The Emperor's New Groove

The Emperor's New Groove is a 2000 American animated buddy comedy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures. The 40th animated film produced by the studio, it was directed by Mark Dindal (in his feature directorial debut) from a screenplay by David Reynolds and a story by Chris Williams and Dindal. The voice cast features David Spade, John Goodman, Eartha Kitt, Patrick Warburton, and Wendie Malick. The Emperor's New Groove follows a young and self-centered Incan emperor, Kuzco, who is transformed into a llama by his ex-advisor, Yzma. For the emperor to change back into a human, he trusts a village leader, Pacha, who escorts him back to the palace.

The Emperor's New Groove
Grooveposter.jpg
Theatrical release poster by John Alvin
Directed byMark Dindal
Produced byRandy Fullmer
Screenplay byDavid Reynolds
Story by
Based onOriginal story
by Roger Allers
Matthew Jacobs
Starring
Music byJohn Debney
Edited byPamela Ziegenhagen-Shefland
Production
company
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures
Release date
  • December 15, 2000 (2000-12-15)
Running time
78 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$100 million
Box office$169.3 million

Development began in 1994, when the film was conceived as a musical epic titled Kingdom of the Sun. Following his directorial debut with The Lion King (1994), Roger Allers recruited English musician Sting to compose several songs for the film. Because of the underwhelming box office performances of Pocahontas (1995) and The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), Dindal was brought in as co-director to make the film more comedic.[1] Because of poor test screenings, creative differences with Dindal and production falling behind schedule, Allers departed, and the film became a lighthearted comedy instead of a dramatic musical. A documentary, The Sweatbox (2002), details the production troubles that The Emperor's New Groove endured during its six years of development.

The Emperor's New Groove was released to theaters on December 15, 2000. It performed disappointingly at the box office compared to Disney films released in the 1990s, grossing $169.3 million on a $100 million budget.[2] However, the film found larger success when it was released for home media, and became the best-selling DVD of 2001. It received generally favorable reviews from critics, who praised it as one of the best films released during Disney's post-Renaissance era and the most comedic. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song for the song "My Funny Friend and Me", performed by Sting; that award went to "Things Have Changed" by Bob Dylan from Wonder Boys. A direct-to-video sequel, Kronk's New Groove, was released in 2005, and an animated spin-off, The Emperor's New School, aired on the Disney Channel from 2006-08.

PlotEdit

Young, selfish, and overly-pampered emperor Kuzco of the Inca Empire lives the high-life and routinely punishes those who displease him, such as having an elderly man defenestrated for the crime of "throwing off his groove." As his eighteenth birthday approaches, Kuzco meets with Pacha, a kind peasant and village leader, and tells him that he plans to demolish his hilltop family home to build himself a lavish summer home called "Kuzcotopia." Pacha protests but is quickly dismissed. That evening at dinner, Kuzco's treacherous advisor, Yzma, plans to poison him and rule the empire in his place. However, due to a mislabeled vial, her muscular but clumsy henchman Kronk Pepikrankenitz inadvertently spikes Kuzco's drink with the wrong potion, turning him into a llama. After knocking Kuzco out, Yzma orders Kronk to dispose of him in a river. However, after doing so, Kronk has a crisis of conscience at the last second and saves Kuzco, only for Kuzco to end up on a cart belonging to Pacha.

Upon returning home, Pacha does not tell his family about Kuzco's decision. After awakening from the bag on the cart and scaring Pacha, Kuzco blames Pacha for his transformation and orders Pacha to return him to the palace. Pacha agrees, but only if Kuzco agrees to build Kuzcotopia elsewhere. Kuzco refuses the offer and decides to go by himself against Pacha's warnings, but quickly gets chased through the jungle by a pack of black jaguars. Pacha arrives to rescue him and extends his offer a second time, to which Kuzco seemingly accepts, though he reveals that he intended to renege on his promise to spare Pacha's home. The two survive many ordeals in the jungle, and Pacha finds that Kuzco has a good side to him underneath his selfishness. Meanwhile, Yzma takes the throne but is angered to learn from Kronk that Kuzco is still alive, so the two set out to find him.

The next day, the pairs arrive at a jungle diner simultaneously, unaware of each other's presence. While Kuzco complains to the cook, Pacha overhears Yzma's plan and attempts to warn Kuzco when he returns. Still, he does not believe Pacha, thinking he is beloved by his people, and angrily sends him away, believing Pacha still intends to not take him to the palace. However, Kuzco soon overhears Yzma's and Kronk's plot to kill him and learns that no one in his kingdom misses him due to his selfishness. Feeling guilty and unwanted, Kuzco leaves the diner on his own, planning on living out the rest of his life as a normal llama. Pacha catches up, still willing to help Kuzco return to normal, knowing there's still good in him. Kuzco reconciles with him before they set off to Pacha's house for supplies.

Upon arriving, Yzma is already there, searching for the two. Pacha has his family delay Yzma, giving him and Kuzco a head-start back to the palace, intending to enter Yzma's lab and find a potion to reverse the effects of the llama potion. However, they are ambushed by Yzma and Kronk, who somehow made it back ahead of Kuzco and Pacha. Yzma then orders Kronk to kill the duo, but Kronk has another crisis of conscience and cannot bring himself to do so. Yzma insults him and his cooking, prompting him to switch sides, and he attempts to betray her, but she drops him down a trapdoor. She then summons the palace guards and claims that Pacha and Kuzco murdered the emperor, forcing them to flee with an armful of vials containing various animal potions (Yzma deliberately knocked them all to the floor so that Kuzco and Pacha could not tell which one is correct), which they use to transform Kuzco during the chase. Pacha also knocks a table of flasks containing other animal potions into the pursuing guards, turning them into various animals. As they are cornered on the ledges of a giant wall structure, they are left with two remaining vials. Yzma and Kuzco struggle over the vials, accidentally crushing one and transforming Yzma into a small kitten. Pacha and Kuzco use teamwork to reach the other vial, but Yzma manages to intercept it in her kitten form. She starts to take the potion herself but is unintentionally defeated by Kronk, who emerges from a previously unknown door. Pacha retrieves the vial and gives it to Kuzco, who expresses his gratitude to Pacha, and drinks the potion.

Sometime later, a restored Kuzco, having reflected on the consequences of his selfishness and made amends, takes Pacha's suggestion of moving Kuzcotopia over to a neighboring and unoccupied hill. Kuzco then joins Pacha and his family at his modest and smaller resort. Meanwhile, Kronk becomes a scout den leader, his den including Pacha's kids and Yzma, still in kitten form.

Voice castEdit

  • David Spade as Emperor Kuzco, the spoiled, narcissistic, and selfish 18-year-old emperor of the Inca Empire who pays no heeds to the needs of others. However, after transforming into a llama, Kuzco begins to realize the error of his ways.
  • John Goodman as Pacha, a kind and caring village leader.
  • Eartha Kitt as Yzma, Kuzco's elderly and malevolent advisor who seeks Kuzco's throne for herself.
  • Patrick Warburton as Kronk, Yzma's good-natured but dimwitted muscular henchman.
  • Wendie Malick as Chicha, Pacha's caring pregnant wife.
  • Kellyann Kelso and Eli Russell Linnetz as Chaca and Tipo respectively, Pacha and Chicha's two young, rambunctious children.
  • Bob Bergen as Bucky the Squirrel, Kronk's companion, who hates Yzma, and has an unpleasant encounter with Kuzco and Fly.
  • Tom Jones as the Theme Song Guy, Kuzco's personal theme song conductor.
  • Patti Deutsch as Mata, a waitress at Mudka's Meat Hut.
  • John Fiedler as Rudy, a kindly old man who is first thrown out a window by Kuzco's guards, then later befriends him.
  • Joe Whyte as the Royal Recordkeeper.
  • Jack Angel, Danny Mann, Rodger Bumpass, Paul Eiding, and Patrick Pinney as Male Villagers/Additional Voices.
  • Sherry Lynn, Jennifer Darling, and Mickie McGowan as Female Villagers/Additional Voices.
  • Jess Harnell as the Guard who throws Rudy out the window and Additional Voices.
  • Rodger Bumpass as one of the Guards who got turned into a cow.
  • Steve Susskind as an Irate Chef, a former chef at Mudka's Meat Hut who quits due to Kuzco and Kronk.
  • Miriam Flynn as the Piñata Lady.
  • Frank Welker as Llamas, Jaguars, and Bees.
  • Jim Cummings and Kath Soucie as Birthday Singers.
  • Andre Stojka and Robert Clotworthy as Topo and Ipi, two of Pacha's villagers.
  • Mark Dindal as Cat Yzma.

ProductionEdit

Kingdom of the SunEdit

"Kingdom of the Sun was such a heart-breaking experience for me. I put four years of my heart and energy into that one... I was creating an "epic" picture mixing elements of adventure, comedy, romance and mysticism. The head of Disney Features at the time was afraid that we were doing, in his opinion, too many films in the same vein. He was also uncomfortable with the spiritual and cultural (Inca) aspects of it. Hence, he decided to make it a simple slapstick comedy... Would it have worked out if we had had more time? I would hope so, but one can never know these things."

—Roger Allers, reflecting on the troubled history of Kingdom of the Sun[3]

The idea of Kingdom of the Sun was conceived by Roger Allers and Matthew Jacobs,[4] and development on the project began in 1994.[5] Upon pitching the project to then-Disney CEO and chairman Michael Eisner, Allers recalled Eisner saying "it has all of the elements of a classic Disney film,"[6] and because of his directorial success on The Lion King that same year, Eisner allowed Allers to have free rein with both the casting and the storyline.[7] In January 1995, Variety reported that Allers was working on "an Inca-themed original story".[8]

In 1996, the production crew traveled to Machu Picchu in Peru, to study Inca artifacts and architecture and the landscape this empire was created in.[9][10]

Kingdom of the Sun was to have been a tale of a greedy, selfish emperor (voiced by David Spade) who finds a peasant (voiced by Owen Wilson) who looks just like him; the emperor swaps places with the peasant to escape his boring life and have fun, much as in author Mark Twain's archetypal novel The Prince and the Pauper. However, the villainous witch Yzma has plans to summon Supay (the evil god of death), and destroy the sun so that she may become young and beautiful forever (the sun gives her wrinkles, so she surmises that living in a world of darkness would prevent her from aging). Discovering the switch between the prince and the peasant, Yzma turns the real emperor into a llama and threatens to reveal the pauper's identity unless he obeys her. During his time as the emperor and doing Yzma's orders, the pauper falls in love with the emperor's soon to be fiancé Nina who thinks he is the emperor that has changed his ways. Meanwhile, the emperor-llama learns humility in his new form and even comes to love a female llama-herder named Mata (voiced by Laura Prepon).[11] Together, the girl and the llama set out to undo the witch's plans. The book Reel Views 2 says the film would have been a "romantic comedy musical in the 'traditional' Disney style".[12]

Following the underwhelming box office performances of Pocahontas and The Hunchback of Notre Dame, studio executives felt that the project was growing too ambitious and serious for audiences following test screenings, and needed more comedy.[1] In early 1997, producer Randy Fullmer contacted and offered Mark Dindal, who had just wrapped up work on Warner Bros.' Cats Don't Dance, to be co-director on Kingdom of the Sun.[13] Meanwhile, Allers personally called Sting, in the wake of Elton John's success with The Lion King's soundtrack, to compose several songs for the film.[6] He agreed, but on the condition that his filmmaker wife Trudie Styler could "document the process of the production".[14] This film, which was eventually entitled The Sweatbox, was made by Xingu Films (their own production company). Along with collaborator David Hartley, Sting composed eight songs inextricably linked with the original plot and characters.[5]

In the summer of 1997, it was announced that Roger Allers and Dindal would serve as the film's directors and Randy Fullmer as producer. Spade and Eartha Kitt had been confirmed to voice the emperor Manco and the villainess, while Carla Gugino was in talks for the role of Nina.[15][16] Harvey Fierstein was also cast as Huaca, a 10,000 year-old rock who kept a sharp eye on the emperors who ruled before Manco.[6]

In the summer of 1998, it became apparent that Kingdom of the Sun was not far along enough in production to be released in the summer of 2000 as planned. At this time, one of the Disney executives reportedly walked into Fullmer's office and, placing his thumb and forefinger a quarter-inch apart, angrily stated "your film is this close to being shut down."[1] Fullmer approached Allers, and informed him of the need to finish the film on time for its summer 2000 release as crucial promotional deals with McDonald's, Coca-Cola and other companies were already established and depended upon meeting that release date. Allers acknowledged that the production was falling behind, but was confident that, with an extension of between six months to a year, he could complete the film. When Fullmer denied Allers's request for an extension, the director decided to leave the project.[1] As a result, on September 23, 1998[5][17] the project became dormant with production costs amounting towards $25–30 million[5][7] and twenty-five percent of the film animated.[18]

Production overhaul and changesEdit

Upset that Allers left the project, Eisner gave Fullmer two weeks to salvage the project or production would be completely shut down.[1] Fullmer and Dindal halted production for six months to retool the project by renaming it Kingdom in the Sun,[13] making it the first Disney animated feature to have an extensive overhaul since Pinocchio.[19] Meanwhile, following Eric Goldberg's pitch for the Rhapsody in Blue segment for Fantasia 2000, the animators were reassigned to work on the segment.[20] In the interim, Chris Williams, who was a storyboard artist during Kingdom of the Sun,[21] came up with the idea of making Pacha an older character as opposed to the teenager that he was in the original version.[22] Following up on the new idea, former late-night comedy writer David Reynolds stated, "I pitched a simple comedy that's basically a buddy road picture with two guys being chased in the style of a Chuck Jones 'toon, but faster paced. Disney said, 'Give it a shot.'"[23] One of the new additions to the revised story was the scene-stealing character of Yzma's sidekick Kronk.[24] Meanwhile, the name Manco was changed to Kuzco following Fullmer's discovery of the Japanese slang term manko, which translates to cunt.[7] Due in part of the production shutdown, Sting began to develop schedule conflicts with his songwriting duties interfering with his work on his next album he was planning to record in Italy. "I write the music, and then they're supposed to animate it, but there are constantly changes being made. It's constantly in turnaround," the singer-songwriter admitted, but "I'm enjoying it."[6][25] Because of the shutdown, the computer-animated film Dinosaur assumed the summer 2000 release date originally scheduled for Kingdom.[7]

Andreas Deja declined to return to the film after observing his more serious version of Yzma was incompatible with the wackier and comedic tone of the film, to which he moved to Orlando, Florida to work on Lilo & Stitch. Animator Dale Baer would replace Deja as the supervising animator for Yzma.[26] Fullmer would inform Sting by telephone that his songs, related to specific scenes and characters that were now gone, had to be dropped.[6][27] Bitter about the removal of his songs, the pop musician commented that "At first, I was angry and perturbed. Then I wanted some vengeance." Disney eventually agreed to allow three of the six deleted songs as bonus tracks on the soundtrack album, such as Yzma's villain song "Snuff Out the Light", the love song "One Day She'll Love Me" and the dance number "Walk the Llama Llama".[28] The plot elements, such as the romance between the llama herder Pacha and Manco's betrothed Nina, the sun-capturing villain scheme, similarities to The Prince and the Pauper story and Inca mythology were dropped.[1] The character of Hucua was also dropped, though he would make a cameo appearance as the candle holder during the dinner scene in the finished film.[29] Kuzco—who was a supporting character in the original story—eventually became the protagonist.[30]

In the summer of 1999, cast members Owen Wilson, Harvey Fierstein and Trudie Styler were dropped from the film.[31] Kitt and Spade remained in the cast, Dindal commented, "[a]nd then John Goodman and Patrick Warburton came aboard."[32] After Sting's songs for Kingdom of the Sun were dropped from the new storyline, Sting remained on the project, though he was told by the studio that "[a]ll we want is a beginning and an end song."[33] The song, "Perfect World", was approached "to open the movie with a big, fun number that established the power of Kuzco and showed how he controlled the world", according to then-Feature Animation president Thomas Schumacher.[34] The filmmakers had asked Sting to perform the song for the film, though Sting declined by telling them that he was too old to sing it and that they should find someone younger and hipper. They instead went with Tom Jones, who is eleven years older than Sting.[35]

In February 2000, the new film was announced as The Emperor's New Groove with its new story centering on a spoiled Inca Emperor—voiced by Spade—who through various twists and falls ends up learning the true meaning of friendship and happiness from a poor peasant voiced by Goodman. The release date was shifted to December 2000.[36] Despite the phrasing of the title, the film was not related to Hans Christian Andersen's classic Danish fairy tale "The Emperor's New Clothes" (although both stories involve an emperor being tricked).[37] However, according to Mark V. Moorhead of the Houston Press, the film's plot does bear some resemblance to that of The Golden Ass by Lucius Apuleius, wherein a man is turned into a donkey.[38]

Eisner worried that the new story was too close in tone to Hercules, which had performed decently yet below expectations at the American box office. Dindal and Fullmer assured him that The Emperor's New Groove, as the film was now called, would have a much smaller cast, making it easier to attract audiences. Towards end of production, the film's ending originally had Kuzco building his Kuzcotopia amusement park on another hill by destroying a rainforest near Pacha's home and inviting the former and his family to visit. Horrified at the ending, Sting commented that "I wrote them a letter and said, 'You do this, I'm resigning because this is exactly the opposite of what I stand for. I've spent 20 years trying to defend the rights of indigenous people and you're just marching over them to build a theme park. I will not be party to this.'"[39] As a result, the ending was rewritten in which Kuzco instead constructs a shack similar to Pacha's and spends his vacation among the villagers.[40]

Design and animationEdit

During production on Kingdom of the Sun, Deja was the initial supervising animator of Yzma and incorporated supermodeling poses published in magazines to capture Yzma's sultry, seductive persona.[41] Nik Ranieri was originally slated as the supervising animator for Yzma's rocky sidekick, Hucua. During the research trip to Peru in 1996, Ranieri acknowledged that "I was researching for a character that looked like a rock so I was stuck drawing rocks for the whole trip. Then when we got back they piled it into this story about ancient Incas."[42] Mark Pudleiner was to be the supervising animator of Kuzco's proposed maiden, Nina.[43] In early 1997, David Pruiksma came on board to animate the llama, Snowball.[44] According to Pruiksma, Snowball was "a silly, vain and egotistical character, rather the dumb blond of the llama set. I really enjoyed developing the character and doing some early test animation on her as well. Before I left the film (and it was ultimately shelved), I created model sheets for not only Snowball, but for the rest of the herd of seven other llamas and for Kuzco as a Llama."[45] When the film was placed on production shutdown, Pruiksma transferred to work on Atlantis: The Lost Empire being developed concurrently and ultimately the llama characters were dropped from the storyline.[44]

Following the production overhaul and the studio's attempts for more cost-efficient animated features, Dindal urged for "a simpler approach that emphasized the characters rather than overwhelming special effects or cinematic techniques".[46] Because of the subsequent departure of Deja, animator Dale L. Baer inherited the character of Yzma. Using Kitt's gestures during recording sessions, Baer commented that "She has a natural voice for animation and really got into the role. She would gesture wildly and it was fun just to watch her. She would come into each session almost serious and very professional and suddenly she would go wild and break up laughing."[47] Ranieri was later asked to serve as the supervising animator of Kuzco (as a human and a llama), though he would admit being reluctant at first until he discovered that Kuzco "had a side to him, there was a lot of comedy potential and as a character he went through an arc".[42] Pudleiner was also reassigned to work as an animator of the human version of Kuzco.[48] In addition to drawing inspiration from Spade during recording sessions, the Kuzco animation team studied llamas at the zoo, visited a llama farm, watched nature documentaries, and even observed the animals up close when they came for a visit to the studio.[46] For the rewritten version of Pacha, animator Bruce W. Smith observed that "Pacha is probably the most human of all the characters," and further added that he "has more human mannerisms and realistic traits, which serve as a contrast to the cartoony llama he hangs out with. He is the earthy guy who brings everything back into focus. Being a big fellow about six-foot-five and weighing about 250 pounds we had to work hard to give him a sense of weight and believability in his movement."[46]

Actual animation began in 1999, involving 400 artists and 300 technicians and production personnel.[42] Outside of the Walt Disney Feature Animation studio building in Burbank, California, animators located at Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida and Disney Animation France assisted in the production of The Emperor's New Groove.[49] During the last eighteen months of production, a 120-crew of clean-up artists would take the character animators' drawings and place a new piece of paper over the existing image to draw a cleaner, more refined image. "We're basically the final designers", said clean-up supervisor Vera Pacheco, whose crew worked on more than 200,000 drawings for Groove.[50]

ReleaseEdit

After the release date had shifted to winter 2000, similarities were noted between the film and DreamWorks Animation's The Road to El Dorado.[51] Jeffrey Katzenberg had been at Disney while work on Kingdom of the Sun was in production, but then left and started DreamWorks in 1994, and there is some speculation that The Road to El Dorado was based on what Katzenberg had seen at Disney.[52] Marc Lument, a visual development artist on El Dorado, claimed "It really was a race, and Katzenberg wanted ours out before theirs." Lument also added that, "We didn't know exactly what they were doing, but we had the impression it was going to be very similar. Whoever came out second would face the impression that they copied the other."[4] Fullmer and Dindal denied the similarities with the latter commenting "This version [The Emperor's New Groove] was well in the works when that movie came out," and further added "Early on, when our movie got to be very comic, all of us felt that you can't be making this farce about a specific group of people unless we are going to poke fun at ourselves. This didn't seem to be a proper choice about Incas or any group of people. It was more of a fable."[53] However, unlike The Emperor's New Groove, The Road to El Dorado was both a critical and financial flop.[52]

The marketing campaign for The Emperor's New Groove was relatively restrained as Disney opted to heavily promote the release of 102 Dalmatians, which was released during Thanksgiving.[53][54] Nevertheless, the film was accompanied with six launcher toys of Kuzco, Kuzco as a llama, Pacha, Yzma, Yzma as a cat and Kronk,[55] accompanied with Happy Meals at McDonald's in North America. McDonald's also released toys for the film in Europe,[56] Asia,[57] and Australia.[58] Stuffed animals were also made and sold in places like the Disney Store.[59]

Home mediaEdit

The standard VHS and DVD was released on May 1, 2001, as well as a "2-Disc Collector's Edition" that included bonus features such as Sting's music video of "My Funny Friend and Me", a Rascal Flatts music video of "Walk the Llama Llama" from the soundtrack, audio commentary with the filmmakers, a multi-skill-level set-top game with the voice cast, and deleted scenes among other features.[60] Unlike its theatrical box office performance, the film performed better on home video, becoming the top-selling home video release of 2001.[61] In September 2001, it was reported that six million VHS units were sold amounting towards $89 million in revenue. On DVD, it was also reported it had sold twice as many sales. The overall revenue averaged toward $125 million according to Adams Media Research.[62]

Disney re-released a single-disc special edition called "The New Groove Edition" on October 18, 2005. Disney then digitally remastered and released The Emperor's New Groove on Blu-ray on June 11, 2013, bundled in a two-movie collection combo pack with its sequel Kronk's New Groove.[63] On its first weekend, it sold 14,000 Blu-ray units grossing $282,000.[64]

ReceptionEdit

Box officeEdit

On its opening weekend, The Emperor's New Groove premiered at fourth place grossing about $10 million behind strong competitions such as What Women Want, Dude, Where's My Car?, and How the Grinch Stole Christmas.[65] It also was competing with the still popular 102 Dalmatians released three weeks prior.[52] Overall, the film grossed $89.3 million at the United States box office and an additional $80 million worldwide[66]—totals considerably lower than those for most of the Disney Feature Animation productions released in the 1990s, and which were considered disappointing for the company, comparing to The Road to El Dorado.[67][68]

Because of its pre-Columbian setting and Latin American flavor, Disney spent $250,000 in its marketing campaign towards the Latino market releasing dual English- and Spanish-language theatrical prints in sixteen multiplexes across heavily populated Latino areas in Los Angeles, California in contrast to releasing dubbed or subtitled theatrical prints of their previous animated features in foreign markets.[69] By January 2001, following nineteen days into its theatrical general release, the Spanish-dubbed prints were pulled from multiplexes as Hispanic Americans opted to watch the English-language prints with its grossing averaging $571,000 in comparison to $96,000 for the former.[70]

Critical responseEdit

On Rotten Tomatoes, The Emperor's New Groove holds an 85% approval rating based on 131 reviews and an average of 7.08/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "The Emperor's New Groove isn't the most ambitious animated film, but its brisk pace, fresh characters, and big laughs make for a great time for the whole family."[71] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 70 out of 100 based on 28 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[72]

Writing for Variety, Robert Koehler commented the film "may not match the groovy business of many of the studio's other kidpix, but it will be remembered as the film that established a new attitude in the halls of Disney's animation unit".[73] Roger Ebert, writing his review for Chicago Sun-Times, awarded the film 3 (out of 4) stars distinguishing the film as "a goofy slapstick cartoon, with the attention span of Donald Duck that is separate from what's known as animated features". Ebert would later add that "it doesn't have the technical polish of a film like Tarzan, but is a reminder that the classic cartoon look is a beloved style of its own."[74] Entertainment Weekly critic Lisa Schwarzbaum graded the film a B+, describing it as a "hip, funny, mostly nonmusical, decidedly non-epic family picture, which turns out to be less of a hero's journey than a meeting of sitcom minds".[75]

However, the film was not without its detractors. Marc Savlov of The Austin Chronicle gave the film 2 stars out of 5, noting that the film "suffers from a persistent case of narrative backsliding that only serves to make older members of the audience long for the days of the dwarves, beauties, and poisoned apples of Disney-yore, and younger ones squirm in their seats". Savlov continued to express his displeasure in the animation in comparison to the previous year's Tarzan, writing it "is also a minor letdown, with none of the ecstatic visual tour de force."[76] Bob Strauss acknowledged that the film is "funny, frantic and colorful enough to keep the small fry diverted for its short but strained 78 minutes", though except for "some nice voice work, a few impressive scale gags and interesting, Inca-inspired design elements, there is very little here for the rest of the family to latch onto". Strauss would target the massive story overhaul during production as the main problem.[77]

In 2018, The Emperor's New Groove was named the 16th-best Disney animated film by IGN.[78]

AccoladesEdit

List of Awards and Nominations
Year Award Category Recipients and nominees Results
2001 Golden Satellite Award Best Animated or Mixed Media The Emperor's New Groove Nominated
Best Original Song "My Funny Friend and Me" – Sting and David Hartley Nominated
58th Golden Globe Awards Best Original Song "My Funny Friend and Me" – Sting and David Hartley Nominated
29th Annie Awards Best Animated Feature Randy Fullmer Nominated
Individual Achievement in Directing Mark Dindal Nominated
Individual Achievement in Writing Mark Dindal (Story), Chris Williams (Story) and David Reynolds (Screenplay) Nominated
Individual Achievement in Storyboarding Stephen J. Anderson, Don Hall Nominated
Individual Achievement in Production Design Colin Stimpson Nominated
Individual Achievement in Character Animation Dale Baer Won
Individual Achievement in Voice Acting Eartha Kitt Won
Patrick Warburton Nominated
Individual Achievement in Music Sting and David Hartley Won
Individual Achievement in Music Score John Debney Nominated
73rd Academy Awards Best Original Song "My Funny Friend and Me" – Sting and David Hartley Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards Best Animated Film Mark Dindal Nominated
Best Original Song "My Funny Friend and Me" – Sting and David Hartley Won
Phoenix Films Critics Society Awards Best Song "My Funny Friend and Me" Won
Best Animated Film The Emperor's New Groove Nominated
Best Family Film The Emperor's New Groove Nominated
Las Vegas Critics Society Awards Best Family Film The Emperor's New Groove Nominated
Best Song "My Funny Friend and Me" Nominated
2002 44th Annual Grammy Awards Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media "My Funny Friend and Me" Nominated

The SweatboxEdit

The Sweatbox is a documentary that chronicled the tumultuous collaboration of Sting and David Hartley with the Disney studios to compose six songs for Kingdom of the Sun (the film's working title).[79] The documentary featured interviews from directors Roger Allers and Mark Dindal, producer Randy Fullmer, Sting (whose wife Trudie Styler created the documentary), Disney story artists, and the voice cast being dismayed by the new direction. Disney was not believed to be opposed to Styler's documentary with Disney animation executive Thomas Schumacher, who had seen footage, commenting that "I think it's going to be great!"[80]

The film premiered at the 2002 Toronto International Film Festival, but has gone virtually unseen by the public ever since. Disney owns the rights, but has never officially released it.[81] In March 2012, a workprint of the documentary was leaked online and was uploaded onto YouTube by a United Kingdom cartoonist before it was ultimately pulled.[82] As of April 2015, some scenes from the documentary could be seen from the home media release, including the behind-the-scenes and the making of "My Funny Friend and Me".

LegacyEdit

The Emperor's New Groove was not well received at the time as it was mismatched to Disney's other animated features at the time which were more focused on Broadway-style musicals like Beauty and the Beast or heroic characters with comedy situations like Hercules, and arrived just before films like Shrek and Ice Age that would launch a wave of animated comedy films.[52] The film, as well as The Road to El Dorado, have since gained appreciation as standalone works from that period as well-written comedies in part due to the arrival of Internet culture. For The Emperor's New Groove, the film has comedic timing and slapstick comedy that has been compared to classic Looney Tunes. As a result, numerous Internet memes based on screenshots from the film have emerged, such as Pacha's "just right" gesture as an image macro representing perfection or, during the turbulent 2020, a meme featuring Kronk documenting "Apocalypse Bingo".[52][83]

FranchiseEdit

In April 2005, it was announced that DisneyToon Studios was producing a direct-to-video sequel titled Kronk's New Groove, which was released on December 13, 2005, followed by an animated television series on Disney Channel titled The Emperor's New School.[84] Patrick Warburton, Eartha Kitt, and Wendie Malick reprised their roles for the sequel and series while J. P. Manoux replaced David Spade for the series and Fred Tatasciore voiced Pacha in season 1. John Goodman subsequently reprises his role for the second and final season for the series.

Kuzco appears as a guest in the animated television series House of Mouse and its direct-to-video spin-off film Mickey's Magical Christmas: Snowed in at the House of Mouse.

Two video games were developed and released concurrent with the film. The first, for the Sony PlayStation, was developed by Argonaut Games and published by Sony Computer Entertainment of America. The second, for the Nintendo Game Boy Color, was developed by Sandbox and published by Ubisoft. Both titles were released in PAL territories the following year. The PlayStation version was re-released for the North American PlayStation Network on July 27, 2010.

The Tokyo DisneySea rollercoaster attraction Raging Spirits took visual inspiration for its Inca ruins theme from the buildings in the film with a structure based on Kuzco's palace similarly crowning the ruins site.[85]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Hill, Jim (May 25, 2001). "The Long Story Behind the Emperor's New Groove". The Laughing Place. Archived from the original on September 2, 2004. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  2. ^ Mendelson, Scott. "Top 5 Underrated Disney Cartoons". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  3. ^ Fiamma, Andrea (December 12, 2014). "Intervista a Roger Allers, il regista de Il Re Leone". Fumettologica. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  4. ^ a b Laporte, Nicole (2011). The Men Who Would Be King: An Almost Epic Tale of Moguls, Movies, and a Company Called DreamWorks. Mariner Books. pp. 208–9. ISBN 978-0547520278.
  5. ^ a b c d Kuklenski, Valerie (December 13, 2000). "Finding the Groove". The Sun Sentinel. Los Angeles Daily News. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e Styler, Trudie (2002). The Sweatbox (Documentary film). Burbank, California: Xingu Films.
  7. ^ a b c d Leigh, Danny (February 14, 2001). "Llama drama". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 15, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  8. ^ Variety Staff (January 8, 1995). "The Men Behind The 'King'". Variety. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Moore, Roger (December 15, 2000). "Royal Pain But The Agonizing Pays Off". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  10. ^ Supplemental Features: The Research Trip
  11. ^ Cleuzo, Sandro (May 1, 2014). "From the 90's – The Emperor's New Groove Almost Made it Character". inspectorcleuzo.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  12. ^ James Berardinelli and Roger Ebert (2005). Reel Views 2. p. 55. ISBN 9781932112405. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  13. ^ a b Mark Dindal (November 18, 2000). "Mark Dindal's Place in the Sun" (Interview). Interviewed by Joe Strike. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  14. ^ Harvey, David (September 27, 2002). "Review: 'The Sweatbox'". Variety. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  15. ^ Variety Staff (July 24, 1997). "Disney's Spade Sting-along". Variety. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  16. ^ Strauss, Bob (June 27, 1997). "Disney draws out blockbusters into next century". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  17. ^ Moore, Roger (December 22, 2000). "'The Emperor's New Groove' developed from earlier project". Knight-Ridder. Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  18. ^ Natale, Richard (February 26, 1999). "Production on Animated Films Gets Drawn Out". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  19. ^ Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 72. Retrieved September 3, 2013. kingdom of the sun jerry beck.
  20. ^ Solomon, Charles (December 1, 1999). "Rhapsody in Blue: Fantasia 2000's Jewel in the Crown". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  21. ^ Canemaker, John (October 21, 1999). Paper Dreams: The Art And Artists Of Disney Storyboards. Hyperion. pp. 1–3. ISBN 978-0786863075.
  22. ^ "The Emperor's New Groove – Origins of the Project". Cinema Review. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  23. ^ Perlman, Cindy (December 25, 2000). "South Sider pens 'New Groove'". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  24. ^ Proctor, Melanie (December 31, 2002). "Groovin' to the emperor's beat". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  25. ^ Smith, Stacy Jenel; Beck, Marilyn (November 2, 1998). "Sting juggles Disney chores with album, acting gigs". Los Angeles Daily News. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via TheFreeLibrary.
  26. ^ Hill, Jim (May 19, 2005). "A work-in-progress version of Why For finally finished!". Jim Hill Media. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  27. ^ Vincent, Mal (December 18, 2000). "Wacky "Emperor's New Groove" Is Departure from Typical Disney Fare". Virginian Pilot. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015 – via HighBeam Research. But someone had to call Sting and tell him that all his songs would be thrown out. 'As the producer, it fell to me,' Fullmer said. 'It wasn't easy. He had taken a full year off to work on the movie's score. He didn't want to compose while he was touring.'
  28. ^ Breznican, Anthony (December 14, 2000). "Sting stung by Disney cartoon". Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 12, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via Google News Archives.
  29. ^ Audio commentary
  30. ^ Mooney, Joshua (December 17, 2000). "How Disney got its 'Groove' back Film reworked, revamped repeatedly". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  31. ^ Backes, Evan (April 1, 2001). "Why Does It Take Ten Years!?!". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  32. ^ Feld, Bruce (December 1, 2000). "Into the Groove". Film Journal International. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  33. ^ Miller, Nancy (December 12, 2000). "STING'S 'NEW' ETHICS Star pushed Disney's 'Emperor' to find a greener 'Groove'". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  34. ^ Lo, Richard. "Disney films are for young and the young-at-heart". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015.
  35. ^ Hicken, Jackie (June 24, 2014). "50 things you might not know about your favorite Disney films, 1998–2013 edition". Deseret News. Archived from the original on July 19, 2018. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  36. ^ "Hot News: Disney's Dynamic Slate". Empire. February 1, 2000. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  37. ^ Boyar, Jay (December 1, 2000). "A Toon Just For Fun". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  38. ^ Moorhead, Mark V. (December 14, 2000). "Jonesing for a New Groove". Houston Press. Archived from the original on November 16, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  39. ^ "STING FORCES DISNEY TO CHECK ITS '...GROOVE'". New Musical Express. December 12, 2000. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  40. ^ Supplemental Features – Deleted and Unused Scenes, Including 'Destruction of Pacha's Village,' 'Pacha's Family' and 'Original Kuscotopia Ending'
  41. ^ Deja, Andreas (September 25, 2011). "Early Yzma". andreasdeja.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  42. ^ a b c Mellor, Jessica (November 9, 2001). "Video: Get That Funky Groove; Classy Animation and Amazing Computer Technology Come Up Trumps in Two Action-Packed Films". The Mirror. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015 – via The Free Library.
  43. ^ Pudleiner, Mark (November 25, 2014). "KINGDOM of the SUN – Rough 'Nina' sketches and Animation Test". markpudleiner.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  44. ^ a b "DAVID PRUIKSMA – A Biography". August 2007. Archived from the original on March 6, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  45. ^ David Pruiksma (January 30, 2009). "Once Upon A Time In New York City: Oliver & Company Animator Dave Pruiksma!" (Interview). Interviewed by Jérémie Noyer. Animated Views. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  46. ^ a b c "The Emperor's New Groove – Animating The Characters". Cinema Review. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  47. ^ Amry, Shareem (March 18, 2001). "New groove to an old legend". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.(subscription required)
  48. ^ Tolford, Katherine (December 20, 2000). "Keeping Disney's 'Emperor' in the groove". Glendale News-Press. Glendale, California. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  49. ^ "The Emperor's New Groove (2000)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on March 1, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  50. ^ Tolford, Katherine (December 20, 2000). "Clean-up crew keeps the character's essence". Glendale News-Press. Glendale, California. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  51. ^ "The Road to El Dorado Preview". Entertainment Weekly. February 11, 2000. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  52. ^ a b c d e Radulovic, Petrana (June 24, 2020). "Torn apart in production, The Emperor's New Groove came out at exactly the wrong time". Polygon. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  53. ^ a b Welkos, Robert (December 13, 2000). "Disney Moves to 'New Groove'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  54. ^ Orwall, Bruce (December 14, 2000). "Disney Hopes to Get Its 'Groove' Back in Suffering Family Films". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  55. ^ Silverman, Helaine (2002). "Groovin' to ancient Peru: A critical analysis of Disney's The Emperor's New Groove" in Journal of Social Archaeology" (PDF). Sage Publications. pp. 298–322. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  56. ^ "McDonalds DISNEY – THE EMPEROR'S NEW GROOVE – Collection KUZCO PACHA KRONK". eBay.co.uk. judith3140. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  57. ^ "LBTVc McDonalds Emperor's New Groove". youtube.com. sani shah. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  58. ^ "01newgroove.jpg". members.iinet.net.au. Archived from the original on September 11, 2003. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  59. ^ "Disney Store Mini Bean Bag The Emperor's New Groove 9" Plush EMPEROR KUZCO". ebay.com. dlvintagetoys. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  60. ^ "Walt Disney Pictures' THE EMPEROR'S NEW GROOVE; Disney DVD and 'Ultimate Groove' 2-Disc DVD Set; Wild Animated Fun In The Spirit of Disney's ALADDIN Available To Own May 1". Business Wire (Press release). Burbank, California. February 21, 2001. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via TheFreeLibrary.com.
  61. ^ "The Year in Video 2001: The Year in Charts". Billboard. Vol. 114 no. 2. January 12, 2002. p. 67. Archived from the original on July 22, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  62. ^ Hettrick, Steve (September 18, 2001). "Disney ramps up vid-preem sequel slate". Variety. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  63. ^ Latchem, John (March 28, 2013). "Next Wave of Disney Animated Blu-rays Coming Out June 11". Home Media Magazine. Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  64. ^ Strowbridge, C. S. (July 29, 2013). "Blu-ray Sales: New Releases More Powerful in High Definition". The Numbers. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  65. ^ Natale, Richard (December 18, 2001). "Fans Give Mel Gibson Just What He Wants". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  66. ^ "The Emperor's New Groove". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on July 26, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  67. ^ Strauss, Bob (May 26, 2002). "Unbridled Enthusiasm: Can DreamWorks' Jeffrey Katzenberg Reinvent The CG-Animated Film?". Los Angeles Daily News. The Free Library. Archived from the original on February 24, 2018. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  68. ^ Hernandez, Greg (January 4, 2003). "Disney Juggles After Failure 'Treasure Planet' Sinks Schumacher". Los Angeles Daily News. The Free Library. Archived from the original on February 24, 2018. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  69. ^ Eller, Claudia; Romney, Lee (December 16, 2000). "Disney Seeks New 'Groove' With Dual-Language Release". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  70. ^ Eller, Claudia; Romney, Lee (January 9, 2001). "In Disney Experiment, Spanish Speakers Prefer English 'Groove'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  71. ^ "The Emperor's New Groove – Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango (company). Archived from the original on December 27, 2019. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  72. ^ "The Emperor's New Groove Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  73. ^ Koehler, Robert (December 10, 2000). "Review: 'The Emperor's New Groove'". Variety. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  74. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 15, 2000). "The Emperor's New Groove (2000) Movie Review". Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  75. ^ Schwarzbaum, Lisa (December 22, 2000). "The Emperor's New Groove review". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  76. ^ Sovlov, Marc (December 15, 2000). "The Emperor's New Groove review". The Austin Chronicle. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  77. ^ Strauss, Bob (December 15, 2000). "With Groove, Disney's in a Rut". Los Angeles Daily News. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  78. ^ "The 25 Best Disney Animated Movies". IGN. June 29, 2018. Archived from the original on June 29, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  79. ^ Uhelszki, Jaan (December 14, 2000). "Film to Capture Sting's Disney Fiasco". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 20, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  80. ^ "Sting makes up with Disney after animated musical bust-up". The Guardian. December 15, 2000. Archived from the original on July 10, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  81. ^ Juzwaik, Rich (March 23, 2012). "Sting's Suppressed Disney Documentary Leaked Online". Gawker. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  82. ^ Amidi, Amid (March 22, 2012). ""The Sweatbox", the Documentary That Disney Doesn't Want You to See". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  83. ^ "'Apocalypse Bingo' Memes Are A Checklist Of All The Horrible Things Happening In 2020". Cheezburger. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  84. ^ "DisneyToon Studios is producing sequels to "The Emperor's New Groove" and "Brother Bear"". Variety. April 6, 2005. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.(subscription required)
  85. ^ "TDS: New Coaster Name "Raging Spirits"". Mouseinfo.com. Archived from the original on December 23, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2018.

DVD media

External linksEdit