The Greatest Indian
The Greatest Indian was a poll sponsored by Reliance Mobile and conducted by Outlook magazine, in partnership with CNN-IBN and The History Channel. The poll was conducted from June to August 2012, with the winner, Babasaheb B. R. Ambedkar, announced on 11 August. A program associated with the poll aired from 4 June until 15 August.
Unlike other editions of Greatest Britons spin-offs, The Greatest Indian did not include people from all time periods of history. Two reasons were given for this choice. The first was that "the pre-independence history of India is dominated by Mahatma Gandhi and it is impossible for anyone to come close to the Father of the Nation when it comes to Leadership, Impact and Contribution. [...] The panel of experts felt that if Gandhiji were to be included in the list, there would be no competition for title of The Greatest Indian". Secondly, The Greatest Indian chose to focus on India as a modern nation: "India today is unrecongnizable from the India that got independence in 1947. This nation has achieved this stature in the world thanks to contribution from millions of Indians. This is an effort to recognise one who has made the maximum contribution and impact in the surge of independent India".
Nominations and voting processEdit
A list of 100 names was presented to and compiled by a 28-member jury composed of actors, writers, sportspersons, entrepreneurs, and men and women of distinction in their fields. This jury included N. Ram (former Editor-In-Chief of The Hindu), Vinod Mehta (Editor-in-Chief of Outlook), Soli Sorabjee (Former Attorney General of India), Sharmila Tagore (Bollywood actress and former Chairperson of the Censor Board of India), Harsha Bhogle (sports), Chetan Bhagat (author), Ramachandra Guha (historian), Shashi Tharoor (politician and author), Nandan Nilekani, Rajkumar Hirani, Shabana Azmi and Arun Jaitley. They finalized a list of the top 50 nominees, which was released to the public on 4 June 2012, by CNN-IBN Editor-in-Chief Rajdeep Sardesai. A three-way process was then used to assess a top ten, in which equal weight was given to the votes of the jury, an online poll, and a market survey conducted by the Nielsen Company. 7,129,050 people participated in this phase of the online poll. Public voting was conducted from 4 June to 25 June, with the final top ten were announced on 3 July. A second round of voting followed, using the same method as the first, lasting from 1 July to 1 August. Individuals were able to cast votes either by visiting www.thegreatestindian.in or by calling a unique number given to each of the nominees. Nearly 20,000,000 people voted in this round of the survey. The announcement of the winner was made on 11 August, with a special finale, hosted by Amitabh Bachchan and featuring other Indian celebrities, airing on 14 and 15 August (Independence Day (India)).
Top ten nomineesEdit
The top ten "greatest Indians" are:
List of original fifty nomineesEdit
Of 50 nominees, 15 have received the Bharat Ratna and 6 are women. The oldest living nominees at the time of the poll were Ravi Shankar (92), M. S. Swaminathan (87) and Atal Bihari Vajpayee (88), while Sachin Tendulkar (39) was the youngest.
- Babasaheb Ambedkar (1891-1956) Indian polymath, father of Indian Constitution
- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (1931-2015) 11th President of India and Scientist
- Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) 1st Prime Minister of India
- Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979) social reformer
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924-2018) 10th Prime Minister of India
- Vallabhbhai Patel (1875-1950) First Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India
- Kanshi Ram (1934-2006) Founder and National president of the Bahujan Samaj Party
- Ram Manohar Lohia (1910-1967) Socialist leader
- C. Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) First Indian Governor-General of India
- Sam Manekshaw (1914-2008) Chief of the Army Staff of the Indian Army
- Baba Amte (1914-2008) social worker
- Mother Teresa (1910-1997) nun and missionary
- Ela Bhatt (1933-) founder Self-Employed Women's Association of India
- Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982) advocate of nonviolence
- Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (1903-1988) freedom fighter
- Ravi Shankar (1920-2012) musician
- M. S. Subbulakshmi (1916-2004) Carnatic vocalist
- M. F. Husain (1915-2011) painter
- Bismillah Khan (1916-2006) musician
- R. K. Narayan (1906-2001) writer
- R K Laxman (1921-2015) cartoonist, illustrator, and humorist
- B. K. S. Iyengar (1918-2014) founder of Iyengar Yoga
- Amitabh Bachchan (1942-) film actor
- Raj Kapoor (1924-1988) director of Hindi cinema
- Kamal Hasan (1954-) actor, director
- Satyajit Ray (1921-1992) filmmaker
- Lata Mangeshkar (1929-) playback singer
- A. R. Rahman (1967-) composer and philanthropist
- Kishore Kumar (1929-1987) film playback singer
- Dilip Kumar (1922-) actor, producer and activist
- Dev Anand (1923-2011) producer and actor
- Mohammad Rafi (1924-1980) singer
- Homi Bhabha (1909-1966) nuclear physicist
- Dhirubhai Ambani (1932-2002) business tycoon, founder of Reliance Industries
- Verghese Kurien (1921-2012) social entrepreneur
- Ghanshyam Das Birla (1894-1983) businessman
- J. R. D. Tata (1904-1993) aviator
- N. R. Narayana Murthy (1946-) IT industrialist
- Vikram Sarabhai (1919-1971) scientist
- M. S. Swaminathan (1925-) geneticist
- Ramnath Goenka (1904-1991) newspaper publisher
- Amartya Sen (1933-) philosopher and economist
- E. Sreedharan (1932-) civil engineer
- Sachin Tendulkar (1973-) cricketer
- Kapil Dev (1959-) cricketer
- Sunil Gavaskar (1949-) cricketer
- Dhyan Chand (1905-1979) hockey player
- Viswanathan Anand (1969-) chess Grandmaster
- Milkha Singh (1935-) field sprinter
- Indira Gandhi (1917-1984) 3rd Prime Minister of India
- "The Greatest Indian: FAQ". Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- "The Hindu, 21 July 2012: Indians great, greater, greatest?". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Indian Television, 18 May 2012: History TV18, CNN IBN name jury members for 'The Greatest Indian'". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "TwoCircles.net, 5 June 2012: Now vote for 'The Greatest Indian'". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "India Info Online, 3 July 2012: HISTORY TV18 & CNN IBN reveals names of 'The Greatest Indian'". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Outlook, 11 June 2012: The Greatest Indian After Gandhi". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "The Hindu Business Line, 14 August 2012: Ambedkar voted "Greatest Indian" in poll". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Asian Human Rights Commission, 16 August 2012: INDIA: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar -- the greatest Indian". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Indian Television, 13 August 2012: 'Dr. B R Ambedkar is 'The Greatest Indian after the Mahatma'". Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "A Measure Of The Man". Outlook. 20 August 2012.
- List of 50 Nominees for the Greatest Indian
- "Outlook, 20 August 2012: A Case For Bhim Rajya". Retrieved 3 March 2013.