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The Bat Whispers is a 1930 American pre-Code mystery film directed by Roland West, produced by Joseph M. Schenck, and released by United Artists. The film is based on the 1920 mystery play The Bat, written by Mary Roberts Rinehart and Avery Hopwood, and is the second film version by the same director, previously adapted in 1926. An early talkie and one of the first widescreen films, West financed the cinematography, which required two cameramen, several techniques and was once a lost film but thanks to the duplicate filmstock was restored in 1988.

The Bat Whispers
Batwhispers.jpg
Directed byRoland West
Produced byJoseph M. Schenck
Written byMary Roberts Rinehart (play)
Avery Hopwood (play)
Roland West
StarringChester Morris
Una Merkel
Music byHugo Riesenfeld
CinematographyRay June (35mm)
Robert H. Planck (70mm)
Edited byHal C. Kern
James Smith
Production
company
Joseph M. Schenck Productions for Art Cinema Corporation
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
  • November 13, 1930 (1930-11-13)
Running time
83 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

PlotEdit

A mysterious criminal by the name of "The Bat" eludes police and then finally announces his retirement to the country.

In the countryside near the town of Oakdale, news of a bank robbery in Oakdale has put Mrs. Van Gordner's maid, Lizzie, on edge. Van Gordner is leasing the house from Mr. Fleming, the Oakdale bank president, who is in Europe. The chief suspect in the bank robbery, a cashier, has disappeared. Van Gordner's niece, Dale arrives followed by the gardener she has hired. Dr. Venrees arrives and tells Van Gordner that he has received a telegram from Fleming stating that because of the robbery he will be returning soon and will need to occupy his house.

There are mysterious noises in the house and lights turning on and off. A rock is thrown through the window with a note threatening harm if the occupants don't leave. Dale, and the gardener, who is actually Brook, the missing teller, are looking for a secret room in the house. They believe the money from the robbery is hidden there.

Detective Anderson shows up and questions Van Gordner. Fleming's nephew, Richard, arrives at Dale's request. She is hoping he can help in finding the secret room. Richard finds the house plans but refuses to show them to Dale. He pushes her away and runs up the stairs but he is shot by someone at the top of the stairs and falls dead. Van Gordner sends for a private detective.

A mysterious masked man sticks a gun in the caretaker's back and tell him he better get everyone out of the house. The lights continue to go on and off. The shadow of the Bat is seen by various occupants of the house.

Anderson states that Fleming isn't in Europe but robbed his own bank. He accuses the doctor of being part of the plot.

An unconscious man is found in the garage. He comes to and is questioned by Anderson. He can't remember anything. Anderson tells the private detective to keep an eye on him.

The hidden room and the missing money are found. Fleming, the missing banker, is found dead behind a wall in the room. The garage suddenly bursts into flames. In the ensuring chaos, the Bat appears and is caught, but he gets away before he can be unmasked.

As the Bat is fleeing from the house, he is caught in a bear trap, set up by Lizzie. He is revealed to be Anderson, who isn't actually Anderson. The real Anderson is the man who was found unconscious. The Bat says that no jail can hold him and he will escape.

A curtain closes across the screen. We are in a theater. Chester Morris, who played Anderson tells the audience that as long as they don't reveal the Bat's identity they will be safe from the Bat.[1]

Film techniquesEdit

Director West financed the Magnafilm widescreen process and employed two cinematographers, using techniques not to be seen until the 1950s and Otto Preminger.[2] Along with The Big Trail(1930) its one of the first known uses of widescreen.[3] Cameras used two different sized film stock and filmed in a variety of techniques including panning, cut scenes, and close ups.[4] Panning can be seen throughout the film but most notably in the opening scene of the movie. The movie begins with a shot of the face of a clock tower. It then pulls back and slowly scans or "pans" all the way down the building to show a car pulling out of a police station. Cut scenes can be seen throughout the film to show lapses in time. For example, when the police car is driving down the street, the scene (shot from the back of the car over the driver's shoulder) can be seen fading into another scene to convey a sense of time passing. In 1930, movie cameras weren't portable enough to be used in the back of cars yet, however Charles Cline invented a camera used for filming The Bat Whispers, more often used in Ray June's cinematography, for fluidity and to show The Bat in flight.[5] It was "a lightweight 24-foot-long camera dolly that could send a camera zooming 18 feet in a fraction of a second".[6] Close up shots were also incorporated, often when the residents of the mansion are frightened and trying to figure out where the mysterious noises are coming from, the camera "zooms in" on the actors faces, and when The Bat is creeping up to Dale Van Gorder in the secret room.

Production backgroundEdit

An early talkie, this film is the second film version of the 1920 hit Broadway play The Bat, written by Mary Roberts Rinehart and Avery Hopwood, based on Roberts 1908 book The Circular Staircase.[7] The first film version of the play, The Bat (1926), was also directed by Roland West. Just as in the play and the first film, people explore an old mansion looking for a hidden treasure while a caped killer picks them off one by one. This film is noted by Bob Kane as one of the inspirations for some elements of the Batman character, which he co-created with Bill Finger.

The film was shot in three versions: a pair of 1.33:1 aspect ratio, 35mm negatives for US and foreign prints; and a 2:1 aspect ratio 65mm widescreen "Magnifilm" version (misspelled "Magnafilm" in some ads).[8][4] The domestic negative was cut down to 72 minutes for the 1938 Atlantic Pictures reissue, and subsequently was lost.

In 1988 the UCLA Film and Television Archive restored and preserved the 35mm foreign version and the 65mm Magnifilm from the original camera negatives.[9][10] UCLA gained access through the Library of Congress upon Mary Pickford's death in 1979 when she willed them her film collection, The Bat Whispers (65mm) was among it.[11]

This film was remade again in 1959 as The Bat with Agnes Moorehead and Vincent Price.[12]

Connection to "Batman"Edit

Comic-book creator Bob Kane said in his 1989 autobiography Batman and Me that the villain of The Bat Whispers was an inspiration for his character Batman. However, like many of Kane's claims surrounding Batman, this is highly disputed, if not generally considered a lie.[13]

CastEdit

As credited in order of appearance:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Staff, Variety; Staff, Variety (1931-01-01). "The Bat Whispers". Variety. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  2. ^ Cossar, Harper (2011). Letterboxed: The Evolution of Widescreen Cinema. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813126517.
  3. ^ COSSAR, HARPER (2009). "The Shape of New Media: Screen Space, Aspect Ratios, and Digitextuality". Journal of Film and Video. 61 (4): 3–16. doi:10.1353/jfv.0.0045. ISSN 0742-4671. JSTOR 20688644.
  4. ^ a b "The Bat Whispers". www.in70mm.com. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  5. ^ Hallenbeck, Bruce G. (2009-08-11). Comedy-Horror Films: A Chronological History, 1914-2008. McFarland. ISBN 9780786453788.
  6. ^ Tibbetts, John C.; Welsh, James M. (2010-09-28). American Classic Screen Features. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810876798.
  7. ^ www.bibliopolis.com. "THE BAT: A NOVEL FROM THE PLAY BY MARY ROBERTS RINEHART AND AVERY HOPWOOD by Mary Roberts Rinehart, Avery Hopwood on L. W. Currey, Inc". L. W. Currey, Inc. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  8. ^ David Coles, "Magnified Grandeur, Widescreen 1926-1931"
  9. ^ BBC Online Network
  10. ^ "The Bat Whispers | UCLA Film & Television Archive". www.cinema.ucla.edu. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
  11. ^ Slide, Anthony (2013-05-03). Nitrate Won't Wait: A History of Film Preservation in the United States. McFarland. ISBN 9781476604572.
  12. ^ Thompson, Howard (1959-12-17). "Bat' on Double Bill". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
  13. ^ "Chapter 3 of 3: The Haunting of Robert Kane!". Dial B for Blog.

External linksEdit