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Terebratula is a modern genus of brachiopods with a fossil record dating back to the Late Devonian. These brachiopods are stationary epifaunal suspension feeders and have a worldwide distribution.

Temporal range: Late Devonian - Recent
Terebratula maugerii Boni, 1933.JPG
Terebratula maugerii from the Upper Miocene of Cordoba, Spain.
Scientific classification

Müller, 1776
  • T. terebratula (Linné, 1758) (type) = Anomia terebratula



Terebratula species have biconvex egg-shaped shells, anterior margins of the valves have two small folds, concentric growth lines are quite thin or nearly absent. The larger valve has a ventral umbo with the opening through which they extend a short peduncle.[1]

Selected speciesEdit

  • Terebratula anatina
  • Terebratula bieschidensis
  • Terebratula bisuffarcinata
  • Terebratula bussoni
  • Terebratula crassa
  • Terebratula decipiens
  • Terebratula djeffarae
  • Terebratula flemingii
  • Terebratula gaudryi
  • Terebratula gortanii
  • Terebratula grandis
  • Terebratula haidingeri
  • Terebratula ichnusae
  • Terebratula immanis
  • Terebratula intervallata
  • Terebratula jauberti
  • Terebratula lamberti
  • Terebratula margaritowi
  • Terebratula matmatensis
  • Terebratula mazetieri
  • Terebratula oroseina
  • Terebratula oxoniensis
  • Terebratula praelustris
  • Terebratula raxana
  • Terebratula retusa
  • Terebratula salvatoris
  • Terebratula semifarcinata
  • Terebratula semisella
  • Terebratula stantoni
  • Terebratula sturi
  • Terebratula sufflata
  • Terebratula terebratula
  • Terebratula toucasi
  • Terebratula woehrmanniana

Reassigned speciesEdit

As Terebratula has been erected early on in paleontology, many species have since been reassigned to other genera.[2]



  1. ^ Taylor, Paul D.; Lewis, David N. (2007). Fossil Invertebrates. Harvard University Press. p. 208. ISBN 0674025741.
  2. ^ Moore, R.C. (1965). Brachiopoda. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H., Volume 1 and 2. Boulder, Colorado/Lawrence, Kansas: Geological Society of America/University of Kansas Press. pp. H21, H32, H43–46, H100, H206, H208, H210, H820, H831. ISBN 0-8137-3015-5.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Emig, Christian C. (2012). "Révision des espèces de brachiopodes décrites par A. Risso [Revision of the brachiopod species described by A. Risso]" (PDF). Carnets de Géologie [Notebooks on Geology] (Article 2012/02 (CG2012_A02) 15).
  4. ^ Sartenaer, P. (2010). "Re-examination of the Late Emsian rhynchonellid (brachiopod) Terebratula Daleidensis Roemer, 1844 from the Eifel area, and some related species" (PDF). Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre. 80: 47–84. ISSN 0374-6291.
  5. ^ Asgaard, Ulla (1972). "Observations on Neoliothyrina fittoni - a rare Maastrichtian terebratulid from NW Europe" (PDF). Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark. 21: 337–345.
  6. ^ Sartenaer, Paul (2005). "Restatement of Terebratula orbignyana De Vernieuil, 1850, on the basis of the original collection" (PDF). Bulletin de l'Institute royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre. 74-supplement: 81–88.

External linksEdit