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Teodora Ginés (1530–1598) was a Dominican musician and composer. She is credited as the creator of the genre "El Son/Son Muntuno" and the song titled "Son de la Má Teodora".


Ginés was formally a slave, born in Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, but was freed. Along with her sister, Micaela, she emigrated to Cuba, where they were both engaged at the orchestra at the Cathedral of Santiago de Cuba: Micaela as a violinist, and Teodora playing the Bandola.

Teodora is credited with the authorship of the song " Son de la Má Teodora", circa 1562. This song was transcribed by the Cuban Laureano Fuentes Matons, in his book "The Arts in Santiago de Cuba" published in 1893. Matons argued that the "Son de la Má Teodora" was the first in Cuban history.


  • Ned Sublette, Cuba and Its Music: From the First Drums to the Mambo, 2004

External linksEdit

  • "Má Teodora Lyrics". PBS. Retrieved 7 March 2019.