The National WWII Museum
The National WWII Museum, formerly known as the D-Day Museum, is a military history museum located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana, on Andrew Higgins Drive between Camp Street and Magazine Street. The museum focuses on the contribution made by the United States to Allied victory in World War II. Founded in 2000, it was later designated by the U.S. Congress as America's official National World War II Museum in 2003. The Museum maintains an affiliation with the Smithsonian Institution. The mission statement of the Museum emphasizes the American experience in World War II.
|Established||June 6, 2000|
|Location||New Orleans, Louisiana|
The museum opened on June 6, 2000, the 56th anniversary of D-Day, and has since undertaken a large-scale expansion project, which is still[when?] ongoing. In addition to the original building, known as the Louisiana Memorial Pavilion, the museum has since opened the Solomon Victory Theater, the John E. Kushner Restoration Pavilion, the US Freedom Pavilion: The Boeing Center, and the Campaigns of Courage pavilion. There are further plans to construct what will be called the Liberation Pavilion. In 2016, the Museum was ranked by TripAdvisor Travelers’ Choice Awards as the #4 Museum in the United States and #11 in the World.
Within the large atrium of the Louisiana Memorial Pavilion several aircraft are on display, including a Supermarine Spitfire and a Douglas C-47 Skytrain suspended from the ceiling. A LCVP, or "Higgins boat", is also usually on display in this pavilion. The exhibits in this pavilion focus on the amphibious landings of the war, in both the European and Pacific theaters of war. Topics covered include the Allied strategy of island hopping, culminating with nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. The Louisiana Memorial Pavilion is also home to rotating temporary exhibits, as well as the immersive and interactive Union Pacific Train Car (part of the larger "Dog Tag Experience" interactive), which opened in 2013.
This part of the museum includes several permanent galleries, including the Home Front, Planning for D-Day, and The D-Day Beaches. The third floor of the Louisiana Memorial Pavilion includes an observation deck for closer viewing of the hanging aircraft.
In January 2013, the museum opened The US Freedom Pavilion: The Boeing Center, which is the now largest building on the campus. The collection in the US Freedom Pavilion includes a B-17E Flying Fortress bomber, a B-25J Mitchell bomber, an SBD-3 Dauntless, a TBF Avenger, a P-51C Mustang, Corsair F4U-4 and an interactive submarine experience based on the final mission of the USS Tang. The B-17E is the airplane dubbed My Gal Sal, famous for having been lost over Greenland and recovered 53 years later. The US Freedom Pavilion was paid for with a $15 million donation from the Boeing Company and with a $20 million grant from the US Department of Defense with Congressional approval.
In December 2014, the museum opened the Road to Berlin portion of the Campaigns of Courage pavilion, focusing on the European theater of war. A Messerschmitt Bf 109 hangs in the building. The Road to Tokyo portion of this same pavilion, which focuses on the Pacific war, opened in 2015. The entire pavilion, including both galleries, measures 32,000 square feet.
The museum also has plans to eventually[when?] open what will be called the Liberation Pavilion, whose goal would be to explore the "joys, costs, and meaning of liberation and freedom", as well as how the legacy of World War II affects us today.
Visitors to the museum are encouraged to allocate roughly 2½ to 3 hours to tour the museum. An award-winning 4-D film, Beyond All Boundaries, is shown in the Solomon Victory Theater and gives the visitor an overview of the war on every front. Other multimedia displays are integrated into most of the museum's exhibits, notably the dozens of video oral histories conducted with veterans of the war by museum staff. The Museum currently houses two restaurants, the American Sector and the Soda Shop, both operated by noted chef John Besh until August 2014.
Relation to New OrleansEdit
The Museum opened as the D-Day Museum, focusing on the amphibious invasion of Normandy, then opening a second gallery exploring the amphibious invasions of the Pacific War. As the Higgins boats, vital to amphibious operations were designed, built, and tested in New Orleans by Higgins Industries, the city was the natural home for such a project. Furthermore, New Orleans was the home of historian and author Stephen Ambrose, who spearheaded the effort to build the Museum and who wrote a book entitled D-Day in 1994 which describes the planning and execution of Operation Neptune, which was launched on June 6, 1944. A reviewer for the Journal of Military History commended D-Day as the "most comprehensive discussion" of the sea, air, and land operations that coalesced on that day. D-Day became Ambrose's first best seller. He also wrote other books about the invasion, including Citizen Soldiers, and he wrote the book which inspired the miniseries Band of Brothers.
The Museum closed for three months after Hurricane Katrina ravaged New Orleans in 2005, re-opening on December 3 of that year. A museum banner promoted the re-opening by proclaiming "We Have Returned," a phrase made famous by General Douglas MacArthur regarding his eventual return to the Philippines in 1944.
As of 2015, the Museum is in the midst of a $370 million capital expansion campaign called The Road to Victory: A Vision for Future Generations. The expansion has resulted in significant increases in attendance. The Solomon Victory Theater, Stage Door Canteen, and American Sector restaurant opened in November 2009. The John E. Kushner Restoration Pavilion opened in June 2011. The US Freedom Pavilion: The Boeing Center opened to the public in 2013, followed by the opening of the first phase of the Campaigns of Courage pavilion in 2014. The second phase of the Campaigns of Courage Pavilion, Road to Tokyo, opened in 2015. The final project in the expansion will be the Liberation Pavilion. Initially, the intended date of completion of the expansion project was 2015, but ground has not yet been broken on the final pavilion.
- Imperial War Museum
- Marine Corps War Memorial
- Museum of La Coupole
- Museum of The History of Ukraine in World War II
- Museum of World War II
- Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Moscow
- National Civil War Museum
- National D-Day Memorial
- National Museum of the Pacific War
- National World War I Museum
- National World War II Memorial
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- "A Year of Record Growth". National World War II Museum press releases. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- Roberts, Deon (2005-09-22). "D-Day Museum in New Orleans plans expansion". New Orleans CityBusiness. Retrieved 2009-06-09.
- List of museums affiliated with the Smithsonian Institution
- Mission Statement of the National World War II Museum
- National World War II Museum press release of January 13, 2013.
- D. MacCash, New Orleans Times-Picayune, January 9, 2013.
- "'Road to Tokyo' brings visitors to the National WWII Museum into the war in the Pacific". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2016-01-31.
- "Campaigns of Courage: Road to Berlin | The National WWII Museum". www.nationalww2museum.org. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
- "The National WWII Museum | New Orleans: EXPANSION: Liberation Pavilion". www.nationalww2museum.org. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
- Heat of Battle
- Steve Minniear, "Book reviews,"D-Day, June 6, 1944 by Stephen Ambrose/The Year of D-Day: The 1944 Diary of Admiral Sir Bertram I. Ramsay edited by Robert W. Love, Jr. and John Major/D-Day 1944 edited by Theodore A. Wilson and others, The Journal of Military History, vol. 60, no. 1 (Jan. 1996), p. 186
- National WWII Museum Sees Busiest Month Ever, 11 April 2012. Accessed 9 May 2012.
- New Orleans Times-Picayune report on the opening of the John E. Kushner Restoration Pavilion
- National WW II Museum published expansion plans, accessed June 5, 2011.
- "Top Construction Projects 2012". New Orleans City Business. 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2012-03-22.