Thai Parliament Museum
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The Thai Parliament Museum (Thai: พิพิธภัณฑ์รัฐสภา) is a museum within the Parliament House of Thailand, Bangkok, dedicated to the political history of Thailand after the transition to a constitutional monarchy in 1932.
|Location||Parliament House, U-Thong Nai Road, Dusit, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Type||Political history museum|
|Public transit access||BMTA: 12, 18, 28, 70, 108, AC 539, AC 542, AC 515|
The museum was established and first opened to the public in 1974 as part of the Document and Research Service Centre (ศูนย์บริการเอกสารและค้นคว้า) of the Secretariat of the House of Representatives. At that time, the museum was housed by Building A (ตึกเอ) within the Parliament House, sharing the location with the Thai Parliament Library.
In 1978, the museum was relocated to Building B (ตึกบี) in the Parliament House instead.
In 1980, a statue of King Rama VII was erected in front of Parliamentary Building 1 (อาคารรัฐสภา 1) of the Parliament House, and a chamber was created behind the statue as a museum for displaying personal belongings of the king, called the King Prajadhipok Museum, inaugurated on 10 December 1980.
In 1984, Ukrit Mongkolanawin, then president of the parliament, reintroduced the idea of moving the Parliament Museum to the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall. After renovation of the throne hall, the museum was located there for a period of time from 10 December 1984 and was moved back to the Parliament House, where it was housed in the same chamber as the King Prajadhipok Museum.
At present, the museum is administered by the Museum and Archives Division (กลุ่มงานพิพิธภัณฑ์และจดหมายเหตุ), an agency of the Bureau of Academic Services (สำนักวิชาการ), Secretariat of the House of Representatives.
Location and travelEdit
The museum is located in a chamber behind the statue of King Rama VII at Parliamentary Building 1 (อาคารรัฐสภา 1), Parliament House of Thailand, U-Thong Nai Road, Dusit District, Bangkok, opposite to the Dusit Zoo.
Opening hours and feesEdit
It is open to the public without charge.
The exhibition at the museum is divided into five sections:
- Section 1 displays the life of King Rama VII
- Section 2 displays the history of the Siamese revolution of 1932 in which the government of the country was changed from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy
- Section 3 displays the original copies of the constitutions of Thailand
- Section 4 displays historical sessions of the parliament
- Section 5 displays cooperation and relationships between the Thai and foreign parliaments
- Some of the historical documents displayed at the museum
- Exhibition at the museum
- "Phiphitthaphan ratthasaphā" พิพิธภัณฑ์รัฐสภา [Parliament Museum]. Secretariat of the House of Representatives of Thailand (in Thai). Bangkok: Secretariat of the House of Representatives of Thailand. n.d. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
- "Phiphitthaphan ratthasaphā" พิพิธภัณฑ์รัฐสภา [Parliament Museum]. Dusit Tour (in Thai). Bangkok: Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. n.d. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
- "Phiphitthaphan ratthasaphā (phāsā 'angklit)" พิพิธภัณฑ์รัฐสภา (ภาษาอังกฤษ) [Parliament Museum (English version)] (pdf). Secretariat of the House of Representatives of Thailand. Bangkok: Secretariat of the House of Representatives of Thailand. n.d. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
- "Phiphitthaphan ratthasaphā (phāsā thai)" พิพิธภัณฑ์รัฐสภา (ภาษาไทย) [Parliament Museum (Thai version)] (pdf). Secretariat of the House of Representatives of Thailand (in Thai). Bangkok: Secretariat of the House of Representatives of Thailand. n.d. Retrieved 2017-04-18.