The Hundred (cricket)

The Hundred is a professional franchise 100-ball cricket tournament involving eight men's and eight women's teams located in major cities across England and Wales. The tournament is run by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) and took place for the first time in July and August 2021.

The 100
The Hundred Logo.png
Countries
AdministratorEngland and Wales Cricket Board
Format100-ball cricket
First edition2021
Latest edition2022
Tournament formatRound-robin league and Playoffs
Number of teams8 (men’s)
8 (women’s)
Current championTrent Rockets (men’s) (1st title)
Oval Invincibles (women’s) (2nd title)
Most successfulSouthern Brave (men's)
Trent Rockets (men’s) (1 title each)
Oval Invincibles (women’s) (2 titles)

The format was invented with the expectation that each match lasts around two-and-a-half hours.[1] The BBC showed free-to-air broadcasts of the competition, while all of the women's matches and some of the men's matches were available to stream for free on Sky Sports' YouTube channel.[2][3]

Almost all the matches take place as back-to-back double-headers at the same venue on the same day. One ticket gives access to both the men's and women's games. The men's salaries are four times higher than the women's, but the tournament prize money is equal.[4][5][6]

HistoryEdit

A new city-based cricket Twenty20 competition similar to the Indian Premier League was first proposed by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in September 2016. Following early discussions between the 18 first-class counties, the Professional Cricketers' Association (PCA) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) they voted 16–3 in favour of developing the competition.[7] On 26 April 2017, members of the ECB voted by 38-3 to push ahead with the new competition.[8]

The idea of switching the competition from the established Twenty20 format to an entirely new type of cricket was first proposed by Sanjay Patel, the ECB's chief commercial officer, in a private October 2017 meeting with senior cricket officials. He argued that the hundred ball format would be simpler to understand for new audiences that the competition wants to attract.[9]

Former England player and Northern Superchargers head coach Dani Hazell stated that the tournament would help with investment into the women’s regional structure and the tournament would be an important learning experience for domestic players.[10]

The tournament was delayed by a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[11]

FormatEdit

One-hundred-ball cricket is a form of limited overs cricket, played by two teams each playing a single innings made up of 100 balls.[12] Games last approximately two and a half hours.[13]

The format of the game is:

  • 100 balls per innings[14]
  • A change of ends after 10 balls[14]
  • Bowlers deliver either five or 10 consecutive balls[14]
  • Each bowler can deliver a maximum of 20 balls per game[14]
  • Each bowling side gets a strategic time-out of up to two and a half minutes[14]
  • A 25-ball powerplay start for each team[14]
  • Two fielders are allowed outside the initial 30-yard circle during the powerplay[14]
  • The non-striker must return to their original end after a caught dismissal[15]
  • No-balls are worth two runs and a free hit[15]
  • Slow over-rates are penalised by one fewer fielder being permitted outside the ring for the final over.[16]

Tournament structureEdit

Eight city-based teams compete during the school summer holidays. All men's and women's matches are held on the same day at the same grounds. In total there were 32 matches in the league. Each team played four matches at home and four matches away, This will include one match against every other side and then a second bonus match against their nearest regional rivals.[17]

The team that ultimately finishes top of the men's and women's league progresses straight into the final. The teams finishing second and third will compete in the Eliminator (or semi-final), with the winner progressing into the final.[18]

ReactionEdit

The decision to create an entirely new format of cricket, with teams based in just seven major cities, has split opinion between traditionalists who favour the historic county cricket structure and those who wish to see change.

Some current England players have been positive about the Hundred. England's Test captain at the time, Joe Root, welcomed the ECB's plans, believing it would attract a completely new audience to the game.[19] ODI and T20 captain Eoin Morgan expressed a similar opinion.[20] Former T20 captain Stuart Broad said he was hugely optimistic about the new format.[21] Michael Vaughan echoed Broad's comments, believing that it would be an appealing concept to broadcasters, and Michael Atherton stated while a T20 match was rarely completed in a three-hour window, this can be achieved with the Hundred.[22]

However, former MCC chief Keith Bradshaw said he hoped the 100-ball tournament would not be "innovation for innovation's sake", and voiced his concern that the new format would mean that the ECB could not exploit the T20 boom.[23] The England and Wales Professional Cricketers' Association announced that, overall, players were "open-minded" about the tournament.[24] India captain Virat Kohli cited concerns about the commercialisation of cricket and was not entirely in favour of the new version of the game.[25]

After the teams and branding was announced, anti-obesity groups criticised the sponsorship from snack food company KP Snacks.[26]

Social media reaction has also been split. During the player draft on the 20 October 2019, the Twitter hashtag "#OpposeThe100" began trending,[27] with a vocal section of cricket fans dismayed at the format of the competition, particularly fans of counties whose home grounds are not among the eight used by city franchises. Wisden noted that the response on Twitter and Facebook "has usually been cutting" but there has been less negativity on Instagram which is "mainly used by a younger age group".[9]

Women cricketers have been particularly enthusiastic about the new format and the decision to run both competitions in parallel, with the same prize money, allowing many to turn professional for the first time.[28]

At the conclusion of the inaugural season, it was revealed that 55% of tickets were bought by people who had never bought one before, and that several records were set with regards to television viewing and match attendance figures, particularly for the women's matches. Former England women's captain Charlotte Edwards said that the tournament had "single-handedly changed women’s cricket in this country".[29]

TeamsEdit

Before the eight teams were confirmed, it was reported that they would carry a different identity from the long-established county teams and would not be named after cities, counties or venues.[30][31] However, in May 2019, the team names were revealed to be:[32]

Team name Home ground Counties represented Men's captain Women's captain
  Birmingham Phoenix Edgbaston (Birmingham, West Midlands) Warwickshire, Worcestershire   Moeen Ali   Amy Jones
  London Spirit Lord's (St John's Wood, Greater London) Essex, Middlesex, Northamptonshire   Eoin Morgan   Heather Knight
  Manchester Originals Old Trafford (Stretford, Greater Manchester) Lancashire   Jos Buttler   Kate Cross
  Northern Superchargers Headingley (Leeds, West Yorkshire) Durham, Yorkshire   Faf du Plessis   Alice Davidson-Richards
  Oval Invincibles The Oval (Kennington, Greater London) Kent, Surrey   Sam Billings   Dane van Niekerk
  Southern Brave Rose Bowl (Southampton, Hampshire) Hampshire, Sussex   James Vince   Anya Shrubsole
  Trent Rockets Trent Bridge (West Bridgford, Nottinghamshire) Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire   Lewis Gregory   Nat Sciver
  Welsh Fire / Tân Cymreig Sophia Gardens (Cardiff, South Glamorgan) Glamorgan, Gloucestershire, Somerset   Josh Cobb   Tammy Beaumont

SquadsEdit

Each male and female team is made up of 15 players, of whom a maximum of four can be overseas players. Players are signed using a draft system common in other franchise leagues. At least one England cricket team player is signed to each of the teams competing in The Hundred. The salary cap per team for the 2022 season is £1,000,000.[33]

FinalsEdit

Women's finalsEdit

List of women's finals of The Hundred.

Season Winner Winning Margin Runner-up Venue Location
2021 Oval Invincibles Won by 48 runs Southern Brave Lord's London
2022 Oval Invincibles Won by 5 wickets Southern Brave

Men's finalEdit

List of men's finals of The Hundred.

Season Winner Winning Margin Runner-up Venue Location
2021 Southern Brave Won by 32 runs Birmingham Phoenix Lord's London
2022 Trent Rockets Won by 2 wickets Manchester Originals

BroadcastingEdit

All games are televised by Sky Sports, with the BBC also showing 10 men's and 8 women's games free-to-air.[30][8]

FanCode acquired exclusive four-year broadcast rights for India.[34]

In Germany, Sky Sport streamed the initial tournament on their website. They used the signal from Sky Sports UK.[35]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ECB announces Hundred will start in July with women's match at Oval". The Guardian. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Hundred must show it can 'grow the game' to be a success – ECB". The Guardian. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  3. ^ "The Hundred: All women's matches available for free on Sky Sports' YouTube channel". The Cricketer. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  4. ^ "The Hundred - The Hundred: Women's salaries will more than double and men's salaries to rise by a fifth in 2022 edition". Sky Sports. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  5. ^ "The Hundred - women fixtures 2021: Full schedule, dates". The Cricketer. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Men's and women's competitions to have equal prize money". England and Wales Cricket Board. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  7. ^ "T20: English counties vote for new eight-team competition". BBC Sport. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b "City-based Twenty20 tournament featuring eight teams gets approval for 2020". 26 April 2017.
  9. ^ a b "The Birth Of The Hundred: Bitterness, Betrayal & Accusations Of Bullying". Wisden. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  10. ^ "The Hundred and women's cricket: A search for equality with a little way to go | The Cricketer". www.thecricketer.com. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  11. ^ "The launch of The Hundred moved to 2021". www.ecb.co.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  12. ^ "100-ball cricket: New short-form competition confirmed by ECB". BBC Sport. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  13. ^ "The Hundred: Your guide to cricket's new quickfire competition". Sky News. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "The Hundred: ECB confirms playing conditions for new format". BBC Sport. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  15. ^ a b "The Hundred: Beginner's guide to England's experiment". Cricket Australia. 20 July 2021. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
  16. ^ "ECB: The Hundred Playing Conditions". ECB. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  17. ^ "The Hundred 2021 Schedule: Full List Of Men's & Women's Fixtures". Wisden. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  18. ^ "The Hundred: Your essential guide to the new 100-ball competition". skysports.com. Sky UK. 20 July 2021. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  19. ^ George Dobell (19 April 2018). "The Hundred 'will bring new people to cricket' - Root". ESPN Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  20. ^ Andrew Miller; Alan Gardner (19 April 2018). "Eoin Morgan declares himself a 'big fan' of ECB's 100-ball plans". ESPN Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Mixed reaction to ECB's '100-ball' format". Cricket.com.au.
  22. ^ "Mixed reaction to ECB's '100-ball' format". cricket.com.au.
  23. ^ Andrew Miller (27 April 2018). "Former MCC chief Keith Bradshaw queries ECB innovation for innovation's sake". ESPN Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  24. ^ Rob Johnston (8 May 2018). "Players remain open-minded about ECB's 100-ball proposal". Cricbuzz. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Virat Kohli raises concerns over 100-ball format". ESPN Cricinfo. ESPN. 29 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  26. ^ "Cricket tournament criticised over snack deal". BBC News. 4 October 2019.
  27. ^ "'Oppose The 100' Protestors Asked To Remove T-Shirts At ECB Hearing". Wisden. 23 October 2019.
  28. ^ "'The Hundred is going to be massive, not just for women's cricket but women's sport in general'". inews.co.uk. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  29. ^ "ECB hoping to 'migrate' new audiences from The Hundred to other formats". Cricket365. 23 August 2021. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  30. ^ a b "A new T20 competition proposed for 2020". ECB. 27 March 2017.
  31. ^ Ammon, Elizabeth (2 January 2018). "T20 teams will not be tied to cities". The Times.(subscription required)
  32. ^ Wigmore, Tim (29 May 2019). "ECB decide team names for the much-derided Hundred tournament: all hail the scooby doos". The Telegraph.
  33. ^ "England stars to receive Hundred salary boost for 2022 tournament".
  34. ^ "Fancode bags broadcasting rights for 'The Hundred' - ET BrandEquity".
  35. ^ ""The Hundred" - das Cricket-Turnier der Extraklasse - live auf Sky". Sky Sport (in German). Retrieved 25 July 2021.

External linksEdit