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The Guvernment, formerly known as RPM, was a nightclub complex in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was also the name of one of the two main performance venues within the complex. The other venue was Kool Haus (formerly The Warehouse). Other smaller rooms within the complex included: The Drink (renovated to become Cathouse then Surface), D'Luxe Lounge (renovated to become Haven), The Orange Room (renovated to become Chroma), SkyBar, Charlies (renovated to become Gallery), Tanja and Acid Lounge. The Guvernment opened in 1996 and closed in early 2015.

The Guvernment
The Guvernment.jpg
The Guvernment's south side exterior in July 2007 (main entrance was on east side).
Former namesFresh (1984-1985)
RPM (1985-1995)
LocationToronto, Ontario, Canada
Coordinates43°38′39″N 79°22′08″W / 43.644212°N 79.368804°W / 43.644212; -79.368804Coordinates: 43°38′39″N 79°22′08″W / 43.644212°N 79.368804°W / 43.644212; -79.368804
OwnerINK Entertainment
CapacityThe Guvernment (3,000)
Kool Haus (2,500)
Entire Complex (10,000+)
OpenedSeptember 1996
Closed25 January 2015
DemolishedFebruary 2015

Prior to closure, the property was sold to The Daniels Corporation real estate development company and is since March 2015 in the process of being turned into C$700 million condominium development called City of the Arts.[1]



The site of the Guvernment was first converted into a nightclub in 1984 as Fresh Restaurant and Nightclub by Tony and Albert Assoon, two of the four Assoon brothers who ran the successful and influential Twilight Zone after-hours club at 185 Richmond Street West.[2] However, Fresh did not do well and was quickly sold by late 1985.


The space returned almost immediately as RPM under the ownership of Murray Ball, an entrepreneur with prior experience on the Toronto nightlife scene having successfully run The Copa in Yorkville.[2] Within a few months, by March 1986, well known local DJs Terry "TK" Kelly and Chris Sheppard were brought over from The Copa to be RPM's residents.[2][3]

In the early 1990s an adjacent venue opened as The Warehouse, a large club space used for concerts such as Björk, Suede, Radiohead, Pet Shop Boys, Bush, Catherine Wheel, David Bowie, and Foo Fighters.[2][4]

The GuvernmentEdit

The declining RPM and The Warehouse venues were taken over in late 1995 by Charles Khabouth. Following extensive renovation, he renamed RPM as The Guvernment, reopening in September 1996. Initially kept, The Warehouse name got changed to Kool Haus by late 1997.[5] Khabouth revamped RPM by installing a series of smaller lounges and bars within the complex. A sound system was designed for the main room by audio engineer Steve Dash and remained throughout the club's existence despite various renovations.[6] Khabouth credited the system as one of the best in the city and would call Dash up from the United States to tune the room's mixer when required.[6] Additionally, Khabouth also arranged for the installation of a wooden raised floor that had to be redone every year due to wear and tear at a cost of $30,000 to $40,000, citing it as a necessary component to achieve better sound.[6]

Saturdays at The Guvernment (promoted as 'Spin Saturdays') featured underground electronic dance music until 7AM with resident DJs Mark Oliver and the Manzone & Strong duo. Additionally, 'Spin Saturdays' (later known as 'Alive till 7') played host to many international DJs such as Above & Beyond, Armin Van Buuren, David Guetta, Ferry Corsten, Marco V, Markus Schulz, Deadmau5, Sasha, Paul Oakenfold, and Carl Cox.

Deep Dish created a Global Underground compilation, Global Underground 025: Toronto, based on their performance at the Guvernment.

In 2009, Markus Schulz released a compilation album, called Toronto '09, which reflected on his affection towards the city of Toronto and, in particular, the Guvernment complex.[7]

In December 2014, John Digweed released a live recording of his final set at The Guvernment from two months prior.[8]

Annually, The Guvernment / Kool Haus venues would host "full-complex" events where all seven rooms that made up the complex were accessible. These events were held on long weekends and special occasions and sometimes went as late at 10AM. Some of these events included 'Labour of Love', 'Decadence', 'Freedom', 'Thriller', and the nightclub's anniversary party. On these nights, various international electronic music artists performed in the different themed rooms hosting upwards of 10,000 guests.[2] Steve Lawler's Canada Day sunrise sets on the roof top terrace SkyBar were considered legendary by many.

The Guvernment consistently placed high in DJ Mag's Top 100 Clubs annual list. Its highest ranking, number 8 in the world, came in 2008.[9]

Closure and demolitionEdit

In parallel with the Toronto-wide condo boom that had been on since early 2000s, the rumours and speculation about the imminent sale of The Guvernment's attractive Queen's Quay East lakefront location to property developers and subsequent closure of the nightlife complex have circulated for years.[10] With the rampant trend of downtown Toronto buildings that house nightclubs being sold and then demolished to make way for condominiums, the Toronto Star reported during April 2013 about The Guvernment's fate already being sealed in the same manner.[11] The official confirmation occurred over a year later when, on 1 May 2014, The Guvernment's parent company, INK Entertainment, announced plans of closing the entertainment complex effective 31 January 2015.[12][2] The decision was prompted by the sale of the city-owned property, that INK had been renting since 1996, to The Daniels Corp, a property development company,[13] which outbid INK and also bought out the rest of the block in preparation for what was expected to be a massive condo development.[5] According to the club's owner Charles Khabouth, the venue had already been slated to close a year earlier, but did not due to his company putting up a legal fight: "We fought tooth and nail, spending a lot of money on legal fees, and ending up not being able to stretch it much more than a year...I knew about it and delayed it as much as I could".[14] He further promised a series of farewell events leading up to the closure.

On Sunday, 25 January 2015, The Guvernment hosted its final event with deadmau5 as the headliner. Resident DJ Mark Oliver along with Khabouth played the final track, Patrick Cowley's mix of "I Feel Love" by Donna Summer. Following a month-long dismantling that commenced immediately after the final night,[15] the complex began demolition in late February 2015.[16]

Khabouth has indicated his intention to build a bigger venue of approximately 100,000 square feet to replace the Guvernment while admitting that it would probably have to be outside of downtown Toronto due to difficulty of finding a suitable property of that size in the heart of the city.[5]

In late March 2015, at a presentation attended by Toronto mayor John Tory, The Daniels Corporation announced plans of building a C$700 million development named City of the Arts that is to include two mid-rise commercial towers, two sky-high residential ones and post-secondary academic space.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Alcoba, Natalie (27 March 2015). "$700M project at site of old Guvernment nightclub set to transform the Toronto waterfront". National Post. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f BlogTO History of Guvernment
  3. ^ Boles, Benjamin (30 May 2016). "An Oral History of the Legendary 80s Club That Introduced Toronto to House Music". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  4. ^ Discogs - The Warehouse, Toronto - Discography recorded at The Warehouse
  5. ^ a b c Stevenson, Jane (25 January 2015). "Legendary Guvernment nightclub faces wrecking ball". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  6. ^ a b c DJ Mag article Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ - Markus Schulz - Toronto 2009
  8. ^ "Discogs - John Digweed Live in Toronto". Discogs.
  9. ^ DJMag - top100clubs - Guvernment
  10. ^ "Rumour: Is the Guvernment closing this year?". 6 February 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  11. ^ Micallef, Shawn (11 April 2013). "With clubs disappearing, where will Toronto dance?". Toronto Star. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  12. ^ Mudhar, Raju; Menon, Vinay (1 May 2014). "Guvernment nightclub to close next Jan. 31". Toronto Star. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  13. ^ Starr, Ryan (8 May 2014). "Daniels confirms it has bought Guvernment and Koolhaus complex". Toronto Star. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  14. ^ Chan, Connie (28 January 2015). "THE GUVERNMENT'S FOUNDERS REFLECT ON ITS HISTORY AND THE FUTURE OF CLUBBING IN TORONTO". Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  15. ^ Andrew-Gee, Eric (30 January 2015). "Dismantling the Guvernment, piece by garish piece". Toronto Star. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  16. ^ Teo, Mark (25 February 2015). "Toronto's Kool Haus and Guvernment are currently being demolished". Retrieved 1 November 2015.