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Teresa Deevy (21 January 1894 – 19 January 1963) was a deaf Irish dramatist, known for her works for theatre, she was also a short story writer, and writer for radio.

Teresa Deevy
Born(1894-01-21)January 21, 1894
Waterford, Ireland
DiedJanuary 19, 1963(1963-01-19) (aged 68)
Waterford, Ireland
Pen nameD.V. Goode
LanguageEnglish
NationalityIrish
Alma materUniversity College Dublin
University College Cork
Literary movementIrish Literary Revival, expressionism
Notable worksKatie Roche
Years active1930–48

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Teresa Deevy was born on January 21, 1894 in Waterford, Ireland. She was the youngest of 13 siblings, all girls. Her mother was Mary Feehan Deevy and her father was Edward Deevy who passed away when she was two years old.[1]

Deevy attended the Ursuline Convent in Waterford and in 1913, aged 19, she enrolled in University College Dublin, to become a teacher. However, that same year, Deevy became deaf through Ménière's disease and had to relocate to University College Cork so she could receive treatment in the Cork Ear, Eye, and Throat Hospital, while also being closer to the family home. In 1914 she went to London to learn lip-reading and returned to Ireland in 1919.[2] She started writing plays and contributing articles and stories to the press around 1919.[3]

Nationalist movementEdit

She returned to Ireland in 1919, during the Irish War of Independence and this heavily influenced her writing and ideology as she was heavily involved in the nationalistic cause. she heavily admired Constance Markievicz, she joined the Cumann na mBan, an Irish women's Republican group and auxiliary to the Irish Volunteer. Her Republican, and even proto-feminist views can be clearly seen in plays such as Katie Roche and The King of Spain's Daughter. [4]

HonoursEdit

In 1954, for her contribution to Irish Theatre, she was elected to the prestigious Irish Academy of Letters

Later lifeEdit

Her sister, Nell, with whom she had lived in Dublin, died in 1963, so Deevy returned to Waterford. She became a familiar figure in Waterford city as she cycled around the city on her "High Nelly" bike. When her health began to fail she was eventually admitted to the Maypark Nursing Home in Waterford city and died there in 1963, aged 68, two days before her birthday.[5]

LegacyEdit

Katie Roche, Temporal Powers, Wife to James Wheelan and, The Suitcase Under the Bed have recently been staged and produced by The Mint Theater Company in New York, under the "Teresa Deevy Project" that aims to acknowledge and honor what people say is “One of Ireland’s best and most neglected dramatists.”[6]

An Honorary Blue plaque is hung in Honor of her In Waterford City, On Passage Road, by courtesy of the Waterford Civic Trust.[7]

At the Abbey TheatreEdit

In 1930 Deevy had her first production at the Abbey Theatre, Reapers. Many more followed in rapid succession, such as In Search of Valour, Temporal Powers, The King of Spain's Daughter and Katie Roche, the play she is perhaps best known for. These works came just after writers such as W. B. Yeats and Lady Gregory and many believed she would be among those who would take up the mantle as part of a new generation of Irish playwrights for a theatre whose reputation had always rested on its writers.[1] Her works were generally very well-received with some of them winning competitions, becoming headline performances, or being revived numerous times.[8] Her plays were often quietly subversive, many being written just before or during the birth of the Republic of Ireland in 1937. After a number of plays staged in the Abbey, her relationship with the theater soured over the rejection of her play, Wife to James Whelan in 1937.

Work on radioEdit

After Deevy stopped writing plays for the Abbey, she mainly concentrated on radio, a remarkable feat considering she had already become deaf before radio had become a popular medium in Ireland in the mid-to-late 1920s. Deevy had a prolific output for twenty years on Raidio Éireann and on the BBC.[3] including adaptations of previous works such as Temporal Powers and Katie Roche and also an adaptation of Anton Chekhov's Polinka. Her play ‘Within a marble city’ was awarded first prize in the Radio Éireann drama competition (1948).[9]Two of her plays were eventually broadcast on television by the BBC[10] while they have also enjoyed several stage-revivals since her death, most recently by the Mint Theater Company in New York.

Literary themesEdit

The themes that are most common with Deevy plays are those where options for women are severely limited in society, where women are trapped by domestic life, or must choose between a loveless marriage or a life of drudgery. Deevy was often critical of the intensely Catholic society she lived in for its oppressive and repressive views on women. She was critical also of the Irish theater scene and especially of literary censorship, questioning the roles, rights, and power of the censor, and also how to remove them. She wrote about the women who struggle for survival and the lust over wanting a better life, how this privilege might seem attractive, until it is revealed it the "better life" comes with its set of struggles too. She also explores the "individual’s negotiation between self and society where the personal is political." [11]

Published worksEdit

Stage playsEdit

  • The Reapers (lost play) (1930)
  • A Disciple/ In Search of Valour (1931)
  • Temporal Powers (1932)
  • The King of Spain's Daughter (1935)
  • Katie Roche (1936)
  • The Wild Goose (1936)
  • Wife to James Whelan (1937)
  • Strange Birth (1946)
  • Light Falling (1947)
  • Within a Marble City (1948)
  • Eyes and No Eyes
  • The Finding of the Ball
  • In the Cellar of My Friend
  • MacConglinne
  • A Minute's Wait
  • 3 plays written under the alias D.V. Goode, Practice and Precept, Let Us Live, and The Firstborn
  • At least 3 unfinished, untitled plays

Radio playsEdit

  • Wife to James Whelan (radio adaptation of Deevy's stage play)
  • Polinka (radio play adaptation of Chekhov's "Polinka") (1946)
  • Dignity (radio play) (1947)
  • Light Falling (radio adaptation of Deevy's stage play)
  • Within a Marble City (radio adaptation of Deevy's stage play)
  • Holiday House
  • Going Beyond Alma's Glory (radio play) (1949)
  • Concerning Meagher, or How Did He Die?
  • In the Cellar of My Friend (radio adaptation of Deevy's stage play)
  • Supreme Dominion (1957)
  • One Look- and What it Led to
  • Possession-Cattle of the Gods (ballet treatment/ libretto)

Short storiesEdit

  • Strange People (1946)
  • Just Yesterday: A Story
  • The Greatest Wonder in the World: A Christmas Story
  • Alen
  • Brian of the Boers
  • Lisheen at the Valley Farm
  • John Potter's Story
  • Flash Back
  • Adventure

EssaysEdit

  • Patricia Lynch: A Study (1948)
  • Man Proposes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Teresa Deevy: An Introduction". nuim.ie.
  2. ^ "Teresa Deevy, Playwright". tripod.com.
  3. ^ a b Irish Playography
  4. ^ Walsh, D. (2015-07-07). "Psychiatric deinstitutionalisation in Ireland 1960–2013". Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. 32 (4): 347–352. doi:10.1017/ipm.2015.20. ISSN 0790-9667.
  5. ^ Cathy., Leeney (2010). Irish women playwrights, 1900-1939 : gender & violence on stage. New York: Peter Lang. ISBN 978-1453903735. OCLC 769192138.
  6. ^ Fintan., O'Toole (2016). Modern Ireland in 100 Artworks. Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 9781908997012. OCLC 962450574.
  7. ^ "Chapter 5: Teresa Deevy: Exile and Silence / 161", Irish Women Playwrights 1900-1939, Peter Lang, 2011, doi:10.3726/978-1-4539-0373-5/8, ISBN 9781433103322
  8. ^ "Browse Exhibits · Teresa Deevy Archive". nuim.ie.
  9. ^ Walsh, D. (2015-07-07). "Psychiatric deinstitutionalisation in Ireland 1960–2013". Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. 32 (4): 347–352. doi:10.1017/ipm.2015.20. ISSN 0790-9667.
  10. ^ www.irishplayography.com http://www.irishplayography.com/person.aspx?personid=40267. Retrieved 2018-12-10. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ Leeney, Cathy (2004), "Ireland's 'exiled' women playwrights: Teresa Deevy and Marina Carr", The Cambridge Companion to Twentieth-Century Irish Drama, Cambridge University Press, pp. 150–163, doi:10.1017/ccol0521804000.011, ISBN 9780511999567

External linksEdit

Zinoman, Jason (4 August 2010). "An Irishwoman Back From Obscurity". Theater. New York Times.

Maynooth University Library. "The Teresa Deevy Archive". Maynooth University.