Tha Doggfather is the second studio album by American rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg. It was released on November 12, 1996, by Death Row Records and Interscope Records. After the success of his debut album Doggystyle (1993), Snoop was charged with murder and in 1995, spent time preparing for the case that went to trial. In February 1996, he was cleared of all charges and began working on his second album without Dr. Dre providing work as a record producer. This was Snoop's final album on Death Row Records under his name of Snoop Doggy Dogg. Recording sessions took place from February 1996 to October 1996, with Suge Knight filling in as the executive producer on the album, alongside the additional production from several record producers such as DJ Pooh, Daz Dillinger, Soopafly and L.T. Hutton; as well as guest appearances from Charlie Wilson, Kurupt tha Kingpin, Tray Dee and Warren G, among others.
|Studio album by|
|Released||November 12, 1996|
|Recorded||February – October 1996|
|Snoop Doggy Dogg chronology|
|Singles from Tha Doggfather|
The album debuted at number one during the week of November 12, 1996, selling over 420,000 copies, but it failed to match the commercial success of Doggystyle. Dr. Dre had left Death Row to his partner Suge Knight, who was indicted for racketeering by the end of 1996. Tha Doggfather was also released only one week after another Death Row release, the first posthumous album by 2Pac, The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory, which debuted at number one. Consequently, Snoop's second album stalled at sales of two million copies.
In 1992, Snoop Dogg featured on the album The Chronic by close friend Dr. Dre, which was a great success.
In 1993, Snoop and Dr. Dre began work on Doggystyle which was also very popular and acclaimed. During the recording of Doggystyle Snoop became a defendant in a murder case which saw his acquittal shortly before this album was released, which led him to no longer live the "gangsta" lifestyle he portrayed in his records.
Dr. Dre, who was Death Row Records' in-house producer, had left earlier in 1996 to start his own label, which led Snoop's first cousin Daz Dillinger to become Death Row's head producer; he worked on this record. The murder of Snoop's close friend and fellow rapper, label-mate Tupac Shakur in September 1996 also weighed on him heavily; Shakur appears on the closing track "Outro", under the name "Makaveli", which he began using a short while before his death.
Tha Doggfather charted at number one on both the US Billboard 200 and Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts. To date, the album sold two million copies in the United States and sold better internationally than its predecessor, "Doggystyle" (1993).
During the departure of Dr. Dre from Death Row Records, the majority of this album was produced and mixed by DJ Pooh. In addition to DJ Pooh, Daz Dillinger and several other producers contributed to this album. In 1996, in an interview with Rap City, Snoop Dogg revealed that he had been working with Dr. Dre for this album; however, he had been prevented from doing so by Suge Knight. The album samples songs such as "It's Like That" performed by Run-D.M.C., "Vapors" performed by Biz Markie, "More Bounce to the Ounce" performed by Zapp & Roger, and "Oops Upside Your Head" performed by The Gap Band. The Doggfather also marked the debut of Snoop Dogg as a record producer on the track "(O.J.) Wake Up". Snoop Dogg also was beginning to be acknowledged on how to play keyboard by a high-profile producer named L.T. Hutton, who led a hand providing some production on that track as well.
The illustration on the back cover of the CD was done by Joe Cool, the same artist who did the front cover of Snoop's previous album Doggystyle.
Compared to Doggystyle, the lyrics are much less violent and controversial. On Tha Doggfather, Snoop Dogg wanted to present a more positive image in his lyrics, a reflection of his maturation as an artist and as a new father. On December 3, 2006, in an interview with Vh1, Snoop Dogg revealed the differences between Doggystyle and Tha Doggfather, stating, "I think Tha Doggfather was a rebirth of me, as far as me being more positive on what I was tryin' to say and, you know, tryin' to live the life through my music, instead of me just livin' my life, tryin' to show people that my life... wasn't like my music...I'm not gonna glorify none of this negativity that Death Row wanted me to do. I'm gonna bring a positive side of music." Although his new lyrical direction was met with mixed feelings from fans and critics alike, Snoop Dogg still thinks of the album as a success: "I enjoyed it and everywhere I go around the world people, you know, I sign more Doggfather records than any other record I put out. That's the one I sign the most and I'm proud at the thang I did and the thang is... sometimes you can outgrow your fans".
|Los Angeles Times|||
|The New York Times||favorable|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
The album received generally moderate reviews from critics and fans at the time of its release. In a February issue of Spin magazine, Dr. Dre stated his feelings on the album and said "But to be perfectly honest, I don't like Snoop's new album. And it has nothing to do with me not working him, because I'm just like everybody else: I like it, or I don't. The first time I heard the single, I was grooving to it, but then I really started to get into the production and how it was sounding, you know? The first time you hear some shit, you just listen to it to get your groove on, but after that, I start breaking songs down. There's really nothing that was said on there that hasn't been said 50 times before."
Entertainment Weekly praised the album stating that "Even without Dr. Dre behind the board, Snoop and his studio team concoct an intoxicating blend of old-school funk and gangsta cool", but also noted that "There's not much to love in the album's attitude toward sex, drugs, and first-degree murder." Muzik said, "...a more angular, spiky, old school-influenced vehicle for the Dogg Father to strut his matter-of-act rhymes over... you [are taken in] by the strength of the rhyming...". Melody Maker ranked it #49 on Melody Maker's list of 1996's 'Albums Of The Year'. The Los Angeles Times reported that "Snoop still is one of rap's most electrifying performers. But unlike "Doggystyle" and the "Murder Was the Case" soundtrack, few of the beats on this album rival his rapping prowess." They complimented some of the tracks, calling 'Doggfather' "... the epitome of cool smoothness. Over a slow-rolling Daz and DJ Pooh track" 'Freestyle Conversation' "...an Outkast-style exercise in which Snoop speaks a mile a minute, but still manages to maintain a funky rhythm", 'Gold Rush' a "funky pistolero track" and the Biz Markie remake 'Vapors' "the album's real gem". The review went on to conclude that "Tha Doggfather may not be Doggystyle, but Snoop shows that he has the prowess and the talent to survive."
The New York Times predicted that the album would chart in the top ten due to his presence in the music industry. They also stated that "The album has a few obligatory mentions of sexual exploits and gun-toting, usually delegated to guest rappers. But most of the raps are about his position as a hit-maker. He still has one of the most distinctive deliveries in rap: a casual, nasal, conversational tone that sounds leisurely even when he's barreling forward. His producers are a little less slick than Dr. Dre was, but they have supplied swampy bass riffs and catchy backup choruses, drawing heavily (like Dr. Dre) on George Clinton's P-Funk. Snoop Doggy Dogg insists, and Tha Doggfather does that, maintaining a party atmosphere. Yet while it insists that gangsta rap isn't dead, it plays down tough-guy tales in favor of a star's pronouncements." AllMusic reviewer Stephen Thomas Erlewine noted that the album runs on too long at over 70 minutes and "Though it works the same G-funk territory, the bass is less elastic and there is considerably less sonic detail". But also praised the album by stating "Though the music isn't original, and the lyrics break no new territory, the execution is strong -- Snoop's rapping and rhyming continue to improve, while the bass-heavy funk is often intoxicating." He ended the review stating "...the album is a fine follow-up to one of the most successful hip-hop albums in history."
Before the release of the album many were questioning if the album would become lost in the turmoil and tragedy of the label, or even to be bypassed in the rush of Tupac's posthumous album. However retailers thought differently such as Violet Brown, urban music buyer for the Wherehouse music chain. "Customer anticipation has been huge. As soon as record executives found out they were opening against Snoop [this week], they shifted the release dates of some rival rap albums to avoid the Snoop sales rush." The album debuted at number one with strong first week sales of 479,000 copies, with Tupac at number two with second week sales of 250,000 (proving that Death Row still had a strong hold on the pop charts). While falling short of Doggystyle's 803,000 in the first week sold (the record at the time for a rap album), the album still was the third-highest rap debut of that year behind Shakur's "All Eyez on Me" (566,000 first-week copies) and "Killuminati" (664,000 copies), and it ranks fourth overall on the year's list of top debuts, which is headed by Metallica's "Load" (680,000 copies). The album has sold over two million copies in the United States.
|2.||"Doggfather" (featuring Charlie Wilson)||Calvin Broadus, Jr., Delmar Arnaud||Dat Nigga Daz||3:57|
|3.||"Ride 4 Me"||Broadus, Jr., Ralph Aiken, Tyrone Crum, Keith Harrison, Robert Neal, Jr., Roger Parker, Clarence Satchell||1:01|
|4.||"Up Jump tha Boogie" (featuring Roger Troutman and Kurupt tha Kingpin)||Broadus, Jr., Ricardo Brown, Mark Jordan||DJ Pooh||4:43|
|5.||"Freestyle Conversation"||Broadus, Jr., Priest Brooks||Soopafly||4:17|
|6.||"When I Grow Up"||Broadus, Jr.||0:37|
|7.||"Snoop Bounce" (featuring Charlie Wilson)||Broadus, Jr., Jordan, Roger Troutman||DJ Pooh||4:03|
|8.||"Gold Rush" (featuring Kurupt tha Kingpin and LBC Crew)||Broadus, Jr., Brown, Jamarr Stamps, David Williams, Reggie Vanterpool, Ralph Wheeler||Arkim & Flair||4:52|
|9.||"(Tear 'Em Off) Me and My Doggz"||Broadus, Jr., D. Williams, Lenton Hutton||L.T. Hutton||3:31|
|10.||"You Thought" (featuring Soopafly and Too $hort)||Broadus, Jr., Brooks, Todd Shaw||Soopafly||4:44|
|11.||"Vapors"||Antonio Hardy, Marcel Hall, Marlon Williams||DJ Pooh||4:21|
|12.||"Groupie" (featuring Tha Dogg Pound, Nate Dogg, Warren G and Charlie Wilson)||Arnaud, Brown, Nathaniel Hale, Bobby Nunn||Dat Nigga Daz||5:06|
|13.||"2001"||Broadus, Jr., Jordan||DJ Pooh||3:50|
|14.||"Sixx Minutes"||Broadus, Jr., Vanterpool, Wheeler, Douglas Davis, Ricky Walter||Arkim & Flair||4:40|
|15.||"(O.J.) Wake Up" (featuring Tray Dee)||Broadus, Jr., Tracey Davis, Hutton, Joseph Simmons, Daniel McDaniels, Lawrence Smith||Snoop Doggy Dogg, L.T. Hutton||4:43|
|16.||"Snoop's Upside Ya Head" (featuring Charlie Wilson)||Broadus, Jr., Lonnie Simmons, Rudy Taylor, Ronnie Wilson, Charlie Wilson||DJ Pooh||4:30|
|17.||"Blueberry" (featuring Tha Dogg Pound and LBC Crew)||Arnaud, Brown, Stamps, D. Williams, Sam Anderson||Sam Sneed||4:15|
|18.||"Traffic Jam"||Ricky Harris||0:34|
|19.||"Doggyland"||Broadus, Jr., Val Young, Jordan, Alonzo Mizell, Barry Gordy, Jr., Freddy Perren, Deke Richards||DJ Pooh||4:39|
|20.||"Downtown Assassins" (featuring Dat Nigga Daz and Tray Dee)||Arnaud, Davis||Dat Nigga Daz||4:22|
|21.||"Outro" (featuring Makaveli)||0:42|
- "Work It Out" featuring Shaquille O'Neal and Mista Grimm
- "Dogg Collar" featuring Lady "V", KV, Big Pimpin', 6'9, Twin and Bad Azz, which was released on the bonus CD for Dr. Dre's The Chronic Re-Lit.
- "Street Life" featuring Makaveli, Val Young and Prince Ital Joe
- "Just Watching" featuring 2Pac, Tha Dogg Pound and Charlie Willson
- "Out the Moon" performed by LBC Crew featuring Snoop Doggy Dogg, Soopafly and 2Pac which is featured on Gridlock'd soundtrack.
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Gold||7,500^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,000,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
- "Billboard magazine - August 22, 1998". Billboard. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Snoop Dogg Rap City Interview (Part 2). YouTube. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- Snoop Dogg Rap City Interview (Part 1). YouTube. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- On "Tha Doggfather" by Snoop Dogg. VH1. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Snoop Dogg: Tha Doggfather at AllMusic. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Considine, J.D. (November 29, 1996). "Music Review: 'Tha Doggfather' (1996)". Entertainment Weekly. Time (#355). ISSN 1049-0434. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- "'Tha Doggfather' Review". Muzik. IPC Media: 118. January 1997. ISSN 1358-541X. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Coker, Cheo Hodari (December 8, 1996). "Making a list? Checking it twice? Here are some guidelines to keep befuddled spouses, parents of teenagers and others on the right track". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. ISSN 0458-3035. OCLC 3638237. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Pareles, Jon (November 26, 1996). "Machismo In Rap Atop The Charts". The New York Times.
- Nathan Brackett; Christian David Hoard (2004). The new Rolling Stone album guide. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8. Retrieved June 2, 2012.
- Jones, Steve (March 23, 2000). "The return of N.W.A. Album ahead after attitude adjustments, Dogg addition". USA Today. Gannett. ISSN 0734-7456.
- "Trouble Funk". Spin: 50. February 1997. ISSN 0886-3032.
- "Snoop Still Has Some Bite". Los Angeles Times. November 10, 1996.
- Pareles, Jon (November 26, 1996). "Machismo In Rap Atop The Charts". The New York Times.
- "Ready, Set . . . All Hail to the Sony Chief". Los Angeles Times. November 11, 1996.
- Snow, Shauna (November 21, 1996). "Arts and entertainment reports from The Times, national and international news services and the nation's press". Los Angeles Times.
- "Knight Moves". Vibe. New York: InterMedia Partners: 104. October 2001. ISSN 1070-4701. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- DubCNN - Tha Doggfather cut-out track
- "» Blog Archive » The Death Row Vaults". Djluicidal.com. 2009-10-11. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
- "Australiancharts.com – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
- "Austriancharts.at – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in German). Hung Medien.
- "Ultratop.be – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in Dutch). Hung Medien.
- "Ultratop.be – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in French). Hung Medien.
- "Snoop Doggy Dogg: Tha Doggfather" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
- "Lescharts.com – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
- "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH.
- "Italiancharts.com – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
- "Charts.org.nz – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in Dutch). Hung Medien.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
- "Swisscharts.com – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
- "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "Snoop Dogg Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard.
- "Snoop Dogg Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard.
- "Canadian album certifications – Snoop Dogg – Doggystyle". Music Canada.
- "New Zealand album certifications – Snoop Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Recorded Music NZ.
- "British album certifications – Snoop Dogg – Tha Doggfather". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Tha Doggfather in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American album certifications – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- "Snoop Doggy Dogg" Music Video Database. mvdbase.com.