The Pilgrim (1923 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Charlie Chaplin|
|Written by||Charlie Chaplin|
Charlie Chaplin Productions
|Distributed by||Associated First National Pictures (USA)|
The film marks the last time Edna Purviance co-starred with Chaplin and the last film he made for First National. Purviance also starred in Chaplin's A Woman of Paris (1923), in which Chaplin had a brief cameo. It was Chaplin's second-shortest feature film, constructed more like a two-reeler from earlier in his career. It is also noted as the first film for Charles Reisner, who became a successful director.
In 1959, Chaplin included The Pilgrim as one of three films comprising The Chaplin Revue. Slightly re-edited and fully re-scored, the film contained the song "I'm Bound For Texas", written and composed by Chaplin, and sung by Matt Monro.
The Pilgrim, an escaped convict, steals a minister's clothes to replace his prison uniform. At a train station, he encounters an eloping couple who want him to marry them. The woman's father shows up and takes her away.
The convict then picks a destination at random and ends up in Devil's Gulch, Texas on a Sunday. A delegation is waiting to welcome their new parson. With the sheriff nearby, the Pilgrim has to keep playing his part. A large deacon takes him to the church, where he improvises a sermon about David and Goliath.
It has been arranged for the parson to board with Mrs. Brown and her attractive daughter. The latter and the Pilgrim are attracted to each other. A complication arises when the crook, the Pilgrim's old cellmate, spots him. Curious, the man pretends to be the Pilgrim's old college friend and is invited to tea by Mrs. Brown. Among the other guests are a man and wife and their young boy, who proceeds to annoy everyone. Also present is the large deacon, who refuses to accept Mrs. Brown's mortgage payment on the Sabbath. Despite the Pilgrim's best efforts, the crook later steals the money and flees. The Pilgrim promises Miss Brown he will get the money back. After he leaves, however, the sheriff shows the young woman a wanted poster for her boarder.
The crook heads to a casino. Despite a robbery in progress, the Pilgrim manages to retrieve the money. He gives it and the church collection to Miss Brown. When he is apprehended by the sheriff, Miss Brown comes to his defense, revealing what he has done. As a result, the sheriff takes his prisoner to the border and orders him to pick him some flowers on Mexican land. Not taking the hint, the Pilgrim returns. The sheriff has to literally kick him out of American jurisdiction before he recognizes the lawman's act of kindness. However, his enjoyment of the peace of a new land proves to be short-lived; several gunmen pop out of the undergrowth and start shooting at each other. The frightened Pilgrim hastens away, straddling the border as he ponders his options.
- Charles Chaplin – The Pilgrim (Lefty Lombard according to a newspaper)
- Edna Purviance – Miss Brown
- Sydney Chaplin – Eloper / Train Conductor / Little Boy's Father
- Mack Swain – Deacon Jones
- Loyal Underwood – Small Deacon
- Dean Riesner – Little Boy
- Charles Reisner – Howard Huntington, alias Nitro Nick, alias Picking Pete
- Tom Murray – Sheriff Bryan
- Henry Bergman – Sheriff on Train / Man in Railroad Station
- Marion Davies - Congregation member (uncredited)
- Kitty Bradbury – Mrs. Brown
- Mai Wells – Little Boy's Mother
Chaplin biographer Jeffrey Vance considers The Pilgrim to be an important work and gives the film careful consideration in his 2003 book Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema in contrast to other Chaplin biographers.
Vance writes, "The Pilgrim is one of Chaplin's richest—and most neglected—films." Vance praises the film's economy of action, classical theatrical roots (including Molière and the British music-hall), the sharp edge to the film's comedy, and the ironic ending with Chaplin's character straddling the international line between the U.S. and Mexico.
Film scholar Donna Kornhaber calls the film's "famous sermon in pantomime" (of the story of David and Goliath) one of Chaplin's "greatest act[s] of physical storytelling." 
In its generally positive February 26, 1923 review, The New York Times said, "No, this picture is not the equal of The Kid. It lacks that comedy's subtleties, it isn't as sharply pointed with humanity, it isn't as finely characterized, but it's a genuine Chaplin, nevertheless."
In the 1952 Sight & Sound poll, the great French film critic Andre Bazin picked The Pilgrim as one of the 10 greatest movies of all time.
- Douglas, Nick (April 13, 2018). "These 1923 Copyrighted Works Enter the Public Domain in 2019". Life Hacker. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
- Vance, Jeffrey (2003). Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. New York: Harry N. Abrams, pg. 128-133. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0
- Vance, Jeffrey (2003). Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. New York: Harry N. Abrams, pg. 128. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0.
- Vance, Jeffrey (2003). Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. New York: Harry N. Abrams, pg. 130-133. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0
- Kornhaber, Donna (2014). Charlie Chaplin, Director. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, pg. 219. ISBN 978-0810129528
- "Movie Review – The Pilgrim". The New York Times. February 26, 1923. Retrieved August 16, 2020.