Texas State Highway 20
State Highway 20 or SH 20 is a 78.1-mile (125.7 km) highway maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) that runs from New Mexico State Road 460 at the state line between Texas and New Mexico at Anthony in El Paso County to Interstate 10 at McNary in Hudspeth County. It largely follows a former alignment of U.S. Route 80. The route passes through the city of El Paso as well as suburban and rural farming communities along the Rio Grande. With the exception of a stretch north of central El Paso where the route crosses north of I-10, the route generally runs in a narrow belt between I-10 and the Rio Grande. The route has connections to every international border crossing with Mexico in the El Paso area and has important intersections with US 54, US 62, US 85, and US 180.
|Maintained by TxDOT|
|Length||78.061 mi (125.627 km)|
|Existed||April 2, 1969–present|
|West end||NM 460 / NM 478 in Anthony|
| SH 178 in El Paso|
US 62 in El Paso
|East end||I-10 in McNary|
|Counties||El Paso, Hudspeth|
Until the late 1930s, the route designation belonged to a highway in central Texas along the route of present-day US 290. The current route predates the Texas highway system having been a portion of several historic auto trails. The route was included at the creation of the state system as part of SH 1. With the establishment of the U.S. numbered highway system, the route became US 80 and the SH 1 designation was eventually dropped. SH 20 was designated over the route when US 80 was relocated over I-10 before it too was decommissioned in western Texas.
Before the state established its highway system, the route of SH 20 was used by many historic auto trails including the Dixie Overland Highway, the Old Spanish Trail, the Lee Highway, the Jefferson Davis National Highway, and the Bankhead Highway.
The current SH 20 was originally a part of the former SH 1, a route that from the current eastern terminus of the present route continued on through Van Horn, Odessa, Midland, Abilene, Fort Worth, and Dallas before entering Arkansas at Texarkana. This route was also one of the original routes planned in 1917, and remained largely unchanged until the end of the 1930s.
In 1927, US 80 was designated over the route of SH 1 from the New Mexico state line at Anthony to Dallas and then proceeding east to the Louisiana state line east of Waskom. The highway carried both the US 80 and SH 1 designations until the 1939 general redescription of the state highway system when SH 1 was decommissioned outside the city of Dallas. In 1944, the full length of US 80 within Texas was designated as the Veterans of World War II Highway. US 80 was relocated over I-10 through El Paso on April 2, 1969, and its former route was then renamed SH 20. US 80 was decommissioned west of Dallas on August 28, 1991.
SH 20 begins where NM 460 (Co-signed with NM 478), also called Anthony Dr., reaches the state line between Anthony, New Mexico and Anthony, Texas in the El Paso area's Upper Valley. The route proceeds south through Anthony along Main St. passing Federal Correctional Institution, La Tuna. The route then enters Vinton where it becomes Doniphan Dr. Further south in Canutillo the route intersects Loop 375, El Paso's beltway. After entering the city of El Paso, the route intersects SH 178 which connects the route via NM 136 to the international border with Mexico south of Santa Teresa, New Mexico. Further south, SH 20 turns off of Doniphan Dr. and onto Mesa St. and soon after crosses the I-10 freeway which also carries US 85 and US 180 at this point. The route continues to the southeast passing through the foothills of the Franklin Mountains. The route then passes the University of Texas at El Paso and Sun Bowl Stadium before entering central El Paso.
In central El Paso, the route crosses I-10 and US 180 again and then soon after turns northeast on Texas Ave. where the route crosses Santa Fe St. and Stanton St. leading to the Paso del Norte International Bridge and Good Neighbor International Bridge to Ciudad Juárez. The route then turns east along Alameda Ave. The route then crosses Loop 478 before crossing the unsigned I-110 and US 54 at the Patriot Freeway which leads to the international Bridge of the Americas. The route crosses US 62 at Paisano Dr. before the route turns southeast at Ascarate Park and enters the Lower Valley.
At Zaragoza Rd., which leads to the Ysleta-Zaragoza International Bridge, the route intersects FM 258 and passes Ysleta Mission in the Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Native American reservation. The route crosses Loop 375 again before entering Socorro where the route continues along Alameda. Further to the southeast at Clint, SH 20 crosses FM 1110 to San Elizario. In Fabens, where SH 20 is known as Main St., the route crosses FM 76 which leads toward the Fabens-Caseta International Bridge. The route passes through Tornillo as Alameda Ave. again before leaving El Paso County.
In Hudspeth County, the route intersects Spur 148 which passes through central Fort Hancock. A short distance later, the route intersects FM 1088 which connects Fort Hancock to the Fort Hancock – El Porvenir International Bridge. At McNary, the route intersects FM 2217 which continues along the Lower Valley, and then terminates at I-10.
|El Paso||Anthony||0.0||0.0||NM 460 north (Anthony Drive)|
|0.0||0.0||FM 1905 west (Washington Street)||west end of FM 1905 overlap|
|0.1||0.16||FM 1905 east (Franklin Street) to I-10||east end of FM 1905 overlap|
|0.6||0.97||Spur 6 east (Wildcat Drive) to I-10|
|Vinton||2.9||4.7||To I-10 / Vinton Road (Spur 37) – Vinton, Westway|
|6.4||10.3||Loop 375 east (Talbot Drive) to I-10|
|El Paso||Spur 16|
|8.5||13.7||SH 178 (Artcraft Road) to I-10||interchange|
|11.8||19.0||I-10 / US 85 / US 180 – Las Cruces||I-10 exit 11|
|19.7||31.7||I-10 (US 180)||I-10 exit 19|
|To Fed. 45 / Mesa Street|
|22.5||36.2||Loop 478 (Copia Street)|
|24.0||38.6||US 62 (Paisano Drive) to I-10 – Juarez|
|24.8||39.9||FM 1505 (Clark Drive)|
|25.7||41.4||FM 76 east (Delta Drive)|
|32.2||51.8||FM 258 east (Zaragoza Road) to I-10|
|33.4||53.8||Loop 375 (Americas Avenue) to I-10||Loop 375 exit 47|
|Clint||41.5||66.8||FM 1110 (Clint) to I-10 – San Elizario Mission|
|Fabens||48.1||77.4||FM 258 west|
|48.7||78.4||FM 76 (Island Rd.) to I-10 / FM 793 – Port of Entry|
|||FM 3380 (M.F. Aguilera Road)|
|Hudspeth||Fort Hancock||72.2||116.2||Spur 148 to I-10|
|||73.1||117.6||FM 1088 south – Port of Entry|
|||78.1||125.7||I-10 – El Paso, Sierra Blanca||I-10 exit 78|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 20". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676739.pdf. Missing or empty
- Weingroff, Richard F. "U.S. Route 80 The Dixie Overland Highway". Highway History. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 22, 2010. External link in
- Map Showing Proposed System of State Highways (Map) (June 1917 ed.). ¾"=25 mi. Cartography by John D. Miller. Texas State Highway Department, Office of State Highway Engineer. July 1917. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Highway Map, State of Texas (Map) (October 1, 1919 ed.). 1"=25 mi. Texas State Highway Department. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Highway Map of the State of Texas (Map) (December 1, 1922 ed.). 1"=20 mi. Texas State Highway Department. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Official Highway Map of Texas (Map) (1926 ed.). 1"=30 mi. Texas State Highway Commission. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Official Highway Map of Texas (Map) (1928 ed.). 1⅛"=20 mi. Texas State Highway Commission. Revised to March 1, 1929. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2010. Check date values in:
- Official Map of the Highway System of Texas (Map) (June 15, 1933 ed.). ⅞"=30 mi. Cartography by R. M. Stene. Texas State Highway Commission. § M16-N24. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- Official Map of the Highway System of Texas (Map) (Centennial ed.). 1"=29 mi. Cartography by R. M. Stene. Texas State Highway Commission. Corrected to March 1, 1936. Retrieved July 21, 2010. Check date values in:
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 80". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 1". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- Google (July 20, 2010). "Map of SH 20" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 20, 2010.