The Captive Heart
The Captive Heart is a 1946 British war drama, directed by Basil Dearden and starring Michael Redgrave. It is about a Czechoslovak Army officer who is captured in the Fall of France and spends five years as a prisoner of war, during which time he forms a long-distance relationship with the widow of a British Army officer. The film was entered into the 1946 Cannes Film Festival.
|The Captive Heart|
|Directed by||Basil Dearden|
|Produced by||Michael Balcon|
Michael Relph (associate producer)
|Screenplay by||Angus MacPhail|
|Story by||Patrick Kirwan|
|Music by||Alan Rawsthorne|
|Edited by||Charles Hasse|
|Distributed by||GFD (UK)|
The film is partly based on the true story of a Czechoslovak officer in the RAF Volunteer Reserve, Josef Bryks MBE, and his relationship with a British WAAF, Gertrude Dellar, who was the widow of an RAF pilot.
In the summer of 1940, Captain Karel Hašek of the Czechoslovak Army escapes from Dachau concentration camp and assumes the identity of a dead British officer, Captain Geoffrey Mitchell. When he is caught, he joins thousands of British prisoners of war, captured during the Fall of France, on a march to a prison camp in western Germany.
He is suspected of being a spy by his fellow soldiers because of a few small errors and his fluency in the German language. Captain Greyson wants to lynch him forthwith, but Major Dalrymple, the senior British officer, hears Hašek out and believes his story.
To avoid suspicion, he has to maintain the fiction that Mitchell is still alive by corresponding with Mitchell's widow Celia. Prior to the war, Mitchell had abandoned his wife and their two children, but the letters rekindle Celia's love.
In 1944, Herr Forster, who ran Dachau during Hašek's stay, visits the camp. Hašek fears he may be unmasked. The official compliments him on his nearly perfect German and seems to recognise him, but cannot quite place him. On another visit, Forster orders a search that uncovers the prisoners' escape tunnel. Forster then orders that a moat be built around the camp, and the inmates resign themselves to a long stay. On a third visit, Forster tells Hašek that he knows he is not Mitchell and that his photograph has been sent to Berlin for identification. Soon after, it is announced that some prisoners are to be repatriated, but when Hašek goes for his medical examination to see if he qualifies, he is turned away.
A plan to save him is devised without his knowledge. Private Mathews, a burglar in civilian life, breaks into the kommandant's office late at night with Dalrymple and another man. They find the list of those to be repatriated and replace Mathews' name with Mitchell's. On the way back to the barracks, Mathews is attacked by a guard dog and rescued by Hašek. The plan works, and Hašek is "returned" to Britain.
He goes to see Celia. He breaks the news of her husband's death and that he has grown to love her. She is devastated, and Hašek leaves. After she recovers, she begins rereading his letters and realises that she has come to love the writer. When Hašek calls her on the telephone on the day that Germany surrenders, she is eager to speak with him.
- Michael Redgrave as Capt. Karel Hašek [alias Geoffrey Mitchell]
- Rachel Kempson as Celia Mitchell
- Frederick Leister as Mr. Mowbray
- Mervyn Johns as Pte. Evans
- Rachel Thomas as Dilys Evans [Dai Evan's wife, who dies giving birth to their child during his absence]
- Jack Warner as Cpl. Horsfall [Dai's friend and business partner in civilian life]
- Gladys Henson as Flo Horsfall [Ted's wife]
- James Harcourt as Doctor
- Gordon Jackson as Lieut. David Lennox [who breaks off his engagement with Elspeth McDougall after he learns his blindness is permanent]
- Elliott Mason as Mrs. Lennox (as Elliot Mason)
- Margot Fitzsimons as Elspeth McDougall [who refuses to give David up]
- David Keir as Mr. McDougall
- Derek Bond as Lieut. Harley [in love with his wife Caroline, but believes a poison pen letter sent to him by Beryl Curtiss]
- Jane Barrett as Caroline Harley
- Meriel Forbes as Beryl Curtiss [jealous of Caroline because of Robert Marsden's love of her]
- Basil Radford as Major Ossy Dalrymple
- Guy Middleton as Capt. Jim Greyson
- Jimmy Hanley as Pte. Mathews
- Robert Wyndham as Lieut. Cdr. Robert Marsden RNVR
- Jack Lambert as Padre
- Karel Stepanek as Herr Forster
- Friedrich Richter as Camp Commandant (as Frederick Richter)
- Frederick Schiller as German M.O. [medical officer]
- Jill Gibbs as Janet Mitchell
- David Walbridge as Desmond Mitchell
Many of the prisoners were played by serving soldiers.
According to trade papers, the film was a "notable box office attraction" at the British box office in 1946. Another source says it was the fourth biggest hit at the British box office in 1946 after The Wicked Lady, The Bells of St Marys and Piccadilly Incident. According to Kinematograph Weekly the 'biggest winner' at the box office in 1946 Britain was The Wicked Lady, with "runners up" being The Bells of St Marys, Piccadilly Incident, The Road to Utopia, Tomorrow is Forever, Brief Encounter, Wonder Man, Anchors Away, Kitty, The Captive Heart, The Corn is Green, Spanish Main, Leave Her to Heaven, Gilda, Caravan, Mildred Pierce, Blue Dahlia, Years Between, O.S.S., Spellbound, Courage of Lassie, My Reputation, London Town, Caesar and Cleopatra, Meet the Navy, Men of Two Worlds, Theirs is the Glory, The Overlanders, and Bedelia.
- "Festival de Cannes: The Captive Heart". Festival-Cannes. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- "Josef Bryks". Free Czechoslovak Air Force. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- Robert Murphy, Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939-48 2003 p209
- Thumim, Janet. "The popular cash and culture in the postwar British cinema industry". Screen. Vol. 32 no. 3. p. 258.
- "Hollywood Sneaks In 15 Films on '25 Best' List of Arty Britain". The Washington Post. 15 January 1947. p. 2.
- Lant, Antonia (1991). Blackout : reinventing women for wartime British cinema. Princeton University Press. p. 232.