The French Connection (ice hockey)

The French Connection is the nickname of a forward line that played for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League from 1972 until 1979. The line consisted of Hall of Famer Gilbert Perreault at centre and All-Stars Rick Martin and René Robert at left wing and right wing, respectively. All three players were French-Canadians from Quebec: Perreault from Victoriaville; Robert from Trois-Rivières; and Martin from Verdun.[1] The name referred both to the origins of the players and to the 1971 movie The French Connection, based upon the book of the same name.[1]

The three players posing in their hockey gear

Perreault and Martin were the first-round draft picks of the Sabres in the franchise's first two years, while Robert was acquired in a trade late in the Sabres' second season. The trio accounted for most of Buffalo's scoring during their seven years together, amassing a total of 1,681 points over 1,536 man-games from 1972 to 1979,[2] while leading the Sabres to the franchise's first appearance in the Stanley Cup Finals in 1975. They continue to hold many of the franchise's scoring records. Each member of the French Connection was named to the official NHL All-Star team at least once and to the National Hockey League All-Star Game at least twice while playing together.

A bronze statue of the three players outside of an arena
A bronze statue of the French Connection at First Niagara Center, Buffalo, New York

History edit

Perreault was acquired by the team with their first draft pick of their inaugural season in the 1970 Entry Draft. Martin followed the next year as the team's first pick in 1971. Both players were drafted after three seasons with the Montreal Junior Canadiens. Robert was acquired in a trade on March 4, 1972, for Eddie Shack. He played twelve games for the Sabres during the 1971–72 NHL season.[3][4] Perreault played his entire 17-season career with the Sabres. Martin played all but 4 games of his injury-shortened 11-season career with the Sabres. The trio played together as a line most of the time until the fall of 1979.[5] On October 5, 1979, Scotty Bowman traded Robert to the Colorado Rockies for defenseman John Van Boxmeer. This ended the French Connection era in Buffalo, but not before the trio became the first three players to accumulate 200 goals in a Sabres uniform.[6] Each player's jerseys were retired; Perreault's #11 was retired during a ceremony on October 17, 1990, and Robert's #14 and Martin's #7 were retired on November 15, 1995. All three numbers hang together from the KeyBank Center rafters under a French Connection banner.[7]

In hopes of averting the lean years that troubled most expansion teams, George Imlach, the Sabres first coach and General Manager, attempted to build a high-scoring club to excite the local hockey fans.[8] Perreault was regarded as a smooth skater and tremendous stickhandler.[9] Perreault was chosen to be the franchise player around which a team could be built and succeed. Although Martin and Perreault had played two years together with the Montreal Junior Canadiens (Perreault even lived with Martin's family during the 1969–70 season),[10] they had never played on the same line before being paired in Buffalo.[11] Since Martin was one of the few who could keep up with Perreault as a skater they were paired together after the Sabres drafted Martin.[12] It was very clear during the 1971–72 season that Perreault and Martin were a natural pairing. Sabres coach Joe Crozier felt the two just needed a third player who would stay high and check.[13] Sabres coach quickly teamed Robert with Perreault and Martin after the trade.[14] The two players complemented Perreault and became a dynamic combination that dazzled fans.[9]

There are differing claims as to who dubbed the hockey line “The French Connection” as a reference to the Academy Award-winning film. Origination of the term was often given to writer Lee Coppola when he was operating the Buffalo Auditorium message board and who later became Dean of Journalism at St. Bonaventure University. Credit is also given to WKBW TV's Rick Azar, the Dean of TV sportscasters in Buffalo, who used it first on a 6pm Eyewitness News sportscast and references it in his 2014 book, Tales from Azar's Attic.[15] A half century later, Erik Brady, in his July 22, 2021, Buffalo News column on who first named the French Connection line, suggested “maybe the answer is both, independent of one another.”

The trio played together as a regular line through the 1974–75 season. At times, they were split up during the last four seasons.[16] When they played together they often faced the opposition's top defensive lineups. Since the trio were tremendous skating scoring threats these opponents would concentrate on checking them and staying on top of them. For example, against the Montreal Canadiens Bob Gainey's line would oppose them. Rick Martin once said about this line "I had Jimmy Roberts between me and my shadow."[12]

Perreault was known as a naturally gifted skater and playmaker who was capable of making an end-to-end rush at any time. His fame was hampered by his own shy personality. His stickhandling and head faking confounded even the best defensive players in the world.[17] Martin was considered the "marksman" of the three who was dangerous with the wristshot and slapshot.[18] Robert was known for his "blinding speed and lethal shot". He made his mark with the French Connection, as one of the league's most highly regarded powerplay point men, and on the second line penalty killing unit. He was perhaps the least flashy of the three, but was the most complete. He was the player who checked and worked hard in the corners.[19]

Perreault holds numerous club career records (including regular season games played, goals, assists, points, game-winning goals, 30-goal seasons, 20-goal seasons, and shots on goal). However, Martin holds the franchise career records for hat tricks, four-goal games, 40-goal seasons, consecutive 40-goal seasons, 50-goal seasons (tied with Danny Gare) and consecutive 50-goal seasons.[20] Although Robert's name is not as prominent in the record books. his 40-goal and 60-assist 1974–75 NHL season was the club's first 100-point season by an individual.[4] During the seven full seasons the trio was together, Perreault led the Sabres in scoring five times and Robert and Martin led the team once each.[20] Martin led the team three times in goals, Perreault twice and Robert once during this time. Perreault led the team in assists four times and Robert did so twice. In addition, the two tied once for the lead in assists.[20] Martin's 1975–76 season with 7 hat tricks continues to be tied with Alexander Mogilny for the franchise single-season record. Martin and Perreault continue to be first and second for rookie season points and goals in franchise history (records set before the arrival of Robert).[20]

The trio led the Sabres to the Stanley Cup playoffs every full season they were together, except the 1973–74 NHL season when Perreault suffered a broken leg and only played in 55 games. The impact of the combination was obvious as the team began the first full season of the French Connection era with a ten-game unbeaten streak; the team made the playoffs for the first time in the history of the franchise and the three members of the French Connection were the team's three leading scorers.[21] The team suddenly went unbeaten in their first 21 home games, while setting a record for post 1967 expansion teams by recording a home winning streak of 12 and while going unbeaten in New York state for 25 games including 1 win at the Nassau Coliseum and 3 at the Madison Square Garden.[22] Their first playoff appearance during their first full season together (1972–73) was not only the franchise's first playoff appearance, but the series also marked history as the only National Hockey League Playoff series with brothers (Ken Dryden and Dave Dryden) as opposing goaltenders.[14] In the first game of the series, both goaltenders were chosen as being among the three stars of the game.[14] During the 1974–75 NHL season, all members of the trio were selected to play in the National Hockey League All-Star game; they all finished among the top ten in league scoring, and they led the team to a tie for first place in the regular season standings.[3]

Among their postseason highlights was the May 20, 1975, game three of the 1975 Stanley Cup Finals. This game, known as the fog game, was memorable because Buffalo Memorial Auditorium had no air conditioning and the arena temperature matched the 90 degree outdoor temperature, which caused fog to shroud the ice surface. During the overtime, play was delayed seven times due to fog on the ice surface at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium. The players were instructed by Flyer coach Fred Shero and Sabre coach Floyd Smith to shoot whenever possible because of the impaired goaltender vision. Eventually, the French connection combined to score a Martin to Perreault to Robert game-winning goal. This came after the French Connection swarmed Flyer goalie enabling Bill Hajt to knock in a Rick Martin rebound to send the game to overtime.[23]

The 1975–76 season would also be memorable for the trio and the franchise. On January 4, 1976, the Sabres hosted part of the two-team eight-game NHL tour by the opposing the Soviet Wings. The Sabres handed the Russians the first of only two defeats on the tour. The French Connection contributed 4 goals and 5 assists to a 12–6 victory. The night marked the worst defeat by a Russian hockey team in international competition.[24]

The trio was, and remains,[25] immensely popular in Buffalo, New York, as well as the surrounding Western New York area, and their international popularity and cultural prominence was also evident. They never won a Stanley Cup, but are an important part of hockey history. Rick Martin was the 1977 National Hockey League All-Star Game most valuable player and Perreault scored the game-winning overtime goal in the 1978 NHL All-Star Game at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium. Perreault was selected to play in nine All-Star games (1970–71, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1983–84),[4] Martin was selected to play in seven consecutive All-Star games (1971–72 through 1977–78)[4] and Robert was selected to two All-Star games (1972–73, 1974–75).[4] In addition, Martin was selected as the Official NHL All-Star first team Left Wing in 1973–74 & 1974–75 and the Official NHL All-Star second team Left Wing in 1975–76 & 1976–77.[4] Perreault was selected as the Official NHL All-Star second team Center in 1975–76 & 1976–77.[4] Rene Robert was selected as the Official NHL All-Star second team Right Wing in 1974–75.[4] Perreault earned the Calder Memorial Trophy in 1971 and the Lady Byng Trophy in 1973. All honours for all players were as Buffalo Sabres. All Official NHL All-Star team selections were earned while the three were teammates. Perreault was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1990.[4]

The line made occasional appearances as members of the Buffalo Sabres Alumni Hockey Team until Martin's death in March 2011. Their last appearance together was to introduce Terrence Pegula as the Sabres' owner on February 24, 2011.[25] A statue of "The French Connection," unveiled in 2012,[26] is located outside the Sabres' arena, now known as KeyBank Center.[27][2]

The French Connection years edit

Regular season edit

The French Connection regular season records
  René Robert Rick Martin Gilbert Perreault
Season GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
1972–73 75 40 43 83 83 75 37 36 73 79 78 28 60 88 10
1973–74 76 21 44 65 71 78 52 34 86 38 55 18 33 51 10
1974–75 74 40 60 100 75 68 52 43 95 72 68 39 57 96 36
1975–76 72 35 52 87 53 80 49 37 86 67 80 44 69 113 36
1976–77 80 33 40 73 46 66 36 29 65 58 80 39 56 95 30
1977–78 67 25 48 73 25 65 28 35 63 16 79 41 48 89 20
1978–79 68 22 40 62 46 73 32 21 53 35 79 27 58 85 20

Playoffs edit

The French Connection playoff records
  Robert Martin Perreault
Season GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
1972–73 6 5 3 8 2 6 3 2 5 12 6 3 7 10 2
1974–75 16 5 8 13 16 17 7 8 15 20 17 6 9 15 10
1975–76 9 3 2 5 6 9 4 7 11 12 9 4 4 8 4
1976–77 6 5 2 7 20 6 2 1 3 9 6 1 8 9 4
1977–78 7 2 0 2 23 7 2 4 6 13 8 3 2 5 0
1978–79 3 2 2 4 4 3 0 3 3 0 3 1 0 1 2

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b "The French Connection". The Buffalo Sabres Alumni Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Strong, Gregory (February 21, 2017). "NHL 100: Legion of Doom highlights hockey's all-time iconic lines". CBC Sports. The Canadian Press. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Buffalo Sabres". Tank Productions. May 10, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History" (PDF). Buffalo Sabres and the National Hockey League. 2006. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  5. ^ "Pinnacle". Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum. 2007. Retrieved July 25, 2007.
  6. ^ 1978–79 Buffalo Sabres Media Guide, p. 78.
  7. ^ "Buffalo Sabres Retired Numbers". Buffalo Sabres Alumni Association. Archived from the original on April 9, 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
  8. ^ Gilbert, p. 8.
  9. ^ a b Brewitt, p. 58.
  10. ^ Maiorana, p. 29.
  11. ^ Perreault had centered for Rejean Houle and Marc Tardif, while Martin teamed with Bobby Lalonde and Norm Gratton (Maiorana, p.29).
  12. ^ a b Brewitt, p. 59.
  13. ^ Brewitt, p. 56.
  14. ^ a b c Brewitt, p. 44.
  15. ^ Erik Brady column, Buffalo News, July 22, 2021,[1] Tales from Azar's Attic, p.157, publisher Buffalo Heritage Unlimited, ISBN 978-0-9788476-9-2. book on French Connection.pdf Stepping Out Into Traffic, p.93, publisher Thought Leaders Press, ISBN 978-1-945389-05-4
  16. ^ Brewitt, p. 61.
  17. ^ Podnieks, et al., pp. 536–538.
  18. ^ Podnieks, et al., pp. 593–594.
  19. ^ Podnieks, et al., pp. 568–569.
  20. ^ a b c d "The Record Book" (PDF). Buffalo Sabres and the National Hockey League. 2006. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  21. ^ Maiorana, p. 61.
  22. ^ Maiorana, p. 99–102.
  23. ^ "One on One with Gilbert Perreault". Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum. 2007. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
  24. ^ Brewitt, pp. 68–72.
  25. ^ a b Malowicki, Jessica (February 24, 2011). Pegula era kicks off with surprise Archived January 11, 2013, at WGRZ. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
  26. ^ "Sabres unveil statue honoring French Connection". USA Today.
  27. ^ "20 years, 1 building, 4 names: Buffalo's downtown arena".

References edit

Brewitt, Ross, 26 Seasons in Buffalo's Memorial Auditorium, Taylor Publishing Company, 1996, ISBN 0-87833-125-5.
Gilbert, John, Buffalo Sabres, Creative Education, 1996, ISBN 0-88682-670-5.
Maiorana, Sal, Thank You Sabres: Memories of the 1972–73 Season, Quality Sports Publications, 1997, ISBN 1-885758-10-3.
Podnieks, Andrew, Denis Gibbons, Pavel Barta, Dmitri Ryzkov, Tom Ratschunas, et al., Kings of the Ice: A History of World Hockey, NDE Publishing, 2002, ISBN 1-55321-099-9.

External links edit