Thann, Haut-Rhin

Thann (French pronunciation: [tan] (audio speaker iconlisten); Alsatian: Dànn, pronounced [tɔn], German: Thann) is a commune in the northeastern French department of Haut-Rhin, in Grand Est.[3] It is the sous-préfecture of the arrondissement of Thann-Guebwiller and part of the canton of Cernay.[4] Its inhabitants are known as Thannois.

The church in Thann
The church in Thann
Coat of arms of Thann
Location of Thann
Thann is located in France
Thann is located in Grand Est
Coordinates: 47°48′26″N 7°06′19″E / 47.8072°N 7.1053°E / 47.8072; 7.1053Coordinates: 47°48′26″N 7°06′19″E / 47.8072°N 7.1053°E / 47.8072; 7.1053
RegionGrand Est
IntercommunalityCC de Thann-Cernay
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Gilbert Stoeckel[1]
12.51 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
68334 /68800
Elevation328–922 m (1,076–3,025 ft)
(avg. 343 m or 1,125 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Position of Thann
Collégiale - Detail of the West Front
La Tour des Sorcières (left) and the River Thur
L'oeil de la sorcière


Thann is situated at the foot of the Vosges mountains, where the valley of the river Thur enters the Upper Rhine Plain. The Thur runs through the middle of the town.


In 1635, during the Thirty Years' War, Thann was taken by imperialist forces. A mercenary among those troops described it as a "beautiful city, which lies on a mountain and is strongly fortified."[5]

Demographic evolutionEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 8,318—    
1975 8,519+0.34%
1982 7,788−1.27%
1990 7,751−0.06%
1999 8,033+0.40%
2007 7,973−0.09%
2012 7,931−0.11%
2017 7,780−0.38%
Source: INSEE[6]


Thann is 43 km from Colmar and 21 km from Mulhouse. The town is also well situated for the French autoroute network such as the A35 and A36.

The RN66 (Route Nationale 66) passes through Thann, providing an east-west route between Mulhouse and Épinal.

Architectural heritageEdit

Despite sustaining heavy damage in World War I and World War II, Thann contains several old buildings and monuments of significance.

La Collégiale Saint-ThiébautEdit

Situated in the centre of the old town, the church known as the Collégiale is good example of the style of Gothic architecture that flourished in the Rhine valley in the late Middle Ages. The Cathedrals of Strasbourg and Freiburg in Germany are also built in a similar style.

The building owes its name "La collégiale" to the college of monks who moved to Thann from the nearby town of Saint-Amarin in 1442. Construction of the collégiale took more than 200 years, from the end of the 13th Century through the 15th Century, and was completed in 1516 with the 78m tall spire.

For an extensive study of the Thann collegiate church, circumstances of its erection, issues of patronage, and unique sculptural programs, see Assaf Pinkus, Workshops and Patrons of St. Theobald in Thann (Waxmann Verlag: Muenster, Berlin, New York, 2006).

La Tour des Sorcières (The Witches' Tower)Edit

This was a tower in the old town walls, and built in 1411. The bulbous roof dates from 1628. Today the interior houses a museum dedicated to winemaking.

Le Château de l'Engelbourg (Engelbourg Castle)Edit

The ruins of the Engelbourg Castle sit on a hill to the north of the old town. The castle was constructed in the 13th century by the Counts of Ferrette to control the entrance to the valley and ensure the paying of tolls by those wishing to cross the Vosges by way of the Thur valley and the col de Bussang. The castle was destroyed on the orders of Louis XIV. During demolition, one of towers overturned and cracked into sections, one of which forms a large stone ring known locally today as The Witch's Eye (L'œil de la sorcière).


The town is served by 4 écoles maternelles; 3 écoles élémentaires; 2 collèges (Collège Charles Walch and Collège Rémy Faesch); and 2 lycées (Lycée Professionel Charles Pointet and Lycée Scheurer-Kestner).



Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ LOI n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015
  4. ^ INSEE, Commune de Thann (68334)
  5. ^ Helfferich, Tryntje, The Thirty Years War: A Documentary History (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 290.
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. ^ "Railway Gazette: Mulhouse tram-train enters service". 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2010-12-13.

External linksEdit