The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (German: Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle; lit. Every Man for Himself and God Against All) is a 1974 West German drama film written and directed by Werner Herzog and starring Bruno Schleinstein (credited as Bruno S.) and Walter Ladengast. The film closely follows the real story of foundling Kaspar Hauser, using the text of actual letters found with Hauser.
|The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser|
|Directed by||Werner Herzog|
|Written by||Werner Herzog|
|Produced by||Werner Herzog|
|Edited by||Beate Mainka-Jellinghaus|
|Music by||Florian Fricke|
|Distributed by||Werner Herzog Filmproduktion|
The film follows Kaspar Hauser, who has lived the first seventeen years of his life chained in a tiny cellar with only a toy horse to occupy his time, devoid of all human contact except for a man, wearing a black overcoat and top hat, who fed him.
One day, in 1828, the same man takes Hauser out of his cell, teaches him a few phrases, and how to walk, before leaving him in the town of Nuremberg. Hauser becomes the subject of much curiosity, and is exhibited in a circus before being rescued by Professor Georg Friedrich Daumer, who patiently attempts to transform him.
Hauser soon learns to read and write, and develops unorthodox approaches to logic and religion; but music is what pleases him most. He attracts the attention of academics, clergy and nobility. He is then physically attacked by the same unknown man who brought him to Nuremberg. The attack leaves him unconscious with a bleeding head. He recovers, but is again mysteriously attacked; this time, stabbed in the chest.
The casting and character names are based on the submission to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences.
- Bruno S. as Kaspar Hauser
- Walter Ladengast as Professor Georg Friedrich Daumer
- Brigitte Mira as Frau Käthe, housekeeper for Professor Daumer
- Reinhard Hauff as a farmer
- Herbert Fritsch as the Mayor
- Florian Fricke as M. Florian, the blind pianist
- Henry van Lyck as the Cavalry Captain
- Willy Semmelrogge as the Circus Director
- Michael Kroecher as Lord Stanhope
- Hans Musäus as an unknown man
- Volker Prechtel as Hiltel, the prison guard
- Gloria Doer as Frau Hiltel
- Marcus Weller as Julius, the son of Hiltel
- Herbert Achternbusch as the Bavarian chicken hypnotizer
- Wolfgang Bauer as a farmboy
- Wilhelm Bayer as the taunting farmboy
- Franz Brumbach as the bear trainer
- Johannes Buzalski as the Police Inspector
- Helmut Döring as the Little King
- Enno Patalas as Pastor Fuhrmann
- Clemens Scheitz as the Scribe
- Alfred Edel as the professor of logic
- Andi Gottwald as the young Mozart
- Kidlat Tahimik as Hombrecito
The film follows the real story of Kaspar Hauser quite closely, using the text of actual letters found with Hauser, and following many details in the opening sequence of Hauser's confinement and release. The characters of Professor Daumer and of Lord Stanhope are also based on historical figures, Georg Friedrich Daumer and Philip Henry Stanhope, 4th Earl Stanhope, respectively.
An English-language translation of the screenplay was published in 1980 by Tanam Press.
Casting and crewEdit
Herzog discovered the lead actor, Bruno Schleinstein, in a documentary about street musicians Bruno der Schwarze, es blies ein Jäger wohl in sein Horn (lit. Bruno the Black One, A Hunter Blows his Horn). Fascinated, Herzog cast him as the lead for The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser despite the fact that he had no training as an actor. Further, the historical Hauser was 17 when he was discovered in Nuremberg and the film implies this. Schleinstein was 41 years old at the time of filming, although his character is treated and described throughout as a youth. Schleinstein's own life bore some similarities to Kaspar Hauser's, and his own unbalanced personality was often expressed on set. In Herzog's commentary for the English language DVD release, he recalls that Schleinstein remained in costume for the entire duration of the production, even after shooting was done for the day. Herzog once visited him in his hotel room, to find him sleeping on the floor by the door, in his costume. Schleinstein was credited only as "Bruno S." in the film. Herzog subsequently wrote Schleinstein into the screenplay for a second film, Stroszek (1977).
- Croagh Patrick, Westport, Mayo, Ireland (archive footage)
- Dinkelsbühl, Bavaria, West Germany
- Western Sahara
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1791) – "Dies Bildnis ist bezaubernd schön" (From the opera "Die Zauberflöte") – sung by Heinrich Knote (1911)
Johann Pachelbel (1700) – Canon in D Major
Orlando Di Lasso – Requiem à 5
Tomaso Albinoni – Adagio – musical arrangement: Remo Giazotto (ca 1945)
In 2005, critic Walter Chaw summed up the film as "a strange, brave performance housed in an anti-linear film stuffed with obscure images and silent passages of profound, frightening insight", adding "That the director identifies so deeply with a foundling in 19th century Germany who appeared in the middle of a town square having spent his whole life chained to a floor in a basement dungeon speaks volumes to Herzog's feeling of detachment in intellectual, artistic, and social environments." In 2007, the critic Roger Ebert wrote a retrospective review of the film, which he had included in his list of "Great Movies", saying "In Herzog the line between fact and fiction is a shifting one. He cares not for accuracy but for effect, for a transcendent ecstasy."
Writing in 2001, Maria Racheva said ".. Herzog, the director, unlike François Truffaut in The Wild Child, is not interested in showing the painful process of adaptation to civilized surroundings; Kaspar has a special consciousness in which the laws of nature have a central place and in which the conventions and norms of civilized behavior are as artificial and inconvenient to him as the black dinner jacket he is forced to wear. His difficulties in communication are not the result of any linguistic inadequacies; simply, he is "different" from other men. That is why Herzog seems to wish to persuade us that, despite being gratuitous, both the early isolation and the surprising death of his hero are somehow logical. ... This summary of plot sounds like a fairy tale—and it is. Most of Herzog's films recall fables, and that is surely one of the reasons for their success."
In 2017 David Fear and Peter Travers, in Rolling Stone magazine, said: "Based on the true story of a young man who spent the first 17 years of his life never leaving his tiny room – and then became a public sensation when he finally ventured out into society – Herzog's cracked biopic would have felt offbeat and intriguing enough on its own. Still, the director thought he’d make things even more interesting by casting a 41-year-old street musician credited as "Bruno S." who had spent decades in and out of mental institutions and had never acted before. The result is one of the more odd and affecting performances in Herzog's movies – part guileless, part gimmicky and all genuinely WTF. A bold experiment that paid off in a big way."
The film was invited for the 1975 Cannes Film Festival. It won the Grand Prix Spécial du Jury, which is the second prize for films "in competition" at the festival; the first is the Palme d'Or. In addition, it won the FIPRESCI Prize and the Prize of the Ecumenical Jury. The film won two German Film Awards: to Beate Mainka-Jellinghaus for editing, and to Henning von Gierke for scene design. Herzog won the second prize (Filmband in Silber) in the category "Feature Film Direction" (programmfüllender Spielfilm (Gestaltung)), which came with a substantial cash prize. The film was selected as the West German entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 48th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nomination.
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser was released to region 1 DVD in 2002. The film is included in a Blu-ray (region-A) collection of Herzog's films that was published in the US in 2014. It was also included in a region-B collection published in the United Kingdom in 2014. It had been released in 1993 as a VHS tape with the English language title The Mystery of Kaspar Hauser.
- "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (A)". British Board of Film Classification. 10 November 1975. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser". IMDb. November 1974. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
- "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser". Index to Motion Picture Credits. Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences.
- Racheva, Maria (2001). "Jeder Für Sich und Gott Gegen Alle". In Pendergast, Tom; Pendergast, Sara (eds.). International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers (4 ed.). Encyclopedia.com. OCLC 44818539. This article contains an extensive bibliography related to the film.
- "Full cast and crew for The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser". IMDb. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
- Naqib, Lucia (2012). "Physicality, Difference, and the Challenge of Representation". In Prager, Brad (ed.). A Companion to Werner Herzog. John Wiley & Sons. p. 68. ISBN 9781444361407.
- Herzog, Werner (1980). Screenplays: 'Aguirre: The Wrath of God' 'Every man for himself and God against all' 'Land of silence and darkness'. Alan Greenberg and Martje Herzog (translation). Tanam Press. ISBN 9780934378031. OCLC 7123108.
- Fountain, Clarke. "Bruno der Schwarze: Es blies ein Jäger wohl in sein Horn (1971)". AllMovie.
This unusually realistic award-winning German film examines the life of Bruno, an outcast from society.
- The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (DVD). Anchor Bay. 8 January 2002. OCLC 230755010.
- "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974) – Werner Herzog | Cast and Crew | AllMovie".
- "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974) – SFDB".
- Chaw, Walter (5 April 2005). "Herzog of DVD: the 70s". Film Freak Central. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012.
The irony of the piece, in and out, is that as Kaspar gradually becomes more articulate and less of an "enigma," the intense curiosity about him and his "creation" almost certainly leads to his downfall. Embedded therein is the idea that a dissection of art leads, inevitably, to the deconstruction of what is, at its essence, ineffable and indefinable. The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser is a strange, brave performance housed in an anti-linear film stuffed with obscure images and silent passages of profound, frightening insight.
- Ebert, Roger (17 November 2007). "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser". Retrieved 7 April 2019.
- "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle) (Every Man for Himself and God Against All) (1974)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "10 Essential Werner Herzog Movies, from Divine Wrath to Gonzo Docs". Rolling Stone. 24 March 2017.
- "Festival de Cannes: The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 17 September 2009.
- Golden Palm Awards for 1975 at imdb.com
- "Deutscher Filmpreis 1975" (in German). Retrieved 11 January 2016. The cash prize for programmfüllender Spielfilm (Gestaltung) was 150,000 Deutsche Marks.
- Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
- Herzog: The Collection – LImited Edition (Blu-ray). The Shout Factory. 29 July 2014.
- The Werner Herzog Collection (Blu-ray). BFI. 25 August 2014.
- The Mystery of Kaspar Hauser (VHS). New Yorker Video. 1993. ISBN 9781567300710. OCLC 30346055.
- Bozzola, Lucia. "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1975) – Review". AllMovie.
While the painterly landscapes and lustrous dream images of deserts, mountains, lakes, and a golden, wind-swept field underline the beauty and wonder of the natural world outside his cellar, the limits imposed by language and the absurd urge to codify all experience become a "hard fall" to earth for the instinctually insightful and inadvertently threatening Kaspar.
- Kael, Pauline (2011). "The Mystery of Kaspar Hauser". 5001 Nights at the Movies. Macmillan. p. 511. ISBN 9781250033574.
Herzog is a film poet, all right, but he's a didactic film poet, given to heavy folk-art ironies; he says that society puts you through pain in order to deform you, and he makes it impossible for you to identify with anyone but Kaspar, who hasn't lost his innocent responses.
- Malcolm, Derek (5 July 2013). "Derek Malcolm recommends: The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser". Evening Standard.
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser is a masterpiece that tells you as much about its maker as it does about the legendary Kaspar himself.Recent appreciation of Herzog and the film by the noted critic Derek Malcolm, who includes the film in his listing "Top 100 Movies".
- Messerli, Douglas (2 November 2011). "Werner Herzog – Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle (The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser)". World Cinema Review.
Werner Herzog's 1974 masterpiece
- Shoard, Catherine (6 July 2013). "The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser – review". The Guardian.
a compassionate, traumatic masterpiece, every frame amazing.