Tharaka-Nithi County is one of the 47 counties of Kenya. It was created from Kenya's Eastern Province. The county has an area of 2609 km2 and as of the 2019 census a population of 393,177.[2]

Tharaka Nithi County
Flag of Tharaka Nithi County
Coat of arms of Tharaka Nithi County
Location of Tharaka-Nithi County in Kenya
Location of Tharaka-Nithi County in Kenya
Coordinates: 0°18′S 38°0′E / 0.300°S 38.000°E / -0.300; 38.000
Country Kenya
Formed4 March 2013
 • GovernorMuthomi Njuki
 • Total2,609 km2 (1,007 sq mi)
 • Total393,177
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Tharaka-Nithi County is home to the Chuka, Muthambi, Mwimbi and Tharaka subgroups of the Ameru community. The people of Tharaka-Nithi County are predominantly Christian, with Catholics, Presbyterians, and Methodists being the predominant religious communities.

The county consists of three constituencies: Maara, Chuka/Igambang'ombe, and Tharaka.



In 1992, Meru District was broken up into four new districts: Meru Central, Meru North, Meru South and Tharaka. Subsequently, Meru South, also known as Nithi, combined with Tharaka into the Tharaka-Nithi District. In 1998, the Tharaka-Nithi District was split into two districts, Nithi and Tharaka,[3] but a 2009 High Court decision declared that split unconstitutional and re-combined the two.[4] Subsequently, under the revised constitution of 2010, Tharaka-Nithi became a county.[5]



Like other counties surrounding Mount Kenya, the primary economic activity in Tharaka-Nithi County is farming. Farmers have planted tea and coffee in the higher areas of the county and sorghum, maize, green grams and millet in the low altitude areas. Dairy farming and fish farming are also carried out in the area.



Religion in Tharaka-Nithi County[6]

Religion (2019 Census) Number
Catholicism 108,266
Protestantism 172,266
Evangelical churches 70,043
African-instituted churches 18,749
Orthodoxy 2,656
Other Christian 9.114
Islam 724
Hinduism 9
Traditionism 251
Other 4,082
No religion or atheism 4.461
Don't know 615
Not stated 67

Prominent personalities


See also



  1. ^ "Kenya Census 2009 | PDF | Census | Waste Management".
  2. ^ "Kenya 2009 Population and Housing Census Highlights" (PDF). Kenya national Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2010.
  3. ^ Sheila Aikman, Elaine Unterhalter: (2005) Beyond access: transforming policy and practice for gender equality in education. Oxfam, page 107.
  4. ^ Nyasato, Robert (5 September 2009). "High Court outlaws 210 districts created by Moi and Kibaki since 1992". The Standard. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014.
  5. ^ "First Scheduke, Article 6 (1)" (PDF). Constitution of Kenya (2010). p. 167. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 March 2014.
  6. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics" (PDF). Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 May 2021.