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The Golem (1915 film)

Der Golem (German: Der Golem, shown in the USA as The Monster of Fate) is a 1915 German silent horror partially lost film, written and directed by Paul Wegener and Henrik Galeen. It was inspired by an ancient Jewish legend, the most prevalent version of the myth involving 16th century Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel who created the Golem to protect his people from anti-Semites.[3] Wegener claimed the film was based on Gustav Meyrink's 1915 novel "The Golem", but Troy Howarth states "it is more likely that (the screenwriters) simply drew upon Eurpoean folklore".[4]

The Golem
Directed byPaul Wegener
Henrik Galeen
Produced byHanns Lippmann
Written byPaul Wegener
Henrik Galeen
StarringPaul Wegener
Rudolf Blümner
Carl Ebert
Henrik Galeen
Lyda Salmonova
CinematographyGuido Seeber[1]
Production
company
Deutsche Bioscop[2]
Release date
  • 15 January 1915 (1915-01-15)
Running time
60 minutes
CountryGerman Empire
LanguageSilent
German intertitles

The film was the first of a trilogy produced by Wegener, followed by The Golem and the Dancing Girl (1917) and The Golem: How He Came into the World (1920).

Contents

PlotEdit

In modern times, an antiques dealer (Henrik Galeen) searching the ruins of a Jewish temple, finds a golem (Paul Wegener), a clay statue that had been brought to life four centuries earlier by a Kabbalist rabbi using a magical amulet to protect the Jewish people from persecution. The dealer resurrects the golem as a servant, but the golem falls in love with Jessica (Lyda Salmonova), the dealer's daughter. When she does not return his love, the golem goes on a rampage and commits a series of murders.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

Co-writer/co-director Henrik Galeen played a major role in the film (which was unusual for him) and years later went on to co-create other silent horror classics, such as F. W. Murnau's Nosferatu (1922) and Paul Leni's Waxworks (1924)[5]

Actress Lyda Salmanova went on to marry Paul Wegener,[6] and was his widow at the time of his death.

The few surviving clips from this film show Wegener in a costume almost identical to the one he used in his later 1920 version, and "show him stumbling around in a manner he would repeat in the later film", according to Troy Howarth.[7]

ReceptionEdit

Preservation statusEdit

The Deutsche Kinemathek film archive possesses "108 meter fragments".[8] While many sources consider it a lost film, silentera.com states that a "print exists",[9] and Professor Elizabeth Baer notes in her book The Golem Redux: From Prague to Post-Holocaust Fiction that Donald Glut claimed in The Frankenstein Legend that "European film collector" Paul Sauerlaender tracked down "a complete print" in 1958; Baer is careful, however, to point out that "Glut provides no source for this information."[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 150.ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.
  2. ^ Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 150.ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.
  3. ^ Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 150.ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.
  4. ^ Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 150.ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.
  5. ^ Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 150.ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.
  6. ^ Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 150.ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.
  7. ^ Workman, Christopher; Howarth, Troy (2016). "Tome of Terror: Horror Films of the Silent Era". Midnight Marquee Press. p. 150.ISBN 978-1936168-68-2.
  8. ^ "Der Golem". Deutsche Kinemathek. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  9. ^ "Der Golem". silentera.com. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  10. ^ Baer, Elizabeth R. (April 16, 2012). The Golem Redux: From Prague to Post-Holocaust Fiction. Wayne State University Press. p. 196. ISBN 9780814336274.

External linksEdit