The Champ (1979 film)
The Champ is a 1979 American drama sports film directed by Franco Zeffirelli and a remake of the 1931 Academy Award-winning film of the same name that was directed by King Vidor. It stars Jon Voight as Billy Flynn, a past boxer with custody of his son Timothy (Ricky Schroder) who attempts to support his son and make up with his ex-wife Annie (Faye Dunaway) by fighting in the ring again. It is also the final film for actress Joan Blondell to be released during her lifetime. The film was released on DVD on May 5, 2015 as part of the Warner Archive Collection.
Theatrical release poster by Richard Amsel
|Directed by||Franco Zeffirelli|
|Produced by||Dyson Lovell|
|Written by||Frances Marion|
|Music by||Dave Grusin|
|Cinematography||Fred J. Koenekamp|
|Edited by||Michael J. Sheridan|
|Distributed by||United Artists (United States/Canada)|
Cinema International Corporation (International)
|Box office||$48 million|
Billy Flynn (Jon Voight) is an ex-boxing champion in the city of Hialeah, Florida, who is trying to settle down as a horse trainer after giving up his boxing title. A boxer propositions that Billy enter a match with him in the future. Billy shows up at the gym with his son Timothy Joseph "T.J." (Ricky Schroder), who calls his father "Champ" as a nickname. Billy is angered when he learns the man has not arrived and storms out of the gym, leaving his son behind. T.J. later finds him drunk inside of a bar. When he takes him home, neighbor Josie (Mary Jo Catlett) asks about his drunken state on the street, to which T.J. tells her that Charlie (Stefan Gierasch) and his friends bought him four beers as a celebration.
The next morning, Billy announces that he won $6,400 gambling and uses it to buy T.J. his own horse named "She’s A Lady.” Lady is entered in a race, but suddenly collapses, scraping her leg. Annie, (Faye Dunaway) Billy's wife whom he separated from seven years ago, had placed a bet on the horse beforehand and arrives after Lady's fall. Billy explains to Annie that he told T.J. she was dead, and that she deserted them. Billy, however, invites T.J. to her cruise ship where Annie and T.J. play together.
Annie's current husband (Arthur Hill) confronts Billy to convince him to tell T.J. that Annie is his mother. Billy tells him that since she wasn't there for him, he has no mother. Billy loses a gamble on T.J.'s horse and is told by Whitey (Allan Miller) to either give him Lady or $2,000 in cash. Annie gives Billy the money, however, Whitey decides to take the horse instead. Billy responds by assaulting him and attacking anyone who tries to stop him, including a police officer. Billy is arrested and put into custody, where he tells T.J. that he is to live with Annie. T.J. refuses to leave, and Billy slaps him in a fit of rage. Dumbstruck, T.J. leaves. At her home, Annie tries to comfort T.J., but accidentally tells him she is indeed his mother. T.J. refuses to accept her as his mother due to her absence; Annie leaves the room, distraught.
Billy is released; he hugs T.J. at a stadium and says he won't leave him ever again. Billy later wakes up in the middle of the night before Annie visits Billy and says she wants him to explain why she wasn't there for T.J., after a fight, Billy allows her back into his life as a friend. To make it up to his son, Billy explains his promise to fight in the ring after Jackie (Jack Warden) warns him about his age and constant headaches, explaining how they could be fatal when boxing. Jackie reluctantly agrees to train Billy to fight again.
The night of the fight arrives. From his dressing room, T.J. sees that Billy's sparring opponent (Randall "Tex" Cobb) is much stronger than him, prompting worry. This is diverted, however, when they see Annie in the arena. Billy wins the first two rounds, but later receives many blows to the head, and is weakened. The doctor looks at Billy during break, then explains that if he gets worse the fight will have to stop. Billy continues to get badly hurt, but gets his second wind and wins by K.O. Billy faints as he's being taken back to his dressing room; he calls for T.J., then asks if he's happy that Billy won. T.J. confirms this, telling him "The Champ always comes through". Billy dies. T.J., who doesn't realize he is dead, yells at his father to wake up. He is told by Jackie that Billy is gone, and is distraught until Annie arrives. T.J. says goodbye to Billy, then enters an embrace in Annie's arms.
- Jon Voight as Billy Flynn ("Champ")
- Faye Dunaway as Annie
- Ricky Schroder as Timothy Joseph ("T.J.") Flynn
- Jack Warden as Jackie
- Joan Blondell as Dolly Kenyon
- Arthur Hill as Mike
- Strother Martin as Riley
- Elisha Cook Jr. as Georgie
- Stefan Gierasch as Charlie Goodman
- Mary Jo Catlett as Josie
- Kristoff St. John as Sonny
- Dana Elcar as Hoffmaster, an attorney.
Director Franco Zeffirelli said he was inspired to remake the original film after seeing it again on television; it had first made an impression on him as a child because of the parallels between his own troubled youth and that of the boy in the story. Robert Redford turned down the lead role. Ryan O'Neal signed to play the lead, but he wanted his son Griffin to play his co-star. The director refused, claiming Griffin was too old, so O'Neal pulled out of the film. The filmmakers conducted a six-month talent search with thousands of applicants to cast the role of T.J.; Ricky Schroder was chosen immediately after his audition.
The film received mixed reviews from critics and has a 38% rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 20 reviews and an average rating of 5/10. Michael Booth from The Denver Post spoke positively of the film: "Director Franco Zeffirelli makes beautiful pictures; from Shakespeare to the life of St. Francis. In “The Champ,” he imbues Florida with some oldtime movie magic, retelling the tale of a washed-up former boxer trying to shed booze and gambling to win back his son." Kevin Fiddler of the now defunct Henderson Home News praised the acting by briefly saying "Great performance from Jon Voight and Rick Schroeder."
Time Out London was critical of the film, calling it "A pointless update of King Vidor's '30s weepie." Writing for The New York Times, Critic Vincent Canby intensely panned the film, stating that "the most offputting thing about such canny, tear-stained movies as 'The Champ' is not their naïveté but their unholy sophistication. These movies don't mean to deal with the world as it really is, but as it should be, a place where there's no pile-up of emotional garbage too big that it can't be washed clean by a good cry. My problem with 'The Champ' is that I didn't cry. The garbage accumulated." A positive review from Dale Pollock in Variety stated, "Hardly anyone can resist a cute kid, and with Ricky Schroder, 'The Champ' has the most irresistible moppet seen on the screen in decades. Franco Zeffirelli makes an auspicious debut on these shores with his first American film, bolstered by earnest performances from Jon Voight and Faye Dunaway." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and questioned the point of remaking the original, adding, "Of course that question would be of secondary importance if 'The Champ' were an effective tearjerker. But it's not. For no apparent reason, the original simple story has been lengthened a full 35 minutes. With catastrophe now piled upon catastrophe, 'The Champ' seems to be begging us to cry." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times wrote in a generally positive review that "Zeffirelli has made 'The Champ' work again, on his and its extravagant terms. It requires, makes no mistake, a willing surrender to those terms of sentimental romance and is less piquantly seasoned with wry worldliness than 'Heaven Can Wait,' for example, whose romantic idealism it shares. But, with due allowances, 'The Champ' is a strongly affecting experience for those who want to be moved." Gary Arnold of The Washington Post opined that the film "slogs on for about two reels too many, concluding on a note of utterly contrived tragedy that should make just about everyone feel wretchedly deceived." Clyde Jeavons of The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote, "Whether the unabashed sentimentality of Zeffirelli's remake of King Vidor's 1931 was deliberate or a misinterpretation of mood, one thing is certain; rarely has the screen been quite so awash with tears for so little apparent reason."
The film has also been called "the saddest movie in the world", and the final scene has been used in numerous psychology experiments to elicit a strong emotional response. According to Smithsonian magazine two psychologists, Robert Levenson and James Gross, conducted a study of more than 250 movie clips, and subjected them to 500 subjects in 1988, and concluded the last three minutes of the movie, where "T.J." sees his father win in his comeback fight only to witness his death in the dressing room afterwards, elicited the saddest response from a majority of the subjects. In the scene the grief-stricken "T.J." is inconsolable tugging his father's body while crying out "Champ, wake up. Please wake up, Champ."
The film got off to a moderate start but retained holding and growing power and was MGM's biggest international hit in 14 years, grossing $30.4 million in the United States and Canada and over $17 million overseas, including more than $10 million in Japan. By September 1979, it was MGM's fourth biggest ever hit.
Schroder won the Golden Globe Award for "Best New Male Star of the Year in a Motion Picture" at age nine for his performance as T.J. Flynn. Voight was a nominee for Best Actor but lost out to Dustin Hoffman for his role in Kramer vs. Kramer.
- Pollock, Dale (September 19, 1979). "[?] MGM Int'l Film in 14 Yrs". Daily Variety. p. 1.
- "The Champ - History". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
- "Ryan O'Neal: Does Father Know Best?: Ryan O'Neal". Los Angeles Times. 23 July 1978. p. v24.
- The Champ at Rotten Tomatoes
- Booth, Michael (March 26, 2007). "Tearjerker with sweet lessons". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
- Kevin Fiddler HHN Feb 19, 2003
- Time Out London review
- Canby, Vincent (April 4, 1979). "Film: Zeffirelli's 'The Champ'". The New York Times. C19.
- Pollock, Dale (March 28, 1979). "Film Reviews: The Champ". Variety. 20.
- Siskel, Gene (April 6, 1979). "Time to call TKO on 'The Champ'". Chicago Tribune. Section 3, p. 3.
- Champlin, Charles (April 1, 1979). "New 'Champ': For Crying Out Loud". Los Angeles Times. Calendar, p. 33.
- Arnold, Gary (April 4, 1979). "'The Champ': Punchy With Pathos". The Washington Post. B1.
- Jeavons, Clyde (June 1979). "The Champ". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 46 (545): 119.
- Chin, Richard (July 21, 2011). "The Saddest Movie in the World". Smithsonian.
- Gross, James L.; Levenson, Robert W. (1995). "Emotion Elicitation Using Films" (PDF). Cognition & Emotion. 9 (1): 87–108. doi:10.1080/02699939508408966.
- "The Champ, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
The Doctors TV Show featured a segment called Film Therapy in which Aaron Webster describes "The Champ" (1979) with stills from the movie. Produced by Daniel Primer. CBS. The Film Therapy link is available online at The Doctors TV website.