The Swan Princess

The Swan Princess is a 1994 American animated musical fantasy film based on the ballet Swan Lake. Featuring the voice talents of Michelle Nicastro, Howard McGillin, Jack Palance, John Cleese, Steven Wright, Sandy Duncan, and Steve Vinovich, the film is directed by former Disney animation director Richard Rich, with a music score by Lex de Azevedo. The film was distributed by New Line Cinema in the United States and by Columbia TriStar Film Distributors International outside the US (though Sony would gain the home video rights to the film worldwide via a deal with the production company Nest Entertainment).[3] It was released theatrically on November 18, 1994, and grossed $9.8 million against a $21 million budget, becoming a box office bomb, partly due to struggling competition with a re-release of The Lion King (1994). The film would later become popular through home video releases and has since been followed by a series of direct-to-video sequels starting in 1997.[4][5]

The Swan Princess
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRichard Rich
Screenplay byBrian Nissen
Story by
  • Richard Rich
  • Brian Nissen
Based onSwan Lake
by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Produced by
  • Richard Rich
  • Jared F. Brown
Narrated byBrian Nissen
Edited by
  • Armetta Jackson-Hamlett
  • James Koford
Music byLex de Azevedo
Distributed byNew Line Cinema (United States)
Columbia TriStar Film Distributors International (International)
Release date
  • November 18, 1994 (1994-11-18)
Running time
90 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$21 million[1]
Box office$9.8 million[2]

The theme song "Far Longer than Forever" is performed by Regina Belle and Jeffrey Osborne. The song was nominated for a Golden Globe in 1995 for Best Original Song.[6]


King William and his friend Queen Uberta both have a child; Uberta has a son named Derek and William has a daughter named Odette. At the celebration of Odette's birth, the two make a plan to have them meet and spend every summer together in hopes that they fall in love and marry so that they can unite their two kingdoms forever. Meanwhile, King William's chancellor, Sir Rothbart, plans to take King William's kingdom for himself by mastering a type of dark magic known as The Forbidden Arts. However, William discoveries his plans and Rothbart is arrested. Despite calls for his death, King William spares Rothbart's life and banishes him forever. Before leaving, Rothbart swears revenge on King William, that he'll get his powers back and claim everything William has as his own.

William and Uberta put their plan into action. Unfortunately, this fails as Derek and Odette hate each other as children, but when they reach adulthood, they do fall in love. However, Derek can't think of anything besides Odette's beauty that he loves her for, causing her to reject him, and she and her father leave disappointed. On their journey home, they are ambushed by Rothbart, who is now a sorcerer and transforms into a "Great Animal" with his new powers, kidnapping Odette and fatally injuring William. Derek arrives on the scene and the dying William tells him about the Great Animal ("It's not what it seems"), and that Odette is gone. After searching and finding no sign of Odette, the entire kingdom assumes that she is dead. Uberta encourages her son to find another princess, but Derek is determined to find Odette, believing that she is still alive somewhere.

Derek and his best friend Bromley practice hunting every day in preparation to face the Great Animal, with help from Uberta's valet, Lord Rogers. Elsewhere, Rothbart is keeping Odette captive at Swan Lake. After she refuses to marry him, he has cast a powerful spell that turns Odette into a swan during the day, while she can temporarily return to her true form at night if she stands on the lake when the moonlight touches it. During her captivity, she befriends a turtle named Speed, a French frog named Jean-Bob, who claims to be a prince, and an Irish puffin named Lieutenant Puffin.

Puffin and Odette (in her swan form) fly together to find Derek. By chance, they stumble upon Derek in the woods as he is searching for the Great Animal. Derek mistakes Odette for the Great Animal (having deduced that the creature is a shapeshifter), and tries to kill her. The ensuing chase leads Derek to Swan Lake, where he witnesses Odette reverting to a human when the moon rises. The two share a loving reunion, and Odette tells Derek that to break the spell, he must make a vow of everlasting love and "prove it to the world". Derek invites Odette to the ball at the castle the following night, hoping to declare to the world of his love for her. After Derek leaves however, Rothbart arrives, having heard the whole conversation, and tells Odette that she will never make it to the ball, for there will be "no moon" on that night. To make matters worse, Rothbart transforms his cheerful hag sidekick, Bridget, into a doppelgänger Odette, so as to fool Derek to make his vow to the wrong woman, which will kill the real Odette. On the night of the ball, Rothbart imprisons Odette (in swan form) in the dungeon of his castle, along with Bromley, whom he had found in the woods the other night, while the disguised Bridget arrives at the ball and dances with Derek, who is unaware of her true identity.

Meanwhile, Puffin, Speed, and Jean-Bob manage to free Odette from the dungeon through a duel with two hungry alligators and she flies to the castle to warn Derek, but is too late; Derek has made the vow to the wrong girl. Just then, Rothbart bursts in, gloatingly revealing to Derek the fake Odette's true form. Realizing his mistake, Derek follows Odette back to Swan Lake, where she finally transforms back into her human form one last time. As he holds Odette in his arms, she tells Derek that she loves him before finally dying. A heartbroken and furious Derek confronts Rothbart, demanding that he undo the spell, and Rothbart promises to do so, but only if Derek defeats him. Rothbart transforms into the Great Animal, and a battle ensues in which he overpowers Derek. However, Odette's animal friends retrieve Derek's bow, and Bromley, who has also escaped the dungeon, provides Derek with a single arrow, which Derek shoots into the Great Animal's heart, killing him.

Afterwards, Derek tearfully confesses his love to Odette, realizing that it's the person Odette has become he loves about her, and she comes back to life; the spell on her is broken. Derek and Odette get married and they, along with Rogers, Bromley, Uberta, King William's servants, and the animals move into Rothbart's former castle. Meanwhile, Bridget redeems herself and falls in love with Uberta's lackey, Sir Chamberlain, Puffin becomes the general of an army of swans, Odette kisses Jean-Bob who goes into convulsions but does not turn into a prince, and Odette and Derek live happily ever after.

Voice cast


Having previously directed The Fox and the Hound (1981) and The Black Cauldron (1985) at Walt Disney Feature Animation in Burbank, California, Richard Rich was slated to co-direct Oliver & Company (1988) until he was fired by Disney feature animation president Peter Schneider.[7] Following his departure from Disney, he subsequently formed his own studio, Rich Animation Studios with about 26 employees, in which most of his key employees came from Disney, including the company's marketing chief, Matt Mazer.[8] Subsequently, Jared F. Brown from Living Scriptures, Inc. tapped Rich into producing half-hour animated videos based on the audio cassettes readings of the Book of Mormon.[9]

Inspired by the success of Don Bluth's animated films as well as Disney's early-1990s animation renaissance, Rich decided to adapt the German folk tale version of Swan Lake. During production, the script went through twelve drafts over the course of two years. Rich would later attempt to sell his script to several Hollywood studios to no success.[10] Later, Brown struck on the idea on merging Rich Animation Studios, Family Entertainment Network, and Cassette Duplicators Inc., a cassette-duplicating operation in West Valley City, Utah, into one production holding company called Nest Entertainment.[9]

The film was created by hand painting cels, a tedious technique which caused Rich and his crew to take over four years to produce the final product.[11][12] Most of the cel painting was done at Hanho Heung-Up in Seoul, South Korea. Overall, 275 animators and artists worked throughout the film's production.[10]


David Zippel was approached by Richard Rich to write the lyrics to songs for The Swan Princess,[13] while the songs and score were composed by Lex de Azevedo.

The theme song "Far Longer than Forever" was written by de Azevedo and Zippel. In the 1994 animated film, the song was performed by vocalists Liz Callaway (as the singing voice of Princess Odette) and Howard McGillin (as the speaking and singing voice of Prince Derek). In the closing credits, a pop/R&B rendition of the song was performed by recording artists Regina Belle and Jeffrey Osborne. Michelle Nicastro sings a reprise of the song in the 1997 sequel, Escape From Castle Mountain.[14]

The New York Times wrote "The melody of 'Far Longer Than Forever' ... echoes the first five notes of Beauty and the Beast."[15][16] Everything's Better With Bob deemed it the best song of the film due to being "void of all daft rhyming schemes that hit the rest of the songs in the film".[17] The Animated Movie Guide noted that the song had a theme of faith.[18] The "Far Longer Than Forever" commercial single was jointly released by Sony Wonder and Sony 550 Music.[19] MusicHound Soundtracks: The Essential Album Guide to Film, Television and Stage Music called the "seemingly mandatory big ballad" "extremely annoying" due to "strik[ing] a totally different artistic note" in the context of the film's musical landscape.[20] The Motion Picture Guide 1995 Annual: The Films of 1994 said the "love theme" was deserving of the Golden Globe.[21] Star-News deemed the song "insistent", noting that audiences may "quickly get their fill" of the tune.[22]

"Far Longer than Forever" was nominated for a Golden Globe in 1995 for Best Original Song.[23]


When The Swan Princess was nearing completion, New Line Cinema purchased the distribution rights in the United States, while Columbia TriStar Film Distributors International obtained the foreign distribution rights.[10]


Pillsbury partnered with Turner Home Entertainment for a marketing campaign to promote the film's home video release.[24][25][26]

Home media

Turner Home Entertainment first released The Swan Princess on VHS and LaserDisc in the Turner Family Showcase collection on August 3, 1995, and sold over 2.5 million units.[4] Outside the United States, Columbia TriStar Home Video released it on VHS. On March 30, 2004, Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment released the film for the first time on DVD. The Special Edition DVD contains a few extras, including trailers, a read-along feature, a sing-along feature, and games. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment later re-released the DVD on August 18, 2009. It was also released as a double-feature DVD with its sequel The Swan Princess 3: The Mystery of the Enchanted Kingdom. A Blu-ray version of the film was released on October 29, 2019, along with a digital exclusive in 4K UHD HDR, for its 25th anniversary.[27]


Critical response

The Swan Princess received favorable reviews.[28] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars, saying "Despite the comparatively limited resources at his disposal, Richard Rich shows that he understands the recent Disney animated renaissance and can create some of the same magic. The movie isn't in the same league as Disney's big four, and it doesn't have the same crossover appeal to adults, but as family entertainment, it's bright and cheerful, and it has its moments."[29] Similarly, Hal Hinson of The Washington Post said it was a better film than The Lion King, praising its "fluid, unhurried pace" and "lush, original sense of color", though deeming the score "[not] terribly distinctive".[30]

Brian Lowry of Variety said the film was "technically impressive but rather flat and languid storywise".[31] James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film 2.5 stars of 4 writing that "much of The Swan Princess is trite and uninspired", though added "nevertheless, despite its problems, The Swan Princess is actually one of the better non-Disney animated productions to come along in a while".[11] Gene Siskel of The Chicago Tribune gave the film two out of four stars writing the film is a "casually drawn tale of a boring prince and princess tormented by a dull sorcerer. The songs are weak, and no relationship is developed between the principals."[32] On Rotten Tomatoes, The Swan Princess has an approval rating of 50%, based on 12 reviews, with an average score of 5.4/10.[33]

Box office

The Swan Princess received a theatrical release in the United States on November 18, 1994, and only made $2.4 million on its opening weekend.[34] It eventually had a total domestic gross of $9.8 million against a $21 million budget, becoming a box office bomb, mostly due to struggling competition with several other family films and a re-release of The Lion King.[28][1]

Disney's reissuing of The Lion King just as this film was being released was seen as "sabotage" by Variety.[31]

See also


  1. ^ a b McNary, Dave (April 3, 1995). "Walt Disney Co., in a bid to continue its..." United Press International. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "The Swan Princess (1994)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  3. ^ "The Swan Princess". Sony Pictures. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Villa, Joan (June 23, 1997). "Swan sequel to have limited theatrical release". Video Business. Reed Business Information. 17 (26): 4.
  5. ^ "About Swan Princess". The Swan Princess August 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  6. ^ "Far Longer than Forever | Golden Globes". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  7. ^ Hahn, Don (2009). Waking Sleeping Beauty (Documentary film). Burbank, California: Stone Circle Pictures/Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
  8. ^ Citron, Rich (December 21, 1993). "Rich Hopes to Strike It in Animation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  9. ^ a b Porter, Donald (November 19, 1994). "Richard Rich". Standard-Examiner. Retrieved February 6, 2018 – via Blogger.
  10. ^ a b c Hicks, Chris (November 18, 1994). "The Swan Princess". Deseret News. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Review: The Swan Princess". Reel Views. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  12. ^ Green, Stanley (1999). Hollywood Musicals Year by Year - Stanley Green - Google Books. ISBN 9780634007651. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  13. ^ Longsdorf, Amy (December 17, 1994). "Lyricist David Zippel Helping To Put The Tune In Cartoons". The Morning Call. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  14. ^ Grant, Edmond (1998). The Motion Picture Guide, 1998 Annual. ISBN 9780933997417.
  15. ^ Times, N. Y. (1996). The New York Times Film Reviews 1993–1994. ISBN 9780824075934.
  16. ^ James, Caryn. "Movie Review: Sexism and Rothbart As Obstacles to Love". The New York Times. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  17. ^ Bobby_says_hi. "Everything's Better With Bob".
  18. ^ Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 271. ISBN 978-1569762226 – via Internet Archive. far longer than forever.
  19. ^ McCormick, Moira (November 26, 1994). "Child's Play". Billboard. Vol. 106, no. 48. p. 99. ISSN 0006-2510 – via Google Books.
  20. ^ Deutsch, Didier C. (1999). MusicHound Soundtracks: The Essential Album Guide to Film, Television and Stage Music. Schirmer Trade Books. p. 575. ISBN 978-0825672576 – via Internet Archive.
  21. ^ Pallot, James (1994). The Motion Picture Guide 1995 Annual. Cinebook. p. 348. ISBN 978-0933997356 – via Google Books.
  22. ^ Hartl, John. "August to see plenty of one-week wonders". Seattle Times. Star-News. p. 3D – via Google News Archive.
  23. ^ "Film, TV Nominees for the Golden Globes". Chicago Tribune. December 23, 1994. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  24. ^ Fitzpatrick, Eileen (May 20, 1995). Timing Key for Pillsbury 'Swan Princess' Tie-In. Billboard. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  25. ^ "Infinite ad a Real Billboard". Advertising Age. May 3, 1995. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  26. ^ "Pillsbury Dough Boy "The movie's about to start!" Advert". Archived from the original on 2021-12-19. Retrieved May 25, 2020 – via YouTube.
  27. ^ "The Swan Princess Announced for Blu-ray (and Digital 4K HDR)". June 10, 2019. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  28. ^ a b Bates, James. "Company Town: 'Swan' Sticks Its Neck Out but Still Gets the Ax: Film: Poor box office opening resurrects age-old question: Can an animated movie be a hit if it isn't made by Disney?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  29. ^ Ebert, Roger (November 18, 1994). "The Swan Princess Movie Review (1994)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
  30. ^ Hinson, Hal (November 19, 1994). "'The Swan Princess' (G)". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  31. ^ a b Brian Lowry (November 20, 1994). "The Swan Princess". Variety. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  32. ^ Siskel, Gene (November 18, 1994). "'Last Seduction' Proves Dahl Is Very Good At Going Bad". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  33. ^ "The Swan Princess". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  34. ^ Welkos, Richard. "Weekend Box Office: Appealing to All 'Generations'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2012.

External links