS. p. 205. ISBN 978-1413456103.
  7. ^ "The Vampire Lovers". Variety: 23. 16 September 1970.
  8. ^ Adam Bernstein, "Roy Ward Baker, 93," The Washington Post, 7 October 2010, URL accessed 11 March 2014.
  9. ^ "The Vampire Lovers". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 37 (441): 208. October 1970.
  10. ^ Dave Kehr. "The Vampire Lovers". Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  11. ^ Leonard Maltin, ed., Leonard Maltin's 2002 Movie & Video Guide. A Signet Book, 2001, p. 1478.
  12. ^ Donald Guarisco. "The Vampire Lovers – Review". Allmovie. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  13. ^ "The Vampire Lovers". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  14. ^ Bill Gibron. "Countess Dracula / The Vampire Lovers". DVD Verdict. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  15. ^ "The Vampire Lovers". Scream Factory. Retrieved 30 April 2013.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit