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State Highway 34 is a route that runs from Honey Grove to Italy just east of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex.

State Highway 34 marker

State Highway 34
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length129.0 mi[1] (207.6 km)
Existed1919–present
Major junctions
South endI-35E.svg I-35E in Italy
 I-45.svg I-45 in Ennis

I-20.svg I-20 in Terrell

I-30.svgUS 67.svg I-30/US 67 in Greenville
North endUS 82.svg US 82 near Honey Grove
Location
CountiesEllis, Kaufman, Hunt, Fannin
Highway system
SH 33I-35

Contents

HistoryEdit

SH 34 was originally proposed on November 19, 1917, starting in Ft. Worth travelling southeast to Ennis.[2] On October 15, 1923, SH 34 extended to Kaufman. On December 17, 1923, SH 34 extended to Greenville, replacing SH 38.[3] On May 25, 1925, the eastern end had been extended north to Honey Grove.[4] On December 21, 1926, it extended north to the Oklahoma border via the current FM 100.[5] On October 10, 1927, the western end had been extended to near Jacksboro.[6] On July 15, 1935, the section north of Honey Grove was cancelled.[7]

On September 26, 1939, the section from Jacksboro to Ennis was removed from SH 34, becoming parts of U.S. Highway 287 and SH 319 (which became part of SH 199 one month later). It was instead routed farther southwest into Italy, replacing SH 306. SH 34 was to retain its pre-1939 route in earlier renumbering plans.

In or around 1945, the section from Kaufman to Ennis was re-routed through Scurry, south of Rosser, and on a new bridge over the Trinity River. The former route from Scurry to Peeltown (Kaufman County) was assigned to an extension of Farm to Market Road 148, and about a mile of the old route is now Farm to Market Road 1181 in Telico (Ellis County). The old bridge over the Trinity River no longer exists [2]; in addition, the replacement bridge (a narrow, two-lane truss bridge) was replaced with a wider, traditional span. On August 18, 1987, SH 34 extended north from US 77 to IH 35E, replacing FM 1134. On April 24, 2003, SH 34 extended east and north concurrent with SH 56 and FM 100 to US 82.

A bypass around the city of Terrell was designated on February 28, 2013, but completed in early 2014.[8] Construction began in October 2014 on a bypass around the city of Kaufman, with construction lasting approximately 22 months.[9]

Route descriptionEdit

 
State Highway 34 in Quinlan

SH 34 begins at I-35E in the community of Italy. The highway runs southeast through the town to US 77 before turning in a more east direction. Near Avalon, the highway turns to the northeast and runs through the community of Bardwell before crossing Lake Bardwell. After crossing the lake, SH 34 enters Ennis and intersects US 287. The highway shares overlaps with the business routes of I-45 and US 287 in the city and leaves the city after intersecting I-45.

After crossing the Trinity River, SH 34 enters Kaufman County and runs near the communities of Scurry and Rosser before entering Kaufman. The highway intersects US 175 and shares an overlap with SH 243 in the city. Leaving the city, SH 34 runs in a sharp northeast direction for a few miles, turning north in Oak Ridge. In southern Terrell, the highway intersects I-20, which is the sight of a Tanger Outlet Center. Near Terrell Municipal Airport, SH 34 runs along a new alignment, bypassing the downtown area of the city and crosses over US 80. Leaving Terrell, the highway runs by many farms before turning more north and running near the western shore of Lake Tawakoni. In Quinlan, the highway shares a short overlap with SH 276 and crosses near an inlet of Tawakoni north of the town.

Entering Hunt County, SH 34 runs in a straight north direction. The highway enters Greenville and intersects I-30/US 67, which used to be a cloverleaf interchange. Shortly after intersecting US 69/US 380, SH 34 overlaps with a business route of US 69 through the city's downtown area. Leaving the city, the highway serves as the western terminus for SH 224. North of Wolfe City, the highway makes a sharp turn and runs east for a few miles before turning back north in Ladonia. SH 34 intersects SH 56 in Honey Grove before terminating at US 82 just north of the town.

Business routesEdit

There are two business routes for State Highway 34.

Business State Highway 34-A is a bypass of Terrell, designated on February 28, 2013 and completed in early 2014.[10]

A second business route serves the downtown area of Kaufman, along Washington Street and Mulberry Street. The route runs along a previous routing of SH 34. It became a business route after a bypass was completed in October 2016 around the south and east sides of Kaufman for SH 34.[11][12][13]

Junction listEdit

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
EllisItaly  I-35E – Waxahachie, HillsboroI-35E exit 386
  US 77 (Mosley Street) – Waxahachie, Milford
  FM 667 south – Frost
Avalon  FM 55 north – WaxahachieSouth end of FM 55 overlap
  FM 55 south – Blooming GroveNorth end of FM 55 overlap
  FM 877 north – Waxahachie
Bardwell  FM 984 south (Waxahachie Avenue)South end of FM 984 overlap
  FM 984 north (Front Street)North end of FM 984 overlap
  FM 985 south – Lake Bardwell
Ennis  US 287 – Waxahachie, Corsicana
  Spur 437 north (Clay Street)
  FM 1183 (Oak Grove Road) – Alma
   BL I-45 south (Kaufman Street) / FM 1181 north (Creechville Road)South end of BL I-45 overlap
    
   BL I-45 north (Kaufman Street) / Bus. US 287 west (Ennis Avenue)
North end of BL I-45 overlap
  I-45 – Dallas, CorsicanaI-45 exit 251B
Crisp  FM 660 north – Crisp
  FM 1181 south
KaufmanRosser  FM 2451 west (Kaufman Street) – RosserSouth end of FM 2451 overlap
  FM 2451 east – CottonwoodNorth end of FM 2451 overlap
  FM 1390 north
Scurry  FM 148 south – Cedar Creek ReservoirSouth end of FM 148 overlap
  FM 148 north – CrandallNorth end of FM 148 overlap
Kaufman 
  Bus. SH 34 north – Kaufman
  FM 1388 (Houston Street) – Oak Grove
  US 175 – Dallas, AthensInterchange
  FM 1836 (Temple Street)
  
   SH 243 / Bus. SH 34 south (Mulberry Street) – Kaufman, Canton
  FM 2728 north – Elmo
Terrell  I-20 – Dallas, CantonI-20 exit 501
  
   Bus. SH 34 north (Virginia Street) to US 80 – Forney, Wills Point
  Spur 87 east (High Street) – Terrell State Hospital
 
  Bus. SH 34 south – Terrell
Hunt  Spur 264 north – Quinlan
Quinlan  SH 276 east – Lake TawakoniSouth end of SH 276 overlap
  SH 276 west (Main Street) – RockwallNorth end of SH 276 overlap
  FM 2101 north – Lake Tawakoni - Caddo Inlet
  FM 1564 westSouth end of FM 1564 overlap
  FM 1564 eastNorth end of FM 1564 overlap
  FM 1903 west – Caddo Mills
Greenville   FM 1570 (Jack Finney Boulevard) – L-3 Communications, Airport
   I-30 / US 67 (Martin Luther King, Jr. Expressway) – Rockwall, Sulphur SpringsI-30 exit 93
   US 69 / US 380 (Joe Ramsey Boulevard) – Leonard, Emory, Farmersville
 
  Bus. US 69 south (Oneal Street)
South end of Bus. US 69 overlap
  Spur 302 (Lee Street)
 
  Bus. US 69 north (Sockwell Boulevard)
North end of Bus. US 69 overlap
  SH 224 east – Commerce, Texas A&M University-Commerce
  FM 3427 west – Kingston
  FM 1566 eastSouth end of FM 1566
  FM 1566 westNorth end of FM 1566 overlap
Wolfe City  FM 512 south – Campbell
  FM 816 west – Bailey
  SH 11 – Whitewright, Sulphur Springs
Fannin  FM 68 west
Ladonia  FM 2990 north
  SH 50 south – Commerce
  FM 64 east – Pecan Gap
  FM 1550
Honey Grove  SH 56 west – Dodd CityWest end of SH56 overlap
   SH 56 east / FM 100 north – ParisEast end of SH56 overlap, south end of FM100 overlap
  US 82 – Sherman, Pariscontinues northward as FM100
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, [1]
  2. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676739.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676882.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676907.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676961.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676967.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673871.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Richards, Mathew (October 23, 2014). "Officials break ground on $13.8 million State Highway 34 bypass project in Kaufman". inForney.com. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  9. ^ Elswick, Mike (October 19, 2014). "Groundbreaking held for Kaufman's State Highway 34 bypass". Terrell Tribune. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  10. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Business State Highway No. 34-A". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
  11. ^ Richards, Mathew (January 23, 2015). "Lane closures expected next week on U.S. Highway 175 to begin SH 34 bypass construction". InForney.com. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  12. ^ "Portions of U.S. Highway 175 frontage roads to be closed for SH 34 construction". InForney.com. January 30, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  13. ^ "34 Kaufman Bypass open". Kaufman Herald. October 19, 2016. Retrieved March 18, 2017.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Texas State Highway 34 at Wikimedia Commons