Tesla Gigafactory Europe
Tesla Gigafactory Europe (Gigafactory 4) is a proposed manufacturing plant for Tesla, Inc., set to be constructed in Grünheide, near Berlin, Germany. The campus is 35 kilometres (20 mi) south-east of central Berlin on the Berlin–Wrocław railway, which forms the north border of the site between Erkner station and Fangschleuse railway station; and the A10 motorway, which forms the west border.
The facility was officially announced by Tesla CEO Elon Musk on November 12, 2019 at the Das Goldene Lenkrad award show in Berlin and is set to produce batteries, battery packs and powertrains for use in Tesla vehicles. It will also serve for assembly of the Tesla Model Y, which was announced in March 2019. Construction of the facility is set to begin in early 2020, with a proposed start of production in late 2021. Musk also announced the establishment of a new design and development centre in nearby Berlin.
Initial discussion of a Tesla gigafactory in Europe occurred as early as 2015. The factory was then thought to be a combined electric battery manufacturing facility and automobile factory. In 2016, Tesla was anticipating to announce the factory in 2017.
The factory had previously been referred to as Gigafactory 2 prior to 22 February 2017, when Tesla began to refer to the SolarCity Gigafactory in Buffalo, New York as Gigafactory 2. By 2017, the Europe Gigafactory was expected to be named either Gigafactory 4 or 5. In the event, in November 2019, it became Gigafactory 4.
- In April 2016, a French minister suggested turning the soon to be shuttered Fessenheim Nuclear Power Plant into Gigafactory 2, supported by two ministers.
- The Netherlands' minister of Economy Henk Kamp announced plans to attract Tesla later in 2016, and has campaigned for the plant at several locations. They promote the idea of synergy with the European headquarters of Tesla, already located in the Netherlands, as is a finishing plant.
- The Czech Republic near Prague was reported as a possibility in 2016. A nearby 330 kilotonne lithium deposit was thought to be a factor, at the time.
- Poland, and Hungary.
- Germany's then-Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy Sigmar Gabriel stated that Tesla was in talks with the government during 2015 over a Gigafactory there.
- Portugal pursued the plant in 2016 with an internet campaign and governmental negotiations. Portugal has the largest lithium reserves in Europe.
- Paterna, Spain is also in pursuit of being selected.
- Finland's city of Vaasa also announced a government supported initiative to attract the factory, citing both nearby lithium carbonate deposits, the world largest cobalt refinery and an annual 50 kilotonne nickel production.
- Lithuania drew the attention of Tesla in January 2017 when the local gaming community united to recreate the potential Gigafactory in the virtual world of Minecraft.
- The Estonian government is also pursuing to win over the deal, claiming a good geographical and logistical location, plus 140 MW renewable energy with total control over the pricing for the factory in PAKRI Smart Industrial City at Pakri Peninsula. See www.teslacountry.com 
There was intense competition among European countries to host the Gigafactory because of its significant contribution to the economy. The sprawling facility, which is expected to be one of the largest manufacturing lines in Europe, will need a considerable number of employees despite many highly automated processes. There is also a concerted effort in the region to encourage battery manufacturing since it is viewed as a strategic economic measure due to an increasing global transition towards renewable energy. A 2018 report revealed, for instance, that the world will need at least 25 more gigafactories by 2025. The projected uptick in demand for electric cars and in-home power storage systems is causing concern about a European fuel dependency on Asia, which, as of early 2018, accounted for 88 percent of global battery manufacturing capacity. European governments are now providing subsidies and incentives to companies like Tesla as well as local battery manufacturing startups like Northvolt and TerraE to build production infrastructure within its borders. According to Matthias Machnig, state secretary at the German economy ministry:
We are in the center of the biggest and deepest change in the automotive industry since its beginning. We would be naïve to think we can handle battery technology as a commodity that can be bought anywhere in the world.
Gigafactory Berlin descriptionEdit
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Some sources close to TSI have revealed that whilst nothing has been set in stone, there is a high chance of Tesla locating its new Gigafactory just north of Prague, Czech Republic.
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