The Disney Afternoon
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The Disney Afternoon (later known internally as the Disney-Kellogg Alliance when unbranded) was a created-for-syndication two-hour animated television programming block produced by Walt Disney Television Animation with distribution through their syndication affiliate Buena Vista Television. Before and after its cancelation, the shows in the block aired reruns both on Disney Channel (Some of them from 1994 through 2000, with some remaining until as late as 2007) and on Toon Disney (all of them from the time the channel launched in 1998 through 2004, with some remaining until as late as 2008). Starting on October 2, 1995, four of the shows (Darkwing Duck, TaleSpin, DuckTales, and Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers) were rerun on Disney Channel as a two-hour programming block called "Block Party" which aired on weekdays in the late afternoon/early evening. Several of the block's shows are available on DVD in the United States.
|Launched||September 10, 1990|
|Closed||August 29, 1997|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Formerly known as||The Disney Afternoon|
|Format||Animated programming block|
|Running time||Mon–Fri, 3–5 pm, approx. 120 minutes w/ commercials|
The Disney Afternoon's two-hour block was broken up into four half-hour segments, each of which contained an animated series. As each season ended, the first series shown in the lineup would typically be dropped while the remaining three would move up a time slot, and a new one would be added to the end. The Disney Afternoon itself featured unique animated segments consisting of its own opening and "wrappers" around the cartoon shows shown.
The Disney Afternoon originally ran from September 10, 1990 to August 29, 1997. For the 1997 and 1998 television seasons, it was replaced by an unnamed block, shortened to 90 minutes, followed by its replacement by Disney's One Too for UPN in 1999. The block did not air in every market across the United States, but for those markets that did not air the block in full, individual shows featured on The Disney Afternoon could be packaged by themselves, allowing the shows to be aired any time of the day (morning or afternoon), while The Disney Afternoon only aired on weekday afternoons. Some of the shows also aired on Saturday mornings on ABC or CBS concurrently with their original syndicated runs on The Disney Afternoon. The only show to reach the 2000s was Goof Troop with the 2000 direct-to-video finale An Extremely Goofy Movie, and the only shows to reach the 2010s are DuckTales with a reboot also called DuckTales and Darkwing Duck as a show within the reboot on Disney Channel.
Some of the early cartoon series on The Disney Afternoon came from already in-circulation cartoons, such as Adventures of the Gummi Bears, which aired on NBC from 1985 to 1988 and then moved to ABC in 1989. DuckTales premiered in 1987 as Disney was focused on incorporating animated series into its portfolio in the era of cartoons; it was Disney's only syndicated cartoon series until accompanied in 1989 by Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers. These two shows had been packaged together as an hour-long cartoon block from 1989 to 1990, until both shows were incorporated into The Disney Afternoon in September 1990.
Both DuckTales and Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers were syndicated and packaged at first through their original television affiliates, most of which evolved from independents to Fox affiliates with successful children's lineups. However, due to disputes between Disney and Fox later on, both shows were pulled from many Fox affiliates by Disney and landed on other stations in the same markets that were still independents by the time The Disney Afternoon came to play. Other Fox affiliates simply passed it down to their independent competitors by choice due to shorter time frames for local programming, mainly with the debut of The Disney Afternoon's main competitor Fox Kids and more stations premiering local morning news programs. However, some Fox affiliates aired The Disney Afternoon during the first two years of their existence before they either passed it down to their independent competitors or packaged the shows individually. This is mainly due to Fox Kids expanding their afternoon lineup to two hours.
Some of The Disney Afternoon's later additions were inspired by shorter cartoon segments in the short-lived series Raw Toonage, which appeared on the CBS network in the fall of 1992. For example, the show's "Marsupilami" segment was spun off into the series Marsupilami, which in turn spawned The Shnookums and Meat Funny Cartoon Show, which aired on the block. Likewise, the Raw Toonage segment "He's Bonkers!" was spun off into the series Bonkers, which aired on the block.
Beginning with the 1994 season, Marvel Comics (which would eventually be acquired by Disney) began publishing a comic book series based on the programs featured on the block, as part of their line of comics based on modern Disney properties (the classic properties were licensed to Gladstone Publishing). The series mainly consisted of stories based on Darkwing Duck, with occasional stories featuring Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers and TaleSpin. It ended at 10 issues, but stories based on the block's shows continued in Marvel's Disney Comic Hits! and in the children's magazine Disney Adventures.
In October 1995, owing to decreasing business in the syndicated children's television market due to new competitors such as the cable networks Cartoon Network and Nickelodeon, and the children's blocks of the new UPN and The WB networks, Buena Vista entered into an agreement with the Leo Burnett agency to market and distribute a revamped version of the block for the 1997–98 and 1998–99 television seasons. Leo Burnett established a partnership with Kellogg's—who had been a major sponsor of The Disney Afternoon, to purchase an amount of dedicated advertising inventory. The revamped block, downsized to 90 minutes, debuted on September 1, 1997 to replace The Disney Afternoon. The new block did not carry any blanket branding, but was referred to internally as the "Disney-Kellogg Alliance." In 1998, Disney reached a deal to program a new children's block for UPN, Disney's One Too, as a replacement for that network's internal UPN Kids block. The syndicated block ran until the debut of One Too on September 6, 1999.
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Some of The Disney Afternoon's shows also aired on international versions of Disney Channel (including Disney Channel Southeast Asia), Toon Disney (later Disney XD), Disney Junior (including Disney Junior in Southeast Asia) and Disney Cinemagic, and on several local channels in various countries. In Europe, blocks similar to The Disney Afternoon were produced, mostly with names which translate in English as "Walt Disney Presents" (not related to the anthology series). Furthermore, shows that never aired on the American version of The Disney Afternoon (such as The Little Mermaid and The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh) did air on foreign versions of the block.
In Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, the city's then-independent TV station ITV (now Global Edmonton) produced its own version of The Disney Afternoon over roughly the same period as the American block, but only once per week in a two-hour block on Saturday afternoons, though using the same cartoon lineup as the American weekday block. Apart from the animated introduction, the block did not use any Disney-produced wrapper segments, instead using locally produced live-action segments between programs with host Mike Sobel. ITV (and thus the Sobel-hosted version of the block) was at that time also available on cable in various mid-sized and smaller markets across Canada, as far away as St. John's.
Disney Afternoon AvenueEdit
The popularity of The Disney Afternoon led to a temporary attraction at Disneyland in Fantasyland called "Disney Afternoon Avenue." Disney Afternoon Avenue was a feature of Disneyland from March 15 to November 10, 1991, two years before Mickey's Toontown (a name linked to the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit) opened in January 1993.
Approximate lineup by seasonsEdit
|Season||3:00 PM||3:30 PM||4:00 PM||4:30 PM|
|One (1990–91)||Adventures of the Gummi Bears||DuckTales||Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers||TaleSpin|
|Two (1991–92)||DuckTales||Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers||TaleSpin||Darkwing Duck|
|Three (1992–93)||Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers||TaleSpin||Darkwing Duck||Goof Troop|
|Four (1993–94)||TaleSpin||Darkwing Duck||Goof Troop||Bonkers|
|Five (1994–95)||Darkwing Duck||Goof Troop||The Shnookums and Meat Funny Cartoon Show (Monday)
Bonkers (Tuesday through Thursday)
|Six (1995–96)||Goof Troop||Bonkers||Aladdin||Gargoyles (Monday through Thursday)|
Timon & Pumbaa (Friday)
|Seven (1996–97)||Darkwing Duck||Gargoyles||Aladdin||Timon & Pumbaa (Monday)|
Quack Pack (Tuesday through Thursday)
Mighty Ducks (Friday)
Many of The Disney Afternoon shows were made into video games.
|Main title/alternate title||Developer||Publisher||Regions released||Release date||Max. # of players||Console(s)|
|DuckTales||Capcom||Capcom||JP, NA, EU||September 14, 1989||1||NES, GB|
|Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers||Capcom||Capcom||JP, NA, EU||June 8, 1990||2||NES|
|Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers||Tiger Electronics||Tiger Electronics||NA||1990||1||Handheld electronic game|
|DuckTales: The Quest for Gold||Incredible Technologies, Sierra On-Line||Walt Disney Computer Software||NA||December 31, 1990||1||Amiga, Apple II, Commodore 64, DOS, Windows, Mac OS 8|
|DuckTales||Tiger Electronics||Tiger Electronics||NA||1990||1||Handheld electronic game|
|Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers: The Adventures in Nimnul's Castle||Hi Tech Expressions||Walt Disney Computer Software||NA||March 1, 1990||1||PC|
|TaleSpin||Tiger Electronics||Tiger Electronics||NA||1990||1||Handheld electronic game|
|TaleSpin||Capcom||Capcom (NES and Game Boy versions)||NA, EU||December 1991||1||NES, GB|
|TaleSpin||NEC||NEC (TG16 version)||NA, EU||1991||1||TG16|
|TaleSpin||Sega||Sega (Sega Genesis and Sega Game Gear versions)||NA, EU||1992||1||GEN, GG|
|Darkwing Duck||Capcom||Capcom (NES and Game Boy versions)||NA, EU||June 1992||1||NES, GB|
|Darkwing Duck||Turbo Technologies Inc.||Turbo Technologies Inc. (TG16 version)||NA||1992||1||TG16|
|Darkwing Duck||Tiger Electronics||Tiger Electronics||NA||1992||1||Handheld electronic game|
|DuckTales 2||Capcom||Capcom||JP, NA, EU||April 23, 1993||1||NES, GB|
|Goof Troop||Capcom||Capcom||JP, NA, EU||July 11, 1993||2||SNES|
|Goof Troop||Tiger Electronics||Tiger Electronics||NA||1993||1||Handheld electronic game|
|Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers 2||Capcom||Capcom||JP, NA, EU||1993||2||NES|
|Bonkers||Capcom||Capcom||JP, NA, EU||December 15, 1994||1||SNES|
|Bonkers||Sega||Sega||NA, EU||October 1, 1994||1||GEN|
|Bonkers: Wax Up!||Sega||Sega||BR||February 4, 1995||1||GG, SMS|
|Gargoyles||Buena Vista Interactive||Disney Interactive||NA||May 15, 1995||1||GEN|
|Gargoyles||Tiger Electronics||Tiger Electronics||NA||1995||1||Handheld electronic game|
|Mighty Ducks||Tiger Electronics||Tiger Electronics||NA||1996||1||Handheld electronic game|
|Mighty Ducks Pinball Slam||Walt Disney Company||Walt Disney Company||NA||1998||1||Arcade|
|Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers||Dinamic Pixels||Dinamic Pixels||NA||2010||1||Mobile Phone|
|Darkwing Duck||Iricom||Iricom||NA||2010||1||Mobile Phone|
|DuckTales: Scrooge's Loot||Disney Mobile||Disney Interactive||NA||July 26, 2013||1||iOS, Android|
|DuckTales: Remastered||Capcom, WayForward Technologies||Capcom, Disney Interactive Studios||JP, NA, EU||August 13, 2013||1||Wii U, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Microsoft Windows, iOS, Android|
|The Disney Afternoon Collection||Capcom, Digital Eclipse Software||Capcom||NA, EU||April 18, 2017||2||PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Microsoft Windows|
- "Block Party: Four Disney Animated Series." The Disney Channel Magazine, Vol. 13, no. 5, October/November 1995: p. 36.
- "Disney Takes Kellogg Clout To Stations". Ad Age. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Hontz, Jenny (January 20, 1998). "Disney kids to play UPN". Variety. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- "Tooning in the Fall Season". Animation World Magazine (2.6). September 1997. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- "It's Show Time! The Fall TV Preview". Animation World Magazine (4.6): 4. September 1999. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- Chris Pursell (July 19, 1999). "Mouse brands UPN kidvid". Variety. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
- Animation World Magazine, Issue 2.6, September 1997
- Animation World Magazine, "Tooning in the 1998 Fall Season"
- Animation World Magazine, "It's Show Time! The Fall TV season, September 1999
- "Personalities: Mike Sobel". GlobalTVEdmonton.com. Shaw Media. May 26, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Strodder, Chris (2008). The Disneyland Encyclopedia. pp. 130, 137. Retrieved November 13, 2015 – via Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park 1990-1999.