The Confession (novel)
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The Confession is a 2010 legal thriller novel by John Grisham, his second novel to be published in 2010 (the previous was Theodore Boone: Kid Lawyer). The novel is about the murder of a high school cheerleader and how an innocent man is arrested for it. This was Grisham's first novel to be released simultaneously in digital and hardcopy format.
First edition cover
|Publisher||Doubleday (US), Century (UK)|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
|Pages||418 (Hardcover 1st edition)|
In 1998, Travis Boyette abducts and rapes Nicole "Nikki" Yarber, a teenage girl and high school student in Slone, Texas and buries her body in Joplin, Missouri some 6 hours from Slone. He watches unfazed as the police arrest and convict Donté Drumm, a black high school football player with no connection to the crime. Despite his innocence, Drumm is convicted and sentenced to death. He has been on death row for nine years when the story takes place. While Drumm serves his prison sentence, lawyer Robbert "Robbie" Flak fights his case while Black Americans protest his false conviction, creating a law and order situation.
Meanwhile, Boyette has fled to Kansas and has living there ever since. He has been suffering with a brain tumor for the past nine years and his health has deteriorated. In 2007, with Drumm's execution only a week away, reflecting on his miserable life, he decides to do what is right: confess. He meets a pastor, Reverend Keith Schroeder who takes him to Slone. Despite his confession to the public, the execution proceeds on and Drumm is executed by lethal injection. The town is beset by racial tension though a riot is averted. Boyette then reveals the resting place of Nikki and DNA samples show signs of rape and assault on her body. But before there is an arrest warrant for him, he takes off. In Slone, Flak leads legal attacks on those responsible for the false conviction and execution, while Schroeder agonizes over both what he has done (taken a paroled convicted rapist who was also probably a murderer) out of his parole zone (the state of Kansas). Schroeder winds up making his actions public, paying a fine, resigning from his church and accepting a position at a reform-minded church in Texas. The latter happens after Boyette is caught attempting another rape.
List of charactersEdit
Donté's ordeal begins as a 17-year-old with everything going for him. He has only had mild altercations with law enforcement for possession of marijuana when he was younger. Now he is a star on the high school football team and loved by the girls. His potential and ambition inspire jealousy in Joey Gamble who, when rejected by Nicole, takes this out on Donté. Joey tips off the police with an anonymous phone call, later proven to be his using voice-analysis. When the police take Donté in for questioning, Donté naively but in good faith, signs away his Miranda rights. This is the catalyst which sees him detained for the next nine years and ultimately executed.
The long-suffering mother of Donté who is convinced her son is innocent and prays constantly for a reprieve. She is part of a large family. Her husband, Donté's father Riley Drumm, died of heart disease while Donté is on death row.
Nicole "Nikki" YarberEdit
The girl whose brutal rape and suspected murder led to capital murder charges, a crime which upon conviction, can lead to a death sentence in the state of Texas.
The girl's mother. Reeva is loud-mouthed and theatrical in her behavior as well as irrational. She has been known to drive more than a hundred miles downriver to where it was speculated her daughter's body may have been dumped. She is adamant that the death penalty is right and is happy to tell anyone who will listen. Reeva lives with her partner who is not Nicole's father and seems exasperated with Reeva's nine years of agony.
The real killer who had actually been in police custody in Slone at the same time Donté is detained. He is a serial rapist and had been abused himself from the age of eight by an uncle who told his parent or guardian that they were going "fishing." He claims to be suffering from terminal brain cancer and carries a cane because of an apparent limp. It turns out the tumor is not malignant and the cane is there for protection in his half-way house. His seizures and intense headaches however, are real. He has spent more than half of his 44 years in prison. He remains a creep throughout and on a number of occasions intimates to Reverend Schroeder how he thinks his wife Dana is "cute."
The heir to the Flak law firm who works tirelessly for his clients. He makes a promise to Donté minutes before his execution that he would find the real killer and exonerate him for the sake of his family and mother and throw a party to celebrate at his graveside. Robbie leaves no stone left unturned for clients on death row and goes the extra mile. He files every possible motion in his appeals and he does not consider his job finished until he has sued everyone responsible for Donté's wrongful execution, even those parties for whom immunity from prosecution applies. Outside of law, Robbie does not seem to have much social life and both he and his romantic partner are happy to keep their work lives separate. Robbie is not particularly religious and yet gets invited by the Black community of Slone to speak at Donté's funeral.
Reverend Keith SchroederEdit
The Kansas-based Lutheran pastor, who aids and abets in the transportation of a convicted felon across state lines. Schroeder strives to see the best in all people and emphasizes forgiveness. He has strong scruples and battles with himself to discern in complex situations what is the right thing. He is seen towards the end of the book trying to bring out Donté's past belief in God, when all hope for a last-minute reprieve from the governor has been abandoned. Keith is married to Dana, who is substituting for his regular secretary at the Mission on the day Boyette first meets Keith. Eventually, his involvement in an illegal act, however justified, gets him in trouble with his Bishop but he is welcomed by a more socially active Lutheran congregation in Texas and becomes a committed opponent of the death penalty.
Judge Elias HenryEdit
Judge Henry is the only one who gets on well with Robbie. He is well respected although in the past he had lost out to politics and suffered a nervous breakdown. He wrote numerous articles during the civil rights movement of the 1960s and was considered to be a little radical among the Whites of Texas during that period. Judge Henry had always considered the Donté case to be thoroughly flawed and he would have thrown it out at opening trial had he been sitting at the time. Judge Henry lives with his wife.
Gamble's false testimony is crucial in the prosecution's case against Donté. He was jealous of Donté and wanted the death of the girl he fancied to be blamed on Donté and assumed the cops would wind up dismissing it all. At the last minute, he agrees to sign an affidavit recanting his testimony and admitting he committed perjury but it is too late.
Detective Drew KerberEdit
The detective who arrested and questioned Donté during the case. He is a cruel, evil and selfish character who, despite countless innocent protests from Donté, persists in shouting and angrily accusing him. He eventually obtains a false confession from Donté through shouting and trickery, although it is implied that he may have beaten Donté for good measure, given that he is found lying on the floor weeping by the end of Kerber's questioning. During Robbie Flak's conference, it is mentioned that he has a "history of false confessions," implying that many other innocent lives may have been wrongly obtained by him.
Prosecutor Paul KoffeeEdit
The prosecutor presiding over the Nicole Yarber case. Both he and Kerber can be seen as the main villains of the story, as they are both unrelenting, evil characters who manage to convict Donté with false evidence and false testimony. The possibility of Donté being innocent never seems to occur to Paul, as he only cares about his reputation, which takes a nosedive when his scandal with Judge Vivian Grale is revealed to the world. He even has the nerve to suggest that Donté may have had an "accomplice" once Nicole's body is found, all in an effort to save his reputation which he craves more than the life of an innocent man.
The governor of Texas. A supporter of capital punishment who refuses to postpone the execution even after seeing Travis' televised confession. Once he learns of Donté's innocence, he childishly feigns ignorance of seeing Travis' confession, and desperately attempts to settle matters in the Middle East, just to leave his country. Like Koffee, Kerber and Judge Vivian Grale, he too only cares about his reputation and does not acknowledge Donté Drumm as an innocent man despite the violent riots which tear the streets of Texas apart.
Writing in the Religious Left Law blog, David Nickol was adversely critical of the novel for not doing what it set out, presumably, to achieve, i.e. to present a firm case against the death-penalty through the medium of fiction. Its failings, he said, derive from the fact that the events of the Donté case "are so egregious that...[o]ne does not need to be a death-penalty opponent to find repugnant the blatant railroading of someone so clearly innocent".
Maureen Corrigan in the Washington Post reviewed the novel in terms of the way in which Grisham gets across a message to the reader about his own views on the death penalty deriving from his work on the Innocence Project. This and the race issue that divides the community in Texas between Blacks and Whites is described by Corrigan as Grisham's "superb work of social criticism". Corrigan, however, does not consider the book to be easy reading: "don't read this book if you just want to kick back in your recliner and relax," she writes; "Grisham doesn't spare his readers or himself from gruesome experiences or hard questions."
Natahniel Roward in "The Long Road to Death Penalty Abolition" noted that "Grisham drives home dramatically one of the major arguments used by the opponents of capital punishment: that an execution is a completely irreversible act. When the proof of innocence is found after the condemned prisoner had been put to death, it is too late. (...) It is of course very rare for the proof of innocence to be found on the very next day after an innocent man was executed. Grisham's best literary feat is to create a scenario where this is plausible - due to the quirky and unpredictable personality of the real killer, whose vacillation on coming out with his confession lasts just twenty-four hours too long. (...) The bitter ending, with cynical Texas politicians deciding to go ahead with capital punishments despite such a clear and manifest evidence of their wrongness, is the kind of disappointment with which all opponents of capital punishment are all too familiar in the real world".
Relations between events in the novel and real life casesEdit
Much of the fictional case presented in the novel is taken from some real-life cases involving defendants on death row. The impropriety of a prosecutor and judge in the same case sleeping together allegedly occurred in the case of Charles D. Hood. Also, a slightly late petition to the TCCA that was denied because the doors had been locked and that the chief justice (Milton Prudlowe in the novel) had refused an extension happened in the case of Michael Wayne Richard. Donté's last statement is partly derived from the actual last statement of Cameron Todd Willingham, as is the dubious science partly used to convict him (a sniffer dog). Donté himself refers directly to the Willingham case when talking about how inmates die: “Some don’t say a word, just close their eyes and wait for the poison. A few go out kicking. Todd Willingham died three years ago, always claimed to be innocent. They said he started a house fire that burned up his three little girls. Yet he was in the house and got burned too. He was a fighter. He cussed ’em in his final statement.”
Grisham had researched and wrote a book about a real-life case of an innocent person wrongfully sentenced to death (The Innocent Man) and many details of Donté's police investigation and trial, as well as the psychological effects of his years on Death Row, are clearly inspired by that case - though the actual case was in Oklahoma, and in that case proof of innocence came in time to save him.
The novel also mentions several real life murderers as having been executed in 1999, who in real life were indeed executed on the dates stated in the novel: Desmond Jennings, John Lamb, Jose Guiterrez, James Beathard, Robert Atworth and Sammie Felder Jr. (See List of people executed in Texas, 1990–99)
- DuChateau, Christian (2011-10-28). "Grisham talks ambulance chasers, eBooks". CNN. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- Erskine, C. Book review: 'The Confession' by John Grisham Los Angeles Times 11 Nov 2010 Retrieved 12 Nov 2010
- Nickol, D. Book Review: The Confession by John Grisham ReligiousLeftLaw.com 13 Nov 2010 Retrieved 14 Nov 2010
- Corrigan,M. John Grisham's "The Confession," reviewed by Maureen Corrigan The Washington Post 26 Oct 2010 Retrieved 06 Nov 2010
- Natahniel J. Roward in "The Long Road to Death Penalty Abolition", Ch. 4