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Texas and Pacific 610 is a 2-10-4 steam locomotive that was originally operated by the Texas and Pacific Railway (T&P). Built in 1927, 610 was a major work-horse for the Texas & Pacific. By the early 1950s, however, the T&P had scrapped all of their "Texas" type locomotives, save 610 and 638, with 610 being donated to the Fort Worth Fat Stock Show in 1951, and the locomotive sat on display at the Will Rogers Memorial Center.

Texas and Pacific 610
Texas and Pacific Locomotive.jpg
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderLima Locomotive Works
Order number1101
Serial number7237
Build dateJune 1927
 • Whyte2-10-4
 • UIC1′E2′ h2
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.63 in (1,600 mm)
Adhesive weight300,000 lb (140,000 kilograms; 140 metric tons)
Loco weight452,000 lb (205,000 kilograms; 205 metric tons)
Tender weight277,166 lb (125,720 kilograms; 125.720 metric tons)
Fuel typeOil
Fuel capacity5,000 US gal (19,000 l; 4,200 imp gal)
Water cap14,000 US gal (53,000 l; 12,000 imp gal)
Boiler pressure255 lbf/in2 (1.76 MPa)
Cylinder size29 in × 32 in (737 mm × 813 mm)
Valve gearBaker
Performance figures
Tractive effortLoco: 92,590 lbf (411.9 kN),
Booster: 13,300 lbf (59.2 kN), Loco W/ Booster: 105,890 lbf (471.0 kN)
Factor of adh.3.27
OperatorsTexas and Pacific Railway
Number in class1st of 15
Retired1951 (revenue)
1981 (excursion)
DispositionStatic display at the Texas State Railroad History Museum, 789 PR 70, Palestine, Texas
Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610
Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610 is located in Texas
Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610
Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610
Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610 is located in the United States
Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610
Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610
Coordinates31°44′28″N 95°35′16″W / 31.74111°N 95.58778°W / 31.74111; -95.58778Coordinates: 31°44′28″N 95°35′16″W / 31.74111°N 95.58778°W / 31.74111; -95.58778
Area1 acre (0.40 ha)
NRHP reference #77001477[1]
Added to NRHPMarch 25, 1977

In 1976, the locomotive was restored so it could be used to haul the American Freedom Train for the portion of its tour in Texas. After pulling the American Freedom Train, the locomotive was leased by the Southern Railway in 1977 for use in its steam excursion program. The Southern Railway re-lettered the locomotive as "Southern 610", and operated it for four years, before returning it to Texas in 1982.

From 1982 it was on display by the Trinity Valley Railfans on GSA property located on James Avenue in Fort Worth. Due to GSA downsizing the property and need to hand off the portion the display was at to the City of Fort Worth, the 610 was moved, locomotive and building to the Texas State Railroad.

The locomotive is now on static display at the Texas State Railroad in Palestine, Texas; it is the only surviving example of a T&P "Texas" type locomotive; also the largest non-articulated steam locomotive preserved built by the Lima Locomotive Works. Sister engine #638 also survived for a brief time, but was scrapped due to vandalism.

The locomotive is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2013-11-02.

External linksEdit