Thai Ullam (transl. Mother's Heart) is a 1952 Indian Tamil-language film directed by K. Ramnoth. Starring V. Nagaiah, Manohar and R. Ganesh, the film has music composed by Nagaiah and A. Rama Rao. It is an adaptation of the 1861 novel East Lynne, by Ellen Wood. The film was released on 9 February 1952, and emerged both a critical and commercial success.

Thai Ullam
Thai Ullam poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byK. Ramnoth
Screenplay byS. D. Sundaram
Umachandran
Based onEast Lynne
by Ellen Wood
Produced byPattanna[1]
StarringV. Nagaiah
Manohar
M. V. Rajamma
Madhuri Devi
CinematographyN. Prakash[1]
Edited byS. P. Chandrasekar[1]
Music byV. Nagaiah
A. Rama Rao
Production
company
Narayanan & Company
Distributed byNarayanan & Company
Release date
  • 9 February 1952 (1952-02-09)
CountryIndia
LanguageTamil

PlotEdit

CastEdit

Supporting cast[2]

T. K. Kalyanam, G. V. Sharma, Nandaram, Loose Arumugam, and V. T. Kalyanam.

ProductionEdit

K. Ramnoth, who had left Gemini Studios on 15 August 1947, worked for Narayanan & Company, for which he made the film Thai Ullam, an adaptation of the 1861 novel East Lynne by Ellen Wood.[3] While Manohar was cast as the male lead, T. S. Balaiah was considered for playing the antagonist. He however opted out of the project after demanding a salary of 75,000, which he was refused.[4] Subsequently, he was replaced by a then struggling actor named R. Ganesh, who later became known as Gemini Ganesan.[3]

SoundtrackEdit

The songs were composed by Nagaiah and A. Rama Rao, with lyrics by Kanakasurabhi, Subramania Bharati and Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai.[2][5][6] The song "Vella Thamarai" is based on Bharati's poem of the same name.[7] The song "Konjum Puraave" is based on the song "Thandi Hawayen" from the Hindi film Naujawan (1951).[8][9] That, along with the songs "Kovil Muluthum Kanden", "Kathayai Kelada", "Vellai Thamarai" and "Poo Chendu Nee" attained popularity.[10][11]

Track Song Singer Lyricist Length
1 "Ohoho Nilave Nillay Odathe" Jikki Kanakasurabhi
2 "Konjum Puraave" M. L. Vasanthakumari 03:04
3 "Nathathile Pethama" T. A. Mothi
4 "Vellai Thamarai Poovil" M. L. Vasanthakumari Subramania Bharathi
5 "Kovil Muzhuthun Kanden" Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai 03:02
6 "Poochendu Nee" T. A. Mothi, (Radha) Jayalakshmi & N. L. Ganasaraswathi Kanakasurabhi 03:35
7 "Pokkiri Payale Nee Polladhavan" (Radha) Jayalakshmi 02:00
8 "Anbai Ariyamal Kali Odi Poche" T. A. Mothi
9 "Baby Baby Chinna Chinna Baby" Jikki 02:38
10 "Malai Nila Varavendum" R. Balasaraswathi & T. A. Mothi
11 "Kathayai Kelada" M. L. Vasanthakumari 02:51

ReleaseEdit

Thai Ullam was released on 9 February 1952,[1] and distributed by Narayanan & Company themselves.[12] The film was both a critical and commercial success,[4] and a major breakthrough for Ganesh, who would later become a part of the "Big Three" of Tamil cinema, the other two being Sivaji Ganesan and M. G. Ramachandran.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Film News Anandan (2004). Sadhanaigal Padaitha Thamizh Thiraipada Varalaru [Tamil film history and its achievements] (in Tamil). Chennai: Sivagami Publishers. Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Thai Ullam [Mother's Heart] (song book) (in Tamil). Narayanan & Company. 1952.
  3. ^ a b c Guy, Randor (15 August 2003). "Star and a versatile actor". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  4. ^ a b Guy, Randor (25 April 2008). "Thaai Ullam 1952". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  5. ^ "Thai Ullam". JioSaavn. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  6. ^ Neelamegam, G. (December 2014). Thiraikalanjiyam — Part 1 (in Tamil) (1st ed.). Chennai: Manivasagar Publishers. p. 37.
  7. ^ Gopalakrishnan, P. V. (7 August 2017). "Filmy Ripples – Mahakavi Bharathiyar's works in Tamil Film Music". The Cinema Resource Centre. Archived from the original on 23 December 2018. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  8. ^ Swaminathan, G. (28 June 2018). "The bonhomie between MLV and Padmini". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 5 July 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  9. ^ Sriram, V. (14 March 2018). "From Thandi Hawayen to Konjum Purave". Madras Heritage and Carnatic Music. Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  10. ^ Swaminathan, G. (28 June 2018). "The bonhomie between MLV and Padmini". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 5 July 2018. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  11. ^ Swaminathan, G. (30 November 2018). "A tribute to Radha-Jayalakshmi". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 21 March 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  12. ^ "தாய் உள்ளம்". Kalki (in Tamil). 24 February 1952. p. 17. Archived from the original on 11 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.

External linksEdit