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The Adventures of Pinocchio (Italian: Le avventure di Pinocchio) is an Italian animated film directed by Raoul Verdini and Umberto Spano. Created and produced by Cartoni Animati Italiani Roma (CAIR) and distributed by De Vecchi, this cartoon was based on the famous 1883 children's book The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi.
|The Adventures of Pinocchio|
|Directed by||Raoul Verdini|
|Based on||The Adventures of Pinocchio|
by Carlo Collodi
CAIR (Cartoni Animati Italiani Roma)
|Distributed by||De Vecchi|
|1936 (Never released)|
It was intended to be the first animated feature film from Italy, but was never completed as The Dynamite Brothers eventually became one in 1949. It also would have been the first cel animated feature film ever, beating Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and the first animated film adaptation based on Collodi's novel. It is now considered lost; only the original script and some still frames are all that survived of the film.
In January 1935, the politician Alfredo Rocco decided to commission the first Italian animated film at the newly formed CAIR. The studio chose to faithfully adapt the Collodi novel The Adventures of Pinocchio, and began work after buying the rights from its publisher, R. Bemporad & Figlio. To date, it is not clear who directed the film; some sources cite Umberto Spano and Raul Verdini, while others cite Romolo Bacchini and his son Carlo, who were also the photographers.
The model sheet was made by Verdini and Barbara Mamelli, designers of the satirical newspaper Marc'Aurelio. Romolo Bacchini was also the producer and the artistic director with Verdini. The scenography was entrusted to Mario Pompei with Franco Fiorenzi and Gioacchino Colizzi. The composer has sometimes been credited as Umberto Giordano. Inking was done by Carlo Bacchini along with Ettore Ranalli, Ennio Zedda and Amerigo Tot.
However, various technical problems stalled production, as Barbara recalled in June 1992. By the end of 1936, CAIR had exhausted the film's financing, and ceased activities. All material was left unused, including about 150,000 drawings and 2,500 feet of film, estimated to last 105 minutes. Raoul Verdini attempted to finish the film while converting it to color with the Catalucci system, but was unsuccessful.
By this time, Walt Disney had acquired the rights to The Adventures of Pinocchio, and in 1940 his company Walt Disney Productions released their own adaptation as their second film, simply titled Pinocchio; some have suggested that Disney would buy the original negative of the unfinished movie.
- "Il Pinocchio Incompiuto". Atic-ntc.org. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
- "La Stampa - Consultazione Archivio". Archiviolastampa.it. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
- Chiti, Roberto; Poppi, Roberto (29 July 2017). I film: Tutti i film italiani dal 1930 al 1944. Gremese Editore. ISBN 9788884403513. Retrieved 29 July 2017 – via Google Books.
- "The mystery of the animated Pinocchio of 1936 and other lost treasures".
- ""Le avventure di Pinocchio" di Attalo, Verdini e Barbara". Bottega partigiana (in Italian). 6 December 2020.