According to the 2011 census, the taluk of Thanjavur had a population of 510,411 with 253,723 males and 256,688 females. There were 1,012 women for every 1,000 men. The taluk had a literacy rate of 78.51%. Of the children less than six years of age, 23,251 were male and 21,749 were female.
- "Thanjavur Taluka - Thanjavur". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "Taluks of Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "Provisional Population Totals - Tamil Nadu-Census 2011" (PDF). Census Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
Largest cities or towns in Thanjavur district
|10||Ayyampettai (Thanjavur district)||Papanasam taluk||14,202|