The Macra Terror
The Macra Terror is the completely missing seventh serial of the fourth season in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from 11 March to 1 April 1967. It focuses on the Second Doctor, Ben, Polly and Jamie unravelling a mystery on a human colony planet in the future, and introduces the alien race known as the Macra. Although audio recordings, still photographs, and clips of the story exist, no episodes of this serial are known to have survived.
|034 – The Macra Terror|
|Doctor Who serial|
The Controller is killed by the Macra.
|Directed by||John Davies|
|Written by||Ian Stuart Black|
|Script editor||Gerry Davis|
|Produced by||Innes Lloyd|
|Incidental music composer||Dudley Simpson|
|Length||4 episodes, 25 minutes each|
|Episode(s) missing||All episodes|
|First broadcast||11 March 1967|
|Last broadcast||1 April 1967|
In March 2019, BBC Studios released an animated version of the serial using its surviving audio.
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The Second Doctor, Ben, Polly and Jamie, concerned about an image they've seen on the TARDIS scanner of a giant menacing claw, arrive on an unnamed planet in Earth's colonial future. They are greeted by Medok, a half-crazed colonist, who is promptly arrested by Ola, the Chief of Police. The travellers return with Ola to the colony, which is in the midst of a festival, which feels similar to a holiday camp. The Doctor is sceptical about life in the colony, unnerved by the seemingly fake nature of the society, and unconvinced by the promises of the Colony Pilot and the well wishes of the mysterious Colony Controller, who appears on a television screen to welcome the new guests to the colony.
Medok is paraded before the colonists as an example of deviation for losing his joy. He tries to warn the colonists of horrible creatures, which infest the colony at night with their hideous claws. The Doctor frees him from his cell, but Medok runs away from the Doctor, who is charged by the Pilot and Ola with abetting a criminal. He is released on condition that he and his friends do hard labour in the nearby mine, where a gas is extracted which is poisonous to humans yet is supposedly vital to them.
The Doctor slips away and finds Medok, who explains that the colony is infested with giant insects, which appear at night. When others have seen them they have been hospitalised and brainwashed, but Medok has managed to escape this fate. The night curfew begins and the other time-travellers retire to their rest quarters. The Doctor and Medok use the opportunity to investigate, and find the giant crab-like Macra roaming the colony.
The pair are soon captured and brought before the Pilot, but the Doctor is released when Medok claims the Doctor was only trying to get Medok to turn himself in. Later, the Pilot is told by the Controller to hypnotize the new arrivals so that they begin to think like the others in the colony. Polly and Jamie resist but Ben succumbs, becoming an enthusiastic worker for the colony’s mines. He summons Ola, who arrests the Doctor and Jamie for tampering with the hypnosis equipment.
Polly is captured by the Macra, but her screams of peril are strong enough to break Ben’s conditioning and he rescues her. When they are reunited with the Doctor and Jamie their story persuades the Pilot that the four are a dangerous influence in the Colony and must be controlled. He calls on Control to restore order but when the screen is illuminated it is not the handsome young Controller who speaks, but an aged and terrified old man who is dragged away by a giant claw.
The Pilot is briefly disturbed but regains his composure and has the time travellers arrested – though Ben’s reconditioning has reasserted itself and he is allowed to go free.
The Doctor, Polly and Jamie are sentenced to hard labour in the most treacherous part of the mine. Medok has also been confined to this area, his hospitalised processing having failed. He warns that the mortality rate is high in this part of the mine. The Doctor is left topside while the others venture into the deeper workings. Jamie and Medok escape, but the latter is seized by a Macra claw and dragged away to his death. Jamie comes face to face with a giant Macra, which seems to be sleeping until there is a burst of the deadly gas, which rejuvenates the creature. Other Macra soon appear, and advance on Jamie.
The Doctor uses his guile to sow seeds of doubt regarding the truth of the planet in the minds of the colonists and of Ben, whose conditioning is weakening. The Doctor has worked out the gas flow seems to be the key to the situation and cleverly reverses the gas flow from the mine control area. Polly has reached the surface, and the Doctor calculates that he can buy Jamie time to escape from the mine as well. The improved oxygen flow weakens the Macra, enabling Jamie to escape.
The Doctor and Polly invade the control area and find it overrun with Macra. The Doctor realizes that the deadly gas is vital to the Macra and that the entire colony is a front to enable gas production to take place, with the human colonists brainwashed into serving the Macra while believing they are obeying Control.
Security chief Ola demands that the travellers be punished for disobeying Control, but the Doctor persuades the Pilot to accompany him to the Control centre. The Pilot sees the Macra for himself, and his conditioning is broken. In a last gamble the voice of Control has Ola place the Doctor, the Pilot, Polly and Jamie in an area of the mine where a mixture of combustible gasses will shortly explode. Ben, who has finally broken his conditioning, frees them, and some manipulation of the gas pipes sends the combustible mixture to the Control Centre. When the gas explodes, the Macra are all killed. As the colony becomes a happy holiday camp once more, the time travellers leave.
|Episode||Title||Run time||Original air date||UK viewers|
|1||"Episode 1"†||22:58||11 March 1967||8.0||Only stills and/or fragments exist|
|2||"Episode 2"†||23:21||18 March 1967||7.9||Only stills and/or fragments exist|
|3||"Episode 3"†||23:24||25 March 1967||8.5||Only stills and/or fragments exist|
|4||"Episode 4"†||24:41||1 April 1967||8.4||Only stills and/or fragments exist|
Working titles for this story include The Spidermen, The Insect-Men and The Macras. This story introduced the first new opening title sequence since the series began. The new sequence was created by original titles designer Bernard Lodge and engineer Ben Palmer on 9 December 1966. For the first time, the face of the lead actor, Patrick Troughton, was incorporated into the "howl-around" patterns.
Anneke Wills wore a short wig for the majority of this serial, after Polly receives a makeover at the Colony.
All episodes of The Macra Terror are missing from the BBC archives. In February 2018, work began on an animated version of the serial, directed by Charles Norton and produced by BBC Studios. The production made use of animation facilities at Sun & Moon animation studio in Bristol. All character designs, key poses and key-frames were drawn by lead artist Martin Greaghty. The bulk of the animation used Toon Boom Harmony's master controller. While this semi-automated process was largely successful, many poses were considered unsatisfactory and manually enhanced with hand-drawn animation, principally completed by Martin Geraghty, Charles Norton and storyboard artist, Adrian Salmon. For practical reasons, hair and costume changes were reduced for the animated version and the spar scene in Episode 1 (where Polly's hair is washed and cut) was heavily abridged due the unique character designs and relativity complex animation required.
Peter Jeffrey later played Count Grendel in The Androids of Tara (1978). Sandra Bryant had previously played Kitty in The War Machines (1966) and John Harvey played Professor Brett in the same serial. Gertan Klauber had previously appeared in The Romans (1965).
After playing the part of Chicki in the first episode, Sandra Bryant asked to be released from her contract so that she could accept another job. Karol Keyes took over the part for the final episode.
Paul Cornell, Martin Day and Keith Topping summed up the story as "A flawed, but interesting examination, of a peculiarly 60s psychosis."
David J Howe and Stephen James Walker gave the serial a positive review although they thought that some of the more serious aspects of the story were "somewhat undermined by the presence of the Macra themselves, which tends to take it into traditional monster mayhem territory." It was considered to be a good production with strong performances from the guest cast who were "all excellent, bringing to life some interesting and well-drawn characters." 
The animated recreation of The Macra Terror was reviewed by Martin Belam of The Guardian, who felt that "the new animation makes the Macra far more evil scuttling creatures, and the story works all the better for it," but that the serial was overall "not one of Troughton’s best".
|Author||Ian Stuart Black|
|Cover artist||Tony Masero|
|Series||Doctor Who book:|
|July 1987 (Hardback) 10 December 1987 (Paperback)|
As with all missing episodes, off-air recordings of the soundtrack exist due to contemporary fan efforts. In 1992 these were released on audio cassette, accompanied by linking narration from the Sixth Doctor, Colin Baker. In 2000, the soundtrack was remastered and re-released on CD, again with the Baker narration. In November 2004, surviving clips were included in the Lost in Time DVD set. In 2012, the soundtrack was remastered and re-released on CD as part of the Lost TV Episodes Collection Four box set, this time with new narration by Anneke Wills.
The animated reconstruction of the serial was released by BBC Studios on TVoD, DVD and Blu-ray on 25 March 2019; all three formats contain Colour and Black and White versions, as well as a "bonus" abridged animation of The Wheel in Space: Episode 1. The DVD and Blu-ray also contain a tele-snap reconstruction, restored surviving footage and photos from the 1967 version, both the Baker and Wills narrated audio, footage of the Macra prop being built at Shawcraft Models, per-production content from the animation and an audio commentary with the original cast. A Steelbook version of the blu-ray contains the Tenth Doctor episode "Gridlock" on a bonus disc. The Macra Terror was animated in Toon Boom Harmony animation software.
- Dee, Christel. "Brand new animation of missing Doctor Who serial The Macra Terror to be released on DVD and Blu-ray". Doctor Who. BBC Studios Distribution. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "Ratings Guide". Doctor Who News. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Shaun Lyon; et al. (31 March 2007). "The Macra Terror". Outpost Gallifrey. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2008.
- Howe, Walker, p. 167
- Walker, Howe, p 167
- Paul Kirkley (March 2019). "Feeling the Pinch". Doctor Who Magazine. No. 536. p. 27.
- Walker, Howe, p. 714
- "The Macra Terror - a Doctor Who animated restoration". Sun & Moon Studios.
- Norton, Charles. "The Making of the Macra". Nothing at the End of the Lane. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
- Mak, Philip (26 March 2019). "How animation took Doctor Who: The Macra Terror from missing to magic". blog. Toon Boom. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
- "BBC – Doctor Who Classic Episode Guide – The Macra Terror – Details". www.bbc.co.uk.
- Belam, Martin (14 March 2019). "Doctor Who: The Macra Terror review – what horrors lurk beneath the leisure centre!". The Guardian.
- Dee, Christel (4 March 2019). "'The Macra Terror' DVD and Blu-Ray cover art and special features revealed". Doctor Who. BBC Studios Distribution. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- Jeffery, Morgan (4 April 2019). "Doctor Who: 'The Macra Terror' team on the future of animated 'lost' stories". Digital Spy. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- Writer Ian Stuart Black, Director John Davies, Producer Innes Lloyd (11 March – 1 April 1967). The Macra Terror. Doctor Who. London. BBC. BBC1.
- Howe, David J & Walker, Stephen James (2003). The Television Companion: The Unofficial and Unauthorised Guide to DOCTOR WHO (2nd ed.). Surrey, UK: Telos Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-903889-51-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)