Tha Doggfather is the second studio album by American rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg. It was released on November 12, 1996, by Death Row and Interscope Records. After the success of his debut album Doggystyle (1993), Snoop was arrested and charged with murder and in 1995, spent time preparing for the case that went to trial. On February 20, 1996, he was cleared of all charges[2] and began working on his second album without Dr. Dre providing work as a record producer. This was Snoop's final album on Death Row until 2022, when he acquired the rights to the Death Row trademarks from MNRK Music Group, releasing BODR the same year. This would also be his last album under the moniker Snoop Doggy Dogg. Recording sessions took place from February 1996 to October 1996, with Suge Knight as the executive producer on the album, alongside the additional production from several record producers such as DJ Pooh, Daz Dillinger, Soopafly and L.T. Hutton; as well as guest appearances from Charlie Wilson, Kurupt, Tray Dee and Warren G, among others.

Tha Doggfather
Studio album by
ReleasedNovember 12, 1996
RecordedFebruary–August 1996
Snoop Doggy Dogg chronology
Tha Doggfather
Da Game Is to Be Sold, Not to Be Told
Singles from Tha Doggfather
  1. "Snoop's Upside Ya Head"
    Released: September 14, 1996
  2. "Vapors"
    Released: January 18, 1997
  3. "Doggfather"
    Released: April 8, 1997

The album debuted at number one during the week of November 12, 1996, selling 479,000 copies, but it failed to match the commercial success of Doggystyle.[3] Dr. Dre had left Death Row to his partner Suge Knight, who was indicted for racketeering by the end of 1996. Tha Doggfather was also released only one week after another Death Row release, which was the first posthumous album by Tupac, The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory, which also debuted at number one. Consequently, Snoop's second album stalled at sales of two million copies.

Background edit

In 1993, Snoop and Dr. Dre began work on Doggystyle which was also very popular and acclaimed. During the recording of Doggystyle, Snoop became a defendant in a murder case which saw his acquittal shortly before this album was released, which led him to no longer live the "gangsta" lifestyle he portrayed in his records.

Dr. Dre, who was Death Row's in-house producer, had left earlier in 1996 to start his own label, which led Snoop's first cousin Daz Dillinger to become Death Row's head producer; he worked on this album. The murder of Snoop's close friend and fellow rapper, label-mate Tupac Shakur in September 1996 also weighed on him heavily; Shakur appears on the closing track "Outro", under the name "Makaveli", which he began using a short while before his death.

Recording and production edit

Production edit

During the departure of Dr. Dre from Death Row Records, the majority of this album was produced and mixed by DJ Pooh. In addition to DJ Pooh, Daz Dillinger and several other producers contributed to this album. In 1996, in an interview with Rap City, Snoop Dogg revealed that he had been working with Dr. Dre for this album; however, he had been prevented from doing so by Suge Knight. The album samples songs such as "It's Like That" performed by Run-D.M.C., "Vapors" performed by Biz Markie, "More Bounce to the Ounce" performed by Zapp & Roger, and "Oops Up Side Your Head" performed by The Gap Band. The Doggfather also marked the debut of Snoop Dogg as a record producer on the track "(O.J.) Wake Up". Snoop Dogg also was beginning to be acknowledged on how to play keyboard by a high-profile producer named L.T. Hutton, who led a hand providing some production on that track as well.[4]

The illustration on the back cover of the CD was done by Joe Cool, the same artist who did the front cover of Snoop's previous album Doggystyle.

Lyrics edit

Compared to Doggystyle, the lyrics are much less violent and controversial. On Tha Doggfather, Snoop Dogg wanted to present a more positive image in his lyrics, a reflection of his maturation as an artist and as a new father.[5]

On December 3, 2006, in an interview with VH1, Snoop Dogg revealed the differences between Doggystyle and Tha Doggfather, stating, "I think Tha Doggfather was a rebirth of me, as far as me being more positive on what I was trying to say and, you know, trying to live the life through my music, instead of me just living my life, trying to show people that my life... wasn't like my music...I'm not gonna glorify none of this negativity that Death Row wanted me to do. I'm gonna bring a positive side of music." Although his new lyrical direction was met with mixed feelings from fans and critics alike, Snoop Dogg still thinks of the album as a success: "I enjoyed it and everywhere I go around the world people, you know, I sign more Doggfather records than any other record I put out. That's the one I sign the most and I'm proud at the thing I did and the thing is... sometimes you can outgrow your fans".[6]

Critical reception edit

Critical reaction edit

Professional ratings
Review scores
AllMusic     [7]
Entertainment WeeklyB+[8]
Muzik     [9]
Los Angeles Times    [10]
The New York Timesfavorable[11]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [12]
USA Today    [13]

The album received generally moderate reviews from critics and fans at the time of its release. In a February issue of Spin, Dr. Dre stated his feelings on the album and said "But to be perfectly honest, I don't like Snoop's new album. And it has nothing to do with me not working him, because I'm just like everybody else: I like it, or I don't. The first time I heard the single, I was grooving to it, but then I really started to get into the production and how it was sounding, you know? The first time you hear some shit, you just listen to it to get your groove on, but after that, I start breaking songs down. There's really nothing that was said on there that hasn't been said 50 times before."[14]

Entertainment Weekly praised the album, stating that "Even without Dr. Dre behind the board, Snoop and his studio team concoct an intoxicating blend of old-school funk and gangsta cool", but also noted that "There's not much to love in the album's attitude toward sex, drugs, and first-degree murder." Muzik said, "...a more angular, spiky, old school-influenced vehicle for the Dogg Father to strut his matter-of-act rhymes over... you [are taken in] by the strength of the rhyming...". Melody Maker ranked it number 49 on their list of 1996's 'Albums of the Year'. The Los Angeles Times reported that "Snoop still is one of rap's most electrifying performers. But unlike "Doggystyle" and the "Murder Was the Case" soundtrack, few of the beats on this album rival his rapping prowess." They complimented some of the tracks, calling 'Doggfather' "... the epitome of cool smoothness. Over a slow-rolling Daz and DJ Pooh track" 'Freestyle Conversation' " Outkast-style exercise in which Snoop speaks a mile a minute, but still manages to maintain a funky rhythm", 'Gold Rush' a "funky pistolero track" and the Biz Markie remake 'Vapors' "the album's real gem". The review went on to conclude that "Tha Doggfather may not be Doggystyle, but Snoop shows that he has the prowess and the talent to survive."[15]

The New York Times predicted that the album would chart in the top ten due to his presence in the music industry. They also stated that "The album has a few obligatory mentions of sexual exploits and gun-toting, usually delegated to guest rappers. But most of the raps are about his position as a hit-maker. He still has one of the most distinctive deliveries in rap: a casual, nasal, conversational tone that sounds leisurely even when he's barreling forward. His producers are a little less slick than Dr. Dre was, but they have supplied swampy bass riffs and catchy backup choruses, drawing heavily (like Dr. Dre) on George Clinton's P-Funk. Snoop Doggy Dogg insists, and Tha Doggfather does that, maintaining a party atmosphere. Yet while it insists that gangsta rap isn't dead, it plays down tough-guy tales in favor of a star's pronouncements."[16] AllMusic reviewer Stephen Thomas Erlewine noted that the album runs on too long at over 70 minutes and "Though it works the same G-funk territory, the bass is less elastic and there is considerably less sonic detail". But also praised the album by stating "Though the music isn't original, and the lyrics break no new territory, the execution is strong -- Snoop's rapping and rhyming continue to improve, while the bass-heavy funk is often intoxicating." He ended the review stating "...the album is a fine follow-up to one of the most successful hip-hop albums in history."[7]

Commercial reception edit

Before the release of the album, many were questioning if the album would become lost in the turmoil and tragedy of the label, or even to be bypassed in the rush of Tupac Shakur's posthumous album The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory.

However, retailers thought differently, such as Violet Brown, urban music buyer for the Wherehouse music chain. "Customer anticipation has been huge. As soon as record executives found out they were opening against Snoop [this week], they shifted the release dates of some rival rap albums to avoid the Snoop sales rush."[17]

The album debuted at number one with strong first week sales of 479,000 copies, with Shakur at number two with second week sales of 250,000 (proving that Death Row still had a strong hold on the pop charts). While falling short of Doggystyle's 803,000 in the first week sold (the record at the time for a rap album), the album still was the third-highest rap debut of that year behind Shakur's All Eyez on Me (566,000 first-week copies) and Killuminati (664,000 copies), and it ranks fourth overall on the year's list of top debuts, which is headed by Metallica's Load (680,000 copies).[18] The album has sold over two million copies in the United States.[19]

Commercial performance edit

Tha Doggfather peaked at #1 on both the US Billboard 200 and the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts, selling 479,000 copies in its first week. The album was certified 2× platinum on February 4, 1997.

Track listing edit

1."Intro" DJ Pooh0:46
2."Doggfather" (featuring Charlie Wilson)Calvin Broadus, Jr.Dat Nigga Daz3:57
3."Ride 4 Me"Broadus, Jr. 1:01
4."Up Jump tha Boogie" (featuring Kurupt, Charlie Wilson and Teena Marie)Broadus, Jr., Ricardo BrownDJ Pooh4:43
5."Freestyle Conversation"Broadus, Jr.Soopafly4:17
6."When I Grow Up"Broadus, Jr.DJ Pooh0:37
7."Snoop Bounce" (featuring Charlie Wilson)Broadus, Jr.DJ Pooh4:03
8."Gold Rush" (featuring Kurupt and LBC Crew)Broadus, Jr., Brown, Jamarr Stamps, David Williams, Reggie Vanterpool, Ralph WheelerArkim & Flair4:52
9."(Tear 'Em Off) Me and My Doggz"Broadus, Jr., D. Williams, Lenton HuttonL.T. Hutton3:31
10."You Thought" (featuring Too $hort and Soopafly)Broadus, Jr., Brooks, Todd ShawSoopafly4:44
11."Vapors" (featuring Teena Marie and Charlie Wilson)Broadus, Jr.DJ Pooh4:21
12."Groupie" (featuring Tha Dogg Pound, Nate Dogg, Warren G and Charlie Wilson)Arnaud, Brown, Nathaniel Hale, Bobby NunnDat Nigga Daz5:06
13."2001"Tupac Shakur, Broadus, Jr., Jordan, Brown, StampsDJ Pooh3:50
14."Sixx Minutes"Broadus, Jr., Vanterpool, WheelerArkim & Flair4:40
15."(O.J.) Wake Up" (featuring Tray Deee)Broadus, Jr., Tracey DavisSnoop Doggy Dogg, L.T. Hutton4:43
16."Snoop's Upside Ya Head" (featuring Charlie Wilson)Tupac Shakur, Broadus, Jr.DJ Pooh4:30
17."Blueberry" (featuring Tha Dogg Pound and LBC Crew)Arnaud, Brown, Stamps, D. Williams, Sam AndersonSam Sneed4:15
18."Traffic Jam"Ricky Harris 0:34
19."Doggyland"Broadus, Jr.DJ Pooh4:39
20."Downtown Assassins" (featuring Daz Dillinger and Tray Deee)Arnaud, DavisDat Nigga Daz4:22
21."Outro" (featuring Makaveli) Snoop Doggy Dogg0:42
Total length:74:13
  • "Work It Out" featuring Shaquille O'Neal and Mista Grimm[20]
  • "Dogg Collar" featuring Lady "V", KV, Big Pimpin', 6'9, Twin and Bad Azz,[20] which was released on the bonus CD for Dr. Dre's The Chronic Re-Lit
  • "Street Life" featuring Makaveli, Val Young and Prince Ital Joe[21]
  • "Just Watching" featuring 2Pac, Tha Dogg Pound and Charlie Willson
  • "Out the Moon" performed by LBC Crew featuring Snoop Doggy Dogg, Soopafly and 2Pac which is featured on Gridlock'd soundtrack

Charts edit

Certifications edit

Certifications for Tha Doggfather
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[39] Platinum 100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[40] Gold 7,500^
United Kingdom (BPI)[41] Gold 100,000*
United States (RIAA)[42] 2× Platinum 2,000,000^

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Mickey Hess (2007). Icons of hip hop : an encyclopedia of the movement, music, and ..., Volume 2. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313339042. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  2. ^ Tina Daunt (February 21, 1996). "Rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg Is Acquitted of Murder". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  3. ^ "Billboard magazine - August 22, 1998". Billboard. August 22, 1998. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  4. ^ Snoop Dogg Rap City Interview (Part 2). YouTube. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  5. ^ Snoop Dogg Rap City Interview (Part 1). YouTube. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  6. ^ On "Tha Doggfather" by Snoop Dogg. VH1. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Snoop Dogg: Tha Doggfather at AllMusic. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  8. ^ Considine, J.D. (November 29, 1996). "Music Review: Tha Doggfather". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  9. ^ "Snoop Doggy Dogg: The Dogg Father" (PDF). Muzik. No. 20. January 1997. p. 118. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 2, 2022. Retrieved July 16, 2022.
  10. ^ Coker, Cheo Hodari (December 8, 1996). "Making a list? Checking it twice? Here are some guidelines to keep befuddled spouses, parents of teenagers and others on the right track". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. OCLC 3638237. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  11. ^ Pareles, Jon (November 26, 1996). "Machismo In Rap Atop The Charts". The New York Times.
  12. ^ Nathan Brackett; Christian David Hoard (2004). The new Rolling Stone album guide. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 755. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8. Retrieved June 2, 2012. doggystyle snoop rolling stone.
  13. ^ Jones, Steve (March 23, 2000). "The return of N.W.A. Album ahead after attitude adjustments, Dogg addition". USA Today. Gannett. ISSN 0734-7456.
  14. ^ Gold, Jonathan (February 1997). "Trouble Funk". Spin. p. 50. ISSN 0886-3032.
  15. ^ "Snoop Still Has Some Bite". Los Angeles Times. November 10, 1996.
  16. ^ Pareles, Jon (November 26, 1996). "Machismo In Rap Atop The Charts". The New York Times.
  17. ^ "Ready, Set . . . All Hail to the Sony Chief". Los Angeles Times. November 11, 1996.
  18. ^ Snow, Shauna (November 21, 1996). "Arts and entertainment reports from The Times, national and international news services and the nation's press". Los Angeles Times.
  19. ^ "Knight Moves". Vibe. New York City: InterMedia Partners: 104. October 2001. ISSN 1070-4701. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  20. ^ a b DubCNN - Tha Doggfather cut-out track
  21. ^ "» Blog Archive » The Death Row Vaults". October 11, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2011.
  22. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
  23. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in German). Hung Medien.
  24. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in Dutch). Hung Medien.
  25. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in French). Hung Medien.
  26. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 9928". RPM. Library and Archives Canada.
  27. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather" (in Dutch). Hung Medien.
  28. ^ "Snoop Doggy Dogg: Tha Doggfather" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
  29. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
  30. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Phononet GmbH.
  31. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
  32. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
  33. ^ " – Snoop Doggy Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Hung Medien.
  34. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  35. ^ "Official Hip Hop and R&B Albums Chart Top 40 | Official Charts Company".
  36. ^ "Snoop Dogg Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard.
  37. ^ "Snoop Dogg Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard.
  38. ^ "The Billboard 200". Billboard. February 4, 2019.
  39. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Snoop Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Music Canada.
  40. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Snoop Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Recorded Music NZ.
  41. ^ "British album certifications – Snoop Dogg – Tha Doggfather". British Phonographic Industry.
  42. ^ "American album certifications – Snoop Dogg – Tha Doggfather". Recording Industry Association of America.