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The Swan Princess is a 1994 American animated musical fantasy film based on the ballet Swan Lake. Featuring the voice talents of Michelle Nicastro, Howard McGillin, Jack Palance, John Cleese, Steven Wright, Sandy Duncan, and Steve Vinovich, the film is directed by former Disney animation director, Richard Rich, with a music score by Lex de Azevedo. The film was distributed by New Line Cinema and is currently[when?] owned by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment via Sony Wonder. It was released theatrically on November 18, 1994, where it received mixed reviews from critics and gross of $9,771,658 against a $21 million budget, becoming a huge financial disappointment, partly due to struggling competition with a re-release of The Lion King (1994). The film has been followed by eight direct-to-video sequels and is the only film of the series to be theatrical.[3]

The Swan Princess
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRichard Rich
Produced by
  • Jared F. Brown
  • Richard Rich
Screenplay byBrian Nissen
Story by
  • Brian Nissen
  • Richard Rich
Based onSwan Lake
by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Narrated byBrian Nissen
Music byLex de Azevedo
Edited by
  • Armetta Jackson-Hdamlett
  • James Koford
Distributed by
Release date
  • November 18, 1994 (1994-11-18)
Running time
90 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$21 million[1]
Box office$9.7 million[2]

The theme song "Far Longer than Forever" is performed by Regina Belle and Jeffrey Osborne. The song was nominated for a Golden Globe in 1995 for Best Original Song.[4]


The evil sorcerer Rothbart (Jack Palance) is planning to take King William's (Dakin Matthews) kingdom for himself by mastering a type of dark magic known as The Forbidden Arts. Before he can strike, Rothbart is arrested. Despite calls for his death, King William spares Rothbart's life and banishes him forever. A hateful Rothbart swears revenge on King William and tells him that he will one day get his power back and take everything William owns and loves. King William and his friend, Queen Uberta (Sandy Duncan), make their children, Odette and Derek, meet every summer, hoping that they will fall in love and marry, uniting their two kingdoms. When they meet for the first time, the royal children take an immediate dislike towards each other, but as the years pass they gradually fall in love.

In the present time, Derek (Howard McGillin) only expresses love for Odette's (Michelle Nicastro) beauty, and she and her father leave disappointed. On their journey home, they are ambushed by the vengeful Rothbart, who transforms into a "Great Animal" with his new powers, kidnapping Odette and fatally injuring William. Derek arrives on the scene and William tells him about the Great Animal ("It's not what it seems"), and that Odette is gone. After searching and finding no sign of Odette, the entire kingdom assumes that she is dead. Uberta encourages her son to find another princess, but Derek is determined to find Odette, believing that she is still alive. Derek and his best friend Bromley (Joel McKinnon Miller) practice hunting every day in preparation to face the Great Animal, with help from Uberta's boyfriend, Lord Rogers (Mark Harelik).

Elsewhere, Rothbart is keeping Odette captive at Swan Lake. He has cast a powerful spell that turns Odette into a swan during the day. At night, she can become human temporarily if she is on the lake when the moonlight touches it. Every night, Rothbart asks Odette to marry him so he can rule William's kingdom legally, but she refuses, then the moonlight leaves the lake, and she turns back into a swan. During her captivity, she befriends a turtle named Speed (Steven Wright), a French frog named Jean-Bob (John Cleese), who claims to be a prince, and an Irish puffin named Puffin (Steve Vinovich).

Puffin and Odette (in her swan form) fly together to find Derek. By chance, they stumble upon Derek in the woods as he is searching for the Great Animal. Derek mistakes Odette for the Great Animal (having deduced that the creature is a shapeshifter), and tries to kill her. The ensuing chase leads Derek to Swan Lake, where he witnesses Odette's change from swan to human when the moon rises. The two share a loving reunion, and Odette tells Derek that the spell can only be broken by a vow of everlasting love. Derek invites Odette to the ball at the castle the following night, hoping to declare to the world of his love for her. Derek leaves just as Rothbart arrives and doesn't know the enchanter heard the whole conversation. Rothbart tells Odette that she will never make it to the ball, for there will be "no moon" on that night, much to her dismay and sorrow. Fearing that Derek's vow would ruin his plans, Rothbart decides to transform his cheerful hag sidekick, Bridget, to the point that she appears to be Odette, ensuring that if Derek made the vow to her as the wrong woman, Odette will die. On the night of the ball, Rothbart imprisons Odette (in swan form) in the dungeon of his castle, along with Bromley, whom he had found in the woods the other night. Bridget, in the form of human Odette, arrives at the ball where she dances with Derek, who is unaware of her true identity.

At Swan Lake, Puffin, Speed and Jean-Bob manage to free Odette from the dungeon through a duel with two hungry alligators and she flies to the castle, but is too late. Derek makes the vow of everlasting love to the wrong girl and Rothbart bursts in, revealing to Derek the fake's true form. Realizing his mistake, Derek races after Odette back to Swan Lake, where she finally transforms back into her human form. As Derek holds a dying Odette in his arms, she tells him she loves him before succumbing. A furious Derek confronts Rothbart, demanding him to undo the spell. Rothbart transforms into the Great Animal, and a battle ensues with Rothbart overpowering Derek. Odette's animal friends return Derek's bow to him, and Bromley, who has also escaped the dungeon, provides Derek with a single arrow. Derek catches and fires the arrow into the Great Animal's heart, killing him.

A heart-broken Derek confesses his love to Odette, and she revives; the spell on her is broken. Derek and Odette get married and they, Uberta, King William's servants, Bromley, and the animals move into Rothbart's former castle. Meanwhile, Bridget redeems herself and falls in love with Uberta's assistant, Chamberlain (James Arrington), Puffin becomes the general of an army of swans, Jean-Bob, thanks to Odette's kiss, turns into a prince and sees a human, thanks to a person and thinks he's his reflection, and Odette and Derek decide to live happily ever after.



Having previously directed The Fox and the Hound (1981) and The Black Cauldron (1985) at Walt Disney Feature Animation in Burbank, California, Richard Rich was slated to co-direct Oliver & Company (1988) until he was fired by Disney feature animation president Peter Schneider.[5] Following his departure from Disney, he subsequently formed his own studio, Rich Animation Studios with about 26 employees, in which most of his key employees came from Disney, including the company's marketing chief, Matt Mazer.[6] Subsequently, Jared F. Brown from Living Scriptures, Inc. tapped Rich into producing half-hour animated videos based on the audio cassettes readings of the Book of Mormon.[7]

Inspired by the success of Don Bluth's animated films as well as Disney's early-1990s animation renaissance, Rich decided to adapt the German folk tale version of Swan Lake. During production, the script went through twelve drafts over the course of two years. Rich would later attempt to sell his script to several Hollywood studios to no success.[8] Later, Brown struck on the idea on merging Rich Animation Studios, Family Entertainment Network, and Cassette Duplicators Inc., a cassette-duplicating operation in West Valley City, Utah, into one production holding company called Nest Entertainment.[7]

The film was created by hand painting cels, a tedious technique which caused Rich and his crew to take over four years to produce the final product.[9][10] Most of the cel painting was done at Hanho Heung-Up in Seoul, South Korea. Overall, 275 animators and artists worked throughout the film's production.[8]


David Zippel was approached by Richard Rich to compose songs for The Swan Princess,[11] while the score was composed by Lex de Azevedo.

The theme song "Far Longer than Forever" was written by lyricists by de Azevedo and Zippel. In the 1994 animated film, the song was performed by vocalists Liz Callaway (as the singing voice of Princess Odette) and Howard McGillin (as the speaking and singing voice of Prince Derek). In the closing credits, a pop/R&B rendition of the song was performed by recording artists Regina Belle and Jeffrey Osborne. Michelle Nicastro sings a reprise of the song in the 1997 sequel, Escape From Castle Mountain.[12]

The New York Times wrote "The melody of 'Far Longer Than Forever' ... echoes the first five notes of Beauty and the Beast."[13][14] Everything's Better With Bob deemed it the best song of the film due to being "void of all daft rhyming schemes that hit the rest of the songs in the film".[15] The Animated Movie Guide noted that the song had a theme of faith.[16] The "Far Longer Than Forever" commercial single was jointly released by Sony Wonder and Sony 550 Music.[17] MusicHound Soundtracks: The Essential Album Guide to Film, Television and Stage Music called the "seemingly mandatory big ballad" "extremely annoying" due to "strik[ing] a totally different artistic note" in the context of the film's musical landscape.[18] The Motion Picture Guide 1995 Annual: The Films of 1994 said the "love theme" was deserving of the Golden Globe.[19] Star-News deemed the song "insistent", noting that audiences may "quickly get their fill" of the tune.[20]

"Far Longer than Forever" was nominated for a Golden Globe in 1995 for Best Original Song.[21]


When The Swan Princess was nearing completion, New Line Cinema purchased the distribution rights in the United States, while Sony Pictures obtained the foreign distribution rights.[8]


Pillsbury partnered with Turner Home Entertainment for a marketing campaign to promote the film's home video release.[22][23]

Home videoEdit

Turner Home Entertainment released The Swan Princess on VHS and LaserDisc in the Turner Family Showcase collection on August 3, 1995, and sold over 2.5 million units.[24] In certain European countries, the full The Swan Princess trilogy was released in a 2-disc double-sided set on February 16, 2004. On March 30, 2004, the film was re-released to mark its 10th anniversary, with a new cover for the VHS and Special Edition DVD. The Special Edition DVD contains a few extras, including trailers, a read-along feature, a sing-along feature, and games. On August 2, 2005, The Swan Princess was released as a double-feature DVD with its sequel The Swan Princess 3: The Mystery of the Enchanted Kingdom. In the US, the film along with its sequels can be seen in the pan-and-scan ratio, as opposed to the European releases where the film is preserved in its original widescreen aspect ratio.

A Blu-ray version of the film has been announced for a release on October 29, 2019, along with a digital exclusive in 4K UHD HDR, commemorating its upcoming 25th anniversary.[25]


Critical responseEdit

At the time of its theatrical release, The Swan Princess received favorable reviews.[26] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars, saying "Despite the comparatively limited resources at his disposal, Richard Rich shows that he understands the recent Disney animated renaissance and can create some of the same magic. The movie isn't in the same league as Disney's big four, and it doesn't have the same crossover appeal to adults, but as family entertainment, it's bright and cheerful, and it has its moments."[27] Similarly, Hal Hinson of The Washington Post said it was a better film than The Lion King, praising its "fluid, unhurried pace" and "lush, original sense of color", though deeming the score "[not] terribly distinctive".[28]

Brian Lowry of Variety said the film was "technically impressive but rather flat and languid storywise".[29] James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film 2.5 stars of 4 writing that "much of The Swan Princess is trite and uninspired", though added "nevertheless, despite its problems, The Swan Princess is actually one of the better non-Disney animated productions to come along in a while".[9] Gene Siskel of The Chicago Tribune gave the film two out of four stars writing the film is a "casually drawn tale of a boring prince and princess tormented by a dull sorcerer. The songs are weak, and no relationship is developed between the principals."[30] On Rotten Tomatoes, The Swan Princess has an approval rating of 55%, based on 11 reviews, with an average score of 5.4/10.[31]

Box officeEdit

The Swan Princess received a theatrical release in the United States on November 18, 1994, and only made $2,445,155 on its opening weekend.[32] It eventually had a total domestic gross of $9,771,658 against a $21 million budget, becoming a huge financial disappointment, partly due to struggling competition with a re-release of The Lion King (1994).[26][1]

Disney's reissuing of The Lion King just as this film was being released was seen as "sabotage" by Variety.[29]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Walt Disney Co., in a bid to continue its..." UPI. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  2. ^ "The Swan Princess (1994)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  3. ^ "About". The Swan Princess (official website). August 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  4. ^ "Awards for Lex de Azevedo". IMDb. Retrieved 15 Aug 2010.
  5. ^ Hahn, Don (2009). Waking Sleeping Beauty (Documentary film). Burbank, California: Stone Circle Pictures/Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
  6. ^ Citron, Rich (December 21, 1993). "Rich Hopes to Strike It in Animation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  7. ^ a b Porter, Donald (November 19, 1994). "Richard Rich". Standard-Examiner. Blogger. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Hicks, Chris (November 18, 1994). "The Swan Princess". Deseret News. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Review: The Swan Princess". Reel Views. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  10. ^ Hollywood Musicals Year by Year - Stanley Green - Google Books. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  11. ^ Longsdorf, Amy (December 17, 1994). "Lyricist David Zippel Helping To Put The Tune In Cartoons". The Morning Call. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  12. ^ "The Motion Picture Guide, 1998 Annual".
  13. ^ "The New York Times Film Reviews 1993–1994".
  14. ^ James, Caryn. "Movie Review: Sexism and Rothbart As Obstacles to Love". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  15. ^ Bobby_says_hi. "Everything's Better With Bob".
  16. ^ "The Animated Movie Guide".
  17. ^ "Billboard".
  18. ^ "MusicHound Soundtracks".
  19. ^ "The Motion Picture Guide 1995 Annual".
  20. ^ "Star-News".
  21. ^ "Film, TV Nominees for the Golden Globes". Chicago Tribune. December 23, 1994. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  22. ^ Fitzpatrick, Eileen (May 20, 1995). Timing Key for Pillsbury 'Swan Princess' Tie-In. Billboard. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  23. ^ "Infinite ad a Real Billboard". Advertising Age. May 3, 1995. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  24. ^ Villa, Joan (June 23, 1997). "Swan sequel to have limited theatrical release". Video Business. Reed Business Information. 17 (26): 4.
  25. ^ "The Swan Princess Announced for Blu-ray (and Digital 4K HDR)". June 10, 2019. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  26. ^ a b Bates, James. "Company Town: 'Swan' Sticks Its Neck Out but Still Gets the Ax: Film: Poor box office opening resurrects age-old question: Can an animated movie be a hit if it isn't made by Disney?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  27. ^ Ebert, Roger (November 18, 1994). "The Swan Princess Movie Review (1994)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
  28. ^ Hinson, Hal (November 19, 1994). "'The Swan Princess' (G)". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  29. ^ a b Brian Lowry (November 20, 1994). "The Swan Princess". Variety. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  30. ^ Siskel, Gene (November 18, 1994). "'Last Seduction' Proves Dahl Is Very Good At Going Bad". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  31. ^ "The Swan Princess". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  32. ^ Welkos, Richard. "Weekend Box Office: Appealing to All 'Generations'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2012.

External linksEdit