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Tharrawaddy Min (Burmese: သာယာဝတီမင်း, pronounced [θàjàwədì mɪ́ɴ]; 14 March 1787 – 17 November 1846) was the 8th king of the Konbaung Dynasty of Burma. He repudiated the Treaty of Yandabo and almost went to war with the British.

Tharrawaddy
သာယာဝတီမင်း
King of Burma
Prince of Tharrawaddy
Reign15 April 1837 – 17 November 1846[1]
Coronation8 July 1840
PredecessorBagyidaw
SuccessorPagan
BornMaung Khin (မောင်ခင်)
(1787-03-14)14 March 1787
Amarapura
Died17 November 1846(1846-11-17) (aged 59)
Amarapura
Burial
ConsortMe Myat Shwe
96 queens in total
Issue18 sons and 18 daughters including:
Regnal name
Siri Pavarāditya Lokadhipati Vijaya Mahādhammarājadhirāja
(သိရီပဝရာဒိတျ လောကာဓိပတိ ဝိဇယမဟာဓမ္မရာဇာဓိရာဇာ)
HouseKonbaung
FatherThado Minsaw
MotherMin Kye, Princess of Taungdwin
ReligionTheravada Buddhism
This article is about the Konbaung-era king. For the Toungoo-era king of Lan Na, see Nawrahta Minsaw.
Tharrawaddy Min's tomb.

Tharrawaddy was born Maung Khin to Crown Prince Thado Minsaw (son of King Bodawpaya) and Princess Min Kye on 14 March 1787. When his elder brother Bagyidaw ascended the throne in 1819, Tharrawaddy was appointed Heir Apparent.[1] As crown prince, he fought in the First Anglo-Burmese War. In February 1837, he raised the standard of rebellion after escaping to Shwebo, the ancestral place of the Konbaung kings. Tharrawaddy succeeded in overthrowing Bagyidaw in April and was crowned king. Princess Min Myat Shwe, a granddaughter of Hsinbyushin, whom he married in 1809, was crowned as his chief queen (Nanmadaw Mibaya Hkaungyi).

In 1841 King Tharrawaddy donated a 42-ton bell called the Maha Tissada Gandha Bell and 20 kilograms (44 lb) of goldplating to the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon. His reign was rife with rumours of preparations for another war with the British who had added the Arakan and Tenasserim to their dominions.[2] It was, however, not until 1852, after Tharrawaddy was succeeded by his son Pagan Min, that the Second Anglo-Burmese War broke out.[3]

The Maha Tissada Gandha Bell donated by Tharrawaddy Min can be seen hung in a pavilion on the northeast terrace of the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Christopher Buyers. "The Konbaung Dynasty Genealogy". royalark.net. Retrieved 2009-09-26.
  2. ^ "Some Documents of Tharrawaddy's Reign:1837–1846, Part I" (PDF). SOAS. Autumn 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-28. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Burma" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 845.

External linksEdit

Tharrawaddy Min
Born: 14 March 1787 Died: 17 November 1846
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Bagyidaw
King of Burma
15 April 1837 – 17 November 1846
Succeeded by
Pagan
Royal titles
Preceded by
Bagyidaw
Heir to the Burmese Throne
as Prince of Tharrawaddy
5 June 1819 – 15 April 1837
Succeeded by
Pagan