The Legend of Lizzie Borden
The Legend of Lizzie Borden is a 1975 American historical mystery television film directed by Paul Wendkos and starring Elizabeth Montgomery as Lizzie Borden, an American woman who was accused of murdering her father and step-mother in 1892. It co-stars Katherine Helmond, Fritz Weaver, Fionnula Flanagan, and Hayden Rorke. It premiered on ABC on February 10, 1975. The film was nominated for a Golden Globe award for Best Motion Picture Made for Television in 1976.
|The Legend of Lizzie Borden|
|Written by||William Bast|
|Directed by||Paul Wendkos|
|Music by||Billy Goldenberg|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Editor(s)||John A. Martinelli|
|Running time||96 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Paramount Television|
George LeMaire Productions
CBS Television Distribution (syndication)
|Original release||February 10, 1975|
The film, although based on fact, is a stylized retelling of the events of August 4, 1892 when the father and step-mother of New England spinster Lizzie Borden were found brutally murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home. Public interest in Borden and the murders is exacerbated by her aloof demeanor after the murders, and the public speculate about her involvement when she fails to express emotion at her father and stepmother's funerals.
The subsequent incarceration of the prime suspect (Lizzie herself) as well as the coroner's inquest and trial are largely faithfully depicted, using actual testimony. During the trial, various persons testify, including Bridget Sullivan, the Borden's maid from Ireland who was the only other person in the home at the time of the murders.
In what may be seen as deviation from the film's docudrama narrative, as Lizzie hears her verdict, flashbacks are shown of her actually committing the murders in the nude and bathing after each death, thus explaining why no blood was ever found on her or her clothes; however, it is left ambiguous whether Lizzie was actually reminiscing about the crimes or simply fantasizing how she herself would have disposed of her victims. In another deviation, after Lizzie's acquittal, her sister Emma asks her point-blank if she killed their parents; Lizzie does not answer. The epilogue states that the killings of Andrew and Abby Borden remain unsolved.
- Elizabeth Montgomery as Lizzie Borden
- Fionnula Flanagan as Bridget Sullivan
- Ed Flanders as Hosea Knowlton
- Katherine Helmond as Emma Borden
- Don Porter as George Robinson
- Fritz Weaver as Andrew Borden
- Bonnie Bartlett as Sylvia Knowlton
- John Beal as Dr. Bowen
- Helen Craig as Abby Borden
- Alan Hewitt as Mayor Coughlin
- Gail Kobe as Alice Russell
- Hayden Rorke as Julien Ralph
- Amzie Strickland as Adelaide Churchill
- Robert Symonds as Andrew Jennings
Elizabeth Montgomery and Lizzie Borden were sixth cousins once removed, both descending from 17th-century Massachusetts resident John Luther. Rhonda McClure, the genealogist who documented the Montgomery-Borden connection, said, "I wonder how Elizabeth would have felt if she knew she was playing her own cousin." One of the gowns worn by Montgomery in the film is on display at the bed-and-breakfast that now occupies the Borden house.
The film won writer William Bast the 1975 Edgar Award for Best TV Feature/Miniseries. It also won two Emmy Awards, for Costume Design (presented to Guy C. Verhille) and Film Editing (John A. Martinelli), and received nominations in three other Emmy categories: Lead Actress (Montgomery), Art Direction (Jack De Shields), and Sound Editing (Harry Gordon).
The film was also nominated for Best Motion Picture Made for Television in the 1976 Golden Globe Awards.
The European theatrical version is more explicit than the one broadcast on ABC, showing Borden nude in the scenes where she kills her parents. This version also runs an extra 4 minutes, 104 minutes total versus the United States version of 100 minutes.
- Lentz, Harris M. (1983). Science fiction, Horror and Fantasy Film and Television Credits. McFarland. p. 953. ISBN 978-0-899-50070-6.
- Pylant, James (2004). "The Bewitching Family Tree of Elizabeth Montgomery". Genealogy Magazine. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
"Rhonda R. McClure. Finding Your Famous (& Infamous) Ancestors. (Cincinnati: Betterway Books: 2003), pp. 14-16.
- "Fionnula Flanagan Biography (1941–)". Film Reference. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
- Derry, Charles (2009). Dark Dreams 2.0: A Psychological History of the Modern Horror Film. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 370. ISBN 9780786456956.
- In appreciation of Elizabeth Montgomery