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Tesla Gigafactory Europe

Tesla Gigafactory Europe (Gigafactory 4) is a proposed manufacturing plant for Tesla, Inc., set to be constructed in Grünheide, near Berlin, Germany.[1] The campus is 35 kilometres (20 mi) south-east of central Berlin on the Berlin–Wrocław railway, which forms the north border of the site between Erkner station and Fangschleuse railway station; and the A10 motorway, which forms the west border.

The facility was officially announced by Tesla CEO Elon Musk on November 12, 2019 at the Das Goldene Lenkrad award show in Berlin and is set to produce batteries, battery packs and powertrains for use in Tesla vehicles. It will also serve for assembly of the Tesla Model Y, which was announced in March 2019. Construction of the facility is set to begin in early 2020, with a proposed start of production in late 2021.[2][3] Musk also announced the establishment of a new design and development centre in nearby Berlin.[4]

HistoryEdit

Initial discussion of a Tesla gigafactory in Europe occurred as early as 2015.[5] The factory was then thought to be a combined electric battery manufacturing facility and automobile factory.[6][7] In 2016, Tesla was anticipating to announce the factory in 2017.[8][9]

The factory had previously been referred to as Gigafactory 2 prior to 22 February 2017, when Tesla began to refer to the SolarCity Gigafactory in Buffalo, New York as Gigafactory 2. By 2017, the Europe Gigafactory was expected to be named either Gigafactory 4 or 5.[10][11] In the event, in November 2019, it became Gigafactory 4.[12]

More than ten European countries campaigned to have the factory located within their jurisdictions.[13][14]

There was intense competition among European countries to host the Gigafactory because of its significant contribution to the economy. The sprawling facility, which is expected to be one of the largest manufacturing lines in Europe, will need a considerable number of employees despite many highly automated processes. There is also a concerted effort in the region to encourage battery manufacturing since it is viewed as a strategic economic measure due to an increasing global transition towards renewable energy.[35] A 2018 report revealed, for instance, that the world will need at least 25 more gigafactories by 2025.[36] The projected uptick in demand for electric cars and in-home power storage systems is causing concern about a European fuel dependency on Asia, which, as of early 2018, accounted for 88 percent of global battery manufacturing capacity.[37] European governments are now providing subsidies and incentives to companies like Tesla as well as local battery manufacturing startups like Northvolt and TerraE to build production infrastructure within its borders.[38] According to Matthias Machnig, state secretary at the German economy ministry:

We are in the center of the biggest and deepest change in the automotive industry since its beginning. We would be naïve to think we can handle battery technology as a commodity that can be bought anywhere in the world.[37]

Gigafactory Berlin descriptionEdit

Gigafactory Berlin will manufacture batteries, battery packs, powertrains, and fully-assembled vehicles. Initial production will be of the Tesla Model Y.[39][3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Elon Musk will Tesla-Werk in Brandenburg bauen". m.pnn.de (in German). 2019-11-12. Lay summary. , in English
  2. ^ Morgan, Sam (13 November 2019). "Tesla chooses Berlin for European gigafactory". www.euractiv.com. euractiv.
  3. ^ a b Lambert, Fred (13 November 2019). "Tesla to focus on Model Y, batteries, and powertrains at Gigafactory 4 in Europe". Electrek.
  4. ^ Metzner, Thorsten (November 13, 2019). "Gigafactory von Tesla soll 10.000 Jobs bringen: Elon Musk plant neues Werk bei Berlin" (in German). Tagesspiegel. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Gordon-Bloomfield, Nikki (2015-11-17). "Tesla Motors in Discussion with German Government Over European Gigafactory, Says German Politician". transportevolved.com. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  6. ^ Gibbs, Samuel (2016-11-08). "Tesla announces new gigafactory in European expansion". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  7. ^ Elon Musk opens the Tesla Gigafactory. Tesla. 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2017-01-09 – via YouTube.
  8. ^ Fred Lambert (2016-11-08). "Tesla plans to choose location for 'Gigafactory 2' in Europe next year, will produce both batteries and cars". Electrek.
  9. ^ Beckwith, Jimi (2016-11-09). "Tesla to build European Gigafactory". UK: Autocar. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
  10. ^ Tesla christens Buffalo solar factory ‘Gigafactory 2’, will finalize locations of Gigafactory 3, 4 and possibly 5 this year, Electrek, 22 Feb 2017
  11. ^ "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2016 Update" (PDF). Tesla Inc. Palo Alto. 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
  12. ^ "Elon Musk: Tesla is going to build Gigafactory 4 in Berlin area". Electrek. 2019-11-12. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  13. ^ "World's Nations Jockeying To Get Next Tesla Gigafactory (Videos)". CleanTechnica. 2016-12-05. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  14. ^ a b Dom Galeon (2016-12-01). "The World's Nations Are Fighting Over Tesla". Futurism.com.
  15. ^ Alyssa Newcomb (2016-04-06). "France Courts Tesla With Idea of Turning Old Nuclear Plant Into a Factory". ABC News (USA). Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  16. ^ "Fessenheim: Royal suggère la mutation de la centrale en usine Tesla" [Fessenheim: Royal suggests mutation of factory plant Tesla] (in French). France: LCP National Assembly. 2016-04-05. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  17. ^ Alsace is ready for Tesla. BlackBlitz. 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2017-01-09 – via YouTube.
  18. ^ Marie Mawad and Helene Fouquet (2017-01-06). "France's Economy Minister Visits Tesla in Bid to Woo Musk". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-07. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  19. ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-01-08). "The race to get 'Tesla Gigafactory 2' heats up, French Minister visits Fremont factory". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  20. ^ "Minister Kamp: 'Nieuwe Tesla-fabriek moet in Nederland komen'" [Secretary Kamp: New Tesla-plant should come to the Netherlands]. Autovisie.nl (in Dutch). 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
  21. ^ Campbell, Angela (2017-01-12). "Tesla Motors Inc (TSLA) Looks At Three New Dutch Suitors For Gigafactory 2". The Country Caller. Archived from the original on 2017-01-27. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  22. ^ "Kabinet gaat zich sterk maken voor binnenhalen Tesla-fabriek" [Cabinet will make a case for getting the Tesla factory]. NU (in Dutch). Netherlands. 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  23. ^ Webb, Russell Adam (2016-11-17). "New Tesla Gigafactory Looks At Prague, Czech Republic". spaceinvader.me. Archived from the original on 2017-08-16. Retrieved 2016-11-29. Some sources close to TSI have revealed that whilst nothing has been set in stone, there is a high chance of Tesla locating its new Gigafactory just north of Prague, Czech Republic.
  24. ^ Carneiro, José (2016-11-15). "España y Portugal batallan por la futura "gigafactoría" de Tesla en Europa" [Spain and Portugal battle over Tesla's future European "Gigafactory"]. farodevigo.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  25. ^ "Tesla in talks over 'giga-factory' in Portugal". New Algarve Daily News. 2016-11-18. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  26. ^ "Mineral Commidty Summaries 2017" (PDF). p. 105. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
  27. ^ Hanley, Steve (2016-05-30). "'Spain Loves Tesla' campaign aims to lure Tesla Factory". teslarati.com. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  28. ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-11-29). "Tesla Gigafactory 2: several countries launch efforts to attract Tesla's new electric car & battery plant". electrek.co. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  29. ^ "Why one Finnish city thinks it's ideal for next Tesla Gigafactory". Green Car Reports. 2016-12-06. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  30. ^ "Vaasa has the vision and the ecosystem for a gigafactory, and much more". gigafactory.fi. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  31. ^ "Ministry: Vaasa competing for Tesla Gigafactory in Finland". Yle Uutiset. 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  32. ^ "Tesla on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  33. ^ Gigafactory LT (2017-02-02), Minecraft Tesla Gigafactory in Lithuania, retrieved 2017-02-04
  34. ^ "Estonia Makes Bid For Next Tesla Gigafactory - "If Tesla were a country, it would probably be Estonia."". insideevs.com. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  35. ^ "Elon Musk's former employee is building a European rival to Tesla's gigafactory". Futurism. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  36. ^ "World will need 'at least' 10 more EV battery gigafactories by 2025 | Autocar". www.autocar.co.uk. May 30, 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  37. ^ a b "Europe powers up in battery contest with Asia". POLITICO. 2018-02-12. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  38. ^ "Europe's plan to create its own Gigafactory might backfire". Handelsblatt Global Edition. 2018-02-13. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  39. ^ Will build batteries, powertrains & vehicles, starting with Model Y, Elon Musk, 12 November 2019, accessed 13 November 2019.

Coordinates: 52°24′N 13°48′E / 52.4°N 13.8°E / 52.4; 13.8 (Tesla Gigafactory 4: Berlin/Brandenburg, Europe)