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The New Book of Knowledge is an encyclopedia intended primarily for children from 3rd to 8th grades.[1]

The encyclopedia was a successor to the Book of Knowledge, published from 1912 to 1965. This was a topically arranged encyclopedia that was based on Arthur Mee's Children's Encyclopaedia. Nevertheless, when the set began it was described as an "entirely new work" under the editorial direction of Martha G. Schapp, head of overal encyclopedia direction at Grolier, and the specific direction of Dr. Lowell A. Martin.[2]

From the beginning the The New Book of Knowledge was praised by critics, who praised it as one the best encyclopedias for its target demographic (ages 7 to 14), albeit the most expensive.[3] Some of the sets unique features included a "Dictionary index" that included both references to pages in the text, as well as short definitions for words not found in the text. In 1985 there were approximately 5,000 of these entries, together with 80,000 regular index entries. The index was spread out at the end of each volume and was recapitulated in Vol. 21, without the definitions.[4] The encyclopedia also utilized definition boxes that explained technical terms that were bolded in the article.[5] Other features included excerpts from literature such as portions of the Arabian Nights and "Paul Revere's Ride",as well as practical how to guides, sch as "How to build an ant observatory" and "Making your own weather observation".[6] One criticism, however, was that it offered little or no information about sex-relation subjects. An article for menstruation was not added until 1984. Other areas that were apparently neglected in the 1980s included masturbation and homosexuality.[7]

The 1985 edition of the encyclopedia had 21 volumes, 10,540 page, 9,116 articles (not including the definitions in the index), 22,500 illustrations (three fourths of which were in color) and 1,046 maps. All the articles were signed (again, excluding entries in the "Dictionary index"), and an editorial staff of 50 was listed at the beginning of Vol. I and about 1,400 contributors were listed at the end of Vol. 20.[8]

Substantial changes had occurred by 1993. The "Dictionary index" was broken up, with the short definitions listed on blue paper at the end of each volume, and the index proper was relegated to volume 21 only. Controversial and sexual topics were also covered in more detail. Subjects such as AIDS, birth control and abortion were treated realistically and in depth.[9] A new paper back supplement, the Home and School Study Guide was introduced. Directed at parents, librarians and teachers, this booklet gave graded bibliographies on 1,000 subjects keyed to articles in the set.[10]

The 1993 edition had 21 volumes, 10,600 pages and 6.8 million words. There were 9,000 articles, excluding the 5,000 in the "Dictionary index".[11] There were 4,000 cross references and 85,000 index entries.[12] The set had 25,000 illustrations, 90% of which were in color.[13] Nearly all articles were signed and 1,700 contributors were listed at the end of Vol. 20.[14] Like in previous editions, the set utilized a "pyramid structure" in its articles, starting out simple and growing more complex and difficult as the article went on. They empllyed the Dale-Chall Readability Formula to make sure the material was comprehensible, informative and interesting. Professor Jeanne Chall of Harvard collaborated in editing the encyclopedia.[15]

In 2000, Scholastic Corporation acquired Grolier and now has full rights to the contents of The New Book of Knowledge.[citation needed]

Currently published by Scholastic Press, it has gone through several editions. The 2007 edition is published in 21 volumes and contains more than 9,000 articles.[1] By an agreement with Scholastic, Grolier published the contents of the encyclopedia online with registration.[16]

In 2005 there was an Internet petition to reinclude an article on Ancient Persia in the encyclopedia, which was omitted from the 2005 edition. In response, Scholastic restored the article in the 2006 edition.[17]

As of 2010, the Scholastic website has a message stating that the 2006 edition is not available.[1]

Other editionsEdit

Grolier also published an annual supplement, The New Book of Knowledge Annual which updated the encyclopedia with summaries of the events of the year. Other than the title and publisher there was no "real editorial connection to the encyclopedia".[18] These were published from at least 1969 to 2012.[19][20]

A Spanish language version of The New Book of Knowledge, El Nuevo Tesoro de Juventud was published in Mexico City. It was intended for the Latin American market, but could also be purchased in the US and Canada.[21][22]

In the mid-1980s Grolier the creation of the Knowledge Exploration Series - a set of five microcomputer software programs that were designed to work with the 64K Apple computers. The set cost about $300 and contained 10 manuals and 5 back up discs.[23] By 1993 the entire index was available on the Grolier Master Encyclopedia Index CD-ROM with those of the Academic American Encyclopedia and the Encyclopedia Americana. This sold for $149 and worked on MS-DOS, Windows and Macintosh.[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Official site for 2008 edition". Scholastic Press. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
  2. ^ S. Padraig Walsh Anglo-American General Encyclopedias 1704-1967 New York: R. R. Baker and Company, 1968 pp.1123
  3. ^ Kennth F. Kister Best Encyclopedias Phoenix, AZ; Orynx Press, 1986 pp.128-9
  4. ^ Kister 1986 p.128
  5. ^ Kister 1986 p.128
  6. ^ Kister 1986 pp.125-6
  7. ^ Kister 1986 pp.126-7
  8. ^ Kister 1986 p.125
  9. ^ Kenneth F. Kister Best Encyclopedias Phoenix, AZ; Orynx Press, Second Edition, 1994 pp.197-9
  10. ^ Kister 1994, p.199
  11. ^ Kister 1994, p.195
  12. ^ Kister 1994, p.199
  13. ^ Kister 1994, pp.195, 200
  14. ^ Kister 1994, p.197
  15. ^ Kister 1994, pp.198-9
  16. ^ "Grolier Online Preview 2007". Infohio. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
  17. ^ "Scholastic Reinstates Persia in "The New Book of Knowledge"". National Iranian American Council. November 17, 2005. Archived from the original on 2007-10-04. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
  18. ^ Kister 1986 p.198
  19. ^ Series: The New Book of Knowledge
  20. ^ LOC catalog entry
  21. ^ Kister 1986 p.125
  22. ^ Kister 1994 p.199
  23. ^ Kister 1986 p.126
  24. ^ Kister 1994 p.199