The Mitre (Alberta)

The Mitre is a 2,850-metre (9,350-foot) mountain summit located in the Lake Louise area of Banff National Park, in the Canadian Rockies of Alberta, Canada. Its nearest higher peak is Mount Lefroy, 1.0 km (0.62 mi) to the west.[1] Mount Aberdeen is 2.0 km (1.2 mi) to the north-northeast, Lefroy Glacier immediately north, Mitre Glacier southwest, and Paradise Valley to the southeast.

The Mitre
The Mitre, Banff National Park.jpg
The Mitre and Lefroy Glacier
Highest point
Elevation2,850 m (9,350 ft) [1]
Prominence229 m (751 ft) [1]
Parent peakMount Lefroy (3423 m)[1]
ListingMountains of Alberta
Coordinates51°21′48″N 116°15′44″W / 51.36333°N 116.26222°W / 51.36333; -116.26222Coordinates: 51°21′48″N 116°15′44″W / 51.36333°N 116.26222°W / 51.36333; -116.26222[2]
The Mitre is located in Alberta
The Mitre
The Mitre
Location of The Mitre in Alberta
The Mitre is located in Canada
The Mitre
The Mitre
The Mitre (Canada)
LocationAlberta, Canada
Parent rangeBow Range
Topo mapNTS 82N/08
Age of rockCambrian
Type of rockSedimentary rock
First ascent1901 C. Kaufmann; J. Pollinger; G. Collier; E. Tewes; G. Bohren[1]


The Mitre was named in 1893 by Samuel E.S. Allen presumably because the mountain resembles a Bishop's mitre.[3][4]

The first ascent of the peak was made in 1901 by Christian Kaufmann, J. Pollinger, G. Collier, E. Tewes, and G. Bohren.[1]

The mountain's name was officially adopted in 1952 by the Geographical Names Board of Canada.[2]


Like other mountains in Banff Park, The Mitre is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods.[5] Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was pushed east and over the top of younger rock during the Laramide orogeny.[6]


Based on the Köppen climate classification, The Mitre is located in a subarctic climate zone with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers.[7] Temperatures can drop below −20 °C with wind chill factors below −30 °C.


  1. ^ a b c d e f "The Mitre". Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  2. ^ a b "The Mitre". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  3. ^ Place-names of Alberta. Ottawa: Geographic Board of Canada. 1928. p. 88.
  4. ^ "The Mitre". Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  5. ^ Belyea, Helen R. (1960). The Story of the Mountains in Banff National Park (PDF). (Report). Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-02. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  6. ^ Gadd, Ben (2008). Geology of the Rocky Mountains and Columbias.
  7. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. ISSN 1027-5606.

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