The Vakil (Urdu: وکیل) was an Urdu language newspaper published from Amritsar during the British Raj.[1] Initially it was bi-weekly newspaper but later it became three days. This newspaper was started by Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi's father Khan Ata Muhammad Khan in 1895 and published until about July 28, 1931.[2]

Owner(s)Sheikh Ghulam Muhammad
EditorMirza Heyrat Dehlavi
Insha Allah Khan
Abu Kalam Azad
Abdullah Minhas
HeadquartersAmritsar, British Raj

The first editor of the newspaper was Mirza Hairat Dehlavi but separated after editing two pamphlets. In October of the same year, Insha Allah Khan became the editor.[3] Abul Kalam Azad was associated with Vakil as one of the editor for five years, from 1903 to 1908.[4][5][6]


  1. ^ "Khan Ata & the Historic Newspaper, The Vakil Amritsar - The Kashmir Monitor". Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  2. ^ Nasim Yousaf, Pakistan's Freedom & Allama Mashriqi; Statements, Letters, Chronology of Khaksar Tehrik (Movement), Period: Mashriqi's Birth to 1947, page 3.
  3. ^ Aḥmad, G̲h̲ulām (1976). Tadhkirah: English Translation of the Dreams, Visions and Verbal Revelations Vouchsafed to the Promised Messiah on Whom be Peace by Muhammad Zafrullah Khan. Saffron Books. p. 178.
  4. ^ Yousaf, Nasim (2018-02-22). "Khan Ata Mohammad Mentored Abul Kalam Azad In His Early Days Of Activism". The Companion. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  5. ^ Minault, Gail (2010). The Khilafat Movement Religious Symbolism And Political Mobilization In India. Inc Recorded Books. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-231-51539-9. OCLC 945080017.
  6. ^ Qaiyoom, Nishat (2012). "Maulana Azad's Journalistic Crusade Against Colonialism". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 73: 679, 680. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44156263.

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