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State Highway 31, or SH 31, runs from U.S. Highway 84 northeast of Waco via Corsicana, Athens, Tyler, Kilgore to U.S. Highway 80 in Longview.

State Highway 31 marker

State Highway 31
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length143.3 mi[1] (230.6 km)
Existed1919–present
Major junctions
West end US 84 near Waco
  I-45 / US 287 in Corsicana

US 175 in Athens
US 69 in Tyler
US 271 in Tyler
US 259 in Kilgore

I-20 near Kilgore
East end US 80 / Spur 63 at Longview
Location
CountiesMcLennan, Hill, Navarro, Henderson, Smith, Gregg
Highway system
SH 30SH 32

HistoryEdit

SH 31 was a route proposed on October 9, 1917 to run from Waco northeast via Corsicana and Athens to Tyler, which remains the western portion of its current route to this day.[2] On November 27, 1922, the route had been extended northeast to Gladewater, replacing part of SH 15 so that SH 15 had only one route west of Gladewater. On October 26, 1932, SH 31 Spur was designated through Malakoff.[3] On September 26, 1939, the section from Tyler to Gladewater was reassigned to U.S. Highway 271 (which it had been cosigned with earlier), with SH 31 now being extended east to Kilgore over former SH 176. SH 31 Spur was renumbered as Spur 63. On June 30, 1971, SH 31 extended north to I-20 concurrent with US 259. When U.S. Highway 259 was rerouted on July 25, 1985, SH 31 was extended northeast into Longview.

Route descriptionEdit

 
Texas State Highway 31 as East Tyler Street in Athens

Business routesEdit

SH 31 has two business routes.

Athens business loopEdit

State Highway Business 31-H is a business loop that runs through Athens. The route was created in 2004.[4]

Mount Calm business loopEdit

State Highway Business 31-K is a business loop that runs near Mount Calm. The road was bypassed on July 30, 2015 by SH 31 when it was rerouted west.[5]

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
McLennan  US 84 – Waco, Mexia
  FM 1330 south (Longhorn Pkwy) – Axtell
  FM 2311 (Sutherland Rd)
  FM 939 south (County Line Rd)
HillMount Calm  FM 339 southWest end of FM 339 overlap
  FM 339 northEast end of FM 339 overlap
  FM 936 south
Hubbard  SH 171 (Magnolia Ave) – Malone, Coolidge
Navarro  FM 709 north
Dawson  FM 709 eastWest end of FM 709 overlap
  FM 709 northEast end of FM 709 overlap
  FM 667 north
  FM 55 northWest end of FM 55 overlap
  FM 55 southEast end of FM 55 overlap
   FM 1126 north to FM 744
  FM 2452 south
Corsicana  FM 2555 (45th St)
   SH 22 west / FM 709 south (15th St) – Barry
  BL I-45Interchange
   I-45 / US 287 – Ennis, FairfieldI-45 exit 231; interchange.
  FM 1129 north
Powell  FM 633 south
  FM 1393 south
Kerens  FM 636 north
  SH 309 south (Senter Ave) – Goodlow
  FM 3096 west – Kerens
HendersonTrinidad   SH 274 north / FM 764 south (Park St) – Tool
  FM 1667 south (League Line Rd)
Malakoff   SH 198 north / FM 2636 south (Terry St) – Log Cabin
  FM 753 south
Athens  
   Loop 7 south / Bus. SH 31 east (Corsicana St)
Interchange, west end of SL 7 overlap
    
   US 175 north / Bus. US 175 south – Eustace
Interchange, west end of US 175 overlap
  
   SH 19 north / Bus. SH 19 south (Palestine St) – Canton
Interchange, west end of SH 19 overlap
  FM 1616
    
     Bus. SH 31 west (Tyler St) / Loop 7 south / US 175 south / SH 19 south
Interchange, east end of SL 7, US 175, and SH 19 overlaps
  FM 317 east
Murchison   FM 773 north to FM 1616 west
  FM 1803 southWest end of FM 1803 overlap
  FM 1803 northEast end of FM 1803 overlap
Brownsboro  FM 607 south
  FM 314
  FM 3204 eastFormer routing of TX 31
  FM 3204 west
Chandler  FM 315 (Broad St)
Smith  FM 2661
  Spur 364 south
  FM 206 south
  Spur 164 south
Tyler  Loop 323
   Spur 235 east (Old Chandler Hwy) to SH 64
    US 69 / SH 64 / SH 110 (Glenwood Blvd)
   SH 155 / US 271 north (Beckham Ave)
Saunders AveInterchange
Fleishel AveInterchange
  Loop 124 east (Old Henderson Hwy)
  Loop 323
  FM 850 westWest end of FM 850 overlap
  FM 850 eastEast end of FM 850 overlap
  FM 2908 north
  FM 757 north
Gregg  FM 2767 west (Old Kilgore Hwy)
  FM 3053
  FM 1639 west
  FM 2012 south
Kilgore  SH 135 – Liberty City, OvertonInterchange
  SH 42 (Powderhorn Rd) – White Oak, New London
    
   Bus. US 259 south / FM 349 east
West end of US 259 Bus. overlap
  US 259 south – HendersonInterchange, east end of US 259 Bus. overlap, west end of US 259 overlap
   I-20 / US 259 north – Liberty City, LongviewI-20 exit 589 westbound, 589A-B eastbound; interchange, east end of US 259 overlap.
  FM 1252 west
  Loop 281Interchange
Longview  FM 2205 west (Jaycee Rd)
   US 80 (Marshall Ave) / Spur 63 north (McCann Rd) – White Oak, Hallsville
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 31". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2010-10-30.
  2. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676754.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673818.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Business State Highway No. 31-H". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
  5. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Business State Highway No. 31-K". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.