Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets

The Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets (often The Corps of Cadets, or simply the Corps) is a student military organization at Texas A&M University. Established with the university in 1876, it is the oldest student organization on campus.

Corps of Cadets
Corps of Cadets on Kyle Field at halftime on Nov 16, 2019 in a Block T
Active1876 − present
Country United States
Allegiance Texas
TypeSenior military college
RoleOfficer Training/Leadership Development
Part ofTexas A&M University
Garrison/HQCollege Station, Texas
Nickname(s)"Keepers of the Spirit"
"Guardians of Tradition"
Motto(s)Per Unitatem Vis (Latin: "Through Unity, Strength")[1]
Mascot(s)Reveille X
Websitehttps://corps.tamu.edu/
Commanders
Commandant of the CorpsBrigadier General Patrick Michaelis
Chief of StaffColonel Gary Beaty
Insignia
Corps of Cadets' "Corps Stack"

Students who elect to join the Corps must participate in mandatory Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) courses and training for the first three semesters, but they are optional after that. All cadets are required to attend leadership classes in the School of Military Science coordinated by the Commandant's Office. Approximately 45 percent[2] of the members of the Cadet Corps continue with the ROTC curriculum, contract with the military, and receive commissions as officers in the United States armed forces upon graduation. Juniors and seniors who do not have military contracts to receive commissions but wish to remain members of the Cadet Corps are classified as "Drill & Ceremonies" (D&C) cadets. As established under federal law, Texas A&M is one of six U.S. colleges classified as senior military colleges and is the largest.[3]

History

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Early years

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The Corps of Cadets was founded in 1876 with the creation of the all-male, military-focused Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas under the Morrill Act of 1862. The Morrill Act did not specify the extent of military training, leading many land-grant schools to provide only minimal training, Texas A&M was an exception. The only mention of military training is in Section 5:[4]

...the leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts...

In 1876, Robert Page Waller Morris, a 1872 graduate[5] of Virginia Military Institute, joined the university staff and was assigned as the first Commandant of the Corps.[6] In this role, he drafted the first set of Corps regulations and designed the first cadet uniform.[6] Prior to joining Texas A&M, Morris served as a professor at the Texas Military Institute alongside John Garland James and Hardaway Hunt Dinwiddie, who were also VMI cadets.[7][8] James and Dinwiddie both became future presidents of Texas A&M. Morris' experience at VMI and TMI influenced the foundation he laid for Texas A&M's interpretation of the Morrill Act of 1862.

In November 1879 the first administration was dismissed, including Morris.[6] The board was not happy with the direction of the college and a great rift had developed in the faculty due to an event known as the "Crisp Affair."[9] The four-day proceedings are well documented in the Galveston Daily News.[10][11][12][13][14]

The board quickly restaffed the faculty, largely with members from the Texas Military Institute. John Garland James, then president of TMI, was named as the 2nd president of the university. One of James' first hires was John Waller Clark,[15] a recent VMI graduate, to serve as the Assistant Commandant.[6] During his tenure, James strongly advocated for the military training aspect of A&M's curriculum. The following is a quote from John Garland James regarding his beliefs about military training in an academic setting.[16]

The military system of school government... tends to develop in the student a high sense of personal honor and moral responsibility, and to give him those habits of regularity, promptness, self-reliance, and respect for proper authority, which go far to make the good citizen and the successful man of business. It thus becomes a potent factor in the formation of true character.[16]

In 1883, out of frustration, James resigned, and James Reid Cole was named 3rd president of the university.[6] Cole served as president for only a few months when the board made a surprise move removing Cole from the office of president naming Hardaway Hunt Dinwiddie in the new position of Chairman of the Faculty. Dinwiddie was also VMI alumnus and a strong believer in military training. By the time of Dinwiddie's unfortunate passing in 1887, Texas A&M's military tradition was strongly instituted.

Through the first four administrations there were overtures to reduce the military aspect of Texas A&M. The first president, Thomas Gathright, was not a strong advocate and often had differences with Morris.[6] James faced criticisms of the regimen from the state legislature,[17] and Dinwiddie faced the pressures of strong competition from the newly formed University of Texas at Austin.[6]

For the school's first thirty-one years, through the 1907–08 academic year, the Cadet Corps was organized into one battalion consisting of two to four companies, designated companies "A", "B", "C", and "D". Early on, these were designated "Infantry" companies, but the Commandant ensured that Artillery training was included in the military instruction. The Aggie Band was organized in 1894 as a permanent institution within the Corps. In 1908, with enrollment over 570, a second battalion was added. As enrollment climbed, the Cadet Corps continued to grow to multiple battalions, each with two to four companies, and the Corps became divided into multiple regiments.

The academic year 1916–17 saw the division of the Corps into two regiments. The following year, the two regiments had a total of six battalions composed of eighteen companies and a battery of field artillery. In 1918, enrollment surged to 1,284, almost a fifty percent increase over the previous year. In the 1919–20 school year, a Signal Corps battalion and a Mounted Cavalry battalion (later called a "cavalry squadron") with one cavalry troop were added. An Air Service squadron with one company-sized "flight" was added in the 1920–21 school year.[18]

In the fall of 1923, the Cadet Corps, with a total of 2,091 cadets in twenty-three individual units, became divided between the Infantry Regiment and the Composite Regiment. The Composite Regiment included the Cavalry, Field Artillery, Air Service and Signal Corps units. The Air Corps Squadron (formerly Air Service Squadron) was phased out at the end of the 1927–28 school year. In the fall of 1928, with enrollment at 2,770 cadets, an Engineer Battalion was added, and the following year a third regiment was formed out of the expanded Field Artillery Battalion. A fourth battalion, the Coast Artillery, was added to the Composite Regiment in the fall of 1933.[18]

 
Corps Formation outside of Old Main, circa 1912

The Cadet Corps enrollment hit a peak of 2,770 in 1928, but the Great Depression took its toll, and by the fall of 1932 enrollment had fallen to 2,001. But as the Depression waned and the U.S. involvement in the war became imminent, enrollment climbed back to a pre-War total of over 6,500 in the fall of 1941. In 1935, swelling enrollment forced the formation of an Engineer Regiment and a Cavalry Regiment. With these two new regiments, added to the Infantry, Field Artillery and Composite regiments, the Cadet Corps, for the first time in its history, now had a total of 5 regiments, encompassing thirty-two individual units (companies, batteries and troops). That same year, a Chemical Warfare Service Company was added to the Composite Regiment, and the following year a second company warranted the formation of a Chemical Warfare Service Battalion. A sixth regiment, the Coast Artillery Regiment, was added in 1937. In 1939, the Band had grown to the point that it was now divided into two units, the Infantry and Artillery Bands.[18]

In the fall of 1942, as citizens of Texas responded to America's need for military officers, the number of individual military units in the Cadet Corps hit an all-time high with a total of seven regiments of seventeen battalions comprising sixty companies, batteries, and troops, including the Band. The Cadet Corps at Texas A&M sent over 20,229 former cadets into World War II, 14,123 of them as commissioned officers, more than the combined totals of both military academies. By February 1943 enrollment dropped to less than 4,000 as Cadets left school to serve in the U.S. military. The 1944–45 school year saw enrollment drop to as low as 1,600 and the depletion of cadets forced the reorganization of the Corps down to only two regiments (Infantry and Composite) consisting of a total of only 17 companies, batteries and troops, including the two Band units. In 1943, the U.S. Army declared the Mounted Cavalry obsolete, although Cavalry units continued at Texas A&M as mechanized units until the end of the 1949–50 academic year.[18]

Post-World War II

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World War II and the demands of the U.S. military took their toll on enrollment. But, with the end of the war, as enrollment surged in the fall of 1946, Texas A&M gained the use of Bryan Air Force Base, which was being closed, and converted a number of its buildings into dormitories. In 1947, all entering freshmen, approximately 1,500, were assigned to the Bryan Air Force Base "Annex" which became essentially a freshman campus. The Cadet Corps reorganized again to accommodate these unusual conditions.[18] The 1947–48 Cadet Corps consisted of five regiments, a Headquarters Group, and the Band during that academic year. The five regiments (a combined Infantry and Veterans regiment, an Artillery regiment, a combined Air Force and Cavalry regiment, a combined Engineer and Composite regiment, and the "Training Regiment" consisting of nine companies of freshmen), the Headquarters Group and the Band were composed of a total of 35 individual military units.[18] The 1951–52 academic year saw the organization of the Cadet Corps at is largest in number of individual units. Sixty-six units (companies, batteries and squadrons) were divided among 8 regiments (Infantry, Artillery, Armor/Engineers, First Air Force Wing, 2nd Air Force Wing, Composite Regiment, Seventh Regiment and the Eighth Freshman Training Regiment) consisting of 21 battalions and the Band.[18]

During this post-war era and into the 1950s, the various units of the Corps continued to be identified by their military branch. The traditional branches (Infantry, Field Artillery, Cavalry, Engineers, Coast Artillery, Quartermaster, Ordinance, Signal Corps, Armor, Chemical Corps, Transportation, Army Security, and Army Air Force) continued to be represented. But the strength of air power and the rise of the importance of the U.S. Air Force during this era was evident in the organization of the Cadet Corps as Army Air Corps units became Air Force flights (later squadrons). Veterans companies and flights were formed to separate these older veterans from younger cadets. Beginning in 1948 athletes were organized into their own batteries (later companies) to accommodate special team practice schedules.[18] That same year, 1948, the Freshman Regiment added a Band Company and four Air Force flights for a total of 12 units. The Eighth Freshman Training Regiment was moved to the main campus in the fall of 1950, and by 1951, it consisted of a total of 15 freshman companies, batteries and squadrons, each with a branch designation, attached to which was a Senior Battalion of four companies of cadet Seniors. During the 1953–54 school year, over one-third of the 57 Corps units, a total of 21, consisted of Freshmen. The following year, freshmen were incorporated back into the other Corps units.[18] The 1954–55 school year, saw the Cadet Corps begin to take on the organization (two Army regiments and two Air Force wings, and the Band) that is familiar to most former cadets today. The Band, which in 1939 had divided itself into an Infantry company and an Artillery Battery (Field Artillery Band in 1940), dropped those branch designations in 1947 in favor of the two designations Maroon Band and White Band.[18]

The first unit logos, which later evolved into the now common unit names, began to appear among the Air Force units in the 1955–56 Aggieland yearbook. A few of the Army units began to follow suit in the 1957-58 Aggieland. But, in the 1959–60 academic year, with the complete reorganization of the First and Second Brigades and the official abandonment of the Army Branch designations, the units in the two Army Brigades began to adopt unit nicknames and mascots, or "outfit logos," in earnest.[18]

 
President Barack Obama shakes hands with Cadets during a visit to the campus in October 2009.

During the Vietnam War era, the Cadet Corps was composed of two to three Army Brigades, two to three Air Force Wings, and the Band. Each brigade was composed of two or three battalions of three to five companies each, and each Wing was composed of two groups of three to six squadrons each. During this period the Corps was composed of as many as 40 individual companies and squadrons, including the Band.[18]

Texas A&M remained a primarily all-male military institution with mandatory membership in the Cadet Corps until 1964, when the school began admitting women. In 1965 Corps membership became voluntary for students.[19][20]

The Corps first incorporated female members in the fall of 1974. At the time, the women were placed into a special unit, known as W-1. Harassment from their male counterparts was commonplace.[21][22] Women were initially prohibited from serving in leadership positions or in the more elite Corps units such as the Band and the Ross Volunteers. These groups were opened to female participation in fall of 1985, following a federal court decision in a class-action lawsuit filed by a female cadet; five years later, female-only units were eliminated.[21]

In 1977, Freshman Orientation Week was introduced for incoming fish, culminating in the tradition of the "Fish Review", which has occurred since 1988.[23]

In 2007, the corps consisted of 3 Brigades, 2 Regiments, 2 Wings, the Aggie Band, and a task force of special units and veterans outfits.[24]

Historical Service

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Members of the Cadet Corps have served in every major conflict fought by the United States since the Spanish–American War. During World War II, Texas A.M.C. produced 20,229 Aggies who served in combat. Of those, 14,123 were commissioned as officers, more than the combined total of the United States Naval Academy and the United States Military Academy during the same timeframe.[25][26][27] Over 250 Aggies have served as generals or flag officers,[28] and eight alumni have been awarded the highest United States military award, the Medal of Honor:[29][30][31]

*Sasser was not in the Corps and joined A&M after receiving his Medal of Honor

Modern corps

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Today, the Cadet Corps is a coeducational institution,[32] and all but eight of its units are gender-integrated.[29][33][34] Over 2,500 students, including over 300 women are members of the Corps, and, although this is only a small percentage of the overall student population, the Corps remains a highly visible presence on campus, a reminder of the school's origins as an all-male military college.[29][21] Cadets are active in many campus organizations and are renowned for their school spirit and have the moniker "Keepers of the Spirit".[18]

All military branches are represented in the organization of the Cadet Corps and is composed of an Air Force/Space Force Wing, an Army Brigade, a Navy/Marine Regiment, as well as The Fightin' Texas Aggie Band whose members may be affiliated with any military branch.[35]

In December 2018, the Corps of Cadets had the honor, and distinction, of saying their final farewell and salute to George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States of America, as he was laid to rest alongside the late First Lady Barbara Bush and their daughter Robin at the George Bush Presidential Library on the Texas A&M campus.

In April 2022, the campaign "March to 3,000" was launched to grow the Corps of Cadets to 3,000 members from around 2,143 in the fall 2021.[36]

Organization

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Office of the Commandant

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  • Top left: Edwin Jackson Kyle, the namesake of Kyle Field, in 1890 wearing his cadet uniform.
  • Top right: Brigadier General Joe Ramirez, the first commandant from a minority group.
  • Bottom left: Lieutenant General John Van Alstyne.
  • Bottom right: Brigadier General Patrick Michaelis is the current Commandant.

The Commandant is the Head of the School of Military Science. Along with his Chief of Staff and Assistant Commandants, they provide administrative and professional leadership for the Corps. Organizationally, the ROTC units are organized under the Commandant led by a representative of each of the military branches: the Professor of Military Science (Army ROTC), the Professor of Naval Science (Navy and Marine Corps ROTC), and the Professor of Aerospace Studies (Air Force and Space Force ROTC).[37]

Corps Commandants

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No. Commandant of Cadets Term Former Corps member Notes and

Reference

Portrait Name Took office Left office
1   Major Robert Morris 1876 1877 No
2 Captain George Olmstead 1877 1881
3 Captain C. J. Crane 1881 1884
4 Lieutenant John S. Mallory 1884 1886
5   Lieutenant Guy Carleton 1886 1888 No
6 Lieutenant William Scott 1889 1890
7 Lieutenant Benjamin Morse 1890 1894
8 Lieutenant George Bartlett 1894 1898
9 Colonel John Carter Edmonds April 1898 July 1898
10 Harry Martin 1898 March 1899
11   Edwin Jackson Kyle March 1899 May 1899 The only cadet to have held the position of commandant.
12 Colonel John Carter Edmonds May 1899 1901
13 Captain E. P. Avery 1901 1903
14   Captain Herbert Sargent 1903 1907
15   Captain Andrew Moses 1907 1911 No
16 Lieutenant Fenton 1911 1912
17 Lieutenant Levi Brown 1912 1914
18 Lieutenant James Hill 1914 1916
19 Captain C. H. Muller 1916 1917
20 Colonel C. S. Crane 1917 1918
21 Colonel C. H. Muller 1918 1919
22 Louis Dougherty 1919 1920
23 Lieutenant Colonel Ike Ashburn 1920 1923
24 Colonel Charles Todd 1923 1925
25 Lieutenant Colonel P. H. Turnell 1925 1927
26 Colonel Charles Nelson 1927 1932
27 Lieutenant Colonel John Mitchell 1932 1935
28 Colonel Frank Anderson 1935 1937
29 Colonel George Moore 1937 1940
30 Lieutenant Colonel James Watson 1940 1941
31 Colonel Maurice Welty 1941 1946
32   Colonel Guy S. Meloy Jr. 1946 1948 No
33   Colonel Haydon L. Boatner 1948 1951 No
34 Colonel Joe Davis 1951 1963
35 Colonel D. L. Baker 1963 1967
36 Colonel Jim McCoy 1967 1971
37 Colonel Thomas Parsons 1971 1977 Yes, A Field Artillery
38 Colonel James Woodall 1977 1982 Yes, D Infantry
39 Colonel Donald Burton 1982 1986 Yes, B Armor
40 J. Malon Southerland 1986 1987 Yes, Company F-2
41 Major General Thomas G. Darling 1987 1996 Yes, Squadron 11
42 Major General M. T. Hopgood 1996 2002 Yes, Company A-1 [38]
43   Lieutenant General John Van Alstyne 2002 2010 Yes, Company F-3[39] [40]
44 Colonel Jake Betty 2010 2010 Yes, Company E-2
45   Brigadier General Joe Ramirez 2010 2021 Yes, B-Battery [41]
- Colonel Byron Stebbins 2021 2022 Yes, Company N-1
46   Brigadier General Patrick Michaelis 2022 Present Yes, Company E-1 [42]

Corps Structure

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Marquis Alexander, the first black corps commander,[43][44] leading the corps staff during a review in 2012.

The Corps of Cadets has its own cadet commander, a Cadet Colonel, the Deputy Corps Commander, the Chief of Staff, the Corps Sergeant Major and 21 other cadet officers and sergeants.[45] The Corps of Cadets is organized and modeled after an army corps including Continental Staff positions in both the Corps leadership and the individual units.[16]

Corps Organization (2024-2025)

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Company F-2 at the SCONA review.
Major Unit ROTC Affiliation Minor Units Outfit
1st Brigade Army 1st Battalion A-2 Peacekeepers** Battlin' B-1 F-2 Foxes# L-1 Lonestar Company*
2nd Battalion D-2 Dogs* Red Eye I-1# Kayo K-1 (Transfer)
3rd Battalion Animal A-1 B-2 Patriots* E-1 Jocks*
1st Regiment Navy/Marines 5th Battalion Gladiator G-2# Trident P-2 Spartan S-1
6th Battalion (C-2) Old Army Cock Company* E-2 Mascot Company[a] N-1 Knights
7th Battalion D-1 Devils (Transfer) S-2 Marauders Killer K-2* Ramblin' G-1 Rogues*
1st Wing Air Force 1st Group Thunderbird 3 Outlaw 8 Heaven's 11# Challenger 17*
2nd Group Huslin' 1 Talon 12# Falcon 16#
3rd Group Gator 2 Filthy Fifth Savage 6
4th Group Phantom 18 (Transfer) Titan 20** Hellcat 21 Nighthawk 23
Band N/A Artillery Band A-Battery Noblemen B-Battery Wildmen C-Battery Marksmen
Infantry Band A-Company Wolfpack B-Company Street Fighters C-Company Crusaders
Other Delta Company[46][b]

Key: * male-only unit, # historically STEM unit, ** Pre-professional unit. Note that "Company A-1" or "Squadron 2" are the official designations of the outfits in the Corps. The nicknames of the outfits are included as they are an integral part of the tradition and heritage of the Corps. Squadron 18, K-1, and D-1 are the (transfer) outfits for out-of-cycle cadets who will be completing their freshman year in one semester.[47]

Special Units

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The following are special units within the Corps of which cadets can additionally be members (for example a cadet in D-2 could be a member of the Ross Volunteers, but not the Band).

Ross Volunteers

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The Ross Volunteers perform a rifleman's salute as candles are lit for the deceased at the 2007 Aggie Muster at Reed Arena

The Ross Volunteer Company is the official Honor Guard for the Governor of the state of Texas, and, aside from the Cadet Corps itself, is the oldest student organization in the state of Texas. Started in 1887, the organization was named Scott Volunteers for the President of Texas A&M. In 1898, the company was renamed for Texas A&M President Lawrence Sullivan Ross.[48][49]

The company is composed of junior and senior cadets. Cadets are chosen on a basis of honor, humility, and character. Each fall, approximately 72 junior cadets are selected into the company by the RV seniors. A critical voting process, undisclosed to outside sources, is conducted to select the new junior inductees. Once the juniors are inducted into the company, it is composed of those newly selected juniors and 35 seniors holding leadership positions. Seniors not selected for leadership positions retain their membership.[49]

Today, the RV uniform is a distinctive white uniform, with yellow trim. Officers in the RV Company (Commanding Officer, Executive Officer, Administrative Officer, Operations Officer, and three Platoon Leaders) as well as one Non-Commissioned Officer (1st Sergeant) wear a silk red sash around the waist of the white uniform. The RV Company performs a 3-volley, 21-gun salute at the traditional Silver Taps ceremony and at the annual campus Muster event. In addition, the RV Company marches in several parades each year including the Rex Parade on Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Louisiana. The RVs serve as the honor guard of Rex, the king of Mardi Gras. Other duties include Texas Gubernatorial events, funerals, weddings, and campus events.[50][21]

Fish Drill Team

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Fish Drill Team class of 2014 Marches into Kyle Field

This all-freshman precision rifle drill team represents Texas A&M and its Corps of Cadets in competition with other colleges at military drill meets around the nation. The team began when the freshmen were moved from the main campus to deal with the overcrowding and hazing issues that followed World War II and the return of war veterans to the A&M campus. The freshmen were moved to the Riverside Campus Annex and lived in the dorms of the retired Bryan Air Force Base twelve miles from campus. They were bussed to class each day, but primarily lived in isolation from the rest of the Corps. In order to "promote unity and focus on military precision", the freshmen organized themselves into the Freshman Drill Team in the fall of 1947[51]

Over the following 75 years, the team earned dozens of national championships including every national title since 2004, except 2009, when the team placed 2nd.[52][53][54][55] They were selected to portrayed the United States Marine Corps Silent Drill Platoon during the opening segment of the 1992 film A Few Good Men and served as army soldiers in training in Courage Under Fire.[56]

Despite a successful record in drill competitions nationwide, in 1997 the Fish Drill Team was put on hiatus for four years due to leadership concerns and issues, most notably hazing of students.[57] The team was reinstated in the spring of 2002.[58]

Parsons Mounted Cavalry

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A member of Parsons Mounted Cavalry guarding The Spirit of '02 before a home football game

Parsons Mounted Cavalry serves as the only mounted ROTC cavalry unit in the country. They were formed in the spring of 1973 to preserve the traditions of the Texas A&M cavalry through the 1930s. The unit represents the university at football games, parades, agricultural, and equestrian events throughout Texas. It is named after Colonel Thomas R. Parsons who oversaw the creation of the unit, former Commandant from 1972 to 1978 and the only active-duty Commandant at Texas A&M.[59]

Within this special unit, Half Section (responsible for Field Artillery and Mule Team elements) maintains the "Spirit of '02", a field gun found in the fall of 1974 at a Aggie Bonfire cut site near Easterwood Airport.[59] The cannon is driven by a 4 horse team and a restored caisson to Kyle Field and fired during all home football games, midnight yell practice, and other special events. While Aggie lore states the gun was the runaway that tumbled over a ridge in the film We've Never Been Licked, there is no conclusive evidence.[60]

ROTC special units

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There are many special units under the different ROTC programs and their cadet-led units: The Warrior Training Battalion, the Midshipmen Battalion and Air Force Detachment 805.

Unit Description
Rudder's Rangers Rudder's Rangers is named for James Earl Rudder, commander of the 2nd Ranger Battalion that stormed the beaches at Normandy. Upon retirement from the military, Rudder became the 16th president of Texas A&M University. Rudder's Rangers trains volunteer Army ROTC cadets and prepares them to take part in some of the Army's special training schools, such as Airborne School, Air Assault School, and eventually Ranger School. This training happens over a year-long process, during which cadets participate in a winter field training exercise at Fort Cavazos and compete in Texas A&M's Best Ranger Competition. Cadets meeting the requirements are awarded a pin to wear on their uniform.
SEAL Platoon Under the NROTC program, SEAL Platoon is a team of cadets that prepares cadets to become Navy SEALs, Navy EOD technicians or Navy Diving Officers.[61]
Marine Corps Recon Company In addition to the platoon, the Marine Corps Recon Company is a team of cadets that prepares cadets for the successful completion of the Marine Corps Basic Reconnaissance Course, allowing them to become Force Recon or Recon Battalion members.[61]
Special Tactics Squadron The Special Tactics Squadron is a team of cadets that prepares cadets for United States Air Force service within the Special Operations Fields. These Include primarily the Special Tactics Officer (STO), Air Liaison Officer (ALO), and Combat Rescue Officer (CRO). Air Force Special Operations Forces can work as sole units, but are commonly integrated into a US Army Ranger Battalion in special duties. Space Delta Zero is an AFROTC unit affiliated with the United States Space Force.[62]

Other corps organizations

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  • AMC Honor Guard[c]
  • Arnold Air Society (Major Horace S. Carswell Jr. Squadron)
  • C.A.D.E.T (Cultural Awareness and Diversity Expansion Team)[d]
  • Color Guard[e]
  • Corps Center Guard
  • Corps Cybersecurity Special Unit
  • Gen. O.R. Simpson Honor Society[f]
  • Major General T. G. Darling Recruiting Company[g]
    • Summer Recruiting Company
  • Aggie Eagle Post. Cadets who have earned the Boy Scouts of America, Eagle Scout rank, or the Girl Scouts of the USA, Gold Award, are eligible to join. Members conduct community-wide and scout related service as well as participate in/lead various scouting events at both the state and local level. While the unit has held an active status with the university, the unit was formally reactivated/recognized by the Corps in the fall of 2015.

Class system

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As a member of the Corps, a cadet climbs through four classes of seniority. The current Corps of Cadets uniform is unique among military schools, bearing a close resemblance to the US Army uniforms from after World War I to World War II known as Pinks and greens. There are slight differences in the uniform worn by each class year, noted below, including the Senior Boots, calf-skin riding boots harkening back to the US Army cavalry officer's uniform of World War I. All cadets wear the same basic Corps uniform regardless of service affiliation.[66]

Freshmen

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Fish Review fall of 2006

Freshman cadets are called fish. The first year, is analogous to the experiences of the Rooks at Norwich University, Knobs at The Citadel, Rats of the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets and the Virginia Military Institute, Frogs at University of North Georgia, Doolies at the United States Air Force Academy, or Plebes at any of the other U.S. Federal Service Academies.

Both freshmen and sophomore cadets are required to wear metal taps on the heels of their shoes. In addition, male fish must maintain an extremely short hairstyle known colloquially as a "fish cut". Corps freshmen are not addressed by their first name; a freshman named John Smith would become fish Smith his freshman year in the Corps. A freshman whose last name is not known to the speaker is referred to by the generic name "fish Jones." Cadets who started in the same class year are known as buddies.[27]

In addition to standardized answers, every fish is required to know the answers to a wide number of questions including, "What's for chow?", "How many days until Final Review?", and a long list of university history questions. Upon meeting an upperclassman fish must introduce themselves and learn the upperclassman's name. As the academic year progresses, some upperclassmen will begin to grant the fish permission to use his or her first name and speak more informally.[27]

Sophomores

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Sophomores in the Corps are known as pissheads, often bowdlerized as "head". A sophomore's duty in the Corps is to train and drill the freshmen through all their necessary duties and responsibilities through Final Review in May. They are graded by the performance of their freshmen. Much like drill sergeants, the pissheads are responsible for seeing that the fish adapt and excel in Corps life through rigorous, diligent, and sometimes intense instruction. Sophomores are expected to be the best example of cadets for their fish. It is generally considered bad form for a junior or senior to correct a sophomore in view of freshmen.

Juniors

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US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates (wearing senior boots) along with senior cadets at the Pentagon give the "Gig 'em"

As a junior, the cadet is called a "sergebutt" or more commonly just butt. The nickname is a result of a junior privilege to purchase tailor made the serge uniforms which were easier to maintain and required less ironing. The Corps juniors, wearing a white braid on their garrison caps and white cotton belts, run the daily operations of the Corps. They hold the rank of cadet sergeant through cadet sergeant major, depending on the position attained.

Seniors

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Senior cadets are often referred to as "zips" (short for "zipperheads"), referring to the black and gold "zipper" braid on the garrison cap. A senior may also be referred to as an "elephant," which derives from the senior class Elephant Walk tradition held the week before the last regularly scheduled football game of the year. Seniors hold cadet officer rank, from Cadet 2nd Lieutenant to Cadet Colonel of the Corps.

Senior cadets, like all seniors at Texas A&M, may also order an Aggie Ring, the symbol of the university and one's graduating class.

A senior cadet is easily recognized by the distinctive brown calf-skin leather boots, known as senior boots, sabre, and gold braid on the garrison cap. Seniors are the only class allowed to wear their bider without a break or fold in the top seam.

Corps Life

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Cadets from the Aggie Band conducting a ruck march on West Campus

Today, cadets no longer occupy all of the student housing on campus. The Corps is housed only in the dorms located in what is now called " the Quadrangle, a.k.a. "the Quad". They are divided into companies, batteries, and squadrons, and serve as the basic units of the Corps of Cadets. These units are aligned by ROTC affiliation under a Navy/Marine Regiment, an Air Force Wing, an Army Brigade, a veteran's company, and the Combined Band.

There are normally two Corps formations each day—one in the morning and one in the evening to observe the raising and lowering of the American Flag before marching to Duncan Dining Hall for chow. In addition to college classes, cadets participate in daily Corps activities. These can range from intramural sport events, helping the local community, and unit physical fitness to school football games, trips to military bases, and marksmanship instruction at the rifle range.

 
"The Quad" located on the south side of campus

Corps Brass

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Junior cadets at March to the Brazos earning money to donate to the March of Dimes

Following the Corps reorganization and dropping of Army branch designations, cadets required a new symbol to be used. The solution to this was the Corps Brass, the class gift from the Class of 1960.[67] Created by cadets from Company F-1, it is used as the symbol for earning full membership in the Corps. All cadets go through the process of earning it during their first year. It is a shield with knight's helm on it with a sword and fasces crossed behind it and scrollwork over the top that says "Per Unitatem Vis," translating to "Through Unity, Strength." These elements represent how one of the first presidents of the university, Lawrence Sullivan Ross, was described: Soldier (sword), Statesman (fasces), and Knightly Gentleman (knight's helm).[68] To distinguish themselves, cadets in the band do not wear Corps Brass, instead wearing a small brass lyre device. In recent years, bandsmen often combine the lyre insignia with those of the U.S. Army infantry and field artillery branches (crossed rifles and crossed cannons, respectively) on some uniforms to reflect their affiliation with the Infantry or Artillery Bands (these designations having been reintroduced in 1976).

Corps Athletics

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Corps athletic teams compete against university club teams across the nation in baseball, basketball, golf, lacrosse, marathon, soccer, tennis, and triathlon. Additionally, the Corps of Cadets Marksmanship Unit (CCMU) is the Corps competitive shooting team, partaking in competitions throughout the state of Texas and across the country. They compete in a wide variety of shooting fields, including the following: SASP, 3gun, Trap and Skeet, and USPSA. The selection process for new freshmen is very strenuous, with over 200 applicants and less than 15 are selected (some with no shooting experience). That being said, in the team's 8 years of being active, they have accumulated over 8 national titles against colleges across the country, including West Point.

Unit awards

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The following major awards are given annually in connection with the Corps Awards Program:[45]

  • Lieutenant General Ormond R. Simpson Award for Most Outstanding Color Guard
  • United Services Automobile Association Award for Most Outstanding Major Unit Staff
  • Commandant's Award and Flag for University Activity
  • Robert M. Gates Public Service Award
  • J.J. Sanchez Award and Flag for Recruiting and Retention
  • George P. F. Jouine Award and Flag for Scholastic Achievement
  • Major General Bruno A. Hochmuth Award and Flag for Military Achievement
  • Taylor A. Gillespie Award and Flag for Most Improved Unit
  • President's Award and Flag for the Most Outstanding Major Unit
  • General George F. Moore Award, Plaque, and Flag for the Outstanding Unit

All awards are presented at the annually in the spring semester. Units awarded these honors are allowed to wear a citation cord and carry a flag to all events. At graduation, cadets may choose to wear any citation cord earned during their matriculation.

Senior boots

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Senior boots

Within the Texas A&M Corps of Cadets, seniors are given the privilege to wear distinctive brown leather boots, known as "senior boots." These boots are one of the most visible and recognizable institutions of the Aggie Corps, and remain one of the lasting images of Texas A&M University.[69]

The tradition of senior boots came about in 1914, when the Corps of Cadets changed uniforms from the West Point style. The seniors wanted a way to differentiate themselves from the other classes, so they began wearing officer boots, which evolved into the senior boots worn today. By 1925, the boot style was integrated into the official cadet uniform, as a "knee-height officer boot, of a light brown or tan." Lucchese's bootery in San Antonio became the main supplier of boots.[69]

By 1932, competition closer to campus sprang up. Joseph Holick, founder of the Fightin' Texas Aggie Band, opened Holick's that year, and his competition soon included Victor's, Russell's, and others. The average price for a pair of boots in 1932 was $32.50.[69] During World War II, due to the leather diversion to the war effort, Aggie seniors had to buy or inherit their boots from former cadets. By 1977, the price had risen to $200. Today, senior boots are normally ordered during freshman year and cost $700 to $1,900, but 85% of seniors in the Corps still purchase them. Seniors also have the option to apply to borrow a donated pair of boots through prior-worn boots donations from former cadets.[70]

To assist in removing their boots, seniors are allowed to yell "I need a fish!" at which point all available freshmen in the senior's outfit will race—and sometimes fight—to assist.[71]

Uniforms

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A senior cadet in his midnight uniform wearing hanging medals and Service Cover (note that since 2012, hanging medals are no longer authorized for wear with Midnights)

A variety of uniforms are issued to a cadet, including summer and winter versions of daily uniforms, dress uniforms and field uniforms. The "Uniform of the Day" depends on the weather. For special occasions and events, the uniform is specified in the Field Order or invitation for the event. Special Corps units have special uniforms, such as the Ross Volunteers, the Fish Drill Team and Parsons Mounted Cavalry.[35]

Uniform components

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Category Name Description
Headgear Garrison cap Tan or dark tan cover
Service cover Dark green crown and brass Corps Stack with a tan band, brown visor and strap. Seniors wear a gold band to represent cadet officer rank.
Campaign cover Dark green, with Corps Stack and class color cord and "acorns" (seniors wear a gold braid). Also known as a Howdy Hat, Smokey-the-Bear Hat, or Drill Sergeant Hat.
Army Combat Uniform cover Rank is centered on the crown
Shirts Class B Summer Short-sleeve tan shirt with two breast pockets and a yoke with three points pointed downward on the back. Worn with a white T-shirt.
Class B Winter Long-sleeve version of the Class B Summer shirt.
Midnights Dark green version of the Class B Winter shirt.
Class C (Army Combat Uniform (ACU)) Camouflage long-sleeved blouse with rank centered on chest. Worn with a sand colored T-shirt.
Class D Unit-specific T-shirt or grey/maroon Corps sweatshirt with Corps logo.
Jackets Class A coat A dark olive green, belted, four-pocket military coat.
Black jackets A black jacket worn over other uniforms. Rank is displayed on the epaulettes.
Overcoat A dark tan overcoat used in inclement weather and can be worn over any uniform.
Letterman's sweater Grey or white sweater with maroon trim or a maroon sweater indicating Juniors and Seniors who have participated in varsity sports (including band members, yell leaders, and Singing Cadets) Members of the fish Drill Team earn a letter sweater and may wear it as Sophomores.
Trousers Summer Straight-legged trousers made from the same color and material as the summer shirts. Seniors' pants are jodhpurs made in the same color and material.
Winter Darker and heavier trousers than the summer pants. Seniors' pants are jodhpurs made in the same color and material.
Class C Army Combat Uniform trousers
Class D Grey or black shorts or grey Corps sweatpants.
Footwear Black low-quarter shoes These are not permitted to be patent leather. They are worn with black socks. Women may wear neutral-color hose when wearing a skirt.
Combat boots Tan combat boots that conform with U.S. military regulations. They are worn with green/gray boot socks.
Senior boots These cavalry riding boots are a privilege reserved for seniors. Most seniors purchase them from one of several local companies; they can also be rented from the Corps Museum, or sometimes, seniors wear the boots a family member wore before them.
Belts and Buckles Freshman belt Black cotton with standard army-issue brass buckle.
Sophomore Belt Black nylon with flat, two-clamp, no tab brass buckle.
Junior Belt White cotton with flat, two-clamp, no tab brass buckle with the Corps Stack.
Senior Belt White nylon with flat, two-clamp, no tab brass buckle with the Army Crest. Seniors in the Navy ROTC may wear ship and unit buckles for non-inspection daily wear.
Other Sam Browne Belt A wide calfskin belt with matching shoulder strap connected by brass pins, buckles, and hooks used for carrying a saber. May be worn without a saber for formal events when weapons are inappropriate. Typically this item is reserved for seniors serving in a command capacity.
White cotton gloves Worn for formal functions. A rubberized gripping surface on the outer surface of the palms are authorized only for those carrying sabres, guidons, flags, or bugles.

Uniform combinations

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Name Description
Class A Green coat, long-sleeve tan shirt, black tie, dark tan trousers, green service cap, black low-quarter shoes.
Class B Summer Short sleeve tan shirt, light tan trousers, tan garrison cap, black low-quarter shoes or senior boots.
Class B Winter Long sleeve tan shirt, dark tan winter trousers, black necktie, dark tan garrison cap, black low-quarter shoes or senior boots.
Class B Midnights Green long-sleeve shirt, dark tan winter trousers, tan tie, dark tan garrison cap or green service hat, black low-quarter shoes or senior boots (since 2012, only juniors and seniors are authorized to wear Midnights).
Class C Army Combat Uniform
Physical Training Gear

Rank

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The rank structure of the Cadet Corps is generally based on the Army ROTC cadet rank structure. Today, the ranks are divided by class and, unlike at some other military schools, at Texas A&M a cadet can never be demoted such that a person of a lower class outranks him/her, although this has not always been true. Up through the early 1950s many senior and junior cadets held private rank, although they were accorded privileges and respect commensurate with their class rather than by their rank. Unlike most of the personnel in the U.S. Armed Forces, the rank is always a piece of metal approximately 1 square inch in size affixed to the uniform much like a tie tack, but is never cloth rank sewn onto the fabric.[35]

Freshmen are considered Cadet Privates and, as such, wear no rank, just a brass "A.M.U." symbolizing their affiliation with Texas A&M University. Sophomores hold the ranks of Cadet Private First Class, Cadet Corporal or Cadet Sergeant. Juniors are given cadet NCO rank (Sergeant through Sergeant Major of the Corps) and seniors are Cadet Officers (from Cadet 2nd Lieutenant through Cadet Colonel of the Corps).[35]

The highest-ranking member of the Corps is the school's official mascot, Reveille X. By decree from the US Army after World War II, Reveille holds the honorary rank of Cadet General. The female American collie is the "First Lady" of Texas A&M and is present at all Texas A&M football games and also attends other A&M functions.[72]

Insignia                
Rank Cadet General1 Cadet Colonel of the Corps Cadet Colonel Cadet Lieutenant Colonel Cadet Major Cadet Captain Cadet 1st Lieutenant Cadet 2nd Lieutenant
Insignia                   NONE
Rank Cadet Sergeant Major of the Corps Cadet Sergeant Major Cadet First Sergeant Cadet Master Sergeant Cadet Sergeant First Class Cadet Staff Sergeant Cadet Sergeant Cadet Corporal Cadet Private First Class Cadet Private ("fish")
1Honorary title held only by Reveille

Texas Aggie Corps of Cadets Association

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The Corps of Cadets Association is designed to provide funds to maintain its programs. The Ross Volunteer Association, and the Fish Drill Team Association. The Corps Recruiting Program was established in 1988 by order of Major General Thomas Darling as the first organized and professional recruiting for the Corps. Four years later, funds were raised to create the Corps Leadership Outreach Program which would support for the program. On 21 April 1993, the CLO was converted to the Corps of Cadets Association (CCA), receiving its state charter from the State of Texas and being established as a non-profit organization in 1995.[73]

Texas Aggie Band Association (TABA)

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The Texas Aggie Band Association was formed in the 1970s for the primary purpose of supporting the FTAB with private money. It is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, membership-based and led by volunteers. Intensely focused on supporting the Band, the TABA funds Texas A&M Foundation scholarships for bandsmen, sponsors certain Band-unique events, and provides direct financial aid to the Office of the Director of Bands.

In the past year the TABA has funded: $120,000 endowment for Bugles & Banners, almost $40k in scholarships, tutoring, band sweaters, senior awards, & dinner, fish practice t-shirts & travel polos, BQ Ball, drum major's brass plating, and more.

See also

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Notes

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  1. ^ E-2 is the unit responsible for taking care of Reveille, Texas A&M's mascot.
  2. ^ D-Co is a unit for veterans who have been deployed at least once.
  3. ^ Founded in 2006, after seven Second World War veterans did not receive a military burial, the honor guard is composed of juniors and seniors who fulfill these services in place of the armed forces.[63] Its motto is Veneratio Fortis which is Latin for "Honor the Brave."[64]
  4. ^ Consists of an African-American, Asian-American, Hispanic, Native American, LGBTQ+, and Religious cadet groups.
  5. ^ This special unit consists of a commanding officer, an executive officer, a first sergeant, a senior color sergeant and flagbearers/guards for Corps staff and every major unit except the Band.[citation needed] All color guards are made up exclusively of sophomores, with the exception of a junior who served as a color sergeant.
  6. ^ Cadets need to have a cumulative 3.4 GPA to join. Members foster new ideas of academic achievement, leadership and character in the Corps of Cadets and promotion of scholastic excellence through academic related projects which include tutor assistance and operation of a study lounge for all cadets.
  7. ^ This unit is designed to serve as a tool for recruiting, and to represent the corps at all recruiting and public functions.[65]

References

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  1. ^ "'They see me as just a color'". 12 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Welcome to the Corps of Cadets". TAMU Corps of Cadets. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  3. ^ 10 U.S.C. §§ AIIIChapter 103
  4. ^ "Morrill Act (1862)". National Archives. 2021-08-16. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  5. ^ "Robert Page Waller Morris". VMI Historical Rosters. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Green, Jennifer R.; Adams, John A. (2003-02-01). "Keepers of the Spirit: The Corps of Cadets at Texas A&M University, 1876-2001". Journal of Southern History. 69 (1): 3–33. doi:10.2307/30039895. ISSN 0022-4642. JSTOR 30039895.
  7. ^ "John Garland James". VMI Historical Rosters. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  8. ^ "Hardaway Hunt Dinwiddie". VMI Historical Rosters. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  9. ^ Chapman, David L. "The Crisp Affair" (PDF). Texas Aggie (November 2008): 42–43.
  10. ^ "Crisp Affair Prehearing Info". The Galveston Daily News. 1879-11-15. p. 4. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  11. ^ "Crisp Affair Day 1". The Galveston Daily News. 1879-11-19. p. 1. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  12. ^ "Crisp Affair Day 2". The Galveston Daily News. 1879-11-20. p. 1. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  13. ^ "Crisp Affair Day 3". The Galveston Daily News. 1879-11-21. p. 1. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  14. ^ "Crisp Affair Day 4". The Galveston Daily News. 1879-11-22. p. 1. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  15. ^ "John Waller Clark". VMI Historical Rosters. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  16. ^ a b c "Corps of Cadets" (PDF). cadets.tamu.edu. August 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 27, 2023. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  17. ^ Texas Legislative Record, 17th session, volume 2, no. 43, March 3, 1881, pp 1-3
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Adams, op. cit.
  19. ^ "Our History | About the Corps". www.aggiecorps.org. Archived from the original on April 12, 2009.
  20. ^ They accepted applications from women in fall 1963; this was also the year that the A.M.C. of Texas became Texas A&M University.
  21. ^ a b c d Nauman, Brett (September 10, 2004). "Women Joined Corps 30 Years Ago". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
  22. ^ Korzenewski, Claire-Jean (September 2004). "The First Women to Join the Cadets". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
  23. ^ A, © Texas (1990-08-27). "The Battalion. (College Station, Tex.) 1893-current, August 27, 1990, Image 1" (1990/08/27). ISSN 1055-4726. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  24. ^ https://clearlakemoms.aggienetwork.com/corpsofcadets/
  25. ^ Keepers of the Spirit, p. 160, by John A. Adams Jr.
  26. ^ Dethloff, Henry C. (2010-06-15). "Texas A&M University". The Handbook of Texas. Retrieved 2014-10-02.
  27. ^ a b c "Texas A&M Standard". 2007-02-27. Archived from the original on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-02-27.
  28. ^ Adams Jr., John A. (2001). Keepers of the Spirit. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1-58544-127-9.
  29. ^ a b c Hopgood, Maj. Gen. M.T. "Ted" (2001). "Corps is dedicated to training tomorrow's leaders". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
  30. ^ List of Texas A&M University people#Government and politics
  31. ^ "Texas A&M to Add Medal of Honor Recipient to Hall of Honor in November | TAMUtimes". Archived from the original on 2014-02-10. Retrieved 2014-12-30.
  32. ^ "USC Title 10,2009. Military colleges: female students". United States Code. Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School. 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
  33. ^ "Corps Units". corps.tamu.edu. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  34. ^ "The Standard" (PDF). Cadets Intranet. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  35. ^ a b c d "The Standard" (PDF). Texas A&M Corps of Cadets. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-02-03. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  36. ^ Henton, Lesley (2022-04-28). "Texas A&M Announces 'March To 3,000' Initiative To Grow Corps Of Cadets". Texas A&M Today. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  37. ^ "Staff Directory".
  38. ^ "Corps Commandants".
  39. ^ "Aggieland - 1965". bookreader.library.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2024-05-31.
  40. ^ "John van Alstyne | Mays Business School".
  41. ^ "Ramirez Named Commandant of Corps of Cadets". 4 October 2010.
  42. ^ "Texas A&M Names Next Commandant of the Corps of Cadets". 19 July 2022.
  43. ^ "Incoming Commander of Corps of Cadets Has Marine Corps Experience". 6 April 2012.
  44. ^ "Marquis Alexander '13: The First Black Corps Commander – The College of Liberal Arts at Texas A&M University". liberalarts.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2022-07-23.
  45. ^ a b "Corps of Cadets" (PDF). student-rules.tamu.edu. Aug 14, 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 30, 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  46. ^ "Delta Company Gives Student Veterans A Community Within The Corps". Texas A&M Today. 2019-11-11. Retrieved 2022-06-18.
  47. ^ "2023-2024 Corps of Cadets Leadership". corps.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2023-03-13.
  48. ^ Ivey, Darren (2017). The Ranger Ideal Volume 1: Texas Rangers in the Hall of Fame, 1823-1861. University of North Texas Press. p. 393. ISBN 978-1574417012.
  49. ^ a b Adams, John (2001). Keepers of the Spirit: The Corps of Cadets at Texas A&M University, 1876-2001. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1585441260.
  50. ^ "Students killed in bonfire timbers will be remembered in Aggie traditions". CNN. November 19, 1999. Retrieved July 3, 2019. All students proceed silently to the mall, where the Ross Volunteers, a group of junior and senior cadets who serve as the honor guard to the governor of Texas, fire a 21 gun salute to the fallen students.
  51. ^ "Fish Drill Team Celebrates 75th Anniversary". 13 May 2022.
  52. ^ "The Correspondent: Freshmen cadets find fun, friends through Fish Drill Team". 15 February 2023.
  53. ^ "Mardi Gras Drill Meet | Tulane NROTC".
  54. ^ "GALLERY: Texas A&M Fish Drill Team Performance". The Eagle. 16 April 2023.
  55. ^ "Treat of the Day: Fish Drill Team wins 1st place overall at Tulane Drill Meet". March 2023.
  56. ^ Daily Dose of Aggie History (December 11, 2016). "Dec. 11, 1992: A&M Fish Drill Team appears in 'A Few Good Men'". myAggieNation.com. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  57. ^ "Hazing, Assault Charges Leave Black Mark on Texas A&M -- Drill Team Barred After 60-Count Indictment; Parents Say Behavior Isn't New | the Seattle Times".
  58. ^ "Juniors in the 60-member cavalry accused of hazing sophomores". Plainview Herald. 26 April 2003.
  59. ^ a b "The Cav rides on". 20 July 2021.
  60. ^ "Parsons Mounted Cavalry". Archived from the original on December 20, 2007. Retrieved November 12, 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  61. ^ a b "NROTC Special Units". Texas A&M Naval ROTC. Texas A&M University. Archived from the original on 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2008-12-01.
  62. ^ "Andy Cox V ('18) – Vanguard Alumni Connection".
  63. ^ "AMC Guard - Public Profile - StuAct Online". stuactonline.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2022-06-18.
  64. ^ "Our History". AMC Honor Guard. Retrieved 2022-06-18.
  65. ^ "Major General T. G. Darling Recruiting Company - Public Profile - StuAct Online". stuactonline.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2022-06-18.
  66. ^ "Wearing the Uniform with the Pride of an Aggie..." Corps of Cadets. 2007-02-08. Archived from the original on 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
  67. ^ "Aggie Network". Aggie Network. 2013-01-19. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  68. ^ "The Cadence" (PDF). Cadets Intranet. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  69. ^ a b c "Senior Boots — Texas Aggie Traditions". Texas A&M University: Corps of Cadets. 2000-05-21. Archived from the original on 2005-08-30. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
  70. ^ "True friend, proud American". The Bryan — College Station Eagle. 2004-12-02. Archived from the original on 2000-05-21. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
  71. ^ Hunnicut, Jonathan '06 (2005-03-08). "Frequently Asked Questions – Corps Dictionary". B-Battery Wild Men. Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2009-02-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  72. ^ "Reveille". Texas A&M University. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-01.
  73. ^ "Overview". Texas Aggie Corps of Cadets Association. Retrieved 2022-07-09.
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