The NeverEnding Story (film)
The NeverEnding Story (German: Die Unendliche Geschichte) is a 1984 English-language German fantasy film directed and co-written by Wolfgang Petersen (in his first English-language film), and based on the novel The Neverending Story by Michael Ende. The film was produced by Bernd Eichinger and Dieter Giessler. It stars Noah Hathaway, Barret Oliver, Tami Stronach, Patricia Hayes, Sydney Bromley, Gerald McRaney, Moses Gunn, and Alan Oppenheimer as the voices of both Falkor and Gmork (as well as other characters). The film follows a boy who happens upon a magical book that tells of a young warrior who is given the task of stopping the Nothing, a dark force, from engulfing the mystical world of Fantasia.
|The NeverEnding Story|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Wolfgang Petersen|
|Produced by||Bernd Eichinger|
|Narrated by||Alan Oppenheimer|
|Edited by||Jane Seitz|
|Budget||DM 60 million (~US$27 million)|
|Box office||US$100 million|
At the time of its release, it was the most expensive film produced outside the United States or the Soviet Union. The film was the first in The NeverEnding Story film series. The film adapts only the first half of the book, and consequently does not convey the message of the title as it was portrayed in the novel. The second half of the book was subsequently used as a rough basis for the second film, The NeverEnding Story II: The Next Chapter. The third film, The NeverEnding Story III: Escape from Fantasia, features an original plot not based on the book.
Bastian Balthazar Bux is a shy and outcast bibliophile ten-year-old raised by his widowed father, teased by bullies from school. On his way to school, he hides from the bullies in a bookstore, interrupting the grumpy bookseller, Carl Conrad Coreander. Bastian asks about one of the books he sees, called "The Neverending Story", but Mr. Coreander advises against it. With his curiosity piqued, Bastian seizes the book, leaving a note promising to return it, and hides in the school's attic to read. The book describes the fantasy world of Fantasia slowly being devoured by a malevolent force called "The Nothing". Fantasia's ruler, the Childlike Empress, has fallen ill, and the young warrior Atreyu is tasked to discover the cure, believing that once the Empress is well, the Nothing will no longer be a threat. Atreyu is given a medallion named the Auryn that can guide and protect him in the quest. As Atreyu sets out, the Nothing summons Gmork, a vicious and highly intelligent wolf-like creature, to kill Atreyu.
Atreyu's quest directs him to the turtle-like adviser Morla the Ancient One in the Swamps of Sadness. Though the Auryn protects Atreyu, his beloved horse Artax is lost to the swamp, and he continues alone. Morla does not have the answers Atreyu seeks, but directs him to the Southern Oracle, ten thousand miles distant. Atreyu succumbs to exhaustion trying to escape the Swamps but is saved by the luckdragon Falkor. Falkor takes him to the home of two gnomes that live near the entrance to the Southern Oracle. The gnomes explain that Atreyu will face various trials before reaching the Oracle. Atreyu gets past the first trial, but is perplexed by the second trial, a mirror that shows the viewer's true self, reveals a boy which Bastian recognizes as himself. Atreyu eventually meets the Southern Oracle who tells him the only way to save the Empress is to find a human child to give her a new name, beyond the boundaries of Fantasia. Atreyu and Falkor flee before the Nothing consumes the Southern Oracle. In flight, Atreyu is knocked from Falkor's back into the Sea of Possibilities, losing the Auryn in the process. He wakes on the shore of the abandoned ruins, where Gmork reveals himself, having been lying in wait. Gmork explains that Fantasia represents humanity's imagination and is thus without boundaries, while the Nothing is a manifestation of the loss of hopes and dreams. Atreyu fends off and kills Gmork as the Nothing begins to consume the ruins.
Falkor, who had managed to locate the Auryn, rescues Atreyu in time. The two find themselves in a void with only small fragments of Fantasia remaining, and fear they have failed when they spot the Empress' Ivory Tower among the fragments. Inside, Atreyu apologizes for failing the Empress, but she assures him he has succeeded in bringing to her a human child who has been following his quest: Bastian. She further explains that, just as Bastian is following Atreyu's story, "others" are following Bastian's, making this part of the neverending story. As the Nothing begins to consume the Tower, the Empress pleads directly to Bastian to call out her new name, but in amazement that he himself has been incorporated into the story as the child they were looking for, he denies the events as just being a story. Atreyu's death spurs Bastian to pronounce the name he has chosen before losing consciousness: "Moon Child". Bastian awakes with the Empress, who presents him with a grain of sand, the sole remnant of Fantasia. The Empress tells Bastian that he has the power to bring Fantasia back with his imagination. Bastian re-creates Fantasia, and as he flies on Falkor's back, he sees the land and its inhabitants restored, and that Atreyu has been reunited with Artax. When Falkor asks what his next wish will be, Bastian then brings Falkor back to the real world to chase down the bullies from before. The film ends with the narration that Bastian had many more wishes and adventures, and adds: "but that's another story".
- Barret Oliver as Bastian Balthazar Bux.
- Noah Hathaway as Atreyu.
- Tami Stronach as The Childlike Empress, to whom Bastian gives the new name of "Moon Child".
- Patricia Hayes as Urgl, Engywook's wife and a healer.
- Sydney Bromley as Engywook, a gnomish scientist.
- Gerald McRaney as Mr. Bux, Bastian's widowed, workaholic father.
- Moses Gunn as Cairon, a servant of the Empress.
- Alan Oppenheimer as the voices of Falkor, Gmork, Rockbiter, and the Narrator (the latter three are uncredited).
- Thomas Hill as Carl Conrad Coreander, a grumpy bookseller.
- Deep Roy as Teeny Weeny, a messenger riding on a racing snail.
- Tilo Prückner as Nighthob, a messenger riding a narcoleptic bat.
- Darryl Cooksey, Drum Garrett, and Nicholas Gilbert as Ethan, Todd, and Lucas, three bullies who torment Bastian.
The adaptation only covered the first half of the book. The majority of the film was shot at the Bavaria Studios in Munich, except for the street scenes and the school interior in the real world, which were shot in Vancouver, Canada (the Gastown Vancouver Steam Clock can be seen in the bully chase scene at the end of the film as the three bullies are chased down Cambie Street past the steam clock at the intersection of Water Street and then on down Blood Alley), and the beach where Atreyu falls, which was filmed at Monsul Beach in San Jose, Almería, Spain.
The film score of The NeverEnding Story was composed by Klaus Doldinger of the German jazz group Passport. The theme song of the English version of the film was composed by Giorgio Moroder with lyrics by Keith Forsey, and performed by Christopher "Limahl" Hamill, once the lead singer of Kajagoogoo, and Beth Anderson. Released as a single in 1984, it peaked at No. 4 on the UK singles chart, No. 6 on the US Billboard Adult Contemporary chart, and No. 17 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song has been covered by Armonite, The Birthday Massacre, Creamy, Dragonland, Kenji Haga, New Found Glory, and Dustin and Suzie from the Netflix series Stranger Things. More recent covers were done by Norwegian synthpop group Echo Image on their 2001 maxi-single Skulk and by German techno group Scooter on their 2007 album Jumping All Over the World. This Limahl song, along with other "techno-pop" treatments to the soundtrack, is not present in the German version of the film, which features Doldinger's orchestral score exclusively.
An official soundtrack album was released featuring Doldinger's score and Moroder's theme tune (Moroder also rescored several scenes for the version released outside Germany). The track listing (Doldinger is responsible for everything from track 6 onwards) is as follows:
|The NeverEnding Story (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)|
|1.||"The NeverEnding Story"||3:32|
|2.||"Swamps of Sadness"||1:57|
|6.||"Bastian's Happy Flight"||3:16|
|9.||"Theme of Sadness"||2:43|
|10.||"Atreyu Meets Falkor"||2:31|
|11.||"Mirror Gate - Southern Oracle"||3:10|
In Germany, an album featuring Doldinger's score was released.
|Die Unendliche Geschichte — Das Album|
|1.||"Flug auf dem Glücksdrachen (Flight of the Luckdragon)"||3:12|
|2.||"Die Unendliche Geschichte (Titelmusik) (The NeverEnding Story (Main Title))"||2:44|
|3.||"Im Haulewald (In the Howling Forest)"||3:01|
|4.||"Der Elfenbeinturm (The Ivory Tower)"||1:54|
|5.||"Atréjus Berufung – AURYN Thema (Atreyu's Quest - AURYN Theme)"||2:47|
|7.||"Artax's Tod (The Death of Artax)"||1:13|
|8.||"Die Sümpfe der Traurigkeit (The Swamps of Sadness)"||2:39|
|9.||"Atréju's Flug (Atreyu's Flight)"||2:27|
|10.||"Die uralte Morla (Morla, the Ancient One)"||2:27|
|11.||"Das südliche Orakel (The Southern Oracle)"||3:19|
|12.||"Die drei magischen Tore (The Three Magic Gates)"||3:25|
|13.||"Spukstadt (Spook City)"||1:37|
|14.||"Flug zum Elfenbeinturm (Flight to the Ivory Tower)"||3:02|
|15.||"Mondenkind (Moon Child)"||1:19|
|16.||"Die kindliche Kaiserin (The Childlike Empress)"||2:16|
|17.||"Flug auf dem Glücksdrachen (Schlußtitel) (Flight of the Luckdragon (End Title))"||1:19|
- 6 April 1984 in West Germany (Die unendliche Geschichte)
- 20 July 1984 in the United States (The NeverEnding Story)
- 6 October 1984 in Brazil (A História Sem Fim)
- 21 November 1984 in France (L'Histoire sans fin)
- 6 December 1984 in Spain (La Historia Interminable)
- 7 December 1984 in Italy (La storia infinita)
- 4 April 1985 in the United Kingdom (The NeverEnding Story)
The film performed very well at the box office, grossing US$100 million worldwide against a production budget of DM 60 million (approximately US$27 million at the time). Almost five million people went to see it in Germany, a number rarely achieved by German productions, resulting in a gross of about US$20 million domestically. It also grossed a similar amount in the United States; only a modest sum in the American market, which director Wolfgang Petersen ascribed to the film's European sensibilities.
The film has a Rotten Tomatoes score of 80% based on reviews from 40 critics. The site's critical consensus reads: "A magical journey about the power of a young boy's imagination to save a dying fantasy land, The NeverEnding Story remains a much-loved kids' adventure". Metacritic gives the film a score of 46/100 based on reviews from 10 critics.
Film critic Roger Ebert gave it three out of four stars and praised its visual effects, saying that "an entirely new world has been created" because of them, a comment echoed by Variety. Joshua Tyler of CinemaBlend referred to it as "One of a scant few true Fantasy masterpieces".
Vincent Canby panned the film as a "graceless, humorless fantasy for children" in a 1984 review in The New York Times. Canby's criticism charged that parts of the film "sounded like 'The Pre-Teenager's Guide to Existentialism'". He further criticized the "tacky" special effects, and that the construction of the dragon looked like "an impractical bathmat".
Film vs. novelEdit
Ende felt that this adaptation's content deviated so far from the spirit of his book that he requested that production either be halted or the film's title be changed; when the producers did neither, he sued them and subsequently lost the case. Ende called the film a "gigantic melodrama of kitsch, commerce, plush and plastic" [Ein "gigantisches Melodram aus Kitsch, Kommerz, Plüsch und Plastik"].
- 1984 – Bambi Award for: National film
- 1984 – Goldene Leinwand (Golden Screen Award)
- 1985 – Saturn Award for Best Performance by a Younger Actor (Noah Hathaway)
- 1985 – Brazilian Film Award for: Best Production
- 1985 – Film Award in Gold for: Best Production Design
The film was released by Warner Bros. on LaserDisc with a digital stereo soundtrack in 1985.
A widescreen laserdisc was released on 28 August 1991; no special features were included.
The Region 1 DVD was first released in 2001 by Warner Bros, containing only the North American release of the film. The only audio option is a 2.0 stereo mix in either English or Spanish. The theatrical trailer is the lone extra feature presented.
There is also a quite lavish 2003 European version, which is a two-disc special edition with packaging shaped like the book from the film, and containing both the North American and German releases of the film. Various extras, such as a 45-minute documentary, music video, and galleries, are presented on the second disc. However, there is no English audio for the German version of the film. This edition has gone out of print. The standard single-disc edition is also available for the Region 2 market.
A Dutch import has also appeared on the Internet in various places, which not only contains the North American release of the film, but also includes a remastered DTS surround sound track, which is not found in either the German or the Region 1 releases.
In 2008, Czech- and Slovak-language DVD versions appeared in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The first Blu-ray release was a region-free Dutch edition on 24 March 2007.
On 2 March 2010, Warner released a Region A Blu-ray edition of the film. The disc includes a lossless DTS-HD Master Audio 5.1 surround track, which marks the first time a 5.1 surround track has been included in a US home video version of the film. No special features or theatrical trailer are included.
Recent German releases feature the original Klaus Doldinger soundtrack with the original English audio track.
On 7 October 2014, a 30th Anniversary Edition Blu-ray was released, which duplicates the DTS surround track of its predecessor. Originally described as a "newly" remastered version of the film, Warner released a statement indicating that "the only remastered version is The NeverEnding Story II", while not elaborating further on this current US release. The 30th Anniversary Edition contains the original theatrical trailer, a commentary track by director Wolfgang Petersen, documentaries and interviews from both 1984 and 2014, and a German-language/English-subtitled feature detailing the digital restoration process of the film.
The film has since been an inspiration in popular culture.
- Atreyu, an American metal band, derived their name from the character of Atreyu.
- Bayside, an American rock band, has used quotes from the film as titles of their songs. Examples include "They look like strong hands" and "They're not horses, they're unicorns".
- Rooney, an American rock band, made reference to the film in the song "I'm Shakin'" ("I tossed and turned all night 'cause I was looking for an ending / This was so because I watched all day The NeverEnding Story with Atreyu")
- New Found Glory, an American pop punk band, covered the film's theme song on their album, From the Screen to Your Stereo.
- Vetusta Morla, a Spanish indie-rock band, derived their name from the character of Morla the Ancient One ("vetusta" means "ancient" in Spanish).
- The Aquabats, an American ska band, describe Falkor's potential romantic life in their song "Luck Dragon Lady!" on the album Hi-Five Soup!.
- Korn's album The Nothing is named directly in reference to the Nothing in the film. Korn frontman Jonathan Davis chose the title as he was still struggling with the death of his estranged wife Deven Davis. Jonathan had said: "I was struggling with the thing that’s chasing me – that’s always freaking with me. I tried to give it a name and it just fit".
- Peter Griffin was seen riding on Falkor during cutaway gags in two episodes of Family Guy; first in "Breaking Out is Hard to Do", and again in "HTTPete".
- In 2019, the theme song for the film was incorporated into the final episode of the third season of the science fiction thriller show Stranger Things, which takes place in 1985, furthering its status as a staple of 1980s pop culture.
- Homestar Runner sings a short jingle about a "Neverending Soda" to the tune of the theme song.
Problems securing rights for a remake (2009-2011)Edit
In 2009, Warner Bros., The Kennedy/Marshall Company and Leonardo DiCaprio's Appian Way were in the early stages of creating another adaptation of Ende's novel. They intended to "examine the more nuanced details of the book" rather than remake the original film by Petersen. In 2011, producer Kathleen Kennedy said that problems securing the rights to the story may mean a second adaptation is "not meant to be".
- "THE NEVER ENDING STORY (U)". British Board of Film Classification. 26 June 1984.
- "The Neverending Story Review". Variety. 31 December 1983.
- "The NeverEnding Story Movie Filming Locations - The 80s Movies Rewind". www.fast-rewind.com.
- Wolfgang Petersen (2014). The NeverEnding Story: 30th Anniversary Edition Blu-ray commentary. Warner Bros. Pictures.
- "Klaus Doldinger / Original Soundtrack - Never Ending Story". AllMusic.
- "Die unendliche Geschichte". www.filmstarts.de (in German).
- Movies - Theater Guide New York Magazine. 25 July 1984, p.64
- "Around Town". New York Magazine. 25 July 1984.
- "L'Histoire sans fin - film 1984 - AlloCiné" (in French). AlloCiné.
- "30 años de 'La Historia Interminable' - Noticias de cine". www.cinemascomics.com (in Spanish).
- "6 dicembre 1984: nei cinema italiani si vola a Fantasìa con La Storia Infinita". DiRegiovani (in Italian). 6 December 2016.
- "The NeverEnding Story - Release date in UK". www.filmdates.co.uk.
- Haase, Christine (2007). When Heimat Meets Hollywood: German Filmmakers and America, 1985-2005. Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture. 14. Camden House Publishing. p. 80. ISBN 9781571132796.
- "The Neverending Story". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media.
- "The NeverEnding Story". Metacritic.
- Ebert, Roger (1 January 1984). "Roger Ebert reviews The Neverending Story". Roger Ebert.
- Canby, Vincent (20 July 1984). "The Neverending Story (1984)". The New York Times.
- Bentley, Logan (27 August 1984). "An Irate Michael Ende Blasts the 'Disgusting' Film Made from His Best-Seller, The Neverending Story". People.
- "Ende gegen die "Unendliche Geschichte"". Der Spiegel. 2 April 1984. p. 274.
- "Review of: The Neverending Story - Special Edition".
- "The NeverEnding Story Blu-ray: Die unendliche Geschichte". Blu-ray.
- "The NeverEnding Story Blu-ray: 30th Anniversary Edition". Blu-ray.
- Gooden, Tai (4 July 2019). "The Song Dustin & Suzie Sing In 'Stranger Things' From 'The Neverending Story' Was An Epic Choice For The Teen Couple". Bustle. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
- Zeitchik, Steven (25 February 2009). "'NeverEnding Story' gets new beginning". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "ABOUT THAT NEVERENDING STORY REMAKE..." IGN. 16 December 2011.