The Mahatma Letters to A.P. Sinnett
The Mahatma Letters to A.P. Sinnett is a book published in 1923 by A. Trevor Barker. (ISBN 1-55700-086-7) According to Theosophical teachings, the letters were written between 1880 and 1884 by Koot Hoomi and Morya to A. P. Sinnett. The letters were previously quoted in several theosophical books (e.g. The Occult World by Sinnett), but not published in full.The letters were important to the movement due to their discussions on the theosophical cosmos and spiritual hierarchy. From 1939, the original letters were in the possession of the British Museum but later the British Library.
The book was both praised and criticized by theosophists. Dr H. N. Stokes called the book "the most authoritative work of a theosophical nature ever made accessible to the public. It is simply transcendent in its importance."
Max Müller (Indologist and philologist) wrote that if "Mrs. Blavatsky would have tried to confess openly her small faults and indiscretions, instead sending letters through the air from Tibet to Calcutta, and from Calcutta to London, she might still do much good".
Patterson wrote about theosophical occult phenomena, "What if these signs and wonders are proofs of something very different?... Instead of a message from beings of supernal wisdom and power, we shall have only the private thoughts of a clever but not over scrupulous woman."
The core point in these remarks was that it does not matter if these letter were fake or genuine. The notion that there is a need to sustain otherwise good points by the assistance of the “mystic”, “gods”, “paranormal” spirits or “super beings” is in itself suspect, it is also a classical religious attempt to deflect critical analysis of the text.
"I was enabled while in India to secure various Mahatma documents for my own examination, and after a minute and prolonged comparison of these with Madame Blavatsky's handwriting, I have not the slightest doubt that all the documents which I thus had the opportunity of examining were, with the exception of one, written by Madame Blavatsky. The one exception, in my opinion, was unquestionably written by Mr. Damodar, one of her confederates; it is a document which Madame Coulomb asserts she saw being prepared by Mr. Damodar when she peeped through a hole — apparently made for spying purposes — in the wooden partition separating Mr. Damodar's room from the staircase. Further inquiries concerning the 'Mahatma' writing remain to be made from professional calligraphic experts in London. I may allude, however, to some specimens of the K.H. writing furnished by Mr. Sinnett for examination; the K.H. writing possessed by Mr. Sinnett is particularly important, because it is upon this that Esoteric Buddhism, with its large claims, is confessedly founded; and Mr. Netherclift, the calligraphic expert, has confidently expressed his opinion that the K.H. documents thus coming from Mr. Sinnett were undoubtedly written by Madame Blavatsky. How far the K.H. letters received by Mr. Sinnett emanated from the brain of Madame Blavatsky, how far she was assisted in their production by confederates, how much of their substance was plagiarized from other writers, are questions which closely concern the intellectual ability of Madame Blavatsky, and which lie somewhat outside the present brief sketch."
Of course it should also be added that the SPR later rejected Hodgson's findings. In 1986, Vernon Harrison, a research worker of disputed documents and member of the SPR, did a research on the Hodgson report. According to Harrison's examination, the Hodgson Report is not a scientific study, it "is flawed and untrustworthy" and "should be read with great caution, if not disregarded." Harrison stated:
"I cannot exonerate the SPR committee from blame for publishing this thoroughly bad report. They seem to have done little more than rubber-stamp Hodgson's opinions; and no serious attempt was made to check his findings or even to read his report critically. If they had done so (...) the case would have been referred back for further study. Madame H.P. Blavatsky was the most important occultist ever to appear before the SPR for investigation; and never was opportunity so wasted."
Harrison says about the Hodgson Report that "whereas Hodgson was prepared to use any evidence, however trivial or questionable, to implicate HPB, he ignored all evidence that could be used in her favor. His report is riddled with slanted statements, conjecture advanced as fact or probable fact, uncorroborated testimony of unnamed witnesses, selection of evidence and downright falsity."
Leo Klejn wrote that Blavatsky's reputation was "seriously damaged after due consideration of this occult phenomena by English psychologists". A historian of esotericism Johnson speculates that the "Masters" that Blavatsky wrote about and produced letters from were actually idealizations of people who were her mentors. Many scholarly reviewers of these speculations, on the other hand, claim that these and similar books attacking Blavatsky and her claims about the existence of such masters are based on poor quality research, specious arguments, and poorly supported speculation. So, from a scholarly point of view, the existence of such masters is considered by many to still be controversial, with neither side being able to establish their claims conclusively.
- Barborka G.A. The Mahatmas and Their Letters, Madras, Theosophical Pub. House, 1973. ISBN 0835670627.
- EB (1910) Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna // Encyclopædia Britannica, ed. 1910.
- Harrison, Vernon, (Ph.D.) (1997) H.P. Blavatsky and the SPR, ISBN 1-55700-119-7.
- Hodgson, Richard (1885) The Theosophical Society. Russian Intrigue or Religious Evolution? // The Age (Melbourne, Australia), // 12 September 1885.
- Jenkins, Philip (2000) Mystics and Messiahs, NYC: Oxford University Press.
- Johnson, K. Paul (1994) The Masters Revealed: Madam Blavatsky and Myth of the Great White Brotherhood Albany, New York: SUNY Press.
- Johnson, K. Paul (1995) Initiates of Theosophical Masters. Albany, New York: SUNY Press.
- Kalnitsky, Arnold (2003), The Theosophical Movement of the Nineteenth Century: The Legitimation of the Disputable and the Entrenchment of the Disreputable. University of South Africa. Dissertation: 443 pp.
- Kuhn, Alvin Boyd (1930)Theosophy: A Modern Revival of Ancient Wisdom, PhD Thesis. Whitefish, Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Chap. VI "The Mahatmas and Their Letters", pp. 146–174. ISBN 9781564591753.
- Müller, F. Max (1893) Esoteric Buddhism // The Nineteenth Century (London), May 1893.
- Patterson, George (1884) The Collapse of Koot Hoomi // The Madras Christian College Magazine, September 1884.
- Shearman, Hugh (1967) Madame Blavatsky & the Mahatma Letters. // The Theosophist, 1967.
- Washington, Peter (1995) Madame Blavatsky's baboon: a history of the mystics, mediums, and misfits who brought spiritualism to America, New York: Schocken Books.
- Андреев, А.И. (2008) Гималайское братство: теософский миф и его творцы, СПб: Изд. Санкт-Петербургского ун-та. ISBN 978-5-288-04705-3.
- Клейн, Лев Самуилович (2011) Рациональный взгляд на успехи мистики // "Здравый смысл", 2011, № 2 (59).
- Соловьёв, Владимир Сергеевич (1890) Рецензия на книгу Е.П. Блаватской The Key to Theosophy.
- George Linton and Virginia Hanson: Reader's Guide to the Mahatma Letters to A.P. Sinnett
- "The Mahatma letters". Theosophy UK and youtube.com. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
- The Letters have been received through Madame Blavatsky. Encyclopædia Britannica wrote, "In 1875 she <Blavatsky> conceived the plan of combining the spiritualistic 'control' with the Buddhistic legends about Tibetan sages. Henceforth she determined to exclude all control save that of two Tibetan adepts or 'mahatmas'. The mahatmas exhibited their 'astral bodies' to her, 'precipitated' messages which reached her from the confines of Tibet in an instant of time, supplied her with sound doctrine, and incited her to perform tricks for the conversion of sceptics." // Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna, EB (1910).
- "Received through Mad. B. About February 20th, 1881." // The Mahatma letters to A.P. Sinnett from the Mahatmas M. & K.H. Transcribed, compiled, and with an Introduction by A.T. Barker, New York, Frederick A. Stokes Company Publishers, 1924 – p. 26.
- Müller (1893).
- i.e. Blavatsky.
- Patterson (1884), p. 200.
- But then Kuhn wrote, "A distinguished German handwriting expert later declared there was no similarity between H.P.B.'s chirography and those of the Master M. and K.H." // Kuhn (1930), p. 179.
- Hodgson (1885); see also Hodgson Report.
- Harrison (1997).
- Kalnitsky wrote, "Despite the cynicism of critics, Blavatsky continually insisted that her motives were altruistic and intended to benefit humankind." // Kalnitsky (2003), p. 384.
- Клейн (2011).
- But then Solovyov wrote, "О существовании и характере этого братства можно найти положительные и достоверные известия в книге французского миссионера Гюка, бывшего в Тибете в начале сороковых годов, значит за тридцать с лишком лет до основания теософического общества." // Соловьёв (1890).
- Johnson (1994), Johnson (1995), p. 49; see also: Jenkins (2000), pp. 41-2; Андреев (2008).